George Henry Stevens "Harry" Trott was an Australian cricketer who played 24 Test matches as an all-rounder between 1888 and 1898. Although Trott was a versatile batsman, spin bowler and outstanding fielder, "... it is as a captain that he is best remembered, an understanding judge of human nature". After a period of some instability and ill discipline in Australian cricket, he was the first in a succession of assertive Australian captains that included Joe Darling, Monty Noble and Clem Hill, who restored the prestige of the Test team. Respected by teammates and opponents alike for his cricketing judgement, Trott was quick to pick up a weakness in opponents. A right-handed batsman, he was known for vigorous hitting, his slow leg-spin bowling was able to deceive batsmen through subtle variations of pace and flight, but allowed opposition batsmen to score quickly. Trott made his Test debut in 1888, on a tour of England, would tour England another three times, scoring more than 1000 runs on each occasion.
For the 1896 tour, Trott was elected captain by his teammates. Despite England winning the series two Tests to one and retaining The Ashes, Trott's ability as a captain was regarded. In the return series in Australia during the 1897–98 season, Trott's team was more successful, winning the five-Test series 4–1 and regaining The Ashes. At a time when the federation of the Australian colonies was under discussion, the victory saw Trott praised as a "national institution" and his team as having "done more for the federation of Australian hearts than all the big delegates put together". A severe mental illness abruptly ended Trott's Test career at the age of 31. After a series of seizures in 1898, he suffered from insomnia and memory loss. Failing to recover lucidity, he was committed to a psychiatric hospital for over a year. After he was discharged, he returned to cricket, continued to play for his state and club, South Melbourne, into his forties. After his retirement, Trott served as a selector for Victoria for a number of years.
Outside of cricket, he worked as a mail sorter. He died of cancer in 1917, aged 51. Born in Collingwood, an inner suburb of Melbourne, Trott was the third of eight children born to accountant Adolphus Trott and his wife Mary-Ann, his younger brother Albert became a Test cricketer. The siblings played their junior cricket with the local Capulet club. Harry transferred to South Melbourne, which played in Melbourne's pennant competition, after scouts for the club noticed him playing park cricket. In his first season, the 18-year-old Trott recorded the best batting average and bowling average for the team. Trott made his first-class debut for Victoria against an "Australian XI" on New Year's Day 1886, scoring four and 18 not out. Two months he played his first inter-colonial match, against South Australia at the Adelaide Oval. Batting, he scored 54 runs. In 1886–87, Trott hit a double century for South Melbourne in a match against St Kilda and appeared for Victoria against Alfred Shaw's touring English team, claiming four wickets for 125 runs.
During the next summer, he played for a non-representative "Australian XI" against Arthur Shrewsbury's XI and George Vernon's XI, two English teams touring Australia simultaneously. His chances for inclusion in the Australian squad for the forthcoming tour of England were enhanced when a number of leading players made themselves unavailable. However, Trott's batting credentials were modest: he had scored only one half-century in 29 first-class innings. At this point, Trott had enjoyed more success with his bowling. Prior to the Australian team departing for England, a change to the leg before wicket law that would aid bowlers of Trott's style seemed imminent; the former Australian player Tom Horan wrote: "There is no bowler in England who has such a fast leg-break, on a fine, firm pitch many a batsman has saved his wicket by his legs or body in opposing Trott's deliveries." Included in the Australian squad to tour England in 1888, Trott was selected in the team for the First Test at Lord's. He had an inauspicious Test debut: he made a duck in the first innings and three runs in the second, did not bowl.
The Australians won the game by 62 runs, only their second Test match victory in England. However, England retained The Ashes by winning the remaining two Tests and Trott's influence on the series was negligible: he did not pass 20 in an innings, he failed to take a wicket, his performances in the other matches of the season prompted Wisden Cricketers' Almanack to write that he, "... justif his selection by scoring the creditable total of 1,212 runs, with an average of over 19 per innings", that his fielding was "excellent at point". Wisden was less complimentary about his bowling: "We have no great opinion of Trott's leg break bowling, think it too slow to be effectual against good batsmen." Trott's opportunities were limited as his teammates Charles Turner and John Ferris, "monopolised the bowling". On his return to Australia, Trott's batting continued to improve, he scored 172 runs for an Australian XI against New South Wales, his maiden century in first-class cricket. The Sydney Morning Herald wrote that the innings "... stamped him as a batsman of the highest class".
In first-class matches, Trott posted 507 runs and claimed 25 wickets for the summer, hit a double century in a club match against Melbourne. Another good all-round season in 1889–90
Gregor MacGregor (sportsman)
Gregor MacGregor was a Scottish cricketer and rugby union player. He played rugby for cricket for England. MacGregor was born in 1869 to Donald MacGregor J. P. of Argyll in Edinburgh, Scotland. He was schooled at Uppingham before matriculating to Jesus College, Cambridge in October 1887. On leaving university he found work on the London Stock Exchange. In cricket he played for Middlesex as a wicket keeper and captained the county club between 1898 and 1907, he served as the treasurer, before his death in 1919, aged 49. He played in eight Tests for England. Gregor MacGregor was notable as a rugby union footballer. Within rugby, MacGregor played club rugby for Cambridge and international rugby for Scotland between 1890 and 1896. In 1889 and 1890 he appeared as full back for Cambridge against Oxford, showing himself a fine tackler and accurate kick. In the same season that he first appeared for Cambridge, he was awarded his first international cap. MacGregor was selected by the Scottish Rugby Union to appear for Scotland in all three international matches of the 1890 Home Nations Championship.
In 1890, MacGregor was invited to join William Percy Carpmael's newly formed touring team, the Barbarians. He became an original member of the team. MacGregor played in the Home Nations Championship in 1891 and 1893, missing the 1892 tournament as he was out in Australia with Lord Sheffield's cricket team in 1892, in 1894 he played against England and Wales, his final appearance in an international game being between Scotland and England, decided at Hampden Park, Glasgow, in 1896. Although he began and finished his career in matches as a full back, MacGregor played in those games as a centre three-quarter—those when the three three-quarter system was preferred. In the course of his career he appeared on several occasions for Middlesex. On one of these, when the four three-quarter system had come into vogue, he had for his colleagues Andrew Stoddart, Arthur Gould, G. T. Campbell, all internationals. Despite such talented players all appearing in the same team, Yorkshire proved victorious. MacGregor wrote about rugby.
For example, he contributed a chapter titled "Full Back Play" to a book by Bertram Fletcher Robinson, Rugby Football. This book was republished in facsimile form. A portrait painted by Henry Weigall Jr, of Andrew Stoddart batting and MacGregor keeping wicket, was given to the MCC in 1927 by W. H. Patterson, a MCC committee member; the identity of the artist of the oil painting was only reaffirmed in 2018. The picture hangs in the Pavilion at Lord's. List of Scottish cricket and rugby union players List of Test cricketers born in non-Test playing nations Wisden Cricketers' Almanack obituary CricketArchive page on Gregor MacGregor Cricinfo page on Gregor MacGregorGodwin, Terry Complete Who's Who of International Rugby Gregor MacGregor on scrum dot com
Jack Barrett (cricketer)
John Edward Barrett was an Australian cricketer who played two Tests in 1890. Barrett was the first batsman to carry his bat on test debut. In addition to his cricketing skills, Barrett was a leading Australian rules footballer, playing for South Melbourne Football Club in the late 1880s and early 1890s, topping the Victorian Football Association goal kicking in 1889 with 40 goals. Barrett became a doctor. List of Victoria first-class cricketers Cricinfo player profile Atkinson, G. Everything you wanted to know about Australian rules football but couldn't be bothered asking, The Five Mile Press: Melbourne. ISBN 0 86788 009 0
James Cranston was an amateur cricketer, educated at Taunton College in Somerset and went on to play 103 first-class cricket matches for Gloucestershire County Cricket Club between 1876 and 1899 as a left-handed middle-order batsman. He played for Warwickshire County Cricket Club in 1886 and 1887, before Warwickshire gained first-class status, he played one Test match for England against Australia in 1890. Although he only played in that one Test, at the Oval at the end of the 1890 season, it was a low-scoring match, his innings were important in England's two wicket victory, which saw them win the Ashes. Wisden Cricketers' Almanack said of his innings that "his defence under trying conditions against the bowling of Turner and Ferris was masterly". Cranston played no more Test cricket, his career all but came to an end a year after suffering a fit whilst playing the game, although he was able to return eight years later. A Brief Profile of James Cranston by Don Ambrose A Profile of James Cranston by Dave Liverman Obituary of James Cranston in the 1905 Wisden Cricketers' Almanack
George Ulyett was an English all-round cricketer, noted for his aggressive batsmanship. A well-liked man, Ulyett was popularly known as "Happy Jack", once musing memorably that Yorkshire played him only for his good behaviour and his whistling. A fine all round sportsman, Ulyett played football in the 1882–83 and 1883–84 seasons as goalkeeper for Sheffield Wednesday. Born in Pitsmoor, Ulyett joined the local Pitsmoor club at the age of sixteen and, from 1871 to 1873, played as a professional in Bradford. In 1873, he made his Yorkshire debut, at Bramall Lane against Sussex, remained a valued member of the team for the next twenty years, passing 1,000 runs in ten seasons and fifty wickets in three. In his best batting year of 1883 Ulyett achieved the remarkable feat of scoring 1,562 runs – eleven runs from being the leading run scorer – without a single century. Not until Charles Harris in 1935 did any batsman score more runs without a century, only David Green in 1965 – a somewhat similar style of hard hitting opener – has since come remotely so close to being the leading run scorer of a season without scoring a century.
He took his career-best figures of seven for thirty against Surrey in 1878 and, in 1887, made his highest score, 199 not out against Derbyshire. Ulyett was a member of James Lillywhite Junior's tour of Australia in 1876/77. After the visitors' early defeat at the hands of a XV of New South Wales, the local press pronounced them "by a long way the weakest side that have played in the colonies, notwithstanding the presence of Shaw, termed the premier bowler of England. If Ulyett and Hill are specimens of the best fast bowling in England, all we can say is, either they have not shown their proper form, or British bowling has sadly deteriorated." Not long after, however in an eleven-a-side first-class match against New South Wales, Ulyett scored an excellent 94 to guide Lillywhite's team to victory. Ulyett played in the first-ever Test match, staged at the MCG, during that tour, his first real action in Test cricket came when he held onto a catch off the bowling of James Southerton to dismiss Billy Midwinter for five.
With the bat, Ulyett failed in the first innings, lasting just a quarter of an hour before Nat Thomson had him trapped in front. In bowling, Ulyett took three for 39 in the second innings, his first wicket being that of Charles Bannerman, who famously managed an incredible 165 out of Australia's first innings total of 245; this amazing effort came to an end when the toiling Ulyett let loose a sharp, rising bouncer that found its way through Bannerman's primitive gloving and struck him a blow on the index finger, splitting it open rather badly. A short delay revealed the fact that Bannerman could no longer grip his bat properly and that, therefore, he would have to retire; the Australian opener walked off. George Ulyett, although never regarded as a truly-quick bowler, could do real damage on occasion. Bannerman was unable to field, and, in the second innings, when Ulyett dismissed him again, he faced just nine deliveries. In the second game at Melbourne, Ulyett showed his worth as a batsman, making 52 and 63 to secure an England win by four wickets.
On Day 2 George joined A Greenwood when England were 72 for 4. George partnered Tom Emmett, his 52 was part of a career total of 86, 2nd highest by a Test Player at that time. Thereafter, he was a regular pick for the England Test side, with his batting and bowling backed up by some fine displays of fielding. Ulyett played 25 Tests in total—it was by far the longest career of any England cricketer to play in that inaugural Test—and several times changed the course of a match. At Lord's in 1884, in the second innings, he returned an analysis of 39.1–23–36–7 to reduce the Australians from 60/1 to 145 all out and force a remarkable innings victory. Included in that haul was one of the most famous caughts-and-bowled taken. Ulyett sent down a straight half-volley to Bonnor, who drove at it with all his considerable might and got it right out of the middle of the bat; the ball flew back towards the bowler with a resounding crack. It seemed to Ulyett to have left his hand—yet it was flying back to him at what seemed like the speed of light.
He had no time to judge it but held out the right hand instinctively, the leather stuck, right in the middle of his palm. With the sound of Bonnor's stroke still echoing about the ground, many eyes in the gallery were looking for the area near the boundary where they thought that the ball would land; the eyes of George Giffen, the non-striker, were among the wanderers, he was certain that everyone else must be looking for it, too: indeed, a segment of the crowd, in panic, had opened up a space in the ring in anticipation of the ball’s descent. Giffen reckoned it to have been a mighty drive indeed—but he could not see where it had gone; when his and other eyes were diverted back towards the pitch, they noticed Ulyett celebrating and Bonnor was departing. It soon dawned on them. Although Ulyett felt no pain in the centre of his hand, there was a fair amount of it on the outside. Bonnor looked at him disgustedly, thinking it immoral to have done such a thing, h
Frederick Martin (cricketer)
Frederick Martin known as Fred Martin and Nutty Martin, was an English professional cricketer who bowled left-arm medium-pace spin. Martin played first-class cricket between 1885 and 1892 for Kent County Cricket Club, appeared twice in Test matches for the England cricket team, he was considered one the best left-arm spin bowlers in the country between 1889 and 1891. Martin was named as one of the Wisden Cricketers of the Year in the 1892 edition of Wisden Cricketers' Almanack, he took six wickets in both innings of his Test debut in 1890, the first time any player had taken two five wicket hauls in his debut Test match. His 12 wickets for 102 runs in the match were the best match figures for a debutant in Test cricket at the time and remained so until 1972, they remain the best match figures for an England player on debut. He took 100 first-class wickets in a season six times and took four wickets in four balls playing for MCC in 1895. Martin was born at Dartford in Kent in 1861 to Ann Martin.
His father and grandfathers worked in the ironworking industry. He was one of eight children and as a boy played cricket on Dartford Brent, an area of common land close to the town, went on to play club cricket in the local area. By 1882 Martin's ability started to be noticed and a relative, Arthur Blackman, recommended him to Herbert Knatchbull-Hugessen, a member of the Kent County Cricket Club committee, he played in three trial matches for Kent Colts in May 1882 but did not progress to the county side until he joined St Lawrence Cricket Club at Canterbury in 1884. The pace of Martin's bowling varied in his early years, from fast to slow before he settled on a medium pace delivery by the time he joined Kent. After taking over 100 wickets for St Lawrence in 1884, Martin made his first-class debut for Kent in July 1885, playing against Sussex at Gravesend, although he only bowled one over during the match and did not take a wicket, he did not play again for the county side until the following season, although once again he took over 100 wickets in club cricket during the season.
After taking only three wickets in his first three matches in 1886, Martin was recalled to the side during August against Surrey at The Oval and took 12 wickets in the match. He followed this with 7 wickets against Lancashire and 8 against Nottinghamshire, ending the season with 29 wickets and leading the Kent bowling averages, he made his first appearance for MCC during the season. Martin played after 1886 and, although he was considered "disappointing" in 1887 in a year in which Kent were poor, he established himself as a "top-class" bowler, taking 60 wickets for the county in 1888, the season he was first paired with Walter Wright. Martin and Wright bowled together between 1888 and 1891, delivering two-thirds of the overs Kent bowled during that period, they bowled unchanged for the county in three complete matches and in 10 innings and formed the basis for Kent's bowling attack in the early years of the County Championship. Between 1889 and 1891 Martin was considered in his prime and one of the best left-arm bowlers in the country.
He took 87 wickets for Kent in 1889 and 106 in total, the first time he had taken over 100 wickets in a season. He followed this with 190 wickets in 1890, with 105 for Kent including a hat-trick against Surrey at The Oval, 140 in 1891, again taking 105 for Kent, he played his only home Test match for England in 1890 and was named as one of the Wisden Cricketers of the Year in the 1892 edition of the almanack. After 1891 Martin's performances are considered to have declined, with the spin or movement he achieved with the ball thought to have reduced significantly, he toured South Africa in 1891/92 with a team led by Walter Reed and played in the one match on the tour, retrospectively given Test match status. Wisden considered that the heavy workload of the tour diminished Martin's performances in the 1892 English season, but he took over 100 wickets in each season between 1894 and 1896, with 1894 considered a "very good season" during which he bowled "with astonishing success on soft wickets for the MCC at Lord's in May", Martin was still considered an accurate bowler with good control of length.
He took four wickets in four balls for MCC against Derbyshire in 1895 and remained economical throughout his career – his 73 wickets for Kent in 1898 were taken at an average of 18.98 runs per wicket, leading Kent's averages that season. In 1899 Martin played in all of Kent's matches until the end of July. Wisden reported that he was "incapacitated for part of the season" and he only bowled four overs in his final match for the county, missing his benefit match the same summer. After three first-class matches for MCC in 1900 he played no further first-class cricket, although he did play twice for MCC in 1901 against Minor Counties and Norfolk in non-first-class matches and stood as an umpire in 50 first-class matches between 1902 and 1906, he coached young Kent professionals such as Colin Blythe during the off-season after 1899, either at Canterbury or at the Tonbridge Nursery, Kent's young player development centre, established toward the end of Martin's career. As well as making 229 appearances for Kent, Martin played in 57 first-class matches for MCC and was a member of the ground staff at Lord's until 1908.
He played 17 times for the South of England and five times for the Players in the Gentlemen v Players fixture. Martin played in only two Test matches for England, he played at a time when England had a number of left-arm spin options, with Lancashire's Johnny Briggs and Yorkshire's Bobby Peel the first-choice bowlers for the national team. Martin's debut came in the second Test against Australia at The Oval in 1890 with Briggs injured and Yorkshire refusing to allow
Manchester is a city and metropolitan borough in Greater Manchester, with a population of 545,500 as of 2017. It lies within the United Kingdom's second-most populous built-up area, with a population of 3.2 million. It is fringed by the Cheshire Plain to the south, the Pennines to the north and east, an arc of towns with which it forms a continuous conurbation; the local authority is Manchester City Council. The recorded history of Manchester began with the civilian settlement associated with the Roman fort of Mamucium or Mancunium, established in about AD 79 on a sandstone bluff near the confluence of the rivers Medlock and Irwell, it was a part of Lancashire, although areas of Cheshire south of the River Mersey were incorporated in the 20th century. The first to be included, was added to the city in 1931. Throughout the Middle Ages Manchester remained a manorial township, but began to expand "at an astonishing rate" around the turn of the 19th century. Manchester's unplanned urbanisation was brought on by a boom in textile manufacture during the Industrial Revolution, resulted in it becoming the world's first industrialised city.
Manchester achieved city status in 1853. The Manchester Ship Canal opened in 1894, creating the Port of Manchester and directly linking the city to the Irish Sea, 36 miles to the west, its fortune declined after the Second World War, owing to deindustrialisation, but the IRA bombing in 1996 led to extensive investment and regeneration. In 2014, the Globalisation and World Cities Research Network ranked Manchester as a beta world city, the highest-ranked British city apart from London. Manchester is the third-most visited city after London and Edinburgh, it is notable for its architecture, musical exports, media links and engineering output, social impact, sports clubs and transport connections. Manchester Liverpool Road railway station was the world's first inter-city passenger railway station. Manchester hosted the 2002 Commonwealth Games; the name Manchester originates from the Latin name Mamucium or its variant Mancunium and the citizens are still referred to as Mancunians. These are thought to represent a Latinisation of an original Brittonic name, either from mamm- or from mamma.
Both meanings are preserved in Insular Celtic languages, such as mam meaning "breast" in Irish and "mother" in Welsh. The suffix -chester is a survival of Old English ceaster and from that castra in latin for camp or settlement; the Brigantes were the major Celtic tribe in. Their territory extended across the fertile lowland of what is now Stretford. Following the Roman conquest of Britain in the 1st century, General Agricola ordered the construction of a fort named Mamucium in the year 79 to ensure that Roman interests in Deva Victrix and Eboracum were protected from the Brigantes. Central Manchester has been permanently settled since this time. A stabilised fragment of foundations of the final version of the Roman fort is visible in Castlefield; the Roman habitation of Manchester ended around the 3rd century. After the Roman withdrawal and Saxon conquest, the focus of settlement shifted to the confluence of the Irwell and Irk sometime before the arrival of the Normans after 1066. Much of the wider area was laid waste in the subsequent Harrying of the North.
Thomas de la Warre, lord of the manor and constructed a collegiate church for the parish in 1421. The church is now Manchester Cathedral; the library, which opened in 1653 and is still open to the public today, is the oldest free public reference library in the United Kingdom. Manchester is mentioned as having a market in 1282. Around the 14th century, Manchester received an influx of Flemish weavers, sometimes credited as the foundation of the region's textile industry. Manchester became an important centre for the manufacture and trade of woollens and linen, by about 1540, had expanded to become, in John Leland's words, "The fairest, best builded and most populous town of all Lancashire." The cathedral and Chetham's buildings are the only significant survivors of Leland's Manchester. During the English Civil War Manchester favoured the Parliamentary interest. Although not long-lasting, Cromwell granted it the right to elect its own MP. Charles Worsley, who sat for the city for only a year, was appointed Major General for Lancashire and Staffordshire during the Rule of the Major Generals.
He was a diligent puritan, banning the celebration of Christmas. Significant quantities of cotton began to be used after about 1600, firstly in linen/cotton fustians, but by around 1750 pure cotton fabrics were being produced and cotton had overtaken wool in importance; the Irwell and Mersey were made navigable by 1736, opening a route from Manchester to the sea docks on the Mersey. The Bridgewater Canal, Britain's first wholly artificial waterway, was opened in 1761, bringing coal from mines at Worsley to central Manchester; the canal was extended to the Mersey at Runcorn by 1776. The combination of competition and improved efficiency halved th