Ablain-Saint-Nazaire is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in northern France. A farming village located 8 miles north of Arras, on the D57 road and it was rebuilt after being destroyed during World War I. The Saint-Nazaire stream, which passes through the commune, is a tributary of the river Deûle. At the start of World War I, the Battle of Lorette lasted for 12 months, from October 1914 to October 1915, a French national cemetery was built on 13 hectares nearby and comprises 20,000 graves, laid out irrespective of rank or military training. General Barbot has a private soldier buried next to him, on his right, in eight ossuaries, around the base of the lantern tower, are the remains of 22,970 unidentified soldiers. A portion of the cemetery has been reserved for Muslim soldiers, the church of St. Pierre, dating from the twentieth century. The ruins of the fifteenth century church, destroyed in World War I, communes of the Pas-de-Calais department INSEE commune file The Communauté dAgglomération of Lens-Liévin Official website of Ablain-Saint-Nazaire Ablain-Saint-Nazaire on the Quid website
Amettes is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France. A farming village situated some 11 miles west of Béthune and 32 miles southwest of Lille, at the junction of the D69, the church of St. Sulpice, dating from the sixteenth century. Benedict Joseph Labre, Catholic saint, was here in 1748. Communes of the Pas-de-Calais department INSEE commune file The war memorial at Amettes Amettes on the Quid website
Alette is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in northern France. A small village situated some 5 miles northeast of Montreuil-sur-Mer, on the D151 road, when constructed, in the 12th century, the tower consisted of four triple windows separated by small bays. It was severely damaged in 1544 and it was necessary to reconstruct three of the sides without windows, the tower is classified as an historic monument. Communes of the Pas-de-Calais department INSEE commune file Alette on the Quid website
France, officially the French Republic, is a country with territory in western Europe and several overseas regions and territories. The European, or metropolitan, area of France extends from the Mediterranean Sea to the English Channel and the North Sea, Overseas France include French Guiana on the South American continent and several island territories in the Atlantic and Indian oceans. France spans 643,801 square kilometres and had a population of almost 67 million people as of January 2017. It is a unitary republic with the capital in Paris. Other major urban centres include Marseille, Lille, Toulouse, during the Iron Age, what is now metropolitan France was inhabited by the Gauls, a Celtic people. The area was annexed in 51 BC by Rome, which held Gaul until 486, France emerged as a major European power in the Late Middle Ages, with its victory in the Hundred Years War strengthening state-building and political centralisation. During the Renaissance, French culture flourished and a colonial empire was established.
The 16th century was dominated by civil wars between Catholics and Protestants. France became Europes dominant cultural and military power under Louis XIV, in the 19th century Napoleon took power and established the First French Empire, whose subsequent Napoleonic Wars shaped the course of continental Europe. Following the collapse of the Empire, France endured a succession of governments culminating with the establishment of the French Third Republic in 1870. Following liberation in 1944, a Fourth Republic was established and dissolved in the course of the Algerian War, the Fifth Republic, led by Charles de Gaulle, was formed in 1958 and remains to this day. Algeria and nearly all the colonies became independent in the 1960s with minimal controversy and typically retained close economic. France has long been a centre of art, science. It hosts Europes fourth-largest number of cultural UNESCO World Heritage Sites and receives around 83 million foreign tourists annually, France is a developed country with the worlds sixth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest by purchasing power parity.
In terms of household wealth, it ranks fourth in the world. France performs well in international rankings of education, health care, life expectancy, France remains a great power in the world, being one of the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council with the power to veto and an official nuclear-weapon state. It is a member state of the European Union and the Eurozone. It is a member of the Group of 7, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, the World Trade Organization, originally applied to the whole Frankish Empire, the name France comes from the Latin Francia, or country of the Franks