Austrian Constituent Assembly election, 1919

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Austrian Constituent Assembly election, 1919

← 1911 16 February 1919 1920 →

All 170 seats in the Constituent Assembly
86 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 2,998,297 (84.4%)

  First party Second party Third party
  Der neue Präsident der deutschösterreichischen Nationalversammlung (Karl Seitz) 1919 WIZ C. Pietzner.png
Leader Karl Seitz
Party SDAPÖ CS DNP
Seats won 72 69 8
Popular vote 1,211,814 1,068,382 173,881
Percentage 40.8% 35.9% 5.8%

Chancellor before election

Karl Renner
SDAPÖ

Elected Chancellor

Karl Renner
SDAPÖ

This article is part of a series on the
Politics of Austria
Coat of arms of Austria.svg
Foreign relations

Constituent Assembly elections were held in Austria on 16 February 1919.[1] The result was a victory for the Social Democratic Workers' Party, which won 72 of the 170 seats. The party was largely supported by the working class, whilst farmers and the middle class voted mainly for the anti-Anschluss Christian Social Party.[2] Voter turnout was 84.4%. It is generally reckoned as the first free election ever held in Austria.

German citizens living in Austria and Sudeten Germans living in the newly-formed Czechoslovakia were allowed to vote in the elections, despite Czechoslovak objections. Austrian citizens living in Germany were also allowed to vote in the elections for the Weimar National Assembly in the same year.[3]

The first meeting of the assembly was on 4 March 1919. The Sudeten German Social Democrats organised a series of demonstrations in support of their right of self-determination. Across seven cities 54 persons were killed and another 84 wounded by the Czech military and police.[4]

The two main parties, the SDAPÖ and the CS, formed a coalition government after the elections. Although it had broken up by mid-1920, a new constitution was agreed on 1 October 1920.[2] Fresh elections were held on 17 October.

Results[edit]

Party Votes % Seats
Social Democratic Workers' Party 1,211,814 40.8 72
Christian Social Party 1,068,382 35.9 69
German Nationals Party 173,881 5.8 8
Czechoslovakians 67,514 2.3 1
German Democrats 64,078 2.2 3
German People's Party 59,918 2.0 2
German Freedom and Order Party 56,365 1.9 5
Centrist Democrats 48,847 1.6 1
Styrian Farmers' Party 47,078 1.6 3
National Democratic Party 46,577 1.6 0
Carinthian Farmers' Association 33,412 1.1 2
National Socialist Workers' Party 23,334 0.8 0
German Peoples' Election Committee 15,679 0.5 1
Democrats 15,133 0.5 0
Democratic Association of Cities 12,336 0.4 1
Liberal Corporate Association of Salzburg 8,507 0.3 1
Jewish National Party 7,760 0.3 1
Democratic Middle Class Party 5,967 0.2 0
Democratic Economy Party 3,909 0.1 0
Democratic Austrian People's Party 1,688 0.1 0
Trepipartei 864 0.0 0
Economic Political Workers's Party 411 0.0 0
Invalid/blank votes 24,843
Total 2,998,297 100 170
Registered voters/turnout 3,554,242 84.4
Source: Nohlen & Stöver
Popular Vote
SDAP
40.75%
CS
35.93%
DNP
5.85%
VTP
2.27%
DD
2.16%
DVP
2.02%
OFP
1.90%
DWF
1.64%
Other
7.48%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nohlen, Dieter; Stöver, Philip (31 May 2010). Elections in Europe: A data handbook. Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft. p. 196. ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7. 
  2. ^ a b Nohlen & Stöver, p173
  3. ^ AUSTRIA VOTES TODAY. - German Part of Former Dual Monarchy Chooses Its Constituent Assembly., The New York Times, February 16, 1919 (PDF)
  4. ^ Suppan, Arnold. "Austrians, Czechs, and Sudeten Germans as a Community of Conflict in the Twentieth Century" (PDF). conservancy.umn.edu. Center for Austrian Studies, Minnesota. Retrieved 8 February 2018.