Axiology is the philosophical study of value. It is either the collective term for ethics and aesthetics, philosophical fields that depend crucially on notions of worth, or the foundation for these fields, thus similar to value theory and meta-ethics; the term was first used by Paul Lapie, in 1902, Eduard von Hartmann, in 1908. Axiology studies two kinds of values: ethics and aesthetics. Ethics investigates the concepts of "right" and "good" in social conduct. Aesthetics studies the concepts of "beauty" and "harmony." Formal axiology, the attempt to lay out principles regarding value with mathematical rigor, is exemplified by Robert S. Hartman's science of value. Between the 5th and 6th centuries BC, it was important in Greece to be knowledgeable if you were to be successful. Philosophers began to recognize. Socrates believed that knowledge had a vital connection to virtue, making morality and democracy intertwined. Socrates' student, Plato furthered the belief by establishing virtues which should be followed by all.

With the fall of the government, values became individual, causing skeptic schools of thought to flourish shaping a pagan philosophy, thought to have influenced and shaped Christianity. During the medieval period, Thomas Aquinas made the distinction between natural and supernatural virtues; this concept led philosophers to distinguish between judgments based on fact and judgments based on values, creating division between science and philosophy. Axiological ethics Praxeology Nikolay Lossky Money – Object or record accepted as payment Nihilism Russian philosophy – Wikipedia list article Utility – Concept in economics and game theory Value Value – Personal value, basis for ethical action Hartman, Robert S.. The Structure of Value. USI Press. 384 pages. Findlay, J. N.. Axiological Ethics. New York: Macmillan. ISBN 0-333-00269-5. 100 pages. Rescher, Nicholas. Value Matters: Studies in Axiology. Frankfurt: Ontos Verlag. ISBN 3-937202-67-6. 140 pages. Cushan, Anna-Marie. Investigations into Facts and Values: Groundwork for a theory of moral conflict resolution.

Melbourne: Ondwelle. Marías, Julián. History of Philosophy. New York: Dover Publications, Inc. Zalta, Edward N.. "Value Theory". Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Cultura: International Journal of Philosophy of Culture and Axiology

Trio 99 – 00

Trio 99 → 00 is an album by Pat Metheny recorded with Larry Grenadier on bass and Bill Stewart on drums and released in 2000. This trio came together as Metheny finished a two-year stretch of recording and touring around the world with his regular group. For his "vacation" period, Metheny decided to find a few like-minded younger players and continue once again to expand on his unique vision of what a guitar-led, improvisationally-driven, three-piece ensemble could suggest within this modern culture of music. During recording, the trio "spent just a couple of days together in the studio, just for a few hours a day, just playing", according to Metheny, they did not listen back to anything until a few weeks later. Metheny won the 2000 Grammy Award for Best Jazz Instrumental Solo for " Get It." All tracks are written by Pat Metheny except. Pat Metheny – electric and acoustic guitars Larry Grenadier – double bass Bill Stewart – drums Grammy Awards Source - Album cover and liner notes

R. A. Lafferty

Raphael Aloysius Lafferty was an American science fiction and fantasy writer known for his original use of language and narrative structure, as well as for his etymological wit. He wrote a set of four autobiographical novels, In a Green Tree. In March 2011, it was announced in Locus that the copyrights to 29 Lafferty novels and 225 short stories were up for sale; the literary estate was soon thereafter purchased by the magazine's nonprofit foundation, under the auspices of board member Neil Gaiman. Lafferty was born on November 7, 1914, in Neola, Iowa to Hugh David Lafferty, a broker dealing in oil leases and royalties, Julia Mary Burke, a teacher, his first name, derived from the day on which he was expected to be born--. When he was 4, his family moved to Oklahoma, he graduated from Cascia Hall and attended night school at the University of Tulsa for two years starting in 1933 studying math and German, but left before graduating. He began to work for a Clark Electric Co. in Tulsa, a newspaper as well.

R. A. Lafferty lived most of his life with his sister, Anna Lafferty. Lafferty enlisted in the U. S. Army in 1942. After training in Texas, North Carolina and California, he was sent to the South Pacific Area, serving in Australia, New Guinea and the Philippines; when he left the Army in 1946, he had become a 1st Sergeant serving as a staff sergeant and had received an Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal. He never married. Lafferty did not begin writing until the 1950s, but he wrote thirty-two novels and more than two hundred short stories, most of them at least nominally science fiction, his first published story was "The Wagons" in New Mexico Quarterly Review in 1959. His first published science fiction story was "Day of the Glacier", in The Original Science Fiction Stories in 1960, his first published novel was Past Master in 1968; until 1971, Lafferty worked as an electrical engineer. After that, he spent his time writing until around 1980, he stopped writing in 1984. In 1994, he suffered an more severe stroke.

He died 18 March 2002, aged 87 in a nursing home in Broken Arrow. His collected papers and ephemera were donated to the University of Tulsa's McFarlin Library, Department of Special Collections and University Archives. Other manuscripts are housed in the University of Iowa's Library special collections department. Lafferty's funeral took place at Christ the King Catholic Church in Tulsa, where he attended daily Mass, he is buried at St. Rose Catholic Cemetery in Perry. Lafferty's quirky prose drew from traditional storytelling styles from the Irish and Native American, his shaggy-dog characters and tall tales are unique in science fiction. Little of Lafferty's writing is considered typical of the genre, his stories are closer to tall tales than traditional science fiction and are influenced by his Catholic beliefs. His writings, both topically and stylistically, are not easy to categorize. Plot is secondary to other elements of Lafferty's writing. Not all of Lafferty's work was science fantasy; this novel was thought of by the novelist Dee Brown, author of Bury My Heart at Wounded Knee, who on the back cover of the edition of published by the University of Oklahoma Press, writes "The history of the Choctaw Indians has been told before and is still being told, but it has never been told in the way Lafferty tells it...

Hannali is a buffalo bull of a man who should become one of the enduring characters in the literature of the American Indian." He wrote, "It is art applied to history so that the legend of the Choctaws, their great and small men, their splendid humor, their tragedies are filled with life and breath." Lafferty's work is represented by Virginia Kidd Literary Agency, which holds a cache of his unpublished manuscripts. This includes over a dozen novels, such as In The Akrokeraunian Mountains and Iron Tongue of Midnight, as well as about eighty short stories and a handful of essays. Past Master,; the Elliptical Grave Dotty More Than Melchisedech.