Austria–Germany border

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course of the German-Austrian border (red)
German-Austrian border signs

The Austria–Germany border has a length of 815.9 kilometers[1] or 815.0 kilometers[2] in the South of Germany and the north of Austria in central Europe. It is longest border of both Austria and Germany to another country.

Route[edit]

The border runs roughly from East to West, the eastern endpoint is located at the border tripoint of Germany, Austria and Czech republic, located at 48°46′18″N 13°50′22″E / 48.77167°N 13.83944°E / 48.77167; 13.83944, near the village of Schwarzenberg am Böhmerwald. The western endpoint is located at the border tripoint of Germany, Austria and Switzerland, located approximately at 47°33′N 9°34′E / 47.550°N 9.567°E / 47.550; 9.567, in the Lake Constance.

The border is 815 kilometres (506 mi) long, but at straight line between the endpoints is 345 kilometres (214 mi) long.

Besides the Lake Constance the border does not pass any large lake, but it follows the rivers Inn and Danube in the eastern part of the border.

The border also forms the border of the Austrian states of Vorarlberg, Tirol, Salzburg and Oberösterreich, and the German state of Bavaria.

Tripoints[edit]

The eastern endpoint is located at the border tripoint of Germany, Austria and Czech republic, located at 48°46′18″N 13°50′22″E / 48.77167°N 13.83944°E / 48.77167; 13.83944, near the villages of Schwarzenberg am Böhmerwald and Bayerischer Plöckenstein.

The western endpoint is located at the border tripoint of Germany, Austria and Switzerland, located approximately at 47°33′N 9°34′E / 47.550°N 9.567°E / 47.550; 9.567, in the Lake Constance.

International bodies of water[edit]

Lakes[edit]

Rivers and creeks[edit]

International bridges[edit]

International mountain ranges and moutaints[edit]

International mountains[edit]

International mountains[edit]

Human settlements near the border[edit]

International traffic[edit]

See also[edit]

History[edit]

The border was confirmed in a treaty between the countries in 1972, after having been defined by a number of agreements between the Austrian Empire and the Kingdom of Bavaria in the 19th century; in 1938 the countries merged through Anschluss. This was reverted in 1955 by the Austrian State Treaty which re-established Austria as a sovereign state, the Schengen Area removed border controls at the border in 1997. "Temporary" border controls were reinstalled in 2015.

External links[edit]

Media related to Borders of Austria-Germany at Wikimedia Commons

References[edit]

  1. ^ Artikel Staatsgrenzen. In: Ernst Bruckmüller: Österreich-Lexikon. Verlagsgemeinschaft Österreich-Lexikon, Wien 2004.
  2. ^ Statistisches Bundesamt der Bundesrepublik Deutschland