Awre

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Awre
The War Memorial at Awre - geograph.org.uk - 2722989.jpg
The War Memorial at Awre
Awre is located in Gloucestershire
Awre
Awre
Awre shown within Gloucestershire
Population 1,714 (Civil parish, 2011)
OS grid reference SO7008
Civil parish
  • Awre
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Blakeney
Postcode district GL15
Dialling code 01594
Police Gloucestershire
Fire Gloucestershire
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament
Website Awre Parish Council home page
List of places
UK
England
Gloucestershire
51°46′N 2°26′W / 51.767°N 2.433°W / 51.767; -2.433Coordinates: 51°46′N 2°26′W / 51.767°N 2.433°W / 51.767; -2.433

Awre (/ɔːr/)[1] is a village, civil parish and electoral ward in the Forest of Dean district of Gloucestershire, England, near the River Severn.

The parish and electoral ward includes the larger village of Blakeney, as well as Etloe, Gatcombe, Viney Hill and Two Bridges.

According to the 2001 census, Awre had a population of 1,644, increasing to 1,714 at the 2011 census. The electoral ward gives similar figures[2]

History[edit]

The name is from Old English; āfor "bitter or sour" and ēa "water-meadow or island" translates to "sour water-meadow".[1]

St Andrew's parish church viewed from the southeast

The manor of Awre is mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086. Together with Lydney and Alvington, the parish of Awre comprised Bledisloe Hundred.[3] Awre was a large parish which included the tithings of Blakeney, Bledisloe, Hagloe, and Etloe.[3] The manors were often in royal hands or in possession of great medieval magnates.[4] The whole of Awre parish was included within the jurisdiction of the Forest of Dean before 1228.[4]

The village was once larger than today, though probably always scattered in plan.[4] The small riverside hamlet of Gatcombe was once an important anchorage for vessels on the Severn, and shipbuilding was established there by the 17th century.[4] By the late 18th century and the early 19th century, the industrial and trading village of Blakeney had replaced Awre village as the principal centre of population.[4]

A church at Awre is mentioned in Domesday Book, and by the mid 12th century it was dedicated to St. Andrew.[4] It was rebuilt in the mid-13th century as a large building with a long chancel and a nave and north aisle of six bays. The porch was added in the 14th century and the upper part of the tower was reconstructed in the 15th. The church was restored in the 19th century.[4] There is a 15th-century font, and a 15th-century oak rood screen. A medieval dugout chest stands under the tower.[4] The graveyard contains many burials of those drowned in the Severn as a result of shipwreck or other accident.[4]

Railway[edit]

Between 1851 and 1959 the village was served by the Awre for Blakeney railway station.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Watts, Victor, ed. (2010), "Awre", The Cambridge Dictionary of English Place-Names, Cambridge University Press, ISBN 9780521168557 
  2. ^ "Parish & electoral ward 2011". Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 26 March 2015. 
  3. ^ a b Bledisloe Hundred, A History of the County of Gloucester: Volume 5. Victoria County History
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i Awre A History of the County of Gloucester: Volume 5. Victoria County History.
  5. ^ Mike Oakley (2003). Gloucestershire Railway Stations. Wimborne: Dovecote Press. pp. 16–17. ISBN 1-904349-24-2. 

External links[edit]