Avantivarman (Utpala dynasty)

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Awanti Swami.JPG
Remains of Avanti Swami Temple built by Avantivarman
Reign 855–883 CE[1]
Successor Shankaravarman
Dynasty Utpala dynasty
Religion Hinduism

Avantivarman was a king who founded the Utpala dynasty. He ruled Kashmir from 855 to 883 CE and built the Avantiswami Temple.[1]


Avantivarman was the grandson of Utpala, one of the five brothers who had taken control of the Karkota throne. Raised by Utpala's minister Sura, Anantivarman ascended the throne of Kashmir on 855 CE, establishing the Utpala dynasty and ending the rule of the Karkotas. Avantivarman appointed Suyya, an engineer and architect as his prime minister.[2] The country had been badly affected due to the numerous civil wars over the last forty years and Avantivarman's reign restored the economy. Suyya carried out desilting of the Jhelum river and diverted its course.[3]

Arts and architecture[edit]

Avantivarman was a patron of the arts and the most notable scholar of his time was Anandhavardana, the author of the Dhvanyaloka. He founded the cities of Avantipur and Suyapur, which was named after Suyya.[3] He built many Hindu temples dedicated to both Vishnu and Shiva as well as Buddhist monasteries.[4] Notable among the temples were the temples of Avantiswara and Avantiswami dedicated to Shiva and Vishnu respectively in Avantipur.[4] The reign of avantiverman witnessed a remarkable rivival of Sanskrit learning in Kashmir. Books written during avantiverman's reign :-Haraviyaja written by Ratnakara ,Dhavanyaloka written by Anand verdhan which was his master,it was in other wards "the light of suggestion".

Death and succession[edit]

Avantivarman dies in 883 CE and his death was followed by another civil war among his descendants. The throne was finally captured by Sankara Varman in 885 CE, who ruled till 902 CE.[2]


  1. ^ a b "Avantiswami Temple, Avantipur". Archeological Survey of India. Retrieved 20 April 2016. 
  2. ^ a b Sen, Sailendra Nath (1999). Ancient Indian History and Civilization. New Age International. p. 295. ISBN 978-8122-411-98-0. 
  3. ^ a b Raina, Mohini Qasba (2013). Kashur The Kashmiri Speaking People: Analytical Perspective. Partridge Publishing Singapore. p. 9. ISBN 978-1482-899-47-4. 
  4. ^ a b Warikoo, K (2009). Cultural heritage of Jammu and Kashmir. Pentagon Press. p. 88. ISBN 978-8182-743-76-2.