Robertson Boulevard is a street in Los Angeles, in the U. S. state of California, that passes through the incorporated cities of West Hollywood, Beverly Hills, Culver City. Robertson Boulevard is a major north-south thoroughfare on the Westside of Los Angeles running through one of its neighborhoods, Pico-Robertson and between two of its neighborhoods and Crestview, its northern end is to the north of Santa Monica Boulevard at Keith Avenue, its southern end is at Washington Boulevard. Robertson Boulevard is accessible via exit #6 on the Santa Monica Freeway; the northern part of the street in West Hollywood and Beverly Hills is a trendy tree-lined shopping district. In West Hollywood, the neighborhood surrounding Robertson Boulevard consists of high-density apartment buildings and condominiums; the residential area surrounding the Robertson Boulevard shopping district in Beverly Hills is more family-oriented and is made up of single-family residences. Robertson Boulevard has become a haven for celebrities and paparazzi.
This is due to a large influx of unique boutiques and designer clothing & jewelry stores such as Agnes B, Lisa Kline, Kitson Boutique, Williams Sonoma, Armani Exchange, Michael Kors, Ralph Lauren, Ted Baker, M·A·C, Gypsy05, Tory Burch, Max Azria, Beach Bunny Swimwear, Erica Courtney, a mecca for many celebrity shoppers. In addition, several popular celebrity-infused eateries are located on Robertson Boulevard, such as The Ivy; the Kabbalah Centre is located on the street. South of West Hollywood and Beverly Hills and north of Culver City, Pico-Robertson and Crestview are upper-middle-class neighborhoods in West Los Angeles with a historical and substantial Jewish population. Alexander Hamilton High School, a diverse high school in the Beverlywood neighborhood in West Los Angeles is on Robertson Boulevard; the southern terminus of Robertson Boulevard is at the northern edge of Culver City. The Robertson Branch of Los Angeles Public Library is located at 1719 S. Robertson near the intersection of Airdrome.
Metro Local line 17 runs along Robertson Boulevard. The Metro Expo Line operates a rail station at Venice Boulevard
Vermont Avenue is one of the longest running north/south streets in City of Los Angeles and Los Angeles County, California. With a length of 23.3 miles, is the third longest of the north/south thoroughfares in the region. For most of its length between its southern end in San Pedro and south of Downtown Los Angeles, it runs parallel to the west of the Harbor Freeway. Vermont Avenue begins just north of San Pedro at a five-point intersection with Anaheim Street, Gaffey Street and Palos Verdes Drive. After a short distance, Normandie Avenue branches off due north while Vermont turns northeast towards its intersection with Pacific Coast Highway. Afterwards, it travels in a straight line north for 22 miles, parallel to the Harbor Freeway to the east. North of PCH, it passes through the unincorporated area of West Carson before crossing the San Diego Freeway. Between a point south of the intersection with Artesia Boulevard/western end of the Gardena Freeway, El Segundo Boulevard, Vermont marks the eastern boundary of the City of Gardena.
At 164th Street in Gardena, Vermont widens from a four-lane thoroughfare to a six-lane road with a wide median. From 164th Street, an abandoned railway runs through the median to a point just north of Redondo Beach Boulevard, afterwards the median becomes tree-lined. From 88th Street to Gage Avenue, Vermont Avenue includes adjacent frontage roads. Vermont Avenue passes at the western end of the University of Southern California and Exposition Park in South Los Angeles. In August 2012, the City of Los Angeles designated a portion of Vermont Avenue in Pico-Union as the "El Salvador Community Corridor."Between the Santa Monica Freeway and the Hollywood Freeway, Vermont Avenue crosses Wilshire Boulevard and passes through Koreatown. It forms the eastern boundary of the East Hollywood district of Hollywood as it passes through Little Armenia, it intersects Sunset Boulevard, next to the Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Hollywood Boulevard, to the east of the Barnsdall Art Park. At the intersection with Los Feliz Boulevard, it becomes a divided road with one lane in each direction as it heads to Griffith Park.
Entering the park, it becomes signed as Vermont Canyon Road before it passes by the Greek Theatre. The road ends at the intersection with Observatory Road, the main route to the Griffith Observatory. Vermont Avenue has the most Metro rail stations of any street in the Metro subway and light rail system, that include: Red Line: Vermont/Sunset station at Sunset Boulevard. Vermont/Santa Monica station Santa Monica Boulevard. Vermont/Beverly station at Beverly Boulevard. Wilshire/Vermont station at Wilshire Boulevard. Purple Line: Wilshire/Vermont station at Wilshire Boulevard. Expo Line: Vermont/Expo station at Exposition Boulevard. Green Line: Vermont/Athens station at the Century Freeway/Interstate 105. Metro is exploring an extension of the red line subway down Vermont Avenue at least as far as the neighborhood of Athens as a combination of both underground and elevated heavy rail. Implementation is expected as part of the Twenty-eight by'28 initiative, in anticipation of the 2028 Summer Olympics.
Operations were dubbed the R Line in 2018. Metro Local lines 204 and 205, Gardena Transit line 2, run along Vermont Avenue, as well as Metro Rapid line 754 and Metro Express line 550. Metro lines 204 and 754 run between Sunset Boulevard and Vermont Green Line Station Gardena line 2 between Interstate 105 and the Harbor Gateway Transit Center, Metro lines 205 and 550 to PCH. Metro lines 204 and 754 use 60-foot NABI buses Streets in Los Angeles County, California Public transportation in Los Angeles County, California
Wilmington, Los Angeles
Wilmington is a neighborhood in the Los Angeles Harbor Region area of Los Angeles, covering 9.14 square miles. Featuring a heavy concentration of industry and the third-largest oil field in the continental United States, this neighborhood has a high percentage of Latino and foreign-born residents, it is the site of Banning High School, ten other primary and secondary schools. Wilmington has six parks. Wilmington dates its history back to a 1784 Spanish land grant, it became a separate city in 1863, it joined the city of Los Angeles in 1909. Places of interest include the headquarters U. S. Army for Southern California and the Drum Barracks built to protect the nascent Los Angeles harbor during the American Civil War. Wilmington shares borders with Carson to the north, Long Beach to the east, San Pedro to the south and west and Harbor City to the northwest. A total of 53,815 people were living within Wilmington's 9.14 square miles, according to the 2010 U. S. census—averaging 5,887 people per square mile, among the lowest population densities in the city as a whole.
The median age was 28. The percentages of people from birth through age 34 were among the county's highest. Population was estimated at 54,512 in 2008. Wilmington is not considered diverse ethnically, with a diversity index of 0.245. In 2000, Latinos made up 86.6% of the population, while whites were at 6.4%, Asians at 4.8%, blacks at 2.6% and others at 1.7%. Mexico and Guatemala were the most common places of birth for the 44.5% of the residents who were born abroad, considered a high percentage of foreign-born when compared with the city and the county as a whole. The $40,627 median household income in 2008 dollars was average for the city. Renters occupied 61.5% of the housing units, with homeowners occupying the rest. In 2000 there were 1,524 military veterans, or 4.6% of the population low in comparison to the city and county as a whole. The Port of Los Angeles district of Wilmington was included in the 1784 Spanish land grant of Rancho San Pedro. Phineas Banning acquired the land that would become Wilmington from Manuel Dominguez, heir of the original concession holder Juan Jose Dominguez, in 1858 to build a harbor for the city of Los Angeles.
Known as New San Pedro from 1858 to 1863, it was subsequently renamed Wilmington by “Father of the Harbor” Banning after his birthplace, Delaware. In 1861, at the beginning of the Civil War and Benjamin Wilson gave the federal government 60 acres of land to build Drum Barracks to protect the nascent Los Angeles harbor from Confederate attack. Wilmington was a township in the 1870 census; the township consisted of the present-day South Bay communities and western Long Beach. Census records report a population of 942 in 1870; the township had been named San Pedro Township in 1860. Wilson College, precursor to the University of Southern California, opened in Wilmington in 1874 as the first coeducational college west of the Mississippi. Los Angeles annexed Wilmington in 1909, today it and neighboring San Pedro form the waterfront of one of the world's largest import/export centers. Citizens of Wilmington were dubious that annexation would be in their best interests, fearing that it would shift economic activity out of their city and towards Los Angeles.
Because the city government of Los Angeles so wanted to have the growing port inside the city limits, it made a number of promises to Wilmington and to the equally-dubious citizens of the-then independent city of San Pedro. Among these promises were that $10 million would be invested in improvements to the port and that as much would be spent inside the city on public works as was collected in taxes. In the 1920s, William Wrigley Jr. built innovative housing in Wilmington, dubbed the “Court of Nations.” Wilmington is adjacent to the Wilmington Oil Field, discovered in 1932. It is the third largest oil field in the continental United States. There are at least 8 major refineries in the Wilmington area, many of them dating back to the original strike. During World War II the United States Military operated the Los Angeles Port of Embarkation in Wilmington, from which soldiers and sailors were sent abroad to battle zones; the LAPE was controlled by the San Francisco Port of Embarkation from its inception in 1942 until late 1943 when it became autonomous.
The California Shipbuilding Corporation, famous for building victory ships during the war, operated in Wilmington as well. Drum Barracks Civil War Museum – U. S. Army headquarters for Southern California and the Arizona territory during the Civil War; the bright green "THE DON" neon sign atop a brick building once welcomed visitors entering the city. The first Der Wienerschnitzel restaurant; the Phillips 66 refinery in Wilmington is home to the "world's largest jack-o'-lantern", which in fact is a 3 million gallon storage tank decorated every year for Halloween. Decorated annually since 1952, the jack-o'-lantern draws 30,000 visitors annually; the Banning Museum - Phineas Banning—entrepreneur, the founder of the city of Wilmington, “the Father of the Port of Los Angeles”—built the 23-room residence in 1864. The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services operates the Torrance Health Center in Harbor Gateway, Los Angeles, near Torrance and serving Wilmington; the United States Postal Service Wilmington Post Office is located at 1008 North Avalon Boulevard.
Only 5.1% of Wilmington residents aged 25 or older had completed a four-year degree by 2000, a low figure when compared with the city and the county at large, the percentage of those residents with less than a high school diploma was high for the county. Wilmington is part of the Los
Sierra Highway or El Camino Sierra is a road in Southern California, United States. El Camino Sierra refers to the full length of a trail formed in the 19th century, rebuilt as highways in the early 20th century, that ran from Los Angeles to Lake Tahoe following parts of modern State Route 14, U. S. Route 395 and State Route 89. Two portions of this road are signed as Sierra Highway; the first is an old alignment of SR 14/U. S. Route 6 from Los Angeles to Mojave; this road is signed with the unusual designation of State Route 14U through the city of Santa Clarita. The second part signed. Traversing the extremes of California, from the Mojave Desert to the Sierra Nevada, El Camino Sierra has been advertised to the world as a highway to showcase the natural beauty of California as far back as 1910. Though most of Sierra Highway was bypassed in the early 1970s with freeways, the road is still well known; the portion through the San Gabriel Mountains is noted as the primary filming location for the film Duel.
El Camino Sierra connects Los Angeles with Lake Tahoe along the eastern edge of California, serving the counties of Los Angeles, Inyo, Alpine and El Dorado. The highway exists. North of Mojave, El Camino Sierra is better known by the numbered designations in current use. While traversing the state, the highway crosses several mountain passes; the highway crests the San Gabriel Mountains via Soledad Pass. While in the Sierra Nevada the highway crosses Sherwin Summit, Deadman Summit, Conway Summit, Devil's Gate Pass, Monitor Pass and Luther Pass. Sierra Highway begins at Tunnel Station within the northernmost limits of the City of Los Angeles, where it intersects with San Fernando Road; this junction was the intersection of U. S. Route 99 and U. S. Route 6, it is located adjacent to the intersection of the replacement freeways, the Newhall Pass interchange of Interstate 5 and State Route 14. The highway serves as one of the main thoroughfares of Santa Clarita. Through the city, Route 14 was moved to a freeway alignment in 1971.
As a result, this portion is signed California State Route 14U, the U signifying "un-relinquished". Formal specifications for Route 14U are not published on Caltrans logs, but the route's existence is acknowledged in Caltrans' bridge inventory logs. According to the City of Santa Clarita, Caltrans maintains Sierra Highway from 500 feet north of Newhall Avenue to Whispering Leaves Drive; the remaining part of Sierra Highway through the City of Santa Clarita is maintained by the City and not part of the 14U designation. Sierra Highway, modern Route 14, a main line of the Union Pacific Railroad all cross the San Gabriel Mountains, cresting the mountains at Soledad Pass; the three transportation arteries use different paths up the mountains, separating at Santa Clarita and converging near Acton. Sierra Highway uses Mint Canyon, the railroad uses Soledad Canyon and the modern Route 14 is a hybrid route using the ridges and side canyons between the two older routes; these canyons are formed by its tributaries.
Upon exiting the mountains, Sierra Highway enters the Antelope Valley and serves as one of the main streets of Palmdale and Rosamond. The highway runs parallel to the railroad, becoming a frontage road. Just shy of Mojave the freeway portion of Route 14 ends, while the frontage road becomes a dirt path and terminates. From this point, the canonical route of Sierra Highway joins State Route 14, passing through downtown Mojave. North of Mojave the alignments of State Routes 14 and 89, U. S. Route 395 have not changed since first paved, are called El Camino Sierra. Significant portions have been upgraded to a divided highway; the highway cuts across Red Rock Canyon State Park to follow a series of valleys along the crest of the Sierra Nevada. While traversing the Owens Valley, the Sierra Highway passes Mount Whitney, the highest point in the contiguous United States, 10,000 feet above the highway; as of 2009, the only other signed section of Sierra Highway is a portion of U. S. 395 past the separation with U.
S. 6 in Bishop. U. S. 395 was rebuilt on a new alignment on the ascent around Crowley Lake. Unlike the highway relocation in southern California, the old alignments have been renamed, now called Lower Rock Creek Road, Old Sherwin Grade, Crowley Creek Road. From here to Lake Tahoe, the highway crosses mountainous terrain inside the Sierra Nevada, giving the highway its name. While in the Sierra Nevada, the road passes by attractions such as Mammoth Mountain, Yosemite National Park and Mono Lake. El Camino Sierra separates from U. S. 395, just prior to the Nevada state line at Topaz Lake, following SR 89. This is the only portion of the route not used year-round, as Caltrans closes Route 89 over Monitor Pass during winter months. Motorists destined for Lake Tahoe during the winter closures can continue along US 395 into Nevada, return to California via Nevada State Route 88 or Nevada State Route 207; the first recorded journey along what would become El Camino Sierra was by Jedediah Smith in 1826. The trail was in common use by prospectors passing through the area because of the California Gold Rush and Comstock Lode.
While still a dirt road, several people began promoting El Camino Sierra as a scenic route. In 1910, the Los Angeles Times announced that Governor Gillet had announced funding to construct a new road to connect El Camino Real with Yosemite Natio
San Pedro Street
San Pedro Street is a major north-south thoroughfare in Los Angeles, running from Little Tokyo in Downtown Los Angeles to West Rancho Dominguez. San Pedro Street was one of the earliest roadways, along with Alameda Street, between central Los Angeles and the Port of Los Angeles; the portion of San Pedro Street north of 1st Street was renamed Judge John Aiso Street in 1999. Edward R. Roybal Federal Building and United States Courthouse Union Center for the Arts San Pedro Firm Building Little Tokyo Japanese American Cultural & Community Center The Japanese American Veterans Memorial Court James Irvine Japanese Garden Toy District Skid Row Fashion District Metro Local lines 48, 51, 52 and 351 serve San Pedro Street; the Metro Blue Line serves a light rail station in the center median of Washington Boulevard about half a block east of that street
Los Angeles metropolitan area
The Los Angeles metropolitan area known as Metropolitan Los Angeles or the Southland, is the 30th largest metropolitan area in the world and the second-largest metropolitan area in the United States. It is the 3rd largest city by GDP in the world with a $1 trillion+ economy, it is in the southern portion of the U. S. state of California. The tallest building in the Los Angeles metropolitan area is the Wilshire Grand Center at 1,100 feet in Downtown Los Angeles; the metropolitan area is defined by the Office of Management and Budget as the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area, consisting of Los Angeles and Orange counties, a metropolitan statistical area used for statistical purposes by the United States Census Bureau and other agencies. Its land area is 4,850 sq. mi and its estimated 2016 population was 13,310,447. Los Angeles and Orange counties are the first and third most populous counties in California and Los Angeles, with 9,819,000 people in 2010, is the most populous county in the United States.
The Los Angeles metropolitan area is the most populous metropolitan area in the western United States and the largest in area in the United States. The metro area has at its core the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim corridor, an urbanized area defined by the Census Bureau with a population 12,150,996 as of the 2010 Census; the Census Bureau defines a wider commercial region based on commuting patterns, the Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA Combined Statistical Area, more known as the Greater Los Angeles Area a megapolitan area consisting of three metropolitan areas, with an estimated population of 18,788,800 in 2017. This includes the three additional counties of Ventura and San Bernardino; the total land area of the combined statistical area is 33,955 sq. mi. The counties and county groupings comprising the Los Angeles Metropolitan Area are listed below with 2017 U. S. Bureau of the Census estimates of their populations. Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area Los Angeles-Long Beach-Glendale, CA Metropolitan Division Los Angeles County Anaheim-Santa Ana-Irvine, CA Metropolitan Division Orange County Major divisions of the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area East: Eastside, San Gabriel Valley, Pomona Valley West: Westside, Beach Cities South: South Bay, Palos Verdes Peninsula, South Los Angeles, Gateway Cities, North Orange County, South Orange County North: San Fernando Valley, portions of the Antelope Valley and Santa Clarita Valley Central: Downtown Los Angeles, Mid-Wilshire In addition to the Los Angeles-Long Beach-Anaheim, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area, the following Metropolitan Statistical Areas are included in the Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA Combined Statistical Area: Oxnard-Thousand Oaks-Ventura, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area Ventura County Riverside-San Bernardino-Ontario, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area Riverside County, California San Bernardino County, California The Los Angeles-Long Beach, CA CSA is a multicore metropolitan region containing several urban areas.
The combined statistical area is a multicore metropolitan region containing several urban areas. The following is a list of communities with populations over 50,000 in the Los Angeles metropolitan area with 2011 United States Census Bureau estimates of their population. Communities in italics are unincorporated and their populations are from the 2010 Census, while those in bold are considered principal cities of the metropolitan area by the Census Bureau, which represent significant employment centers; the economy of the Los Angeles metropolitan area is famously and based on the entertainment industry, with a particular focus on television, motion pictures, interactive games, recorded music – the Hollywood district of Los Angeles and its surrounding areas are known as the "movie capital of the United States" due to the region's extreme commercial and historical importance to the American motion picture industry. Other significant sectors include shipping/international trade – at the adjacent Port of Los Angeles and Port of Long Beach, together comprising the United States' busiest seaport – as well as aerospace, petroleum and apparel, tourism.
The City of Los Angeles is home to five Fortune 500 companies: energy company Occidental Petroleum, healthcare provider Health Net, metals distributor Reliance Steel & Aluminum, engineering firm AECOM, real estate group CB Richard Ellis. Other companies headquartered in Los Angeles include American Apparel, City National Bank, 20th Century Fox, Latham & Watkins, Metro Interactive, LLC, Premier America, Dunn & Crutcher, DeviantArt, Guess?, O’Melveny & Myers. Korean Air's US passenger and cargo operations headquarters are in two separate offices in Los Angeles. Entertainment and media giant The Walt Disney Company is headquartered in nearby Burbank; the Los Angeles-Orange County metro area alone has an economy of $1.044 trillion, or the total economic output or income of Indonesia's 250 million people. This is evident when comparing the coast with the Inland Empire
Water is a transparent, tasteless and nearly colorless chemical substance, the main constituent of Earth's streams and oceans, the fluids of most living organisms. It is vital for all known forms of life though it provides no calories or organic nutrients, its chemical formula is H2O, meaning that each of its molecules contains one oxygen and two hydrogen atoms, connected by covalent bonds. Water is the name of the liquid state of H2O at standard ambient pressure, it forms precipitation in the form of rain and aerosols in the form of fog. Clouds are formed from suspended droplets of its solid state; when finely divided, crystalline ice may precipitate in the form of snow. The gaseous state of water is water vapor. Water moves continually through the water cycle of evaporation, condensation and runoff reaching the sea. Water covers 71% of the Earth's surface in seas and oceans. Small portions of water occur as groundwater, in the glaciers and the ice caps of Antarctica and Greenland, in the air as vapor and precipitation.
Water plays an important role in the world economy. 70% of the freshwater used by humans goes to agriculture. Fishing in salt and fresh water bodies is a major source of food for many parts of the world. Much of long-distance trade of commodities and manufactured products is transported by boats through seas, rivers and canals. Large quantities of water and steam are used for cooling and heating, in industry and homes. Water is an excellent solvent for a wide variety of chemical substances. Water is central to many sports and other forms of entertainment, such as swimming, pleasure boating, boat racing, sport fishing, diving; the word water comes from Old English wæter, from Proto-Germanic *watar, from Proto-Indo-European *wod-or, suffixed form of root *wed-. Cognate, through the Indo-European root, with Greek ύδωρ, Russian вода́, Irish uisce, Albanian ujë; the identification of water as a substance Water is a polar inorganic compound, at room temperature a tasteless and odorless liquid, nearly colorless with a hint of blue.
This simplest hydrogen chalcogenide is by far the most studied chemical compound and is described as the "universal solvent" for its ability to dissolve many substances. This allows it to be the "solvent of life", it is the only common substance to exist as a solid and gas in normal terrestrial conditions. Water is a liquid at the pressures that are most adequate for life. At a standard pressure of 1 atm, water is a liquid between 0 and 100 °C. Increasing the pressure lowers the melting point, about −5 °C at 600 atm and −22 °C at 2100 atm; this effect is relevant, for example, to ice skating, to the buried lakes of Antarctica, to the movement of glaciers. Increasing the pressure has a more dramatic effect on the boiling point, about 374 °C at 220 atm; this effect is important in, among other things, deep-sea hydrothermal vents and geysers, pressure cooking, steam engine design. At the top of Mount Everest, where the atmospheric pressure is about 0.34 atm, water boils at 68 °C. At low pressures, water cannot exist in the liquid state and passes directly from solid to gas by sublimation—a phenomenon exploited in the freeze drying of food.
At high pressures, the liquid and gas states are no longer distinguishable, a state called supercritical steam. Water differs from most liquids in that it becomes less dense as it freezes; the maximum density of water in its liquid form is 1,000 kg/m3. The density of ice is 917 kg/m3. Thus, water expands 9% in volume as it freezes, which accounts for the fact that ice floats on liquid water; the details of the exact chemical nature of liquid water are not well understood. Pure water is described as tasteless and odorless, although humans have specific sensors that can feel the presence of water in their mouths, frogs are known to be able to smell it. However, water from ordinary sources has many dissolved substances, that may give it varying tastes and odors. Humans and other animals have developed senses that enable them to evaluate the potability of water by avoiding water, too salty or putrid; the apparent color of natural bodies of water is determined more by dissolved and suspended solids, or by reflection of the sky, than by water itself.
Light in the visible electromagnetic spectrum can traverse a couple meters of pure water without significant absorption, so that it looks transparent and colorless. Thus aquatic plants and other photosynthetic organisms can live in water up to hundreds of meters deep, because sunlight can reach them. Water vapour is invisible as a gas. Through a thickness of 10 meters or more, the intrinsic color of water is visibly turquoise, as its absorption spectrum has