Automotive aftermarket

The automotive aftermarket is the secondary market of the automotive industry, concerned with the manufacturing, distribution and installation of all vehicle parts, chemicals and accessories, after the sale of the automobile by the original equipment manufacturer to the consumer. The parts, etc. for sale may not be manufactured by the OEM. According to a report by the International Trade Administration in the Department of Commerce, "Aftermarket parts are divided into two categories: replacement parts and accessories. Replacement parts are automotive parts built or remanufactured to replace OE parts as they become worn or damaged. Accessories are parts made for comfort, performance, safety, or customization, are designed for add-on after the original sale of the motor vehicle."The aftermarket encompasses parts for replacement, collision and performance. The aftermarket provides a wide variety of parts of varying qualities and prices for nearly all vehicle makes and models. Consumers have the option of repairing their vehicles themselves or can take the vehicle to a professional repair facility.

The aftermarket helps keep vehicles on the road by providing consumers the choice of where they want their vehicles serviced, maintained, or customized. The United States automotive aftermarket is estimated to be worth $318.2 billion, contributing more than 2.3% to GDP. The aftermarket employs 4.2 million people who work at manufacturers, distributors and repair shops. In the United States, online sales of aftermarket accessories have showed year over year increases over traditional brick and mortar stores. In fact, according to Hedges & Company, "Sales of auto parts & accessories continued to climb in 2015, will continue the trend into 2016 to reach $7.4 billion dollars, posting around a 16% increase over 2015."Singapore, which does not have a domestic automobile industry, is an important destination for businesses exporting automotive parts and accessories due to its high automobile turnover stemming from the peculiarities of its driving laws. High automobile turnover and the preference for new parts means that the market for remanufactured and reconditioned auto parts is small.

Combined with a high demand for "accessories, car-care products, prestige items, new spare parts," Singapore's automotive aftermarket is large. In fact, Singapore has become a major automotive components manufacturing base, as several leading multinational corporations have established international procurement offices as well as their Southeast Asia distribution centers. In Canada, the automotive aftermarket is a C$19.4 billion industry that employs about 420,000 people. In Australia, the automotive aftermarket industry in 2013 was estimated to generate a AUD$5.2 billion turnover, with 21000 staff, 1400 manufacturers. In Europe, the total volume of Independent Aftermarket amounted to 127 billion Euros in 2015. At that moment there were 54 parts traders with annual turnover over 100 mio Euros in Europe, 6 of them exceeded 1 billion Euros. Meeting platform for the international automotive aftermarket is the B2B trade fair Automechanika which takes place every two years in Frankfurt. At last edition the hot topics were connected cars, autonomous driving, alternative drives and the workshop of the future.

Among online retailers, and eBay Motors are the largest sellers of aftermarket parts and accessories in the U. S. by both units sold and revenue, are expected to grow 25% in 2014, far outstripping traditional chain stores. As DIY parts sales soften at the retail counter, chain stores have pushed themselves into the DIFM commercial business, eating into distributors’ and wholesalers’ market share. Since 2007, DIY sales at the chain stores have fallen a total of 3% to 5%, while commercial sales have brought in a double-digit sales increase. AutoZone’s DIFM sales in 2013 alone increased over 13%. Online sales of auto parts and accessories in the United States, excluding online auctions and used parts, have been projected to pass $10 billion in 2018. "Online Parts Sales to Top $10 Billion in 2018". Hedges & Company. Retrieved 2018-05-13. Automobile manufacturers have attempted to hinder or suppress automotive aftermarket sales by means of copyright or patent infringement litigation. For example, in British Leyland Motor Corp.

V Armstrong Patents Co. in the UK, the House of Lords decided in 1986 that Leyland could not claim copyright infringement in order to prevent the aftermarket sale of replacement tailpipes to purchasers of those motor cars. Aro Mfg. Co. v. Convertible Top Replacement Co. is a 1961 U. S. Supreme Court case in which the Court redefined the U. S. patent law doctrine of repair and reconstruction: "No element, not itself separately patented, that constitutes one of the elements of a combination patent is entitled to patent monopoly, however essential it may be to the patented combination and no matter how costly or difficult replacement may be."In 2005 Harley-Davidson filed a patent and trademark infringement lawsuit against two aftermarket engine manufacturers producing drop-in replacements for Harley's engines, namely S&S Cycle and Delkron, Inc. Harley accused S&S and Delkron of copying parts for Twin Cam engines and using Harley trademarks without permission. S&S argued that the suit was without any legal basis, asserted that "a mutually beneficial relationship existed" between them and Harley.

Aftermarket exhaust parts

Marc Dupuis

Marc Dupuis is a Canadian retired professional ice hockey defenceman. Dupuis was selected by the Chicago Blackhawks in the fifth round of the 1994 NHL Entry Draft. Dupuis played six seasons of professional hockey in the International Hockey League, where he skated in 151 contests to record 47 points and 102 penalty minutes, he played 84 regular season games in the ECHL, as well as stints in the American Hockey League, Western Professional Hockey League, United Hockey League, Central Hockey League. Dupuis retired from professional hockey following the 2001–02 season, but remained active in the Quebec Senior Hockey League as a player with the Cornwall Comets. In 2012, Dupuis was inducted into the Cornwall Sports Hall of Fame. Marc Dupuis career statistics at Marc Dupuis career statistics at The Internet Hockey Database

List of lead guitarists

The following is a list of significant lead guitarists, arranged in ascending alphabetical order of their last name. For rhythm guitarists see list of rhythm guitarists. Tosin Abasi "Dimebag" Darrell Abbott John Abercrombie Ryan Adams Marcus Adoro Mikael Åkerfeldt Fredrik Åkesson Jan Akkerman Doug Aldrich Johnny Alegre Art Alexakis Joey Allen Paul Allender Duane Allman Dave Amato Christopher Amott Michael Amott Trey Anastasio Al Anderson Emma Anderson Rusty Anderson Apostolis Anthimos Daniel Antonsson Billie Joe Armstrong Tim Armstrong Rob Arnold DJ Ashba Ron Asheton Chet Atkins Berton Averre Ayub Bachchu Randy Bachman Dave Bainbridge Dave Baksh Russ Ballard Terry Balsamo Perry Bamonte Peter Banks Carl Barat Marcelo Barbosa Mick Barr Martin Barre Aaron Barrett Rob Barrett Syd Barrett Steve Bartek Michael Angelo Batio Reb Beach Norman Beaker Corey Beaulieu Jan Bechtum Jeff Beck Jason Becker Franny Beecher Adrian Belew Andy Bell Carl Bell Eric Bell Matthew Bellamy George Benson Chuck Berry Nuno Bettencourt Dickey Betts Jason Bieler Simon Binks Jón Þór Birgisson Anders Björler Ritchie Blackmore Doug Blair Mike Bloomfield Marc Bolan Tommy Bolin Joe Bonamassa D.

Boon Wes Borland Johnny Borrell Carlton Bost Tony Bourge Mick Box James Dean Bradfield Tony Bradley Vito Bratta Creed Bratton Chris Broderick Devin Bronson Joel Bogen Carrie Brownstein Ben Bruce Roy Buchanan Peter Buck Rob Buck Buckethead Lindsey Buckingham Jonny Buckland Bumblefoot Vinny Burns James Burton John Butler Glen Buxton Roddy Byers Ernie C Charlotte Caffey Randy California Toy Caldwell, Mike Campbell Phil Campbell Vivian Campbell Mike Campese Jerry Cantrell Captain Sensible Chris Carrabba Carlos Cavazo Danny Cedrone Gustavo Cerati Nic Cester Ross Childress Charlie Christian John Cipollina Eric Clapton Gary Clark, Jr. Steve Clark "Fast" Eddie Clarke Dave "Clem" Clempson Nels Cline Kurt Cobain Phil Collen Albert Collins Allen Collins Nathan Connolly Ry Cooder Kyle Cook Rusty Cooley John Corabi Lanny Cordola Billy Corgan Hugh Cornwell Graham Coxon Robert Cray Paul Crook Steve Cropper Robbin Crosby Rivers Cuomo Marcos Curiel Denis D'Amour Dick Dale Brody Dalle Dave Davies Mahyar Dean Paul Dean Gene Deer Chris DeGarmo Tiago Della Vega Dean DeLeo Tom DeLonge Brad Delson Warren DeMartini Leonard Dembo Phil Demmel Britt "Lightning" Denaro Rick Derringer C.

C. DeVille Don Devore Buck Dharma Al Di Meola Bo Diddley Carl Dixon Ian D'Sa Dave Dobbyn Joe Dolce Dan Donegan Abbath Doom Occulta Dr. Know Ol Drake Jake Dreyer Oscar Dronjak Glen Drover Billy Duffy Jeff "Mantas" Dunn Bob Dylan Teddy Diaz Ronnie Earl Elliot Easton Duane Eddy The Edge Lu Edmonds Nokie Edwards Mike Einziger Tripp Eisen Stefan Elmgren Matt Embree Tommy Emmanuel Rik Emmett Niklas Engelin Thomas Erak Eric Erlandson Kevin Eubanks Mark Farner Tim Farriss Josh Farro Don Felder Neil Finn Roger Fisher