Ontario Highway 417
King's Highway 417 referred to as Highway 417 and the Queensway through Ottawa, is a 400-series highway in the Canadian province of Ontario. It connects Montreal with Ottawa, is the backbone of the transportation system in the National Capital Region. Within Ottawa, it forms part of the Queensway west from Highway 7 to Ottawa Regional Road 174. Highway 417 extends from the Quebec border to Arnprior, where it continues westward as Highway 17. Aside from the urban section through Ottawa, Highway 417 passes through farmland that dominates much of the fertile Ottawa Valley. Within Ottawa, the Queensway was built as part of a grand plan for the city between 1957 and 1966, reconstructed to its present form throughout the 1980s; the eastern section, from Gloucester to the Quebec border, opened in 1975 in preparation for the 1976 Montreal Olympics. Sections west of Ottawa have been under construction since the mid-1970s, with the section bypassing Arnprior opening on November 29, 2012 and another 5.3 km stretch in December 2016.
Highway 417 is a 181.4 km controlled-access highway that traverses the lower Ottawa Valley and upper St. Lawrence Valley, bypassing the two-lane Highway 17 and providing a high-speed connection between Montreal and Ottawa via A-40; the freeway has gradually been extended northwest from Ottawa alongside the old highway to its current terminus in Arnprior. Highway 417 has 42 interchanges from the Quebec border to Arnprior, with more planned as the highway is extended westward. Unlike other highways in Ontario and most of North America, exits are numbered from east to west. While a significant portion of Highway 417 is a rural four lane freeway divided by a grass median, the section within urban Ottawa is a busy commuter route as wide as eight lanes; the portion of the route from the Highway 7 interchange east to the Split – a large four-way interchange between Highway 417, Ottawa Regional Road 174 and the Aviation Parkway – is known formally as the Queensway, although no indication of this name appears on any signage.
Highway 417 begins at the border between the provinces of Ontario and Quebec, east of which the four lane freeway continues as Autoroute 40. The route proceeds west along the former alignment of Highway 17, it passes through a forested and agricultural landscape en route to Ottawa, serving the communities of Hawkesbury, Vankleek Hill, Casselman and Vars. After 9 km the route curves southwest while ramps provide access from the westbound lanes to Prescott and Russell County Road 17 and from County Road 17 to the eastbound lanes of Highway 417; the route meets the southern terminus of Highway 34 at Exit 27. Continuing southwest, the route meanders along the boundary between The Nation and North Glengarry encountering the northern terminus of Highway 138—a highway built to connect Highway 417 with Highway 401 and Cornwall—east of Casselman. At this point, the freeway enters The Nation and diverges from the boundary. After crossing a Via Rail line, the route dips south of Casselman and curves to the west at Exit 66.
It parallels the Via Rail line several kilometres north of the freeway, though significant deviations bypass the communities of Benoit and Limoges. Near Limoges is the Larose Forest, a man-made forest planted between 1928 and 1980 over the Bourget Desert, itself created as the result of clear cutting in the 19th century. At Exit 88, Highway 417 enters the city of Ottawa, though the surroundings remain unchanged until Exit 110, near Ramsayville. North of Ramsayville, the route jogs abruptly to the west as it crosses Greens Creek and enters the suburbs of Ottawa; the freeway merges with the Queensway at a large multi-level interchange known locally as the Split, curving to the west and into downtown Ottawa. The interchange provides access to Aviation Parkway from westbound Highway 417 and from the parkway to eastbound Highway 417. Within Ottawa, the Queensway extends from Orleans in the east and passes just south of downtown through central Ottawa to Kanata in the west. Two major interchanges anchor either end of this section: in the east, Highway 417 diverges south towards Montreal at the split, while the Queensway continues east as Ottawa Regional Road 174 and Aviation Parkway branches north.
The core section of the Queensway is eight lanes wide, four per carriageway. The freeway is elevated on a berm along some central portions of the route, providing views of downtown and the Gatineau Hills to the north; this section was constructed along a former Canadian National Railway railbed. The route bisects central Ottawa with downtown and the Parliament Buildings lay to the north of the highway and residential neighbourhoods including the Glebe to the south. Towards the Richmond Road interchange, the original western terminus of the Queensway, both sides of the freeway are lined by residential subdivisions. Between Eagleson/March Road and Moodie Drive in the west and between Blair Road and Place d'Orléans Drive in the east, a bus-only shoulder is used by OCTranspo's Transitway rapid-transit network. Several spaced exits serve the downtown core of Ottawa, including Nicholas Street, Bronson Avenue and Metcalfe Street. West of the interchange with Highway 416, the freeway enters the suburb of Kanata and travels through it in an east–west direction.
At Exit 145, the route encounters the ea
Elgin Street (Ottawa)
Elgin Street is a street in the Downtown core of Ottawa, Canada. Named Biddy's Lane, it was named after Lord Elgin; the north/south running street begins at Wellington Street in Confederation Square, just east of the Parliament buildings and just west of the bridge over the Rideau Canal. In the centre of Elgin Street for the first two blocks is Confederation Square, home of Canada's National War Memorial. To the south of this on the east of Elgin is the National Arts Centre. Continuing south, Elgin is fronted by Confederation Park to the east and the Lord Elgin Hotel to the west. South of the park, just past Laurier Avenue, is the Ottawa Court House, across from the First Baptist Church and Grant house, followed by City Hall and Knox Presbyterian Church. South of this, the street becomes a business area, home to a number of stores and bars. Progressing south, the street becomes more residential, home to low rise apartment buildings. Elgin ends at the Queensway, where it turns into Hawthorne Avenue before turning east and going over the Rideau Canal at the Pretoria Bridge.
At the southern end of Elgin is the headquarters of the Ottawa Police Service. The street is now nicknamed "Sens Mile", similar to the Red Mile in Calgary and the Blue Mile in Edmonton - a street for Ottawa Senators celebrations in the 2007 Stanley Cup Playoffs; the plan originated as a grassroots campaign upon realization that the home of the Ottawa Senators, Canadian Tire Centre is located 30 minutes west of the city's downtown core in the suburb of Kanata. In June 2010 a life size bronze statue of the Canadian jazz pianist Oscar Peterson was unveiled at the corner of Elgin and Albert Streets by Queen Elizabeth II during her royal tour of Canada; as of November 2011, the former National Art Gallery at 90 Elgin is being torn down to be replaced with a new 17 storey office building that will house the Federal Finance Department. Furthermore, behind Grant House and First Baptist Church at 150 Elgin, there was a 23-floor office building called "Performance Court" under construction. Google Maps: Elgin Street Elgin Street Community Portal
Queen Street (Ottawa)
Queen Street is an east-west arterial road located in Downtown Ottawa, Canada. The street is two-way with one to two lanes going in each direction; the Confederation Line will run underneath Queen Street. The road is only 1.4 kilometres long. The road begins at the intersection of Elgin and Lawrence Freiman Lane. From eastbound on Queen Street the northbound section of Elgin appears to be a continuation of Queen. Heading west the road has two lanes in each direction; the road is surrounded by skyscrapers. From Metcalfe Street to Bay Street, the road is reduced to a single eastbound lane due to construction; the City of Ottawa is renewing the street in anticipation of the Confederation Lines' opening as well as to build the tunnels and stations for the Confederation Line. The city is expanding the pedestrian infrastructure on the street, adding wide boulevard sidewalks, priority crosswalks, additional landscaping; the construction includes shared bike lanes, upgrades to sanitary sewers and storm sewers, the addition of planters and street furniture, installation of curbs and resurfacing of the street.
The construction will be done at the same time as Confederation Line construction as two Confederation Line stations will be located on Queen Street. Queen Street is planned to become Downtown Ottawa's Showcase Street, it will have wide sidewalks, it will be pedestrian-friendly for economic opportunity. The renewal has proved controversial. While the water mains on Queen Street were being replaced in 2013, workers discovered several human bones and an historical burial site; the burial site was Ottawa's oldest Christian cemetery dating back to around 1828-1845. Archaeologists found the remains of 19 individuals, they suspect that there are around 500 people buried there; the burial site is believed to have been for workers constructing the Rideau Canal. Researchers think that it extends to Queen Street to the south, Sparks Street to the north, Elgin Street to the east, Metcalfe Street to the west. Queen Street is served by route 10 from Bay Street to Elgin Street eastbound and Elgin Street to Lyon Street westbound, route 16 from Bay Street to O'Connor Street eastbound and Elgin Street to Lyon Street westbound.
The route is served by routes 7 and 6 from Bank Street to Elgin Street. The Confederation Line will have Parliament stations of Queen Street. Notes Royal eponyms in Canada City of Ottawa renewal project
Ottawa is the capital city of Canada. It stands on the south bank of the Ottawa River in the eastern portion of southern Ontario. Ottawa borders Gatineau, Quebec; as of 2016, Ottawa had a city population of 964,743 and a metropolitan population of 1,323,783 making it the fourth-largest city and the fifth-largest CMA in Canada. Founded in 1826 as Bytown, incorporated as Ottawa in 1855, the city has evolved into the political centre of Canada, its original boundaries were expanded through numerous annexations and were replaced by a new city incorporation and amalgamation in 2001 which increased its land area. The city name "Ottawa" was chosen in reference to the Ottawa River, the name of, derived from the Algonquin Odawa, meaning "to trade". Ottawa has the most educated population among Canadian cities and is home to a number of post-secondary and cultural institutions, including the National Arts Centre, the National Gallery, numerous national museums. Ottawa has the highest standard of living in low unemployment.
With the draining of the Champlain Sea around ten thousand years ago, the Ottawa Valley became habitable. Local populations used the area for wild edible harvesting, fishing, trade and camps for over 6500 years; the Ottawa river valley has archaeological sites with arrow heads and stone tools. Three major rivers meet within Ottawa, making it an important trade and travel area for thousands of years; the Algonquins called the Ottawa River Kichi Sibi or Kichissippi meaning "Great River" or "Grand River". Étienne Brûlé regarded as the first European to travel up the Ottawa River, passed by Ottawa in 1610 on his way to the Great Lakes. Three years Samuel de Champlain wrote about the waterfalls in the area and about his encounters with the Algonquins, using the Ottawa River for centuries. Many missionaries would follow the early traders; the first maps of the area used the word Ottawa, derived from the Algonquin word adawe, to name the river. Philemon Wright, a New Englander, created the first settlement in the area on 7 March 1800 on the north side of the river, across from the present day city of Ottawa in Hull.
He, with five other families and twenty-five labourers, set about to create an agricultural community called Wrightsville. Wright pioneered the Ottawa Valley timber trade by transporting timber by river from the Ottawa Valley to Quebec City. Bytown, Ottawa's original name, was founded as a community in 1826 when hundreds of land speculators were attracted to the south side of the river when news spread that British authorities were constructing the northerly end of the Rideau Canal military project at that location; the following year, the town was named after British military engineer Colonel John By, responsible for the entire Rideau Waterway construction project. The canal's military purpose was to provide a secure route between Montreal and Kingston on Lake Ontario, bypassing a vulnerable stretch of the St. Lawrence River bordering the state of New York that had left re-supply ships bound for southwestern Ontario exposed to enemy fire during the War of 1812. Colonel By set up military barracks on the site of today's Parliament Hill.
He laid out the streets of the town and created two distinct neighbourhoods named "Upper Town" west of the canal and "Lower Town" east of the canal. Similar to its Upper Canada and Lower Canada namesakes "Upper Town" was predominantly English speaking and Protestant whereas "Lower Town" was predominantly French and Catholic. Bytown's population grew to 1,000 as the Rideau Canal was being completed in 1832. Bytown encountered some impassioned and violent times in her early pioneer period that included Irish labour unrest that attributed to the Shiners' War from 1835 to 1845 and political dissension evident from the 1849 Stony Monday Riot. In 1855 Bytown was incorporated as a city. William Pittman Lett was installed as the first city clerk guiding it through 36 years of development. On New Year's Eve 1857, Queen Victoria, as a symbolic and political gesture, was presented with the responsibility of selecting a location for the permanent capital of the Province of Canada. In reality, Prime Minister John A. Macdonald had assigned this selection process to the Executive Branch of the Government, as previous attempts to arrive at a consensus had ended in deadlock.
The "Queen's choice" turned out to be the small frontier town of Ottawa for two main reasons: Firstly, Ottawa's isolated location in a back country surrounded by dense forest far from the Canada–US border and situated on a cliff face would make it more defensible from attack. Secondly, Ottawa was midway between Toronto and Kingston and Montreal and Quebec City. Additionally, despite Ottawa's regional isolation it had seasonal water transportation access to Montreal over the Ottawa River and to Kingston via the Rideau Waterway. By 1854 it had a modern all season Bytown and Prescott Railway that carried passengers and supplies the 82-kilometres to Prescott on the Saint Lawrence River and beyond. Ottawa's small size, it was thought, would make it less prone to rampaging politically motivated mobs, as had happened in the previous Canadian capitals; the government owned the land that would become Parliament Hill which they thought would be an ideal location for the Parliament Buildings. Ottawa was th
Carling Avenue is a major east–west arterial road in the west end of Ottawa, Canada. It runs from March Road in Kanata to Bronson Avenue in the Glebe; the road is named for John Carling, founder of Carling Brewery and Conservative MP and Senator, Postmaster General and Minister of Agriculture. It begins at the fringes of the Glebe neighbourhood and runs in a straight direction west until the Ottawa River where it bends north to go around Crystal Bay and Britannia Bay and ends north of Kanata, it used to begin at O'Connor Street, one block east of Bank Street, but the part east of Bronson was renamed Glebe Avenue in the 1970s. It is a four to six-lane principal arterial road for most of its urban length, with a speed limit of 60 km/h; the portion through the Greenbelt and into Kanata is a two-lane rural highway, with a speed limit of 80 km/h. In December 2005 one lane in each direction between Booth Street and Cambridge South just before Bronson was converted to a bus-only lane; this short bus-only section speeds up bus traffic through the Carling/Bronson intersection during rush-hour.
Located along Carling Avenue are Andrew Haydon Park, the Lincoln Fields Shopping Centre, Carlingwood Mall, Fairlawn Plaza, Westgate Mall, the Royal Ottawa Mental Health Centre, the Ottawa Civic Hospital and the Old Dominion Observatory, as well as the Carling Campus, the Communications Research Centre, Smithvale Stables and Mitel. It runs along the northern boundaries of the Central Experimental Farm and Commissioners Park. Carling is now known as Ottawa Road #38 but used to be Highway 17B east of Richmond Road until the Ontario government downloaded the highway to the local government; until the 1970s, the western part of Carling was part of Highway 17. In every year from 2004 to 2007, Carling Avenue has been named one of Ontario's worst 20 roads in a CAA survey, citing frequent bumps and potholes. Construction is underway through certain portions of it. Key OC Transpo bus routes on Carling Avenue include: route 14 between Holland Avenue and Parkdale Avenue, route 16 between Croydon Avenue and Carlingwood Mall, route 50 between Clyde Avenue and Churchill Avenue N, route 80 between Holland Avenue and Merivale Road, serving the Royal Ottawa Hospital, as well as Westgate Shopping Centre.
Route 81 between Kirkwood Avenue and Merivale Road, route 85 between Bayshore Drive and Preston Street, serving Lincoln Fields Station and Carling Station, route 97 between Richmond Road and Lincoln Fields Station, route 101 between Highway 417 and Bronson Avenue, serving Carling Station, route 152 between Bayshore Drive and Corkstown Road, between Crystal Beach Drive and Carling Place/Grandview Drive,These are supplemented by peak hour routes: route 56 between Holland Avenue and Bronson Avenue, serving Carling O-Train Station, route 66 between Herzberg Road and Carling Place/Grandview Road, serving Shirley's Bay Complex, between Corkstown Road and Holly Acres Road. There is a Carling Station, presently servicing the O-Train Trillium Line, that connects with the aforementioned routes; the addresses change erratically on Carling. Major intersections: March Road Moodie Drive Holly Acres Road, an approach to Highway 417 Bayshore Drive Pinecrest Road Richmond Road Sir John A. Macdonald Parkway Woodroffe Avenue Maitland Avenue Queensway/Kirkwood Avenue Merivale Road Fisher Avenue/Holland Avenue/Island Park Drive/NCC Scenic Driveway Parkdale Avenue Preston Street Booth Street Bronson Avenue Crystal Beach Bayshore Michelle Heights Britannia Pinewood Lincoln Heights Carlingwood Whitehaven Carlington Hampton Park Civic Hospital Glebe Queensway Terrace North Google Maps: Carling Avenue
Canada is a country in the northern part of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometres, making it the world's second-largest country by total area. Canada's southern border with the United States is the world's longest bi-national land border, its capital is Ottawa, its three largest metropolitan areas are Toronto and Vancouver. As a whole, Canada is sparsely populated, the majority of its land area being dominated by forest and tundra, its population is urbanized, with over 80 percent of its inhabitants concentrated in large and medium-sized cities, many near the southern border. Canada's climate varies across its vast area, ranging from arctic weather in the north, to hot summers in the southern regions, with four distinct seasons. Various indigenous peoples have inhabited what is now Canada for thousands of years prior to European colonization. Beginning in the 16th century and French expeditions explored, settled, along the Atlantic coast.
As a consequence of various armed conflicts, France ceded nearly all of its colonies in North America in 1763. In 1867, with the union of three British North American colonies through Confederation, Canada was formed as a federal dominion of four provinces; this began an accretion of provinces and territories and a process of increasing autonomy from the United Kingdom. This widening autonomy was highlighted by the Statute of Westminster of 1931 and culminated in the Canada Act of 1982, which severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament. Canada is a parliamentary democracy and a constitutional monarchy in the Westminster tradition, with Elizabeth II as its queen and a prime minister who serves as the chair of the federal cabinet and head of government; the country is a realm within the Commonwealth of Nations, a member of the Francophonie and bilingual at the federal level. It ranks among the highest in international measurements of government transparency, civil liberties, quality of life, economic freedom, education.
It is one of the world's most ethnically diverse and multicultural nations, the product of large-scale immigration from many other countries. Canada's long and complex relationship with the United States has had a significant impact on its economy and culture. A developed country, Canada has the sixteenth-highest nominal per capita income globally as well as the twelfth-highest ranking in the Human Development Index, its advanced economy is the tenth-largest in the world, relying chiefly upon its abundant natural resources and well-developed international trade networks. Canada is part of several major international and intergovernmental institutions or groupings including the United Nations, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, the G7, the Group of Ten, the G20, the North American Free Trade Agreement and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum. While a variety of theories have been postulated for the etymological origins of Canada, the name is now accepted as coming from the St. Lawrence Iroquoian word kanata, meaning "village" or "settlement".
In 1535, indigenous inhabitants of the present-day Quebec City region used the word to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to the village of Stadacona. Cartier used the word Canada to refer not only to that particular village but to the entire area subject to Donnacona. From the 16th to the early 18th century "Canada" referred to the part of New France that lay along the Saint Lawrence River. In 1791, the area became two British colonies called Upper Canada and Lower Canada collectively named the Canadas. Upon Confederation in 1867, Canada was adopted as the legal name for the new country at the London Conference, the word Dominion was conferred as the country's title. By the 1950s, the term Dominion of Canada was no longer used by the United Kingdom, which considered Canada a "Realm of the Commonwealth"; the government of Louis St. Laurent ended the practice of using'Dominion' in the Statutes of Canada in 1951. In 1982, the passage of the Canada Act, bringing the Constitution of Canada under Canadian control, referred only to Canada, that year the name of the national holiday was changed from Dominion Day to Canada Day.
The term Dominion was used to distinguish the federal government from the provinces, though after the Second World War the term federal had replaced dominion. Indigenous peoples in present-day Canada include the First Nations, Métis, the last being a mixed-blood people who originated in the mid-17th century when First Nations and Inuit people married European settlers; the term "Aboriginal" as a collective noun is a specific term of art used in some legal documents, including the Constitution Act 1982. The first inhabitants of North America are hypothesized to have migrated from Siberia by way of the Bering land bridge and arrived at least 14,000 years ago; the Paleo-Indian archeological sites at Old Crow Flats and Bluefish Caves are two of the oldest sites of human habitation in Canada. The characteristics of Canadian indigenous societies included permanent settlements, complex societal hierarchies, trading networks; some of these cultures had collapsed by the time European explorers arrived in the late 15th and early 16th centuries and have only been discovered through archeological investigations.
The indigenous population at the time of the first European settlements is estimated to have been between 200,000
Bronson Avenue (Ottawa)
Bronson Avenue is a major north-south arterial road in Ottawa, Canada. It starts as a continuation of the Airport Parkway, an expressway to the Macdonald-Cartier International Airport, it continues past Carleton University, the Glebe, north through Centretown, ends downtown at Sparks Street. Starting as an expressway leading from the Airport Parkway, Bronson becomes a six lane divided principal arterial with little or no direct frontage and a speed limit of 70 km/h. From Colonel By Drive, Bronson Avenue continues as a four-lane undivided principal arterial road through residential and commercial areas with a speed limit of 50 km/h. Upon reaching Albert Street, Bronson ends as a local road for downtown residents. Bronson Avenue is a gateway to the southern neighborhoods of Ottawa and since it is faster to take Bronson Avenue than Bank Street, the street is quite busy at rush hour. Glebe Collegiate Institute and Carleton University border on Bronson Avenue. There has been considerable debate about the nature of the road in the past few years.
Bronson Avenue took its name from Ottawa politician Erskine Henry Bronson. Bronson Avenue is considered a boundary line for several Ottawa neighbourhoods: Centretown Centretown West The Glebe Old Ottawa South Major intersections: Start as a continuation of Airport Parkway - 0.0 km Sunnyside Avenue - 0.9 km Colonel By Drive - 1.3 km Carling Avenue - 2.2 km Highway 417 - 2.6 km Catherine Street - 2.7 km Gladstone Avenue - 3.0 km Somerset Street - 3.4 km Slater Street - 3.9 km Albert Street - 4.0 km Ends at Sparks Street - 4.1 km Bronson Centre Carleton University Google Maps: Bronson Avenue