Canadian Open (tennis)
The Canadian Open is an annual tennis tournament held in Canada. The third-oldest tournament in all of tennis, the Canadian Open's men's competition is a Masters 1000 event on the Association of Tennis Professionals tour; the women's competition is a Premier 5 tournament on the Women's Tennis Association tour. The competition is played on hard courts; the events alternate from year to year between the cities of Toronto. Since 1980 in odd-numbered years the men's tournament is held in Montreal, while the women's tournament is held in Toronto, vice versa in even-numbered years. Before 2011, they were held during separate weeks in the July–August period, now the two competitions are held during the same week in August; the Toronto tournament is held at the Aviva Centre and the Montreal tournament is held at the IGA Stadium. The current singles champions as of the 2018 tournament are Simona Halep; the men's tournament began in 1881, was held at the Toronto Lawn Tennis Club, while the women's competition was first held in 1892.
Of the major tennis tournaments in the world today, only Wimbledon and the US Open have been around longer. Prior to 1968 the tournament was known as the Canadian National Championships. Between 1970 and 1989 it was a major event of the Grand Prix Tennis Tour as part of the Grand Prix Super Series; the tournament was sponsored for a number of years by tobacco brands. In the 1970s, Rothmans International was the chief sponsor, followed by Player's Limited in the 1980s, Du Maurier from 1997 to 2000. Federal legislation, however came into effect that banned tobacco advertising. Rogers Communications, a Canadian communications and media company, took over as the new presenting sponsor; the event was played on clay until 1979. Both the men's and women's tournaments were played as a single combined tournament at the National Tennis Centre in Toronto until 1981, when the men's tournament was played at the Jarry Park Stadium in Montreal for the first time. 1982 was the first year in which the women's tournament was played in Montreal.
In 1989, two Canadian male tennis players, Grant Connell and Andrew Sznajder, reached the quarterfinals of the event. They were eliminated by Andre Agassi during that round. Lendl went on to defeat Agassi in the semi-finals and John McEnroe in the finals of that edition. Lendl has been the tournament's most successful singles player, reaching the final nine times and winning the title in 1980, 1981, 1983, 1987, 1988, 1989. In 1995, Andre Agassi and Pete Sampras met in the final, the third of the four times that the two top-ranked men's players would meet that year, after the Australian Open and Indian Wells Masters. Agassi's tournament win helped him regain the number-one ranking, which he lost to Sampras after they played each other again at the US Open. In 2004, the tournament became part of the US Open Series, in the build-up to the US Open grand slam tournament; the women's tournament was moved to just before the US Open grand slam tournament. Top players such as Venus and Serena Williams and Maria Sharapova withdrew from the tournament at the last minute to rest for the upcoming US Open.
In 2009, WTA CEO Stacey Allaster implemented rules reclassifying the women's event as a Premier 5 and the WTA's rules require each year-end top-10 player from 2008 to participate in at least four Premier 5 tournaments in the 2009 season, or face the threat of fines or docked ranking points. 19 of the top 20 female players took part in the 2009 Rogers Cup draw. The ATP mandates participation for the men's tournament, as a "1000-level" series event. Beginning in 2011, the men's and women's Rogers Cup tournaments were held during the same week, doing away with the tournament, said to be too close to the US Open; the corresponding rounds of the men's and women's matches are held on the same day, though a couple hours apart to avoid broadcast conflicts. Source: The Tennis Base Most titles: Ivan Lendl Most finals: Ivan Lendl Most consecutive titles: Charles Smith Hyman Most consecutive finals: Beals Wright Most matches played: Ivan Lendl Most matches won: Ivan Lendl Most consecutive matches won: Ivan Lendl Most editions played: Robert Bédard Best winning %: Frank Parker Longest final: Willard Crocker v Scott Wallace, result: 4–6 7–5 18–16 6–2 Shortest final: Jeff Borowiak v Jaime Fillol, result: 6–0 6–1 Oldest Champion: James F. Foulkes, 38y, 3m, 23d Youngest Champion: Frank Parker, 16y, 5m, 25d Official website Official Rogers Cup live streaming
Aviva Centre Rexall Centre, is a tennis stadium in Toronto, Canada. The 12,500-capacity Stadium Court is the largest stadium at the tennis complex. Aviva Centre is the venue for the Rogers Cup, a professional tournament on the ATP World Tour and WTA circuits, held annually; the Aviva Centre hosts the men's tournament in even-numbered years and the women's event in odd-numbered years, with the other gender's event held in Montreal in those years. The facility is a year-round tennis training facility; the main stadium is used for seasonal concerts. Aviva Centre is located on the grounds of York University in Toronto. Built in 2004, the main venue holds 12,500 spectators. There are 11 other small courts next to the stadium. All twelve courts use the DecoTurf cushioned acrylic surface, the same surface as the US Open Grand Slam event; the stadium has two party suites. Aviva Centre is the home of the Toronto offices of Tennis Canada and the Ontario Tennis Association; the grounds serve as the national and provincial tennis training centre year-round, offering 16 courts.
The stadium is used for the staging of interuniversity competitions and practices and winter training. During the academic year, a discounted fee on indoor courts is offered to York students weekdays during daytime hours; this is the veni for York University's Convocation Ceremony every year. The facility is located on the western edge of the York University campus, south-east of Jane Street and Steeles Avenue West, at the intersection of Shoreham Drive, Pond Road. To the west of the facility are forested park lands along the Black Creek; the Saywell Woods and Stong Pond are located to east of the facility. The stadium was built to replace the National Tennis Centre, demolished in 2003; the facility opened on July 26, 2004. The first match at the stadium was an opening round match between Andre Agassi and Tommy Haas attended by 10,500; the Aviva Centre is one of two venues for the Canadian Open. The tennis tournament alternates venues year-to-year, between the Aviva Centre, the IGA Stadium in Montreal.
In 2011, the stadium became the venue for the BlackCreek Summer Music Festival, a series of concerts of jazz, opera and symphonic music. In 2014, the venue was named as the host of the tennis events at the 2015 Pan American Games. In 2017, the Aviva Centre hosted the opening ceremonies for the 2017 North American Indigenous Games. In February 2015, Toronto Police Service announced the discovery of a "mystery" tunnel located a few hundred metres from the facility, a story which became viral, it was revealed to be a "man cave." The two men in their mid-20s who excavated the cave had no criminal intent and are not affiliated with York University, Rexall Centre, or the Pan Am Games. The Toronto Sun identified one of the men as 22-year-old Elton McDonald, he faced an $800 fine instead of receiving a criminal record. McDonald's employer said that he lost his tools used to dig the tunnel; the facility is located on Shoreham Road, which connects to Jane Street, just south of Steeles Avenue. There are an estimated 7,000 parking spaces in the vicinity.
Pioneer Village subway station is situated a short walk from the stadium, or transit users can take the 106 Sentinel bus between the stadium and the subway station. Venues of the 2015 Pan American and Parapan American Games List of tennis stadiums by capacity Aviva Official Website Black Creek Summer Music Festival
The Enercare Centre known as the Direct Energy Centre and National Trade Centre, is an exhibition complex located at Exhibition Place in Toronto, Canada. It is used by the Canadian National Exhibition and Royal Agricultural Winter Fair and various trade shows. In 2015, it hosted several sport competitions as well as the broadcasting centre for the 2015 Pan American Games; the complex is named after Enercare, a portfolio company of Brookfield Asset Management which specializes in home services, commercial services, energy solutions. Located just to the west of the Princes' Gates at the eastern end of Exhibition Place, it was the site of a streetcar loop and open space; the new building took over the frontage along Prince's Boulevard and connected to the existing Coliseum and Industry Buildings, creating a large inter-connected exhibition complex. The existing southern entrance of the Coliseum was integrated into the new complex; the streetcar loop was moved to the north of the complex. The open space was the site of the Engineering and Electrical Building, opened in 1928 and torn down in 1972.
In 2005, the CNE Board of Directors entered into a ten-year agreement with Direct Energy Inc. to sponsor the name of the centre, effective in March 2006. The agreement pays fees to a reserve fund, used to keep the centre in a state of good repair. In 2014, part of Direct Energy was sold to EnerCare Inc. including the name-in-title of the centre. The agreement was extended for another ten years to end in 2026, at a value of $7.5 million. At the 2015 Pan American Games the venue hosted the sports of volleyball in Hall A, handball and roller sports figure skating in Hall B, racquetball and squash in Hall C and gymnastics in the adjoining Ricoh Coliseum. Pan American Games organizers referred to the centre as the "Exhibition Centre"; the building was the location of the Main Press and Broadcasting Centre for the Games. The CNE Board of Governors and the City of Toronto intend to study an expansion of the facility; the proposed expansion would add an additional hall connected to the west end of the main building.
Designed by architectural teams Zeidler Partnership Architects and Dunlop-Farrow Architects, the building opened on April 3, 1997, with its first show being the National Home Show. It has seven exhibit halls with one million square feet of exhibition space. Four of the halls are separated by removable walls to create configurable space. Additionally, the Coliseum and Horse Palace can be integrated into an exhibition, it is the largest indoor exhibition centre in Canada. The project cost CA$180 million; the cost was shared by the Toronto and Canadian governments. The entire southern frontage is a long hall. Most of the southern wall of the hall is glass, providing light to the entrances to the exhibit halls which have no windows. At the eastern end of the hall is a small open exhibition space, sometimes used as an art gallery, used by the CNE for cat and dog shows. At the eastern end of the hall is a "living wall." Under the main exhibit space is an underground parking garage, providing 1,300 spaces, connected to the Beanfield Centre in the Automotive Building to the south by an underground tunnel.
Along the top of the hall at towers above entrances are four rotating spotlights which are illuminated when shows are being held at the Centre. The external southern frontage differs along its length; the eastern section mimics the building style of the Automotive Building, using masonry and columns, while the western section is steel and glass, described as "flamboyant futurism". To the north of the new addition is the "Heritage Court" hall, oriented west-east, which links the Coliseum, the Annex and the new addition, it is 50,000 square feet in size. The western entrance to the complex is at the western end of the hall and serves as the main entrance to the Coliseum; the entrance is glass and has a canopy extending to the west, where a canopy extends to the north, between the Horse Palace and the Coliseum, providing cover to those persons arriving from the TTC loop to the north. The original southern exteriors of the Coliseum and Industry Building, dating back to the 1920s, are preserved inside the hall.
The Heritage Court is situated on the site of the TTC rail lines that separated the Coliseum and Industry buildings from the Engineering and Electrical Building. Four of the original "Statues of Industry" which adorned the facade of the Electrical and Engineering Building are mounted in the Heritage Court; the Annex building is used to store cattle and small livestock during the Winter Fair and the CNE. Judging is done in small rings within the Annex, in the Coliseum and in a temporary judging area in the new addition; the area is used by trade shows for demonstration space. As well as being used as part of the Canadian National Exhibition, it hosts the Royal Agricultural Winter Fair annually. Trade shows such as the Toronto International Boat Show, the National Home Show and the One of A Kind Show are held annually in the complex; the Honda Indy Toronto IndyCar race uses the hall for exhibit space. The City of Toronto uses various rooms for public meetings. Architecture and Urban Design Awards 2000, Award: Large Place or Street International Centre Metro Toronto Convention Centre Toronto Congress Centre Venues of the 2015 Pan American and Parapan American Games Official website Category talk:Handball venues in Canada
Montreal is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada. Called Ville-Marie, or "City of Mary", it is named after Mount Royal, the triple-peaked hill in the heart of the city; the city is centred on the Island of Montreal, which took its name from the same source as the city, a few much smaller peripheral islands, the largest of, Île Bizard. It has a distinct four-season continental climate with cold, snowy winters. In 2016, the city had a population of 1,704,694, with a population of 1,942,044 in the urban agglomeration, including all of the other municipalities on the Island of Montreal; the broader metropolitan area had a population of 4,098,927. French is the city's official language and is the language spoken at home by 49.8% of the population of the city, followed by English at 22.8% and 18.3% other languages. In the larger Montreal Census Metropolitan Area, 65.8% of the population speaks French at home, compared to 15.3% who speak English.
The agglomeration Montreal is one of the most bilingual cities in Quebec and Canada, with over 59% of the population able to speak both English and French. Montreal is the second-largest French-speaking city in the world, after Paris, it is situated 258 kilometres south-west of Quebec City. The commercial capital of Canada, Montreal was surpassed in population and in economic strength by Toronto in the 1970s, it remains an important centre of commerce, transport, pharmaceuticals, design, art, tourism, fashion, gaming and world affairs. Montreal has the second-highest number of consulates in North America, serves as the location of the headquarters of the International Civil Aviation Organization, was named a UNESCO City of Design in 2006. In 2017, Montreal was ranked the 12th most liveable city in the world by the Economist Intelligence Unit in its annual Global Liveability Ranking, the best city in the world to be a university student in the QS World University Rankings. Montreal has hosted multiple international conferences and events, including the 1967 International and Universal Exposition and the 1976 Summer Olympics.
It is the only Canadian city to have held the Summer Olympics. In 2018, Montreal was ranked as an Alpha− world city; as of 2016 the city hosts the Canadian Grand Prix of Formula One, the Montreal International Jazz Festival and the Just for Laughs festival. In the Mohawk language, the island is called Tiohtià:ke Tsi, it is a name referring to the Lachine Rapids to the island's Ka-wé-no-te. It means "a place where nations and rivers unite and divide". In the Ojibwe language, the land is called Mooniyaang which means "the first stopping place" and is part of the seven fires prophecy; the city was first named Ville Marie by European settlers from La Flèche, or "City of Mary", named for the Virgin Mary. Its current name comes from the triple-peaked hill in the heart of the city. According to one theory, the name derives from mont Réal,. A possibility by the Government of Canada on its web site concerning Canadian place names, is that the name was adopted as it is written nowadays because an early map of 1556 used the Italian name of the mountain, Monte Real.
Archaeological evidence demonstrates that First Nations native people occupied the island of Montreal as early as 4,000 years ago. By the year AD 1000, they had started to cultivate maize. Within a few hundred years, they had built fortified villages; the Saint Lawrence Iroquoians, an ethnically and culturally distinct group from the Iroquois nations of the Haudenosaunee based in present-day New York, established the village of Hochelaga at the foot of Mount Royal two centuries before the French arrived. Archeologists have found evidence of their habitation there and at other locations in the valley since at least the 14th century; the French explorer Jacques Cartier visited Hochelaga on October 2, 1535, estimated the population of the native people at Hochelaga to be "over a thousand people". Evidence of earlier occupation of the island, such as those uncovered in 1642 during the construction of Fort Ville-Marie, have been removed. Seventy years the French explorer Samuel de Champlain reported that the St Lawrence Iroquoians and their settlements had disappeared altogether from the St Lawrence valley.
This is believed to be due to epidemics of European diseases, or intertribal wars. In 1611 Champlain established a fur trading post on the Island of Montreal, on a site named La Place Royale. At the confluence of Petite Riviere and St. Lawrence River, it is where present-day Pointe-à-Callière stands. On his 1616 map, Samuel de Champlain named the island Lille de Villemenon, in honour of the sieur de Villemenon, a French dignitary, seeking the viceroyship of New France. In 1639 Jérôme Le Royer de La Dauversière obtained the Seigneurial title to the Island of Montreal in the name of the Notre Dame Society of Montreal to establish a Roman Catholic mission to evangelize natives. Dauversiere hired Paul Chomedey de Maisonneuve 30, to lead a group of colonists to build a mission on his new seigneury; the colonists left France in 1641 for Quebec, arrived on the island the following year. On May 17, 1642, Ville-Marie was founded on the southern shore of Montreal is
Seating capacity is the number of people who can be seated in a specific space, in terms of both the physical space available, limitations set by law. Seating capacity can be used in the description of anything ranging from an automobile that seats two to a stadium that seats hundreds of thousands of people; the largest sporting venue in the world, the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, has a permanent seating capacity for more than 235,000 people and infield seating that raises capacity to an approximate 400,000. Safety is a primary concern in determining the seating capacity of a venue: "Seating capacity, seating layouts and densities are dictated by legal requirements for the safe evacuation of the occupants in the event of fire"; the International Building Code specifies, "In places of assembly, the seats shall be securely fastened to the floor" but provides exceptions if the total number of seats is fewer than 100, if there is a substantial amount of space available between seats or if the seats are at tables.
It delineates the number of available exits for interior balconies and galleries based on the seating capacity, sets forth the number of required wheelchair spaces in a table derived from the seating capacity of the space. The International Fire Code, portions of which have been adopted by many jurisdictions, is directed more towards the use of a facility than the construction, it specifies, "For areas having fixed seating without dividing arms, the occupant load shall not be less than the number of seats based on one person for each 18 inches of seating length". It requires that every public venue submit a detailed site plan to the local fire code official, including "details of the means of egress, seating capacity, arrangement of the seating...."Once safety considerations have been satisfied, determinations of seating capacity turn on the total size of the venue, its purpose. For sports venues, the "decision on maximum seating capacity is determined by several factors. Chief among these are the primary sports program and the size of the market area".
In motion picture venues, the "limit of seating capacity is determined by the maximal viewing distance for a given size of screen", with image quality for closer viewers declining as the screen is expanded to accommodate more distant viewers. Seating capacity of venues plays a role in what media they are able to provide and how they are able to provide it. In contracting to permit performers to use a theatre or other performing space, the "seating capacity of the performance facility must be disclosed". Seating capacity may influence the kind of contract to be the royalties to be given; the seating capacity must be disclosed to the copyright owner in seeking a license for the copyrighted work to be performed in that venue. Venues that may be leased for private functions such as ballrooms and auditoriums advertise their seating capacity. Seating capacity is an important consideration in the construction and use of sports venues such as stadiums and arenas; when entities such as the National Football League's Super Bowl Committee decide on a venue for a particular event, seating capacity, which reflects the possible number of tickets that can be sold for the event, is an important consideration.
The seating capacity for restaurants is reported as'covers'. Seating capacity differs from total capacity, which describes the total number of people who can fit in a venue or in a vehicle either sitting or standing. Where seating capacity is a legal requirement, however, as it is in movie theatres and on aircraft, the law reflects the fact that the number of people allowed in should not exceed the number who can be seated. Use of the term "public capacity" indicates that a venue is allowed to hold more people than it can seat. Again, the maximum total number of people can refer to either the physical space available or limitations set by law. All-seater stadium List of stadiums by capacity List of football stadiums by capacity List of American football stadiums by capacity List of rugby league stadiums by capacity List of rugby union stadiums by capacity List of tennis stadiums by capacity Seating assignment
Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada. It is Canada's most populous province accounting for 38.3 percent of the country's population, is the second-largest province in total area. Ontario is fourth-largest jurisdiction in total area when the territories of the Northwest Territories and Nunavut are included, it is home to the nation's capital city and the nation's most populous city, Ontario's provincial capital. Ontario is bordered by the province of Manitoba to the west, Hudson Bay and James Bay to the north, Quebec to the east and northeast, to the south by the U. S. states of Minnesota, Ohio and New York. All of Ontario's 2,700 km border with the United States follows inland waterways: from the west at Lake of the Woods, eastward along the major rivers and lakes of the Great Lakes/Saint Lawrence River drainage system; these are the Rainy River, the Pigeon River, Lake Superior, the St. Marys River, Lake Huron, the St. Clair River, Lake St. Clair, the Detroit River, Lake Erie, the Niagara River, Lake Ontario and along the St. Lawrence River from Kingston, Ontario, to the Quebec boundary just east of Cornwall, Ontario.
There is only about 1 km of land border made up of portages including Height of Land Portage on the Minnesota border. Ontario is sometimes conceptually divided into Northern Ontario and Southern Ontario; the great majority of Ontario's population and arable land is in the south. In contrast, the larger, northern part of Ontario is sparsely populated with cold winters and heavy forestation; the province is named after Lake Ontario, a term thought to be derived from Ontarí:io, a Huron word meaning "great lake", or skanadario, which means "beautiful water" in the Iroquoian languages. Ontario has about 250,000 freshwater lakes; the province consists of three main geographical regions: The thinly populated Canadian Shield in the northwestern and central portions, which comprises over half the land area of Ontario. Although this area does not support agriculture, it is rich in minerals and in part covered by the Central and Midwestern Canadian Shield forests, studded with lakes and rivers. Northern Ontario is subdivided into two sub-regions: Northeastern Ontario.
The unpopulated Hudson Bay Lowlands in the extreme north and northeast swampy and sparsely forested. Southern Ontario, further sub-divided into four regions. Despite the absence of any mountainous terrain in the province, there are large areas of uplands within the Canadian Shield which traverses the province from northwest to southeast and above the Niagara Escarpment which crosses the south; the highest point is Ishpatina Ridge at 693 metres above sea level in Temagami, Northeastern Ontario. In the south, elevations of over 500 m are surpassed near Collingwood, above the Blue Mountains in the Dundalk Highlands and in hilltops near the Madawaska River in Renfrew County; the Carolinian forest zone covers most of the southwestern region of the province. The temperate and fertile Great Lakes-Saint Lawrence Valley in the south is part of the Eastern Great Lakes lowland forests ecoregion where the forest has now been replaced by agriculture and urban development. A well-known geographic feature is part of the Niagara Escarpment.
The Saint Lawrence Seaway allows navigation to and from the Atlantic Ocean as far inland as Thunder Bay in Northwestern Ontario. Northern Ontario occupies 87 percent of the surface area of the province. Point Pelee is a peninsula of Lake Erie in southwestern Ontario, the southernmost extent of Canada's mainland. Pelee Island and Middle Island in Lake Erie extend farther. All are south of 42°N – farther south than the northern border of California; the climate of Ontario varies by location. It is affected by three air sources: cold, arctic air from the north; the effects of these major air masses on temperature and precipitation depend on latitude, proximity to major bodies of water and to a small extent, terrain relief. In general, most of Ontario's climate is classified as humid continental. Ontario has three main climatic regions; the surrounding Great Lakes influence the climatic region of southern Ontario. During the fall and winter months, heat stored from the lakes is released, moderating the climate near the shores of the lakes.
This gives some parts of southern Ontario milder winters than mid-continental areas at lower latitudes. Parts of Southwestern Ontario have a moderate humid continental climate, similar to that of the inland Mid-Atlantic states and the Great Lakes portion of the Midwestern United States; the region has warm to cold winters. Annual precipitation is well distributed throughout the year. Most of this region lies in the lee of the Great Lakes. In December 2010, the snowbelt set a new record when it was h
A man cave or manspace, less a manland or mantuary is a male retreat or sanctuary in a home, such as a specially equipped garage, spare bedroom, media room, den, or basement. The term "man cave" is a metaphor describing a room inside the house such as the basement or garage or attic or office, or outside the house such as a wood shed or tool room where men are supposed to be able to do as they please, without fear of upsetting any female sensibility about house decor or design. Paula Aymer of Tufts University calls it the "last bastion of masculinity"; the first known use of the phrase is from March 21 1992 in the Toronto Star by Joanne Lovering. The phrase gained traction with the 1993 publication of Men Are from Mars, Women Are from Venus. by John Gray. While a partner may have substantial authority over the rest of the house in terms of design and decoration, they have no say in the look of a man's personal space. Because, stereotypically in heterosexual couples, the woman decides the decor of the home, a man cave is a space where a man can express his creativity and sense of design.
Man caves have multiple purposes: they are a place to be alone, to indulge in hobbies, to hang out with male friends. It is, loosely, a male-only space to retreat to watch sports play video games. According to psychiatrist and author Scott Haltzman, it is important for a man to have a place to call his own, referring to a male area to which to retreat. Rules are relaxed. In a sense, for married men, it is a way to recreate some of the space and freedom of their pad,frat house, or college dorm room, where people could come and go as if they owned the place, it is where a man doesn't have to be on his best behavior, where no women are around, is supposed to be able to relax. Writer and handyman Sam Martin explained: Men have had an identity problem since the women's movement, they have tried to figure out. For a while women wanted them to be more sensitive, so they were more sensitive. Women wanted them to be more manly. One of the things I discovered is when men have their own manspace, what they put inside of it is an expression of who they are.
Manspace is about establishing an identity for a man. Our premise is that women have control of the look and the feel of the house and that left guys wanting more. Anybody who has a specific interest or hobby or work or collection is going to want a space to indulge that. Martin thinks that any space in the house will do a lounge chair and a set of headphones, provided there's an agreement with one's wife or girlfriend that the space is under the control of the man; the advantages of a self-contained room are that male-oriented design choices, such as tacky lamps and beer-can sculptures, are out of sight of women, but in a way that doesn't disturb female sensibilities since visitors don't visit the man cave. It's in the home. Sociologist Tristan Bridges has interviewed their partners about their man caves, he found that many men used their man caves. One man Bridges interviewed said "I feel like some day guys from my neighbourhood will congregate here after work and we'll share a beer and chat."
When Bridges asked about who these guys were, the man replied "I don't know". Bridges says that his research has turned into'a story about men's loneliness. According to several sources, the general architectural and design trend is for men to take traditionally male-only spaces, enhance them with improvements and masculine aesthetic choices. Man caves can be equipped with accessories such as refrigerators, vending machines, putting greens, giant TVs, musical instruments including gear such as microphone stands and amplifiers, pool tables, boxing rings, entertainment centers. A man cave may be fitted out with a bar and sports memorabilia such as trophies. In the book Where Men Hide which Publishers Weekly described as an affable but only “sometimes thought provoking” guide, author James Twitchell and photographer Ken Ross explore areas where men like to be alone. According to Twitchell, some public male-only spaces, such as the barbershop, are declining, while other spaces are taking their places, the author tries to show the attractions of the "grimy garage."
The book suggests that "men make their own spaces for ill", according to Publishers Weekly. Twitchell focused on communal man cave spaces such as male-only groups in megachurches a modern-day replacement for declining attendance at male-only clubs such as Masonic lodges. Twitchell noted that some anthropologists have speculated that these spots are a place for men to bond before hunting or war, where they can "smoke or fart" and tell the "same jokes over and over again."One man redecorated the space to look like a replica model of the bridge of the Starship Enterprise from the TV show Star Trek. Upscale sports-themed furnishings are available to outfit a man cave; these rooms are often decorated by the male, with little or no female influence. The room may be large enough to accommodate a big screen television used for watching sports games with male friends. If it is an area set off from the rest of the house, it may be possible to make noise, or yell at the television, without fear of reprisals from a wife, girlfriend or mother.
Garages have been a man space since they're lit by "harsh fluorescent bulbs" and lack heat or air conditioning but present a guy with an "opportunity to disappear for hours while never leaving the premises." There are some reports suggesting that some men are to "lavish time and attention on fixing this spot up". Plac