Australian Bureau of Statistics

The Australian Bureau of Statistics is the independent statistical agency of the Government of Australia. The ABS provides key statistics on a wide range of economic, population and social issues, to assist and encourage informed decision making and discussion within governments and the community. In 1901, statistics were collected by each state for their individual use. While attempts were made to coordinate collections through an annual Conference of Statisticians, it was realised that a National Statistical Office would be required to develop nationally comparable statistics; the Commonwealth Bureau of Census and Statistics was established under the Census and Statistics Act in 1905. Sir George Knibbs was appointed as the first Commonwealth Statistician; the Bureau was located in Melbourne and was attached to the Department of Home Affairs. In 1928, the Bureau was relocated to Canberra and in 1932, it moved to the Treasury portfolio; the states maintained their own statistical offices and worked together with the CBCS to produce national data.

However, some states found it difficult to resource a state statistical office to the level required for an adequate statistical service. In 1924, the Tasmanian Statistical Office transferred to the Commonwealth. On 20 August 1957, the NSW Bureau of Statistics was merged into the Commonwealth Bureau. Unification of the state statistical offices with the CBCS was achieved in the late 1950s under the stewardship of Sir Stanley Carver, both NSW Statistician and Acting Commonwealth Statistician. In 1974, the CBCS was abolished and the Australian Bureau of Statistics was established in its place; the Australian Bureau of Statistics Act in 1975, established the ABS as a statutory authority headed by the Australian Statistician and responsible to the Treasurer. The ABS purpose is to "inform Australia's important decisions by partnering and innovating to deliver relevant, objective data and insights"; the ABS values work in conjunction with the broader Australian Public Service values and include Impartiality, Commitment to Service, Accountability and Ethical Behaviour.

From 2015 an investment of $250 million over five years by the Australian Government is being used to modernise ABS systems and processes, with the aim of delivering the best possible statistical program in more efficient and innovative ways. The ABS undertakes the Australian census of housing; the census is conducted every five years under the authority of the federal Census and Statistics Act 1905. The last Australian census was held on 9 August 2016; this was Australia's 17th national census. The census of population and housing is the largest statistical collection undertaken by the ABS and one of the most important; the census aims to measure the number of people and dwellings in Australia on census night, a range of their key characteristics. This information is used to inform public policy as well as electoral boundaries, infrastructure planning and the provision of community services. Users of census data include government, the media, not for profit organisations and academics, among others.

Results from the 2016 census were available on the ABS website from 27 June 2017. A move was undertaken by the ABS to implement the census online through their website and logins rather than through traditional paper forms; the 2016 census was unavailable for 43 hours from 7.30 pm on 9 August due to a series of events which prompted the ABS to take the form offline. The Chief Statistician, David Kalisch, said the website was closed after multiple internet denial-of-service attacks targeted the online form; the Australian Signals Directorate confirmed the incident was a DDoS attack and that it did not result in any unauthorised access to, or extraction of, any personal information. The online census web page was back up at 2:30 pm on 11 August. A Senate inquiry was held into the census events. An independent panel established by the Australian Statistician to quality assure the data from the 2016 census found it was fit for purpose, comparable to previous Australian and international censuses and can be used with confidence.

The ABS has an extensive work program covering a vast range of topics, releases several hundred publications yearly. Topics include: Economy Industry People Labour Health Environment Snapshots of Australia; the ABS published the Year book, available on the ABS site under various ISSns and title iterations. It was first published in 1908, ceased in 2012; the ABS publishes a suite of monthly and quarterly economic publications that are part of the core of the organisation's work program. These statistics are integral to the functioning of Australia's economy and impact areas such as interest rates, property prices, the value of the Australian dollar, commodity prices and many more areas. Popular publications include: Key Economic Indicators Consumer Price Index Australian National Accounts Average Weekly Earnings Labour ForceOther major publications Outside the main economic indicators, the ABS has a number of other major publications covering diverse topics including: Health: The 2011–12 Australian Health Survey was the most comprehensive survey on health and wellbeing conducted in Australia.

For the first time, the survey included a biomedical component with respondents having the option of providing biomedical samples such as blood and urine for testing. This allowed the survey to capture detailed health information from Australians such as the prevalence of conditions such as diabetes in the community. Many individuals were subsequently informed t

Henry Leslie (bishop)

Henry Leslie was a Scottishman who became the Church of Ireland Bishop of Down and Connor from 1635 to 1661 and Bishop of Meath from January to April 1661. He was the eldest son of James Leslie and his wife, Jean Hamilton of Evandale, born at Leslie, Fife in 1580; the father a Catholic, was the second surviving son of George Leslie, 4th Earl of Rothes. Henry Leslie was educated at Aberdeen, went to Ireland in 1614, where he was ordained priest 8 April 1617, he became prebendary of Connor in 1619, rector of Muckamore in 1622, in which year he was selected by Primate Christopher Hampton to preach at Drogheda on Whit Sunday before the royal commissioners. The sermon was printed next year at Hampton's request, as'a treatise tending to unity'. Leslie did curate's duty at Drogheda from 1622 to 1626, he preached before Charles I at Windsor on 9 July 1625, at Oxford the same year. In 1627 Leslie again preached before the king at Woking, in the same year he was made Dean of Down. In 1628 he was made precentor of St Patrick's Cathedral, three other livings being added to the dignity, in 1632 he became treasurer and he seems to have held all these preferments in addition to his deanery.

Leslie was prolocutor of the Lower House during the Irish convocation of 1634, came into immediate contact with Lord-deputy Wentworth. In Irish church politics he belonged to the party of John Bramhall rather than to that of James Ussher. Leslie was consecrated bishop of Down and Connor in St. Peter's Church, Drogheda, on 4 October 1635, when he resigned his other preferments, except the prebend of Mullaghbrack in Armagh. During the six years which elapsed between the consecration and the beginning of the great rebellion, Leslie was chiefly engaged in conflicts with the presbyterian Ulster Scots, becoming a member of the high commission court in February 1636. In May he preached at Newtownards on the death of Hugh Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery, in July he held his primary visitation at Lisburn. Five ministers, including Viscount Clandeboye's nephew, James Hamilton, there refused subscription to the new canons. Urged on by Bramhall, he preached at Belfast on 10 August on the text,'If he neglect to hear the church, let him be unto thee as an heathen man and a publican.'

This sermon, in defence of Anglican orders and of kneeling at the communion, was printed in the following year as A Treatise of the Authority of the Church, dedicated to Wentworth. Leslie says. On the day after the sermon a disputation took place between the bishop and Hamilton as spokesman for his brethren; the result was that the five ministers were deposed, the bishop expressing his sorrow at having to proceed so far. Leslie was now regarded as a champion of Laudian episcopacy, works by John Corbet were attributed to him. Developments in Scotland gave confidence to presbyterians in Ulster, on 26 September 1638 Leslie preached at Lisburn against the solemn league and covenant. Along with his namesake, John Leslie, Leslie was one of those who signed the petition resulting in the proclamation of 1639; this imposed the "black oath", by which every Scot, of either sex and of any age over sixteen, might be made to renounce the covenant and to swear unquestioning obedience to all the king's commands.

The bishop was active in the proceedings against Robert Adeir of Ballymena, who had subscribed the covenant as a Scottish laird, whose Irish estate was confiscated by Wentworth. Leslie found that his communications with Scotland were interrupted, was isolated. A viceregal commission giving him summary power of imprisoning those who refused to appear in his court furnished the ninth article of the impeachment of Strafford. At the beginning of 1640 Leslie was ill and was unable to attend the parliament which met on 16 March. In the following month Strafford left Ireland, the system which he had laboriously built up soon began to crumble away; the Irish Rebellion of 1641 followed, finding Leslie on 23 October 1641 at Lisburn, writing letters to Lord Montgomery for help, as the news came in of the loss of Charlemont and Newry, the advance of Sir Phelim O'Neill to Tanderagee. Lisburn became the main refuge of the Antrim Protestants, fifteen hundred men assembled in and around the bishop's house, his sons James and William led royalist companies.

North-east Ulster escaped O'Neill only to fall into the hands of the Covenanters, Leslie lost everything, leaving for England. He preached at Oxford on the Fast-day 9 February 1644, before a great many members of the House of Commons, again on 27 March before some peers and many of the lower house. Afterwards he joined 1st Duke of Ormonde, in Dublin, he was one of eight Anglican prelates who, on 2 August 1645, there refused to forgo the power of the keys over Roman Catholics. Ormonde surrendered Dublin to the parliament in 1647, Leslie went abroad either before or just after the king's execution. In June 1649 he preached at Breda on the royal martyrdom before Charles II and the Princess of Orange.

Black (Bangladeshi band)

Black is a Bangladeshi rock band formed in 1998 in Dhaka formed by Jon Kabir, Mushfeque Jahan, Tamzid Siddiq, Tony Vincent and Tahsan Rahman Khan who joined the band in 2000. After signing a contract with G-Series, Black broke through the mainstream with their debut studio album "আমার পৃথিবী". Since they have released five studio albums and have appeared in some mixed albums, their latest album "ঊনমানুষ" was released in 2016 by G-Series. They were one of key rock bands of the 2000s along with Nemesis and Stentorian, who popularized alternative rock music in Bangladesh. Childhood friends and schoolmates Jahangir "Jon" Kabir, Mushfeque Jahan and Tony Vincent always shared a similar passion towards music, their time was spent at each other's houses listening to records from bands such as Pearl Jam, Stone Temple Pilots, Soundgarden. Pearl Jam's debut album Ten had a profound effect on the three and is said to have been the tipping point at which they decided to take up music professionally. After convincing each other about their musical skills the trio decided to form a band and soon enough they were jamming at their friends homes.

They decided to name their group "Dope Smuglazz", as a wink to the irreverent parental fears of rock music and its supposed concurrent substance abuse, but soon enough shifted to the name "Black" by a suggestion from friend and future band member Asif Haque. The band would be introduced to Zubair Hossain Imon, an old acquaintance of guitar player Asif, whom the band considers to be "The Stalwart Member" and their "Philosophical Mentor", he is known for helping the band with their songwriting directly contributing words and ideas. Black was formed in 1998 with the five members of Jon in vocals, Jahan in guitar, Tony in drums, Asif for additional guitar work and Tamzid Siddiq Spondon in bass. Soon enough Spondon and Asif parted ways with the band to follow each other's interests. In 2002, Black released their debut album titled আমার পৃথিবী. Work began on the album in late 2001, between which they had released several other singles in various compilation albums, came into completion fall of 2002.

This album includes some of their classical hit songs like "আমরা", "আমার পৃথিবী" and "কোথায়". The album displayed Black's earlier heavy music influences in songs like "কবর" and "অন্ধকারের পাশে". Shortly after the release of আমার পৃথিবী, Black started working on their second studio album under the title উৎসবের পর; this album was completed at a much shorter time since the band had enough material from আমার পৃথিবী for a second album. The album was a departure from Black's heavy and alternative styling and instead focused on more mellow and folk oriented tunes and dealt with more self-exploratory writing; the album includes hit singles like "উৎসবের পর" and "শ্লোক", which received frequent playback in commercial radio stations. Considering the sudden emergence of piracy in music, the album had sold well enough to have superseded আমার পৃথিবী; the album was received well by critics despite having sold so well. Soon after releasing উৎসবের পর, the band took a stab at acting; the members of Black were cast as a ragtag group of street urchins in the teleplay "Offbeat".

The soundtrack to the song সে যে বসে আছে had been a collaborative effort between Arnob. On 20 April 2005, returning home after completing a tour in Chittagong the bus in which the band was on, crashed near a ditch on the road; the crash caused the death of Imran Ahmed Choudhury Mobin, a prominent sound engineer in the Bangladesh music industry and a close friend of the band. Band members Jon and Tahsan suffered minor bruises and cuts while Tony and Miraz had to be hospitalised; the members of the band announced a hiatus until further notice. Miraz had to leave the band indefinitely. After a five-year hiatus Black released their third studio album আবার at 10 July 2008. Under the sponsorship of Warid Telecom a press conference was held at Bashundhara City shopping mall, followed by a gala event for the album's launch. A documentary chronicling Black's career, including Imran Ahmed Choudhury Mobin's death, was shown and released publicly prior to আবার being launched, it was released through the G-Series label.

The documentary features interviews by notable artists and figures amongst the Bangladesh music industry such as, Isha Khan Duray, Azam Khan, Saidus Sumon, Sheikh Monirul Alam Tipu and Iqbal Asif Jewel. This album was stated as one of the most commercially successful album in the history of Bangladeshi rock music. In late 2009, Black stated on their official Facebook page they had started working on their fourth studio album since June and that it is planned to be self-titled, a first for the band. In mid 2010, bass player Shahriar Sagar parted with the band paving the way for former Aashor member Rafiqul Ahsan Titu to take the place. Upon his joining vocalist Jon Kabir says: Its like having someone like Robert DeLeo take time off of his busy schedule and jam with the mere mortals we are; every piece of music that he brings in leaves the rest of us feeling flaccid... musically speaking of course, in short he has been a tremendous and overwhelming influence on us and fits more than in our musically misfit jigsaw puzzle Black released their 4th album, Black on 21 August 2011.

Just after that Jon Kabir took a