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Australian Communications and Media Authority

The Australian Communications and Media Authority is an Australian Government statutory authority within the Communications portfolio. ACMA was formed on 1 July 2005 with the merger of the Australian Broadcasting Authority and the Australian Communications Authority. ACMA is responsible for ensuring communications works for all Australians, it does this through various legislation, regulations and codes of practice. ACMA is a converged regulator, created to oversee the convergence of telecommunications, radio communications and the internet. ACMA is an independent agency composed of a Chair, Deputy Chair, five Full-time Members, three Associate Members, it is managed by an executive team comprising the Chair, Deputy Chair, four general managers and ten executive managers. The corporate structure comprises four divisions – Communications Infrastructure, Content and Citizen, Corporate and Research, Legal Services. ACMA has responsibilities under four principal Acts – the Broadcasting Services Act 1992, the Telecommunications Act 1997, the Telecommunications Act 1999 and the Radiocommunications Act 1992.

There are another 22 Acts to which the agency responds in such areas as spam, the Do Not Call Register and interactive gambling. The ACMA creates and administers more than 523 legislative instruments including radiocommunications and telecommunications regulations. ACMA collects revenue on behalf of the Australian Government through broadcasting, radiocommunications and telecommunications taxes and licence fees, it collects revenue from price-based allocation of spectrum. ACMA's main offices are located in Canberra and Sydney. Communications convergence is the merging of the distinct services by which information is communicated – telephone, television radio and newspapers – over digital platforms. ACMA works with industry and citizens to solve new concerns and mitigate risks arising in the evolving networked society and information economy, recognising that Australians are interacting with digital communications and content in changing ways. Not only does ACMA address a wide and disparate range of responsibilities, it does so against a backdrop of rapid and disruptive change.

Many of the controls on the production and distribution of content and the provision of telecommunications services through licensing or other subsidiary arrangements, or by standards and codes are subject to revision and adaptation to the networked society and information economy. Moreover, there are new platforms, business models, value chains and forms of social interaction available with more to come in what is a dynamic, innovative environment. Other challenges for regulators include cross-jurisdictional issues and the need for engagement and collaboration with stakeholders locally and internationally; the ACMA's response to these pressures is to remain relevant by delivering on its mandated outcomes and its statutory obligations, by transforming itself into a resilient, e-facing, learning organisation, responsive to the numerous pressures for change that confront it. ACMA has developed a'converged communications regulator' framework which seeks to bring to the global discussion a'common ground' which can capture the fundamental tasks any regulator in a convergent environment will engage with to deliver outcomes in the public interest.

The four cornerstone parts to the framework, each divided into two sub-streams, are outlined below along with the main functions of ACMA under each task. Bridging to the future – active engagement with the currents of change and proactive development of responses through thought leadership and regulatory development: reviewing industry standards and codes of practice developing more flexible licensing updating spectrum management tools for spectrum sharing technologies research and analysis to examine the effectiveness of current regulation and to provide evidence-informed regulatory developmentTransforming the agency – adapting the organisation to the changing world of convergence by ensuring a structural fit with convergence and a focus on agency innovation: creating resilience through transformational capacity/capability training evidence-based reporting on industry performance, service offerings, consumer benefits, levels of adoption and use development and administration of spam intelligence database developing and implementing an evidence-based approach to tracking industry performance during digital TV transitionMajor program delivery – undertaking major development work or program implementation through resource and program management with effective corporate governance: development and implementation of a national cybersafety education program administering the Do Not Call Register administering contracts for phone services for people who are deaf or have a hearing or speech impediment developing and implementing a corporate governance framework and ICT strategic planEffective regulation – doing the'day job' of the regulatory agency with effective and efficient regulatory administration and operations coupled with extensive stakeholder engagement: regulating telecommunications and broadcasting services, internet content and datacasting services managing access to the radiofrequency spectrum bands through radiocommunications licensing, including amateur radio licensing resolving competing demands for spectrum through broadcasting licence arrangements and price-based allocation methods regulating use of the radio-frequency spectrum a

Drametse Ngacham

The Drametse Ngacham is a sacred dance performed in the village of Drametse in eastern Bhutan. It is performed twice a year during the Drametse festival, which occurs on the fifth and tenth months of the Bhutanese calendar; the festival is organized by the Ogyen Tegchok Namdroel Choeling Monastery to honor Padmasambhava, an 8th-century Buddhist master. A performance of the dance features sixteen masked ten musicians; the dancers wear wooden masks with features of animals, both real and mythical. The musicians play "cymbals and drums, including the bang nga, a large cylindrical drum, the lag nga, a small hand-held circular flat drum, the nga chen, a drum beaten with a bent drumstick." They first perform a prayer dance in the soeldep cham, the main shrine, before appearing one by one in the courtyard of the monastery. The dance has two parts: a calm, contemplative part to represent the peaceful deities, a rapid, athletic part for the wrathful ones. Performances of the dance have been conducted for five centuries.

In the late nineteenth century, the dance started spreading to other parts of Bhutan. Today, it is approaching to be something of a national dance for the country, representing the identity of the Bhutanese nation; the dance was inscribed in the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO in 2008, though it was proclaimed in 2005. The original proclamation notes "the number of practitioners is dwindling due to the lack of rehearsal time, the absence of a systematic mechanism to train and honour the dancers and musicians and the gradual decrease in interest among young people."The Institute of Language and Culture Studies at the Royal University of Bhutan coordinated and implemented a project to preserve and promote the dance. The project was funded by the Japanese Funds-in-Trust for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage, through UNESCO, it involved strengthening the training capacities of the monastery, compiling existing documentation, recording videos of the dance, researching its history, promotional activities.

A result of the project was a book about the dance written in English and Dzongkha and an accompanying film. Short UNESCO documentary on the dance Another performance of the dance

Nima Arkani-Hamed

Nima Arkani-Hamed is an American-Canadian theoretical physicist of Iranian descent, with interests in high-energy physics, quantum field theory, string theory and collider physics. Arkani-Hamed is a member of the permanent faculty at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey, he is director of The Center for Future High Energy Physics in Beijing, China. Arkani-Hamed's parents, Jafargholi "Jafar" Arkani-Hamed and Hamideh Alasti are both physicists from Iran, his father, a native of Tabriz, had worked for the Apollo program in the early 1970s, was chairman of the physics department at Sharif University of Technology in Tehran, taught earth and planetary sciences at McGill University in Montreal. Arkani-Hamed immigrated to Canada as a child with his family in the seventies. Arkani-Hamed graduated at the University of Toronto with a joint honours degree in mathematics and physics in 1993, went to the University of California, for his graduate studies, where he worked under the supervision of Lawrence Hall.

The majority of his graduate work was on studies of flavor physics. His Ph. D. dissertation was titled "Supersymmetry and Hierarchies". He completed his Ph. D. in 1997 and went to SLAC at Stanford University for post-doctoral studies. During this time he worked with Savas Dimopoulos and developed the paradigm of large extra dimensions. In 1999 he joined the faculty of the University of Berkeley physics department, he took a leave of absence from Berkeley to visit Harvard University beginning January 2001, stayed at Harvard as a professor from 2002–2008. Since 2008 he has been a professor in the School of Natural Sciences at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton, New Jersey. In 2003 he won the Gribov Medal of the European Physical Society, in the summer of 2005 while at Harvard he won the Phi Beta Kappa award for teaching excellence. In 2008, he won the Raymond and Beverly Sackler Prize given at Tel Aviv University to young scientists who have made outstanding and fundamental contributions in Physical Science.

He was elected to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 2009.. He gave the Messenger lectures at Cornell University in 2010, is an A. D. White Professor-at-Large at Cornell University.. In 2012 he was an inaugural awardee of the Fundamental Physics Prize, the creation of physicist and internet entrepreneur, Yuri Milner, he was one of six physicists featured in the award-winning 2013 documentary film Particle Fever, was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 2017. The paradigm of "large extra dimensions":N. Arkani-Hamed. "The Hierarchy Problem and New Dimensions at a Millimeter". Phys. Lett. B. 429: 263–272. ArXiv:hep-ph/9803315. Bibcode:1998PhLB..429..263A. Doi:10.1016/S0370-269300466-3. I. Antoniadis. "New Dimensions at a Millimeter to a Fermi and Superstrings at a TeV". Phys. Lett. B. 436: 257–263. ArXiv:hep-ph/9804398. Bibcode:1998PhLB..436..257A. Doi:10.1016/S0370-269300860-0. N. Arkani-Hamed. "Phenomenology and Cosmology of Theories with Sub-Millimeter Dimensions and TeV Scale Quantum Gravity".

Phys. Rev. D. 59: 086004. ArXiv:hep-ph/9807344. Bibcode:1999PhRvD..59h6004A. Doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.59.086004. Arkani-Hamed, Nima. "The Universe's Unseen Dimensions". Scientific American. 283: 62–69. Bibcode:2000SciAm.283b..62A. Doi:10.1038/scientificamerican0800-62. PMID 10914401. Deconstruction:N. Arkani-Hamed. G. Cohen. "Constructing Dimensions". Phys. Rev. Lett. 86: 4757–4761. ArXiv:hep-th/0104005. Bibcode:2001PhRvL..86.4757A. Doi:10.1103/PhysRevLett.86.4757. PMID 11384341. Little Higgs theories:N. Arkani-Hamed. "Electroweak symmetry breaking from dimensional deconstruction". Phys. Lett. B. 513: 232–240. ArXiv:hep-ph/0105239. Bibcode:2001PhLB..513..232A. Doi:10.1016/S0370-269300741-9. N. Arkani-Hamed. G. Cohen. G. Wacker. "Phenomenology of Electroweak Symmetry Breaking from Theory Space". JHEP. 0208: 020. ArXiv:hep-ph/0202089. Bibcode:2002JHEP...08..020A. Doi:10.1088/1126-6708/2002/08/020. N. Arkani-Hamed. G. Cohen. E. Nelson & J. G. Wacker. "The Minimal Moose for a Little Higgs". JHEP. 0208: 021. ArXiv:hep-ph/0206020. Bibcode:2002JHEP...08..021A.

Doi:10.1088/1126-6708/2002/08/021. N. Arkani-Hamed. G. Cohen. E. Nelson. "The Littlest Higgs". JHEP. 0207: 034. ArXiv:hep-ph/0206021. Bibcode:2002JHEP...07..034A. Doi:10.1088/1126-6708/2002/07/034. Ghost condensation:N. Arkani-Hamed. C. Cheng. "Ghost condensation and a consistent infrared modification of gravity". JHEP. 0405: 074. ArXiv:hep-th/0312099. Bibcode:2004JHEP...05..074H. Doi:10.1088/1126-6708/2004/05/074. Split supersymmetry:N. Arkani-Hamed. "Supersymmetric unification without low energy supersymmetry and signatures for fine-tuning at the LHC". JHEP. 0506: 073. ArXiv:hep-th/0405159. Bibcode:2005JHEP...06..073A. Doi:10.1088/1126-6708/2005/06/073. N. Arkani-Hamed. F. Giudice. "Aspects of split supersymmetry". Nucl. Phys. B. 0709: 3–46. ArXiv:hep-ph/0409232. Bibcode:2005NuPhB.709....3A. Doi:10.1016/j.nuclphysb.2004.12.026. Causality Constraints on Effective Field TheoriesA. Adams, N. Arkani-Hamed, S. Dubovsky, A. Nicolis and R. Rattazzi,``Causality, analyticity and an IR obstruction to UV completion", hep-th/0602178.

Weak Gravity ConjectureN. Arkani-Hamed, L. Motl, A. Nicolis and C. Vafa,``The String lands

Eustathius of Thessalonica

Eustathius of Thessalonica was a Byzantine Greek scholar and Archbishop of Thessalonica. He is most noted for his contemporary account of the sack of Thessalonica by the Normans in 1185, for his orations and for his commentaries on Homer, which incorporate many remarks by much earlier researchers, he was canonized on June 10, 1988, his feast day is on September 20. A pupil of Nicholas Kataphloron, Eustathius was appointed to the offices of superintendent of petitions, professor of rhetoric, was ordained a deacon in Constantinople, he was ordained bishop of Myra. Around the year 1178, he was appointed to the archbishopric of Thessalonica, where he remained until his death around 1195/1196. Accounts of his life and work are given in the funeral orations by Michael Choniates. Niketas Choniates praised him as the most learned man of his age, a judgment, difficult to dispute, he wrote commentaries on ancient Greek poets, theological treatises, letters, an important account of the sack of Thessalonica by William II of Sicily in 1185.

Of his works, his commentaries on Homer are the most referred to: they display an extensive knowledge of Greek literature from the earliest to the latest times. Other works exhibit impressive character, oratorical power, which earned him the esteem of the Komnenoi emperors. Politically, Eustathios was a supporter of emperor Manuel I. An original thinker, Eustathios sometimes praised such secular values as military prowess, he decried slavery, believed in the concept of historical progress of civilization from a primitive to a more advanced state. His most important works are the following: On the Capture of Thessalonica, an eye-witness account of the siege of 1185 and subsequent sufferings of the people of Thessalonica. In early sections of this memoir Eustathios describes political events at Constantinople from the death of emperor Manuel I through the short reign of Alexios II to the usurpation of Andronikos I, with sharp comments on the activities of all involved; the Greek text was edited with an Italian translation by V. Rotolo.

A number of orations, some of which have been edited by P. Wirth. In 2013 a translation of six of the earliest of these speeches was published with a commentary by Andrew F. Stone. Commentaries on Homer's Odyssey; these address questions of grammar, mythology and geography. They are not so much original commentaries as extracts from earlier commentators - there are many correspondences with Homeric scholia. Drawing on numerous extensive works of Alexandrian grammarians and critics and commentators, they are a important contribution to Homeric scholarship, not least because some of the works from which Eustathios made extracts are lost. Although it is that Eustathios quotes some authors second-hand, he seems acquainted with the works of the greatest ancient critics - Aristarchos of Samothrace, Aristophanes of Byzantium, others; this is a great tribute to the state of the libraries of Constantinople and of classical scholarship there in the 12th century. He was an avid reader of the Deipnosophistae of Athenaeus.

Some of the etymological and grammatical comments by Eustathios's Alexandrian predecessors are full of errors. The first printed edition, by Majoranus, was published in Rome in 1542-1550, an inaccurate reprint being published in Basel in 1559-1560. A. Potitus' edition, contains only the commentary on the first five books of the Iliad with a Latin translation. A tolerably correct reprint of the Roman edition was published at Leipzig, the first part containing the Odyssey commentary, 1825-1826, the second, containing the Iliad commentary, edited by J. G. Stallbaum for the Patrologia Graeca, 1827-1829; these were superseded by the edition of 1971 onwards. Extracts from the commentaries are quoted in many editions of the Homeric poems. A commentary on Dionysius Periegetes; this is as diffuse as the commentary on Homer, but includes numerous valuable extracts from earlier writers. A commentary on Pindar. No manuscript of this has come to light. (The introduction was first published by Gottlieb Tafel in his Eustathii Thessalonicensis Opuscula, from which it was reprinted separately by Schneidewin, Eustathii prooemium commentariorum Pindaricorum.

Other published works. Some were first published by Tafel in the 1832 Opuscula just mentioned, some appeared as by P. Wirth for the Corpus Fontium Historiae Byzantinae series. Unpublished works; these include commemorative speeches. Several of the latter are important historical sources. Angold, Michael. Church and society in Byzantium under the Comneni, 1081–1261. Cambridge University Pres

1914 in Sweden

Events from the year 1914 in Sweden Monarch – Gustaf V Prime Minister - Karl Staaff, Hjalmar Hammarskjöld 6 February - Peasant armament support march Courtyard Speech March 1914 Swedish general election 28 May – Selma Lagerlöf inducted to the Swedish Academy. September 1914 Swedish general election 14 February - Britt G. Hallqvist 20 April – Ivar Wickman, who discovered in 1907 the epidemic and contagious character of poliomyelitis 10 November - Nils Christoffer Dunér, astronomer

Ronen Shoval

Ronen Shoval is an Israeli writer and Zionist-activist. He is the founder of the extra-parliamentary movement Im Tirtzu, presided as its first chairman. Ronen is the author of a manifest for the rejuvenating Zionism, he is a columnist in the Israeli newspaper Maariv and wrote in Haaretz and Makor Rishon. He was a lecturer at Bar-Ilan University, at a pre-army mechina, at other colleges in Israel, he was a research associate at the Institute for Zionist Strategies. He was elected a board member of the World Zionist Organization, the Jewish Agency and Keren Hayesod. In 2013, Ronen was named by the Algemeiner Journal as one of the 100 people who had the biggest positive impact on Jewish life in 2012. In January 2015, running as a candidate in Habayit Hayehudi's primary, called for an investigation into editors at Haaretz, accusing them of "defeatist propaganda" prohibited under Statute 103 of Israel's penal code. In response to Shoval's accusations on Facebook, multiple death threats against Haaretz editors were posted, which Shoval promised to remove.

The Haaretz cartoon that sparked the death threats said "10 journalists killed in attack on Charlie Hebdo in Paris, about 13 journalists killed last summer in attack on Gaza" and "JeSuisGaza" below JeSuisCharlie. Ronen holds a B. A in international relations and an M. A in Jewish Philosophy from the Hebrew University, he earned a PhD in Jewish political thought from the Paris West University Nanterre La Défense. Ronen is married, has four children