A general view of Auxey-Duresses
|Intercommunality||CA Beaune Côte Sud|
|• Mayor (2014-2020)||Bernard Battault|
|11.09 km2 (4.28 sq mi)|
|• Density||29/km2 (74/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||245–482 m (804–1,581 ft) |
(avg. 220 m or 720 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Alcéens or Alcéennes.
Auxey-Duresses is a wine-growing commune some 10 km south-west of Beaune and 11 km north of Chagny. Access to the commune is by the D973 road from Pommard in the north-east which passes through the length of the commune and the village and continues south-west to La Rochepot; the D17E comes from Saint-Romain in the west and passes through the village continuing east to Meursault. Apart from the village there are the hamlets of Melin in the south-west and Petit-Auxey west of the village; the north and south of the commune are rugged and heavily forested with the valley in the centre and west farmland.
The Auxey valley was one of the first places where grapevines were planted in Burgundy during the 2nd century BC. when Auxey-le-Petit, which was dependent on Auxey-Duresses, was a high place of Druid worship. On Mount Mélian the remains of a large prehistoric enclosure can be found which was at that time occupied by the Gauls and the Romans. During the Gallo-Roman period the town grew and became known by the Latin name Alcius.
After the barbarian invasions of the 5th century AD the commune reached new heights thanks to the monks of the Abbey of Saint-Symphorien at Autun who built a church at Auxey-le-Petit in 696, it was rebuilt in the 10th century by monks from the Cluny Abbey and it had a large vineyard in the village. The bell tower and the gate are Romanesque and date from the 12th century; these monks also left the "Moines Mill". At that time there were many mills in the valley and the hamlet of Melin, another dependency of the commune, inherited the name.
At the site of the medieval castle there is now the Church of Saint-Martin-Duresses Auxey whose steeple is made from Tuff. Inside there are some paintings, including a triptych relating the life of Mary. The present chateau belonged to the Marquis de MacMahon, one of whose descendants became Marshal of France and Duke of Magenta.
Party per pale of Or and Gules, over all a chevron inverted of Vert debruised by a billhook Argent handled in Sable in pale.
List of Successive Mayors
- Mayors from 1934
(Not all data is known)
In 2010 the commune had 333 inhabitants; the evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
Auxey-Duresses is one of the wine communes of the Côte de Beaune with 80 hectares of red wines (including 27 hectares in 1st Vintage) and 35.60 hectares of white wines (including 1.35 hectare in 1st Vintage).
Culture and heritage
The commune has a number of buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:
- A Lavoir (Public laundry) at Petit-Auxey (19th century)
- A Lavoir (Public laundry) at Meulin (1867)
- A Lavoir (Public laundry) at an unnamed place (19th century)
- A Lavoir (Public laundry) (19th century)
The commune has several religious buildings and structures that are registered as historical monuments:
- The Church of Petit-Auxey (12th century)
- The Church of Saint-Martin (14th century). The Church contains several items that are registered as historical objects:
- A Painting: Saint Theresa of Avila and Saint John of the Cross (17th century)
- A Painting: Fainting of Saint Theresa of Avila (17th century)
- A Painting: Saint Catherine of Sienna (17th century)
- A Painting: Saint Hyacinthe (17th century)
- A Painting: The dead Christ (17th century)
- A Retable (Triptyque) depicting the life of the Virgin (16th century)
- A Cemetery Cross
- The Cemetery (15th century)
- Pierre Poupon, Pierre Forgeot, Paul Devaux, and Louis Régis Affre, The Wines of Burgundy, 9th edition, Presses universitaires de France, 1980, 351 pages (in French)
- Auxey-Duresses on Lion1906
- Auxey-Duresses on Google Maps
- Auxey-Duresses on Géoportail, National Geographic Institute (IGN) website (in French)
- Auxey on the 1750 Cassini Map
- Auxey-Duresses on the INSEE website (in French)
- INSEE (in French)
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years; the first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
- Inhabitants of Côte-d'Or (in French)
- Google Maps
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM2100011922 A Retable (Triptyque) depicting the life of the Virgin (in French)
- List of Mayors of France (in French)
- Burgundy wines website
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA21000609 Lavoir at Petit-Auxey (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA21000608 Lavoir at Meulin (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA21000607 Lavoir at an unnamed place (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA21000606 Lavoir (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00112080 Church of Petit-Auxey (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00112079 Church (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM21000124 Painting: Saint Theresa of Avila and Saint John of the Cross (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM21000123 Painting: Fainting of Saint Theresa of Avila (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM21000122 Painting: Saint Catherine of Sienna (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM21000121 Painting: Saint Hyacinthe (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM21000120 Painting: The dead Christ (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00112078 Cemetery Cross (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00112077 Cemetery (in French)
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