Chantiers Aéro-Maritimes de la Seine
Chantiers Aéro-Maritimes de la Seine was a French manufacturer of flying boats, founded in Saint-Ouen in November 1920 by Lawrence Santoni. The company built Società Idrovolanti Alta Italia designs under licence, but in 1922 it lured Raffaele Conflenti away from SIAI to become head designer, after which it generated its own aircraft designs. CAMS' most noteworthy products were flying boat designs that saw widespread long-term use in the French Navy; the company was nationalized in 1936, following which it was merged with Chantiers aéronavals Étienne Romano, Lioré et Olivier, Potez and SPCA in order to form the Société nationale des constructions aéronautiques du Sud-Est on 1 February 1937. CAMS 30E - single-engine, two-seat biplane flying boat used for training CAMS 30T - single-engine, four-seat biplane flying boat derived from the CAMS 30, it was used in 1924 to set a speed record for passenger-carrying flying boats CAMS 31 - prototype flying boat CAMS 33B - two-engine, four-seat push-pull biplane reconnaissance flying boat CAMS 33T - two-engine, nine-seat push-pull biplane personnel transport flying boat CAMS 34 - projected transport derivative of CAMS 30 CAMS 35 - projected military derivative of CAMS 30 CAMS 36 - single seat racer CAMS 37 - single-engine, two-seat biplane trainer/utility flying boat CAMS 38 - single seat racer CAMS 41 - flying boat bomber study CAMS 42 - flying boat bomber study called CAMS 41bis CAMS 43 - two-engine military flying boat, developed from the CAMS 41 project CAMS 44 - heavy flying boat torpedo bomber project CAMS 45 - flying boat racer project CAMS 46E - basic flying boat trainer CAMS 46ET - intermediate flying boat trainer for Aeronavale CAMS 50 - two-engine, three-seat transport flying boat prototype CAMS 51 - two-engine, six-seat push-pull biplane transport flying boat CAMS 52 - two-engine, floatplane torpedo bomber prototype CAMS 53 - projected reconnaissance/torpedo bomber version of CAMS 50 CAMS 53 - two-engine, six-seat push-pull biplane transport flying boat version of CAMS 50 CAMS 54 - long range push-pull biplane flying boat CAMS 55 - two-engine biplane reconnaissance flying boat, derived from the CAMS 51 CAMS 56 - as CAMS 53 but powered by Gnome and Rhone 9A engines designated CAMS 53-3 CAMS 57 - as CAMS 53 but powered by Renault 12Jb engines designated CAMS 53R CAMS 58 - two-engine, seven-seat flying boat airliner CAMS 59 - three-engine monoplane torpedo bomber floatplane project derived from the CAMS 52 CAMS 60 - two-seat high wing monoplane torpedo bomber project CAMS 70 - reconnaissance flying boat project CAMS 71 - two-engine or four-engine monoplane transatlantic/military patrol flying boat project CAMS 80 - single-engine reconnaissance flying boat CAMS 90 - single-engine light utility flying boat CAMS 91 - projected version of CAMS 90, powered by a Hispano 9Q or Gnome and Rhone Titan Major engine Potez-CAMS 100 - six-engine transatlantic flying boat airliner project Potez-CAMS 110 - two-engine, push-pull biplane transport flying boat, only the single prototype was built Potez-CAMS 120 - three-seat single-engine patrol flying boat Potez-CAMS 130 - catapult launched four-engine, 35 passenger flying boat airliner project Potez-CAMS 141 - four-engine long range reconnaissance flying boat Potez-CAMS 142 - transatlantic flying boat airliner based on the CAMS 141 Potez-CAMS 150 - six-engine transatlantic flying boat airline project Potez-CAMS 160 - scale model flying boat, used for hydrodynamic and aerodynamic testing of the Potez-CAMS 161 Potez-CAMS 161 - six-engine flying boat airliner Potez-CAMS 162 - projected military transport version of Potez-CAMS 161 Potez-CAMS 170 - single-seat seaplane fighter project Media related to CAMS aircraft at Wikimedia Commons
Société des Avions Bernard
Société des Avions Bernard was a French aircraft manufacturer of the early 20th century. It was founded in April 1917 by Adolphe Bernard as Etablissements Adolphe Bernard to licence-built SPAD fighters. After the war the company was reorganised as Société Industrielle des Métaux et du Bois to cover a wider product range, it built no new aircraft until 1922, when an aircraft division was formed with Jean Hubert as head designer. The company was bankrupt in 1927. Bernard re-formed it a last time under the name Société des Avions Bernard to build a small production run of airliners for CIDNA. In 1935, Hydravions Louis Schreck FBA was purchased. However, the business was struggling again before the French aviation industry was nationalised in 1935; the list shows those types which were at least built. Data and naming style from Liron. Etablissements Adolphe Bernard Bernard AB 1 Twin engine medium bomber. 11 built. 1918. The AB 2 was a proposed higher power version. Bernard AB 3 Post carrying version of AB 1, 1920.
Bernard AB 4 Unfinished passenger version of AB 2, exhibited 1919. Société Industrielle des Métaux et du Bois Bernard AB. C1 Fighter, 1922 redesignated AB 10 before first flight. Bernard SIMB AB 3M Twin-fuselage, three-engine bomber. Two unfinished, 1923; the AB 3 T was a proposed civil version. Bernard SIMB V.1 Racer. One built, 1924. Bernard SIMB V.2 V.1 with shorter span. One built, 1924; the V.3 was a proposed development with retractable undercarriage. Bernard SIMB AB 10 Revision of AB. C1, 1924. Bernard SIMB AB 10T Three-engined, eighteen-seat seaplane, unfinished, 1925. Bernard SIMB AB 12 Fighter. One built, 1926. Bernard SIMB AB 14 Fighter. One built, 1925. Bernard SIMB AB 15 Fighter. One built, 1926. Bernard SIMB AB 16 five-seat "colonial" type. One built, 1927. Société des Avions Bernard Bernard 18 Eight-seat transports. Two built, 1927 Bernard 190 Ten-seat transports, Fourteen built, 1928. Bernard 20 Single-seat fighter. One built, 1929. Bernard 30 T Twin-fuselage transport. Unfinished 1931. Bernard HV 40 Single-seat racing floatplane.
One built 1929. Bernard HV 41 Single-seat racing floatplane. One built 1929. Bernard HV 42 Single-seat racing training floatplane. Three built, one converted from HV 41, 1931. Bernard H 52 Single-seat catapult launched floatplane fighter. Two built, 1933. Bernard 60 T Three-engine fourteen-seat transport. Two built, 1929. Bernard 70 Series of single-seat, single-engine sports and fighters. Three built, 1929. Bernard 80 GR Long-range record holder. One built, 1930. Modified into 81 GR. Bernard 82 Bomber variants of Bernard 80. Two built, 1933; the Bernard 86 was an experimental diesel powered modification, 1936. Bernard H 110 Single-seat floatplane fighter. One built, 1935. Bernard HV 120 Single-seat racing floatplane. Two built, 1930. Bernard 160 Colonial military multi-role aircraft. Two built, 1932. Bernard 200 Series of three/four-seat light aircraft. Four built, 1932. Bernard HV 220 Single-seat racing floatplane. One built, 1931. Bernard 260 Single-seat fighter. Two built, one flown, 1932. Bernard HV 320 Single-seat racing seaplane.
Not flown, 1931. Bernard V.4 Derivative of HV 120. Not flown, 1933. Gunston, Bill. World Encyclopedia of Aircraft Manufacturers. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press. Pp. 46–47. Liron, J. L.. Les avions Bernard. Paris: Éditions Larivère
Farman Aviation Works
Farman Aviation Works was a French aircraft company founded and run by the brothers Richard and Maurice Farman. They designed and constructed aircraft and engines from 1908 until 1936. In 1941 the Farman brothers reestablished the firm as the "Société Anonyme des Usines Farman", but only three years it was absorbed by Sud-Ouest. Maurice's son, Marcel Farman, reestablished the SAUF in 1952, but his effort proved unsuccessful and the firm was dissolved in 1956; the Farman brothers designed and built more than 200 types of aircraft between 1908 and 1941. They built cars until 1931 and boats until 1930. In 1907, Henry Farman bought his first aircraft from the Voisin. In 1908, after further modifications which included re-covering it with'Continental' rubberized fabric and addition of side-curtains, the aircraft was re-designated Farman I-bis. Ailerons were fitted after Wilbur Wright's flying demonstration at Le Mans in August 1908. A second aircraft, to be called Farman II, was built by the Voisin brothers incorporating design refinements to Farman's specification.
Voisin sold this aircraft to J. T. C. Moore-Brabazon, who exported it to England, where it was renamed the Bird of Passage; this episode angered Farman, who in early 1909 ended his association with Voisin and started building his own aircraft. Aircraft designed and built by Henry Farman had a HF prefix, while examples designed and built by his brother Maurice carried a MF prefix. Farman III Farman MF.7 Longhorn Farman MF.11 Shorthorn Farman HF.14 - two-seat floatplane Farman HF.20 - reconnaissance biplane Farman F.30 - two-seat military biplane Farman F.40 - single-engined reconnaissance aircraft Farman HF.30 - fighter biplane Farman F.31 - fighter prototype Farman F.50 - biplane bomber Farman F.60 Goliath bomber/airliner, development of the F.40 Farman F.60 Torp - torpedo carrying floatplane version Farman Moustique - sports, touring aircraft Farman Sport - sports, touring biplane Farman B.2 - light day bomber biplane Farman BN.4 - long-range night bomber biplane Farman F.80 - basic training biplane Farman F.90 - passenger transport aircraft Farman F.110 - artillery observation biplane Farman F.51 - maritime reconnaissance flying boat Farman F.120 - 4-engined bomber/airliner Farman F.140 Super Goliath - heavy night bomber Farman A.2 - observation monoplane Farman F.130 - long-range night bomber Farman F.170 Jabiru - single-engined airliner Farman F.150 - day bomber biplane Farman F.160 - torpedo bomber floatplane Farman F.180 - airliner biplane Farman F.190 - civil utility aircraft Farman F.200 - civil utility aircraft Farman F.230 - touring aircraft Farman F.250 - passenger transport aircraft Farman F.280 - mail plane Farman F.211 - day/night bomber aircraft Farman F.220 - 4-engined high-wing heavy bomber Farman F.1000, F.1001 & F.1002 single-engined, high altitude research aircraft Farman F.1010 - experimental cannon carrier aircraft Farman F.1020 - experimental aircraft Farman F.270 - bomber/torpedo bomber floatplane version Farman F.300 - airliner Farman F.370 - single-seat racing aircraft Farman F.380 - single-seat racing aircraft Farman F.400 - four-seat cabin monoplane Farman F.420 - multi-role aircraft Farman F.430 - light transport aircraft Farman F.460 Alizé - training, touring aircraft Farman F.480 Alizé - training, touring aircraft Farman NC.470 and NC.471 - six-seat trainer and coastal reconnaissance floatplane Farman F.500 - two-seat trainer aircraft Farman 12 CV Farman A 6 Farman A 6 B Farman NF Farman NF 2 During the 1920s, Farman Aviation dabbled in building airboats.
Farman's boat-building followed directly from its aircraft experience. During the First World War, Farman-built aircraft engines and propellers from Farman MF.7s were used to build airboats that were used during the Mesopotamian Campaign fought by Britain and her colonial subjects against the forces of the Ottoman Empire in Mesopotamia. Following the success of these improvised airboats, Britain began ordering purpose-built airboats from Farman and Charles de Lambert's company for use on the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Farman Aircraft began producing civilian airboats in the 1920s, its first non-military airboat sailed in 1920, though its first civilian airboat for sale was Le Ricocheur, a closed-cabin prototype capable of carrying 12 passengers at speeds of up to 125 kilometres per hour. Farman marketed airboats for use as water taxis and as light cargo vessels or patrol boats for French colonial governments on the Mekong and Niger rivers; these airboats were open-cabin, like the airboats of today, though they tended to be somewhat larger, had higher freeboards, lacked a protective cage surrounding the propeller.
Farman's airboats sold for 25,000 to 50,000 francs depending on the model, a price that proved too steep for potential buyers. Société Générale des Transports Aériens — airline formed as Lignes Aériennes Farman Green, William.
Salmson is a French engineering company. A pump manufacturer, it turned to automobile and aeroplane manufacturing in the 20th century, returning to pump manufacturing in the 1960s, re-expanded to a number of products and services in the late 20th and into the 21st century, it has production facilities in Laval. It has subsidiaries in Argentina, Lebanon, South Africa and Vietnam, it was established by Émile Salmson as Emile Salmson, Ing. as a workshop in Paris, making steam-powered compressors and centrifugal pumps for railway and military purposes. Subsequently, joined by engineers George Canton and Georg Unné, it was renamed Emile Salmson & Cie, building petrol-powered lifts and motors; the company became one of the first to make purpose-built aircraft engines, starting before World War I and continuing into World War II. After World War I the company looked around for other work and started making car bodies and complete cars. Car production finished in 1957. Focus moved back to pump production and the facilities moved to Mayenne in 1961.
The firm was bought by ITT-LMT in 1962 and by Thomson in 1976. Its headquarters today are in Chatou, it moved to Billancourt and manufactured the Salmson 9 series of air- and water-cooled radial engines. During World War I Salmson made its first complete aeroplanes the two-seat fighter/reconnaissance plane, the Salmson 2A2; these were used in combat by both the American Expeditionary force. The company designed a prototype of a single seat scout/fighter, the Salmson 3, but this was not produced in large quantities. Salmson aircraft were used for air mail to India in. Aeroplane manufacturing moved to Villeurbanne near Lyon. Two world records were set by Maryse Bastié. Hanriot HD.3 Hanriot H.26 Hanriot H.31 Hanriot H.33 Salmson-Moineau A92H Salmson-Moineau S. M.1 Salmson-Moineau S. M.2 Salmson 1 A.3 Salmson 2 A.2 Salmson 2 Berline Salmson 2 de l'Aéropostale Salmson 3 C.1 Salmson 4 Ab.2 Salmson 5 A.2 Salmson 6 A.2 Salmson 7 A.2 Salmson 16 A.2 Salmson D-1 Phrygane Salmson D-2 Phrygane Salmson D-3 Phryganet Salmson D-4 Phrygane Major Salmson D-6 CriCri Salmson D-7 CriCri Major Salmson D-21 Phrygane Salmson D-211 Phrygane Salmson D-57 Phryganet Aero-engines produced up to 1917 are shown in the following table: In common with several other French aero-engine manufacturers Salmson named their engines with the number of cylinders a series letter in capitals followed by variant letters in lower-case.
Engines not included in the 1932 table are listed here: Salmson air-cooled engines available in 1932 are tabled here: The Billancourt factory became the car manufacturing plant directed by Emile Petit. As the firm had no direct car design expertise they started by building the British GN cyclecar under licence, displaying six cars at the 1919 Paris Salon. In 1922 the car part of the business became a separate company, named Société des Moteurs Salmson; the first Salmson car proper used a four-cylinder engine designed by Petit with unusual valve gear: a single pushrod actuated both inlet and exhaust valves pushing to open the exhaust and pulling to open the inlet. This was used in the AL models from 1921; the same year the company built its first twin-overhead-cam engine, fitted to the 1922 D-type, although most production at first used the pushrod engine. Models included AL, D-type VAL3, AL3, GSC San Sebastian, Gran Sport, 2ACT. Salmson won 550 automobile races and set ten world records before closing the racing department in 1929.
The S-series cars took over from the D-type, becoming a long lived series. S4 S4C S4D S4DA S4-61 S4E. 2300 Sport Coupe After World War II Salmson Type S4-61 were re-introduced. As before the war, they were in most respects mutually indistinguishable from the outside apart from the longer nose on the Type S4-E; the Type S4-61 retained its four-cylinder in-line 1,730 cc engine. The standard body was a four-door sedan/saloon, 4510 mm in length for the four-cylinder car and 4610 mm with the larger engine; as well as the sedan/saloon there was a four-seater two-door coupe version of the S4-61 although this variant represented 10% of the post-war S4-61‘s total sales. A few two-door cabriolets were produced. In October 1947 a updated body appeared for the Type S4-E, featuring more flamboyant wheel arches and lowered headlights, now set into the body work rather than perching above the front wings; the revised frontal treatment quickly found its way onto the coupé and cabriolet variants, making the 13CV S4-E easier to distinguish from the 10 CV S4-61 than hitherto.
Like France's other luxury car makers, Salmson sales suffered from a government taxation policy that penalised cars with large engines and a French economy which during the five-year period from 1945 to 1950 resolutely failed to show significant signs of growth. Overall volumes were depressed; the 336 cars produced in 1948 – split between the 10CV and 13CV cars in a ratio of 2:1 – did provide grounds for cautious optimism when compared to the 1947 volume of just 143 cars built. In 1950 a new car arrived in the shape of the Randonnée E-72. Car sales continued to be slow in the postwar market; the company's passenger car production reached
Etablissements Borel was a French aircraft manufacturer of the early twentieth century. It was founded by Gabriel Borel and manufactured a number of monoplane designs between 1909 and 1914; the factory, located at Mourmelon was temporarily forced to close when the outbreak of World War I saw most of its workers conscripted into the army, but Borel re-opened in November 1915 to produce military aircraft for France under licence from other manufacturers including Caudron, Nieuport and SPAD. After the war, Borel was restructured as the Société Générale des Constructions Industrielles et Mécaniques and attempted to re-market one of its torpedo bomber designs as a civil transport. However, neither this nor two new-generation fighter designs were able to keep the company in business. Morane-Borel monoplane Borel hydro-monoplane Borel Bo.11 Borel military monoplane Borel Torpille Borel-Odier Bo-T Gunston, Bill. World Encyclopedia of Aircraft Manufacturers. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press. Pp. 54–55
Donnet was a French manufacturing company of the early twentieth century. Founded as Société des Établissements Donnet-Denhaut by Jérôme Donnet and François Denhaut at Neuilly-sur-Seine in 1914, the firm manufactured a successful line of patrol flying boats for the French Navy; the company became known as Donnet after designer Denhaut left it in 1919, but did not continue to build aircraft for long afterwards. Jérôme Donnet purchased Automobiles Zedel of Pontarlier, France in 1919, changed the name of the enterprise to Donnet-Zedel. From this factory he made the Donnet-Zedel CI-6 with 2120 cc engine, a design originating from 1912. A new car, the 1098 cc Type G was introduced in 1925 and it sold well, helping Donnet to become France's fourth largest car maker in 1927; the Type G was made in a former Donnet aircraft factory at Seine. Most of the cars produced by Zédel, Donnet-Zédel and Donnet were powered by four-cylinder engines; the Zédel engine had a displacement of 3168 cc, the Donnet-Zédel 1100 or 2120 cc.
The Pontarlier works was sold in 1928 and the Zedel part of the name was dropped. An expanded range of cars appeared. Donnet bought another factory at Nanterre, Seine from Vinot et Deguingand early in 1927; the factory although small had room for expansion. By the time of the 25th Paris Motor Show, in October 1931, substantial investment at Nanterre enabled the manufacturer to boast of having the most up to date automobile factory in France. At the 1931 motor show Jérôme Donnet was keen to put behind him the economic troubles that accompanied the Great Depression, he was promoting a front-wheel drive 11CV design, submitted to him by the automotive engineer Jean-Albert Grégoire; the design used the existing Donnet 1970cc 6-cylinder engine, but this was matched to a well thought through fwd drive-train. The design used a 3,000 mm wheelbase and the projected price of 38,900 francs was quite moderate for so modern a car; the project had not progressed beyond the status of a prototype: the three production models Donnet exhibited in 1931 at the motor show were all conservatively engineered mid-market models, were powered by conventional side-valve engines, featured the classical rear-wheel drive configuration.
Donnet 7CV: 4-cylinder 1,324cc, wheelbase 2,875 mm, price 25,900 francs Donnet 11CV: 6-cylinder 1,970cc, wheelbase 2,875 mm, price 29,950 francs Donnet 14CV: 6-cylinder 2,540cc, wheelbase 3,200 mm, price 38,900 francsWith the acquisition of what had been the Vinot et Deguingand plant at Nanterre, Donnet were able to add what had been the Vinot-Deguingand 4CV to their own range for 1932. The car was powered by a two-stroke 750cc engine, designed by Marcel Violet; the little car had never been sold in great volume by its previous manufacturer, rebadging as a Donnet failed to improve its appeal. By October 1933 it was missing from the Donnet stand at the 27th Paris Motor Show, in fact the last show to feature the Donnet range. Although the range in the 1930s included six-cylinder models, new model investment was limited: the great days were over and production ended in 1934; the impressive modern factory at Nanterre was sold to SIMCA at the end of 1934. One of the best models was a Donnet with a 2540 cc six-cylinder side-valve engine.
Donnet-Denhaut flying boat Donnet-Leveque Type A Donnet-Leveque Type B Donnet-Leveque Type C Gunston, Bill. World Encyclopedia of Aircraft Manufacturers. Annapolis: Naval Institute Press. P. 100. Jane's All the World's Aircraft 1919. London: Sampson Low. Company history at RitzSite Company logo Donnet advertisement More Donnet-Zedel information
Nord-Aviation was a state-owned French aircraft manufacturer. It was created on October 1, 1954 upon the acquisition of SFECMAS by SNCAN; the name Nord is used as a generic name to refer to the Pingouin light aircraft. The company was based in the centre of France, on the site of Bourges airport, in the département of Cher. In 1970, Nord Aviation merged with Sud Aviation to create Société nationale d'industrie aérospatiale renamed Aérospatiale and merged into European aerospace corporation EADS in 2000. Data from:Aviafrance SNCAN and Aviafrance Nord AA.20 AS-20 AS-30 SS.10 SS.11 SS.12/AS.12 Exocet Media related to Nord Aviation at Wikimedia Commons Nord Aviation aircraft by Aviafrance