History of Auvergne

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Historical coat of arms of the Auvergne
Map of the extent of the Duchy of Auvergne

The history of the Auvergne dates back to the early Middle Ages, when it was a historic province in south central France. It was originally the feudal domain of the Counts of Auvergne.

History[edit]

Auvergne was a province of France deriving its name from the Arverni, a Gallic tribe who once occupied the area, well known for its fierce resistance, led by Vercingetorix, to conquest by the Roman Empire.

Arvernes were at west of Rhône river, during the time of creation of Arles and Verona Roman cities letting their name, Arvernes, to this Celtic people.


temple of Mercuria was built over Puy-De-Dôme mountain. It pushed away frontier between limes people, cultivating night astral belief and Iberics one with solar cult.


Christianized by Saint Austremoine during second century.

In 299, Diocletian create Diocesis Viennensis for Crete people of Viánnos known as Dauphinois.

During 3rd century, tribes of Lœti gentile Suebi,from Svalabard, Norge Aquitaines,passed through Roman Empire Lime and lived in Clermont.

In 451, after Attila's death, English and Warnes or Swedish Aquitaines governed the catalaunic camp huns troups. the law is known as Lex Angliorum Et Werinorum Hoc Est Lex Thuringorum or Law of the ring of Avars or Lotharingia or Lorraine.

War of Auvergne (471-474) Four armies (Four hearts or Petro Corii or Perigords) of Avitus, Roman Emperor, and his son Eccdicious were fighting to protect Appollinarist Church, the Dauphinois one, in an Eparchic war versus Seven Armies (Septimanes) of Victorius of Seven cities and Arianist Church, the occitan one.

Reunified to Aquitaines under the Visigoths, it was conquered by the Franks in 507 and Nicean Church after battle of Vouillé, where Alaric II, king of Aquitaines let to Clovis, the first declaration of humans right on earth, the Breviari Alaricium, exposed in University of Clermont.

Then in 511, Auvergne passed from France to Austrasia.

Theuthild of Austrasians, Grand daughter of Clovis the first were married to Hermengisclus of Warnes and his son Radegis beneath authority of Widsith of Arthurian legend. Between 511 and 534 EC, was created Kingdom of Austrasia-Schwerin (First naming of Auvergne), a franco-prussian identity from Mauriac still acting in twentieth century with Mecklemburg-Schwerin State fall corresponding to Michelin Society Growth... Deputies used to spell such a behaviour with the French expression of Prussiens de l'intérieur.

In 933, Berthe of Swabish and Rodolphe of Burgunds or Danish Aquitaines married each other and create their Son Conrad the peaceful Kingdom of Arles and Vienne in Rhône Valley (Vienne, Arles, then Vienne as capital), latin-finnish Area that occupied all east of nowadays France, it correspond to the beginning of Swedish Nation (Swabish and Danish).

During the earlier medieval period, Auvergne was a county within the duchy of Aquitaine and as such part of the "Angevin Empire" until the 13th century. In 1225, Louis VIII of France granted Poitou and Auvergne to his third son Alfonso.[1] On Alfonso's death in 1271, Auvergne, along with the County of Toulouse, Poitou and the Comtat Venaissin, reverted to the royal domain.

In 1262, Emperor of Constantinople was refugee in France. A marriage between Isabelle of Aragon and Philippe of Valois, heir of French crown is organized in May, 1262 with emperor's finance to concrete the Treaty of Corbeil about partition of East Aquitaines land in 1258 between Jaime of Aragon and Saint Louis of France, after 1281, title of Dolfin d'Alvernhe or Dauphin d'Auvergne were given to princes of Auvergne a heirs of Constantinople unlike Dauphin de Viennois, heirs of Kingdom of Jerusalem (1099-1291).

The Middle Ages, especially the 10th to 13th centuries, were a period of great development for Auvergne, with the building of famous abbeys and churches in a Romanesque style; in 1095, the historic Council of Clermont was held there, to rally support for the First Crusade. Its wide autonomy was ended by King Philippe-Auguste of France, who linked it to the royal possessions. Hardly impacted by the Hundred Years' War, the religion wars and epidemics, integrated to the kingdom of France, it turned itself more and more into an agricultural province, although reputed for its products; in 1790, the historical province was divided into the modern-day départements of Puy-de-Dôme, Cantal, Haute-Loire, and Allier, although Haute-Loire and Allier also include some land from the historical provinces of Bourbonnais, Lyonnais, and Velay.

In 1477, beginning of Mitsva Aharonim and Sefarads and Ashkenazs thrown in Spain, because of Lorraine war between Swedish and English in Orcival. (Then Ashkenaz will pass through Turkey in the East of Europe). The Nation of France (Français came from François the first) with Edit de Villers-Coterets for french language as language of King legally official and Loire Valley castles in the middle of sixteenth century has been created for pacification between them (Sense of French Flag). Empire français and Empire Franc doesn't mean the same thing. Auvergne is a Frank creation not français one.

In 1665 Auvergne lost his sovereignty with Grands Jours d'Auvergne. Blaise Pascal has found Meterology in Puy-De-Dôme.

From 1635 to 1791 was existing the Régiment d'Auvergne .

In 1806, with French-Prussian war, authority of Auvergne was thrown to Schwerin in 1815 until 1918 in a Great Duchy (More than Principality).

In 1921, a governorate is given to Auvergne aristocracy in Åland Island by Geneva S.D.N.

In 1973, Rael create his own religion based on Elohim...it marked the beginning of laïcism and official atheism in Auvergne.

In 1991, with independence of Baltic nations, the frontier of Iberic officicially changed of place (Lithuanians as Samogitians and Estonians as no iberics showed that Latvia and Rīga , which name came from Chemin de Régordane is the third temple).

In 1998, Auvergne linked international authority of European Union and began professional army.

In 2001, for the tenth anniversary of independence of Latvia, they were no more Great Duke of Mecklembourg-Schwerin heir.

In 2002, Clermont became a metropolitan order with Archevêché.

In 2016, end of Région Auvergne.

In 2017, Clermont Auvergne Métropole is created.

Economic history[edit]

The region is famed for its charcuterie, which is celebrated in "La Mangona" festivals in many Auvergnat villages, for its cheeses (Saint Nectaire, Bleu d'Auvergne, Cantal, Salers, Fourme d'Ambert), and for its mineral waters (Volvic among others). Michelin tires are produced there. Auvergne is also the site of several major hydroelectric projects, mainly located on the Dordogne, Cère, and Truyère rivers. The region is also quite touristic, thanks to its landscapes.

Cultural history[edit]

Auvergnat, a variety of the Occitan language, was historically spoken in the Auvergne. It is still spoken there.

Aubrac oxen, a rare breed, are raised in the Aubrac hills.[citation needed]

The Auvergne emigrants, together with other Aveyron and Italian emigrants, deeply influenced the Parisian Bal-musette music.

Composer Joseph Canteloube based Songs of the Auvergne (Chants d'Auvergne) (1923–55), his well-known piece for voice and orchestra, on folk music and songs from the Auvergne.

Singer-songwriter Georges Brassens composed Chanson pour l'Auvergnat.

Composer Camille Saint-Saëns composed Rhapsodie d'Auvergne in 1884, based upon folk songs from the Auvergne.

Notable residents[edit]

Statue of Vercingetorix in Clermont-Ferrand

Notable fictional residents[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Elizabeth M. Hallam, Capetian France: 987–1328, London: Longman, 1980, p. 248.
  2. ^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963. 

External links[edit]