The 1955 FIBA European Championship called FIBA EuroBasket 1955, was the ninth FIBA EuroBasket regional basketball championship, held by FIBA Europe. Eighteen national teams affiliated with the International Basketball Federation entered the competition; the competition was hosted by Hungary, silver medal winners of EuroBasket 1953. Budapest was the location of the event. In the preliminary round, the 18 teams were split up into four groups. Two of the groups had five teams each, with the other two having four each; the top two teams in each group advanced to the final round, while the other ten teams were relegated to classification play. The first classification round was played in two round-robin groups. Teams advanced into the second classification round depending on their results in the first round—first and second place teams played in the 9–12 segment of classification round 2 while third and fourth place teams played for 13th to 16th places; the fifth place teams played one game against each other for 18th places.
The final round was played with no further playoffs. After two rounds of the round robin, the Soviet Union was the only team still undefeated. Poland had lost both of their games, the other six teams were 1–1; the Soviet team remained undefeated with an easy win over Yugoslavia, while Bulgaria and Hungary followed at 2–1 as the other 5 teams trailed at 1–2. Ending the Soviet Union's undefeated streak that had spanned 32 games and was into its 4th tournament, Czechoslovakia won 81–74 to bump the Soviet Union to 3–1, tied with a Hungarian team it had yet to face in direct competition in the final round; the Soviet Union and Hungary each won their fifth-round games, moving up to 4–1 apiece with two games left. The sixth round would pit the two against each other, however, so the tie for the lead of the group was about to be broken. Bulgaria and Czechoslovakia remained close behind at 3–2, followed by Romania and Poland at 2–3. Yugoslavia and Italy brought up the rear with 1–4 records; the host Hungarian team dealt the Soviet Union its second loss in Eurobasket history.
The Soviets were for the first time no longer in control of their own destiny — the Hungarians had taken lead of the group and the Soviets could not directly take it back. They were now in a three-way tie for second place with Czechoslovakia. Hungary's defeat of Romania clinched the gold medal for the hosts, who were the only 6–1 team in the final round; the Soviets and Czechoslovakia both finished at 5–2, with Czechoslovakia taking the silver medal and the Soviet Union, three-time gold medal winners, finished with a bronze medal. Hungary Czechoslovakia Soviet Union Bulgaria Poland Italy Romania Yugoslavia France Finland Turkey England Austria Switzerland Luxembourg Sweden West Germany Denmark 1. Hungary: János Greminger, Tibor Mezőfi, László Tóth, Tibor Zsíros, László Bánhegyi, János Hódi, László Hódi, Pál Bogár, Péter Papp, János Simon, Tibor Czinkán, Tibor Cselkó, János Dallos, János Bencze 2. Czechoslovakia: Ivan Mrázek, Jiří Baumruk, Zdeněk Bobrovský, Miroslav Škeřik, Jan Kozák, Jaroslav Šíp, Radoslav Sís, Zdenĕk Rylich, Dušan Lukašik, Jaroslav Tetiva, Lubomír Kolář, Jiří Matoušek, Milan Merkl, Eugen Horniak 3.
Soviet Union: Otar Korkia, Anatoly Konev, Aleksandr Moiseyev, Mikhail Semyonov, Arkady Bochkaryov, Yuri Ozerov, Kazys Petkevičius, Algirdas Lauritėnas, Gunārs Siliņš, Vladimir Torban, Viktor Vlasov, Stasys Stonkus, Mart Laga, Lev Reshetnikov 4. Bulgaria: Georgi Panov, Viktor Radev, Ilija Mirchev, Vladimir Ganchev, Konstantin Totev, Tsvjatko Barchovski, Gencho Rashkov, Metodi Tomovski, Vasil Manchenko, Emanuil Gjaurov, Anton Kuzov, Todor Rajkov, Ljubomir Panov, Bobev 8. Yugoslavia: Bogdan Müller, Milutin Minja, Milan Bjegojević, Đorđe Andrijašević, Ladislav Demšar, Obren Popović, Đorđe Konjović, Jože Zupančič, Aleksandar Blašković, Ljubomir Katić, Vilmos Lóczi, Borislav Ćurčić FIBA Europe EuroBasket 1955 Eurobasket.com 1955 EChampionship Linguasport.com
Czechoslovakia, or Czecho-Slovakia, was a sovereign state in Central Europe that existed from October 1918, when it declared its independence from the Austro-Hungarian Empire, until its peaceful dissolution into the Czech Republic and Slovakia on 1 January 1993. From 1939 to 1945, following its forced division and partial incorporation into Nazi Germany, the state did not de facto exist but its government-in-exile continued to operate. From 1948 to 1990, Czechoslovakia was part of the Eastern Bloc with a command economy, its economic status was formalized in membership of Comecon from 1949 and its defense status in the Warsaw Pact of May 1955. A period of political liberalization in 1968, known as the Prague Spring, was forcibly ended when the Soviet Union, assisted by several other Warsaw Pact countries, invaded. In 1989, as Marxist–Leninist governments and communism were ending all over Europe, Czechoslovaks peacefully deposed their government in the Velvet Revolution. In 1993, Czechoslovakia split into the two sovereign states of Slovakia.
Form of state1918 – 1938: A democratic republic championed by Tomáš Masaryk. 1938 – 1939: After annexation of Sudetenland by Nazi Germany in 1938, the region turned into a state with loosened connections among the Czech and Ruthenian parts. A large strip of southern Slovakia and Carpatho-Ukraine was annexed by Hungary, the Zaolzie region was annexed by Poland. 1939 – 1945: The region was split into the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia and the Slovak Republic. A government-in-exile continued to exist in London, supported by the United Kingdom, United States and their Allies. Czechoslovakia adhered to the Declaration by United Nations and was a founding member of the United Nations. 1946 – 1948: The country was governed by a coalition government with communist ministers, including the prime minister and the minister of interior. Carpathian Ruthenia was ceded to the Soviet Union. 1948 – 1989: The country became a socialist state under Soviet domination with a centrally planned economy. In 1960, the country became a socialist republic, the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic.
It was a satellite state of the Soviet Union. 1969 – 1990: The federal republic consisted of the Czech Socialist Republic and the Slovak Socialist Republic. 1990 – 1992: Following the Velvet Revolution, the state was renamed the Czech and Slovak Federal Republic, consisting of the Czech Republic and the Slovak Republic, reverted to a democratic republic. NeighboursAustria 1918 – 1938, 1945 – 1992 Germany Hungary Poland Romania 1918 – 1938 Soviet Union 1945 – 1991 Ukraine 1991 – 1992 TopographyThe country was of irregular terrain; the western area was part of the north-central European uplands. The eastern region was composed of the northern reaches of the Carpathian Mountains and lands of the Danube River basin. ClimateThe weather is mild summers. Influenced by the Atlantic Ocean from the west, Baltic Sea from the north, Mediterranean Sea from the south. There is no continental weather. 1918–1920: Republic of Czechoslovakia /Czecho-Slovak State, or Czecho-Slovakia/Czechoslovakia 1920–1938: Czechoslovak Republic, or Czechoslovakia 1938–1939: Czecho-Slovak Republic, or Czecho-Slovakia 1945–1960: Czechoslovak Republic, or Czechoslovakia 1960–1990: Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, or Czechoslovakia April 1990: Czechoslovak Federative Republic and Czecho-Slovak Federative Republic The country subsequently became the Czech and Slovak Federative Republic, or Československo and Česko-Slovensko.
The area was long a part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire until the empire collapsed at the end of World War I. The new state was founded by Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk, who served as its first president from 14 November 1918 to 14 December 1935, he was succeeded by his close ally, Edvard Beneš. The roots of Czech nationalism go back to the 19th century, when philologists and educators, influenced by Romanticism, promoted the Czech language and pride in the Czech people. Nationalism became a mass movement in the second half of the 19th century. Taking advantage of the limited opportunities for participation in political life under Austrian rule, Czech leaders such as historian František Palacký founded many patriotic, self-help organizations which provided a chance for many of their compatriots to participate in communal life prior to independence. Palacký supported Austro-Slavism and worked for a reorganized and federal Austrian Empire, which would protect the Slavic speaking peoples of Central Europe against Russian and German threats.
An advocate of democratic reform and Czech autonomy within Austria-Hungary, Masaryk was elected twice to the Reichsrat, first from 1891 to 1893 for the Young Czech Party, again from 1907 to 1914 for the Czech Realist Party, which he had founded in 1889 with Karel Kramář and Josef Kaizl. During World War I small numbers of Czechs, the Czechoslovak Legions, fought with the Allies in France and Italy, while large numbers deserted to Russia in exchange for its support for the independence of Czechoslovakia from the Austrian Empire. With the outbreak of World War I, Masaryk began working for Czech independence in a union with Slovakia. With Edvard Beneš and Milan Rastislav Štefánik, Masaryk visited several Western countries and won support from influential publicists. Bohemia and Moravi
Luxembourg national basketball team
The Luxembourg national basketball team represent Luxembourg in men's international basketball tournaments. They are controlled by the Luxembourg Basketball Federation; the national team has qualified for the EuroBasket three times in 1946, 1951, 1955. Their best result came in 8th place at their first EuroBasket, in 1946. Though, they have yet to qualify for the Summer Olympics and FIBA World Cup. Luxembourg's first EuroBasket appearance was at the EuroBasket 1946, they found themselves over-matched in the preliminary round. Losing all of their matches and being outscored by 113 points over three games finishing in last place in the group; the semifinal round, a 7th–10th place classification round for Luxembourg, saw their first win. They defeated England 50–27; this advanced them to a playoff for 8th places. Luxembourg competed at the EuroBasket 1951 competition in Paris, they lost all four of their preliminary round games, putting them in fifth place in their group of 5. Since they were seeded into a group of five teams rather than a group of four teams, Luxembourg had to play an elimination game against Denmark for the right to advance into the classification rounds.
The winner could place as high as 9th. Luxembourg was able to get a final half-court shot off before time expired, but the ball bounced off the rim and the team was served their fifth and final loss of the tournament. At EuroBasket 1955 in Budapest was, they lost all four of their preliminary round games, were relegated to the classification rounds. In the first round, Luxembourg was able to win 2 games against Denmark and Sweden, finishing third in the group. There they lost their 13th–16th place semifinal, but won the 15th/16th place final to finish the tournament 15th out of the 18 teams. After EuroBasket 1955 the national team has struggled qualifying for major international basketball tournaments. Though, they have competed at smaller competitions such as the European Championship for Small Countries and Games of the Small States of Europe. Roster for the EuroBasket 2017 qualification. Basketball Federation of Luxembourg
Hungary is a country in Central Europe. Spanning 93,030 square kilometres in the Carpathian Basin, it borders Slovakia to the north, Ukraine to the northeast, Austria to the northwest, Romania to the east, Serbia to the south, Croatia to the southwest, Slovenia to the west. With about 10 million inhabitants, Hungary is a medium-sized member state of the European Union; the official language is Hungarian, the most spoken Uralic language in the world, among the few non-Indo-European languages to be spoken in Europe. Hungary's capital and largest city is Budapest; the territory of modern Hungary was for centuries inhabited by a succession of peoples, including Celts, Germanic tribes, West Slavs and the Avars. The foundations of the Hungarian state were established in the late ninth century CE by the Hungarian grand prince Árpád following the conquest of the Carpathian Basin, his great-grandson Stephen I ascended the throne in 1000, converting his realm to a Christian kingdom. By the 12th century, Hungary became a regional power, reaching its cultural and political height in the 15th century.
Following the Battle of Mohács in 1526, Hungary was occupied by the Ottoman Empire. It came under Habsburg rule at the turn of the 18th century, joined Austria to form the Austro–Hungarian Empire, a major European power; the Austro-Hungarian Empire collapsed after World War I, the subsequent Treaty of Trianon established Hungary's current borders, resulting in the loss of 71% of its territory, 58% of its population, 32% of ethnic Hungarians. Following the tumultuous interwar period, Hungary joined the Axis Powers in World War II, suffering significant damage and casualties. Hungary became a satellite state of the Soviet Union, which contributed to the establishment of a socialist republic spanning four decades; the country gained widespread international attention as a result of its 1956 revolution and the seminal opening of its previously-restricted border with Austria in 1989, which accelerated the collapse of the Eastern Bloc. On 23 October 1989, Hungary became a democratic parliamentary republic.
Hungary is an OECD high-income economy and has the world's 58th largest economy by PPP. It ranks 45th on the Human Development Index, owing in large part to its social security system, universal health care, tuition-free secondary education. Hungary's rich cultural history includes significant contributions to the arts, literature, sports and technology, it is the 13th most popular tourist destination in Europe, attracting 15.8 million international tourists in 2017, owing to attractions such as the largest thermal water cave system in the world, second largest thermal lake, the largest lake in Central Europe and the largest natural grasslands in Europe. Hungary's cultural and academic prominence classify it as a middle power in global affairs. Hungary joined the European Union in 2004 and has been part of the Schengen Area since 2007, it is a member of numerous international organizations, including the United Nations, NATO, WTO, World Bank, the AIIB, the Council of Europe, the Visegrád Group.
The "H" in the name of Hungary is most due to early founded historical associations with the Huns, who had settled Hungary prior to the Avars. The rest of the word comes from the Latinized form of Byzantine Greek Oungroi. According to an explanation,the Greek name was borrowed from Old Bulgarian ągrinŭ, in turn borrowed from Oghur-Turkic Onogur. Onogur was the collective name for the tribes who joined the Bulgar tribal confederacy that ruled the eastern parts of Hungary after the Avars; the Hungarian endonym is Magyarország, composed of ország. The word magyar is taken from the name of one of the seven major semi-nomadic Hungarian tribes, magyeri; the first element magy is from Proto-Ugric *mäńć-'man, person' found in the name of the Mansi people. The second element eri,'man, lineage', survives in Hungarian férj'husband', is cognate with Mari erge'son', Finnish archaic yrkä'young man'; the Roman Empire conquered the territory west of the Danube between 35 and 9 BC. From 9 BC to the end of the 4th century, Pannonia was part of the Roman Empire, located within part of Hungary's territory.
Around AD 41–54, a 500-strong cavalry unit created the settlement of Aquincum and a Roman legion of 6,000 men was stationed here by AD 89. A civil city grew in the neighbourhood of the military settlement and in AD 106 Aquincum became the focal point of the commercial life of this area and the capital city of the province of Pannonia Inferior; this area now corresponds to the Óbuda district of Budapest, with the Roman ruins now forming part of the modern Aquincum museum. Came the Huns, a Central Asian tribe who built a powerful empire. After Hunnish rule, the Germanic Ostrogoths and Gepids, the Avar Khaganate, had a presence in the Carpathian Basin. In the 9th century, East Francia, the First Bulgarian Empire and Great Moravia ruled the territory of the Carpathian Basin; the freshly unified Hungarians led by Árpád, settled in the Carpathian Basin starting in 895. According to linguistic evidence, they originated from an ancient Uralic-speaking population that inhabited the forested area between the Volga River and the Ural Mountains.
As a federation of united tribes, Hungary was established in 895, some 50 years after the division of the Carolingian Empire at the Treaty of Verdun in 843, before the unification of the Anglo-Saxon king
The 1977 FIBA European Championship called FIBA EuroBasket 1977, was the twentieth FIBA EuroBasket regional basketball championship, held by FIBA Europe. Yugoslavia Soviet Union Czechoslovakia Italy Israel Bulgaria Netherlands Belgium Spain Finland France Austria 1. Yugoslavia: Krešimir Ćosić, Dražen Dalipagić, Mirza Delibašić, Dragan Kićanović, Zoran Slavnić, Žarko Varajić, Željko Jerkov, Vinko Jelovac, Ratko Radovanović, Duje Krstulović, Ante Đogić, Joško Papič 2. Soviet Union: Sergei Belov, Anatoly Myshkin, Vladimir Tkachenko, Aleksander Belostenny, Stanislav Eremin, Mikheil Korkia, Valeri Miloserdov, Vladimir Zhigili, Aleksander Salnikov, Viktor Petrakov, Vladimir Arzamaskov, Aleksander Kharchenkov 3. Czechoslovakia: Kamil Brabenec, Stanislav Kropilak, Zdenek Kos, Jiri Pospisil, Vojtech Petr, Jiri Konopasek, Vlastimil Klimes, Zdenek Dousa, Gustav Hraska, Josef Necas, Vladimir Ptacek, Pavol Bojanovsky 4. Italy: Dino Meneghin, Pierluigi Marzorati, Marco Bonamico, Renzo Bariviera, Carlo Caglieris, Lorenzo Carraro, Fabrizio della Fiori, Gianni Bertolotti, Giulio Iellini, Renzo Vecchiato, Vittorio Ferracini, Luigi Serafini
FIBA Europe is a zone within the International Basketball Federation which includes all 50 national European basketball federations. FIBA Europe is one of five Regions of FIBA and is responsible for controlling and developing the sport of basketball in Europe. Among many tasks, this includes promoting and directing international competition at the club and national team levels, as well as governing and appointing European international referees. FIBA Europe is an international federation whose membership consists of the national basketball federations of Europe, of which there are 50 members; the highest decision making body is the Board of FIBA Europe which consists of 25 persons elected by the National Federations. The Board of FIBA Europe meets twice a year and is the executive body which represents all 50 Federations that make up the membership of FIBA Europe. All 50 federations meet once a year at the General Assembly of FIBA Europe; the current Board members are: Until January 1, 2015, the position was titled as a Secretary General.
FIBA EuroBasket, the continental championship played every four years and biennially. Men's Women's FIBA European Championship for Small Countries FIBA Europe Under-20 Championship, the continental championship for players aged fewer than 20 years played annually FIBA Europe Under-18 Championship, the continental championship for players aged fewer than 18 years played annually FIBA Europe Under-16 Championship, the continental championship for players aged fewer than 16 years played annually FIBA Europe Under-20 Championship for Women, the continental championship for women aged fewer than 20 years played annually FIBA Europe Under-18 Championship for Women, the continental championship for women aged fewer than 18 years played annually FIBA Europe Under-16 Championship for Women, the continental championship for women aged fewer than 16 years played annually FIBA Europe 3x3 Championships, the continental championship for men and women in 3x3 FIBA Europe Under-18 3x3 Championships, the continental championship for men and women aged fewer than 18 years in 3x3 Men's Basketball Champions League FIBA Europe CupWomen's EuroLeague Women, first-tier women's professional league EuroCup Women, second-tier women's professional league FIBA Europe SuperCup Women, contested between the winners of the two aforementioned women's leaguesNote: The men's EuroLeague and EuroCup are not operated by FIBA Europe, but rather by Euroleague Basketball.
Both competitions play under FIBA rules. EuroChallenge EuroCup Challenge Korać Cup Ronchetti Cup Saporta Cup SuproLeague This section shows the position of the men's national team of the FIBA Europe members, as of 26 February 2019. Monaco is the only member, not ranked as they did not play any FIBA competition in the last eight years. FIBA Europe Men's Player of the Year Award FIBA Europe Young Men's Player of the Year Award FIBA Europe Women's Player of the Year Award FIBA Europe Young Women's Player of the Year Award European national basketball league rankings FIBA Europe official website
Paris is the capital and most populous city of France, with an area of 105 square kilometres and an official estimated population of 2,140,526 residents as of 1 January 2019. Since the 17th century, Paris has been one of Europe's major centres of finance, commerce, fashion and the arts; the City of Paris is the centre and seat of government of the Île-de-France, or Paris Region, which has an estimated official 2019 population of 12,213,364, or about 18 percent of the population of France. The Paris Region had a GDP of €681 billion in 2016, accounting for 31 percent of the GDP of France, was the 5th largest region by GDP in the world. According to the Economist Intelligence Unit Worldwide Cost of Living Survey in 2018, Paris was the second most expensive city in the world, after Singapore, ahead of Zurich, Hong Kong and Geneva. Another source ranked Paris as most expensive, on a par with Singapore and Hong-Kong, in 2018; the city is a major rail and air-transport hub served by two international airports: Paris-Charles de Gaulle and Paris-Orly.
Opened in 1900, the city's subway system, the Paris Métro, serves 5.23 million passengers daily, is the second busiest metro system in Europe after Moscow Metro. Gare du Nord is the 24th busiest railway station in the world, the first located outside Japan, with 262 million passengers in 2015. Paris is known for its museums and architectural landmarks: the Louvre was the most visited art museum in the world in 2018, with 10.2 million visitors. The Musée d'Orsay and Musée de l'Orangerie are noted for their collections of French Impressionist art, the Pompidou Centre Musée National d'Art Moderne has the largest collection of modern and contemporary art in Europe; the historical district along the Seine in the city centre is classified as a UNESCO Heritage Site. Popular landmarks in the centre of the city include the Cathedral of Notre Dame de Paris and the Gothic royal chapel of Sainte-Chapelle, both on the Île de la Cité. Paris received 23 million visitors in 2017, measured by hotel stays, with the largest numbers of foreign visitors coming from the United States, the UK, Germany and China.
It was ranked as the third most visited travel destination in the world in 2017, after Bangkok and London. The football club Paris Saint-Germain and the rugby union club Stade Français are based in Paris; the 80,000-seat Stade de France, built for the 1998 FIFA World Cup, is located just north of Paris in the neighbouring commune of Saint-Denis. Paris hosts the annual French Open Grand Slam tennis tournament on the red clay of Roland Garros. Paris will host the 2024 Summer Olympics; the 1938 and 1998 FIFA World Cups, the 2007 Rugby World Cup, the 1960, 1984, 2016 UEFA European Championships were held in the city and, every July, the Tour de France bicycle race finishes there. The name "Paris" is derived from the Celtic Parisii tribe; the city's name is not related to the Paris of Greek mythology. Paris is referred to as the City of Light, both because of its leading role during the Age of Enlightenment and more because Paris was one of the first large European cities to use gas street lighting on a grand scale on its boulevards and monuments.
Gas lights were installed on the Place du Carousel, Rue de Rivoli and Place Vendome in 1829. By 1857, the Grand boulevards were lit. By the 1860s, the boulevards and streets of Paris were illuminated by 56,000 gas lamps. Since the late 19th century, Paris has been known as Panam in French slang. Inhabitants are known in French as Parisiens, they are pejoratively called Parigots. The Parisii, a sub-tribe of the Celtic Senones, inhabited the Paris area from around the middle of the 3rd century BC. One of the area's major north–south trade routes crossed the Seine on the île de la Cité; the Parisii minted their own coins for that purpose. The Romans began their settlement on Paris' Left Bank; the Roman town was called Lutetia. It became a prosperous city with a forum, temples, an amphitheatre. By the end of the Western Roman Empire, the town was known as Parisius, a Latin name that would become Paris in French. Christianity was introduced in the middle of the 3rd century AD by Saint Denis, the first Bishop of Paris: according to legend, when he refused to renounce his faith before the Roman occupiers, he was beheaded on the hill which became known as Mons Martyrum "Montmartre", from where he walked headless to the north of the city.
Clovis the Frank, the first king of the Merovingian dynasty, made the city his capital from 508. As the Frankish domination of Gaul began, there was a gradual immigration by the Franks to Paris and the Parisian Francien dialects were born. Fortification of the Île-de-la-Citie failed to avert sacking by Vikings in 845, but Paris' strategic importance—with its bridges prevent