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Australian Baseball League

The Australian Baseball League is a professional baseball league in Australia. The league is governed by the Australian Baseball Federation, it uses the same name as a now-defunct competition held during the 1990s, though it shares some history of the original league with the Claxton Shield awarded to winners of both competitions, it is considered to be a separate competition. The current champions are the Melbourne Aces; because the ABL's season takes place from November to February, the ABL is one of baseball's recognised winter leagues, where minor league prospects in North America are assigned as an English-speaking alternative to the primary Spanish-speaking Latin America-based winter leagues. The ABL was jointly owned by Major League Baseball and the Australian Baseball Federation before the ABF became the sole owners prior to the 2016–17 season. Rather than following more traditional models of the franchises being owned by individuals or organisations, the league is the owner of each team.

One of the rationales for this structure is to manage the financial situation, helping to ensure that all teams are viable. It is expected that this arrangement will continue for at least the first five seasons: the period of time covered by the financial commitment made by MLB and the ABF; as a result of the central ownership of the teams, all players are paid by the league. This is to ensure that no team receives an unfair advantage over any other with regards to financial success; the pay scale has set a number of tiers which group players of similar experience levels, with all players in the same tier receiving the same pay. The ABL has considered the possibility of having one or two marquee players paid above the standard scale, though no final decision has been made with regard to this. One concern about high rates of pay expressed by the ABF was that it was a contributing factor, if not the main factor, in the failure of the previous Australian Baseball League. ABF management has expressed the concern that if this league were to fail, there may never be another opportunity for professional baseball in Australia.

The business model is reliant on local team following as, for reason of distance, it is unlikely that away teams will attract significant fan followings other than Sydney-Canberra and Melbourne-Geelong. Baseball was brought to Australia by American gold miners and played on the gold fields of Ballarat for fun on their rest days in the 1850s. Cricketers Gaggin & Goldsmith tried to play baseball at Yarra Park, Melbourne in 1867, but Australian rules football fans arriving for the adjacent football disrupted the games; the first series of full competitive games of baseball by Australians were played by members of the Surry Baseball Club on Moore Park and by members of the NSW Cricket Association on the adjacent Sydney Cricket Ground in June/July 1878. In 1881, American residents formed a Union Baseball Club and a year with Australians, formed a Sydney Baseball Club with U. S. Consul Gilderoy Wells Griffin forming a NSW Baseball Association in 1885. Following the A. G. Spalding tour by the Chicago White Sox and All-America teams in 1888/9, Harry Simpson stayed in Australia, formed baseball clubs in Melbourne, Broken Hill, Sydney with competition games being played.

Simpson travelled to New Zealand to promote baseball. When he died in September 1891, after setting up the NSW Baseball League, it was a New Zealander, Tony Chuck, who took his place in Australia; the original Australian Baseball League commenced in 1989. At the time it replaced the Claxton Shield as the top baseball competition in the country, with eight teams from Adelaide, Gold Coast, Melbourne and Sydney. Over the course of the league's life, teams were based in Canberra and Newcastle, with the number of teams competing in any one season varying from six to nine. Only four teams contested each of the ten seasons, with the others folding due to financial problems, or due to a lack of a suitable venue for home games; the financial difficulties were not restricted to the clubs, as the league was forced to close after the summer of 1999. Running at a loss of A$2 million a season, the rights to the league were sold to Dave Nilsson—an Australian Major League Baseball player with the Milwaukee Brewers at the time—for a reported A$5 million.

On 1 July 2009, a joint press-conference was held by the ABF, MLB and Australian Federal Government at the Palm Meadows Baseball Complex on the Gold Coast in Queensland, the site of the Major League Baseball Australian Academy Program. During the conference the intention to resurrect a national baseball league for Australia was announced, with the Government announcing A$400,000 towards the new league. Though some sources reported that the new league could be running as early as October 2010, there had been no official timeframe released for the new league to commence. Initial reports suggested the competition would include between eight and ten teams from around Australia. Discussions were held between the ABF and Baseball New Zealand about the possibility of a team based in New Zealand being included in the competition; the offer, was declined on the basis that there was not sufficient infrastructure citing the need for a suitable stadium and a major sponsor for the team. The possibility of a New Zealand team joining the competition at some point in the future had not been ruled out though.

Auckland Tuatara joined in 2018. There were additional concerns about the viability of a team based in South Australia based on the lack of a suitable stadium with lights to be able to play night games. This, along with playing on baseball-spec

Chauncey B. Brewster

Chauncey Bunce Brewster was the fifth Bishop of the Episcopal Diocese of Connecticut. Brewster was born in Windham, Connecticut, to the Reverend Joseph Brewster and Sarah Jane Bunce Brewster, his father was rector of St Paul's Church in Windham, New York and became rector of Christ Church in New Haven, Connecticut. His younger brother was the future bishop Benjamin Brewster; the family were descendants of Mayflower passenger William Brewster. Brewster attended Hopkins Grammar School went to Yale College, where he graduated in 1868. At Yale he was a member of Skull and Bones, he attended Yale's Berkeley Divinity School the following year. He was consecrated as a bishop on October 28, 1897, he was a coadjutor bishop before being diocesan bishop from 1899 to 1928. Documents by and about Brewster from Project Canterbury Chauncey B. Brewster at Find a Grave

Fred Morley

Frederick Morley was a professional cricketer, reckoned to be the fastest bowler in England during his prime. During a 13-year career for Nottinghamshire and England he took 1,274 wickets at an average of 13.73. In 1879/80 Morley toured North America with Richard Daft, in 1880 he was selected to play in the match that became known as the first Test match to take place in England, taking 8 for 146, including five wickets in the first innings, he toured Australia in 1882/3 as part of the Honourable Ivo Bligh's side that aimed to recover the Ashes. However, he was hampered by an injury to his rib that he picked up when the team's ship was involved in a collision in the harbour at Colombo. Official reports deemed the incident an "unfortunate incidence of chance". Rumors, soon surfaced regarding the supposed accidental nature of the collision, with some historians postulating malicious sabotage from rival cricket teams. After sustaining injuries, his subsequent bowling performances were poor, he never recovered from his injuries.

Alienated from his family members due to his deteriorating health and subsequent inability to bring in income, Morley lived in seclusion during the remainder of his life. He died of congestion and dropsy in September 1884 at the age of 33, he was interred with a cricket ball placed in his left hand. He was married to Hannah, a seamstress, they had at least three children, Sarah and Allen, his name was registered at birth as Frederic Morley. Cricinfo article on Fred Morley Brief profile of Frederick Morley by Don Ambrose CricketArchive page on Fred Morley Altham, Harry Surtees. A History of Cricket, Volume 1. George Allen & Unwin. 1962

Karen Heck

Karen Heck is an American community activist, women's rights activist, non-profit administrator, politician. She was Mayor of Waterville, Maine from 2012 to 2014, she was inducted into the Maine Women's Hall of Fame in 2008. Karen Heck was born in New York to Carroll Gustav Heck, a Bethlehem Steel engineer, his wife June Platz Heck, she has two sisters. She earned a B. A. in government from Colby College in 1974 and an M. S. in human development from the University of Maine in 1979. In the 1980s Heck worked for the Kennebec Valley Community Action Program in the areas of family planning, reproductive rights, universal health care. In 2000 she co-founded, together with Lyn Mikel Brown and Lynn Cole, the Hardy Girls Healthy Women research organization, she works for The Avalon Group in Waterville, a business and management consulting firm in the area of women's and girls' health, is a senior program officer for The Bingham Program in Augusta, a philanthropic organization that funds health and medical programs in the state.

In 2011 Heck ran for mayor of Waterville as an independent, backed by a campaign staff of five young women operatives. She defeated Democratic mayor Dana W. Sennett, elected in June of that year to fill former mayor Paul LePage's remaining term after his ascension to governor of Maine, Republican Andrew Roy, a disc jockey, she garnered 54 percent of the vote in the three-way race, with 2,021 votes out of a total 3,778 ballots cast. Among her accomplishments were the formation of a committee that initiated improvements at Waterville Robert LaFleur Airport, Community Convergence, a question-and-answer forum for city residents.. She initiated the controversial "purple bags" initiative in Waterville, shifting expensive garbage pick-up costs to residents ]. Heck launched and endorsed the recall of her successor to the Mayorship of Waterville, Nick Isgro, a conservative Republican. [

The recall divided the community and failed, despite an angry outburst from Heck at a City Council meeting. [ Heck and Bruce Olson are co-owners of an Oakland-based winery and distillery; the company has won international competitions since 2011 for its wines and distilled spirits made from locally sourced apple and maple syrup, is the sole distiller of absinthe in New England. Heck is a past president of the Waterville Rotary and the Coalition and Family Planning Providers group, she was a co-chair of the Maine Choice Coalition. She has served on the boards of the Maine Women's Fund, Safe Abortions for Everyone, Waterville Rape Crisis Assistance, Women's Development Institute, SAFE, Inc. and the Maine Center for Economic Policy. She has volunteered for the Mid-Maine United Way, the Mid-Maine Homeless Shelter, the Waterville Boys and Girls Club, campaigned for women running for state office. Heck shared the 2002 Women of the Year award from the Maine Federation of Business and Professional Women's Clubs with Brown and Cole, her co-founders at Hardy Girls Healthy Women, received the 2006 Achievement Citation Award from the Maine Statewide American Association of University Women.

She was inducted into the Maine Women's Hall of Fame in 2008

Albeni Falls Dam

Albeni Falls Dam is located on the Pend Oreille River between Oldtown and Priest River, Idaho. It is located on the site of a natural waterfall named Albeni Falls, named after early pioneer Albeni Poirier. Construction on the dam was completed in 1955 at a cost of $34 million, it produces over 200 million kilowatt hours of electricity each year for the Bonneville Power Administration and is operated by the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers; the dam is 775 feet long. Its spillway is 400 feet long. List of dams in the Columbia River watershed U. S. Army Corps of Engineers, Albeni Falls Dam "Albeni Falls Dam Visitor Center". Retrieved 2015-09-19

Fencing at the 2008 Summer Olympics – Men's team épée

The men's team épée fencing competition at the Beijing 2008 Summer Olympics took place on August 15 at the Olympic Green Convention Centre. The team épée competition consisted of a four-round single-elimination bracket with a bronze medal match between the two semifinal losers and classification semifinals and finals for 5th to 8th places. Teams consist of three members each. Matches consist with every fencer on one team facing each fencer on the other team. Scoring carried over between bouts with a total of 45 touches being the team goal. Bouts lasted. For example, if the first bout ended with a score of 5-3, that score would remain into the next bout and the second bout would last until one team reached 10 touches. Bouts had a maximum time of three minutes each. A tie at that point would result in an additional one-minute sudden-death time period; this sudden-death period was further modified by the selection of a draw-winner beforehand. Competition formatREDIRECT Template:Footer Olympic Champions Fencing Men Team Épée