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Axinite – Deposit Topotype, France
Category Cyclosilicates
(repeating unit)
(Ca,Fe,Mn)3Al2BO3Si4O12OH or Ca2(Fe,Mn)Al2BSi4O15(OH)
Strunz classification 9.BD.20
Crystal system Triclinic
Crystal class Pinacoidal (1)
(same H-M symbol)
Space group P1
Color Reddish brown to yellow to colorless. Blue, violet, grey.
Crystal habit Tabular, wedge shaped crystals
Cleavage Good on {100}
Fracture Conchoidal
Mohs scale hardness 6.0–7.5
Luster Vitreous
Streak White
Specific gravity 3.18–3.37
Optical properties Biaxial (-)
Refractive index nα = 1.672–1.693
nβ = 1.677–1.701
nγ = 1.681–1.704
Birefringence δ = 0.011
Pleochroism Strong
References [1][2]

Axinite is a brown to violet-brown, or reddish-brown bladed group of minerals composed of calcium aluminium boro-silicate, (Ca,Fe,Mn)3Al2BO3Si4O12OH. Axinite is pyroelectric and piezoelectric.

The axinite group includes:

  • Axinite-(Fe) or ferroaxinite, Ca2Fe2+Al2BOSi4O15(OH) iron rich, clove-brown, brown, plum-blue, pearl-gray[3]
  • Axinite-(Mg) or magnesioaxinite, Ca2MgAl2BOSi4O15(OH) magnesium rich, pale blue to pale violet; light brown to light pink[4]
  • Axinite-(Mn) or manganaxinite, Ca2Mn2+Al2BOSi4O15(OH) manganese rich, honey-yellow, clove-brown, brown to blue[5]
  • Tinzenite, (CaFe2+Mn2+)3Al2BOSi4O15(OH) iron – manganese intermediate, yellow, brownish yellow-green[6]

Axinite is sometimes used as a gemstone.[7]



  1. ^ Axinite Archived November 19, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.. Mineral Galleries
  2. ^ Axinite. Mindat
  3. ^ Handbook of Mineralogy: Ferroaxinite
  4. ^ Handbook of Mineralogy: Magnesioaxinite
  5. ^ Handbook of Mineralogy: Manganaxinite
  6. ^ Handbook of Mineralogy: Tinzenite
  7. ^ Tables of Gemstone Identification By Roger Dedeyne, Ivo Quintens p.147