William Mann Fincke was an American football player, pacifist minister, educator. He played college football for the Yale Bulldogs football team and was selected as a consensus All-American in 1900, he became a Presbyterian minister and proponent of the social gospel. Along with his wife, Helen, he founded both the Manumit School. Fincke was born in New York City in 1878, his father, William Mann Fincke, was a businessman. Fincke attended preparatory school at The Hill School in Pennsylvania, he graduated from The Hill School in 1897. Fincke was a step-brother to Lincoln Ellsworth. Finkce enrolled at Yale University, where he played football in 1899 and 1900, he was a member of Yale's track team for three years and the captain of the track team during his senior year. In 1900, he was selected as a consensus All-American while playing at the quarterback position for the undefeated Yale Bulldogs football team. Finkce was a member of the Delta Psi fraternity while attending Yale University, he was a class deacon and the chairman of the Class Supper Committee.
He graduated from Yale's Sheffield Scientific School in 1901 with a Ph. B. degree. After graduating from Yale, Fincke worked for Ellsworth & Company, a Lake Erie ferry service owned by his father. In the position, he was involved in shipping coal to the factories of the Great Lakes region. After several years with Ellsworth & Company, he served from 1906 to 1907 as the general manager of the Pennsylvania-Ontario Transportation Company in Woodstock, Ontario. During this time, Fincke "lost interest in industrial management and was troubled by capitalism's exploitation of the laboring class." In 1908, Fincke next enrolled at the Union Theological Seminary. While enrolled at the seminary, became critical of the church's traditional role and its relationship to wealth and studied the works of Walter Rauschenbusch and Washington Gladden, who advocated the social gospel. After graduating from the seminary in 1911, Fincke served as assistant pastor of the Madison Avenue Presbyterian Church in New York.
From 1912 to 1917, he was the pastor of the Greenwich Presbyterian Church in lower Manhattan. In April 1917, Fincke's congregation voted to remove him as pastor after he delivered a pacifist sermon rejecting the belief that World War I, which the United States had joined, was a fight for liberty and democracy. In 1917, Fincke enlisted in the United States Army Medical Corps; the ship on which he sailed to Europe was sunk by a German U-boat. In France, he served with the Presbyterian Hospital Unit, he served in Europe from May 1917 to January 1918. After the war, Fincke became active in the Labor Temple in New York City, he was the acting director of the New York Labor Temple from April 1918 to June 1919. The Labor Temple was affiliated with the Presbyterian Church and offered social and educational programs for the city's working class. During the Steel strike of 1919, Fincke traveled to Duquesne, Pennsylvania, as part of the Fellowship of Reconciliation, he led a fight for the free speech rights of striking steel workers and was imprisoned on a charge of disturbing the peace.
In 1919, Fincke established an experimental boarding school on the former Brookwood Estate in Katonah, New York. Fincke had purchased the estate in 1914, his wife and family lived in the estate, he converted the main house into an experimental school and dormitory for teen-aged workers from the "needle trades" in New York City and farms in the lower Hudson Valley. Fincke was assisted at Brookwood by Fellowship of Reconciliation activists, including peace activist John Nevin Sayre, Socialist Party leader Norman Thomas, labor economist Robert W. Dunn. Courses at the college included "The Literature of Revolt," "The History of Workers in America," and "Social and Economic Problems of Today." Students at the college were not charged tuition, the operating costs were funded in part by Finkce's personal wealth. In 1921, the school became the Brookwood Labor College, the first residential labor college in the United States. In 1922, Fincke ended his involvement with Brookwood. Along with his wife, Helen, he moved to a farm in New York.
On the farm, he and his wife established the Manumit School, a co-educational boarding school referred to as a "laborers' peace school for young children." Manumit was described as "an alliance of progressive labor and progressive education" and was associated with a number of New York City labor unions. In 1927, at age 49, Fincke died of lymphatic leukemia at St. Luke's Hospital in New York City, he was buried at Manumit School. William Fincke at Find a Grave
Larry Kramer is an American playwright, film producer, public health advocate, LGBT rights activist. He began his career rewriting scripts while working for Columbia Pictures, which led him to London where he worked with United Artists. There he wrote the screenplay for the 1969 film Women in Love and earned an Academy Award nomination for his work. Kramer introduced a controversial and confrontational style in his novel Faggots, which earned mixed reviews and emphatic denunciations from elements within the gay community for Kramer's one-sided portrayal of shallow, promiscuous gay relationships in the 1970s. Kramer witnessed the spread of the disease known as Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome among his friends in 1980, he co-founded the Gay Men's Health Crisis, which has become the world's largest private organization assisting people living with AIDS. Kramer grew frustrated with bureaucratic paralysis and the apathy of gay men to the AIDS crisis, wished to engage in further action than the social services GMHC provided.
He expressed his frustration by writing a play titled The Normal Heart, produced at The Public Theater in New York City in 1985. His political activism continued with the founding of the AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power in 1987, an influential direct action protest organization with the aim of gaining more public action to fight the AIDS crisis. ACT UP has been credited with changing public health policy and the perception of people living with AIDS, with raising awareness of HIV and AIDS-related diseases. Kramer has been a finalist for the Pulitzer Prize for his play The Destiny of Me, he is a two-time recipient of the Obie Award; the younger of two children, Kramer was born in Bridgeport and considered an "unwanted child" by his Jewish parents, an attorney and a social worker. When the family moved to Maryland they found themselves in a much lower socioeconomic bracket than that of Kramer's high school peers. Kramer had become sexually involved with a male friend in junior high school, but he dated girls in high school.
His father wanted him to marry a woman with money and thus pressed him to become a member of Pi Tau Pi, a Jewish fraternity. Kramer enrolled at Yale University in 1953, he felt lonely, earned lower grades than those to which he was accustomed. He attempted suicide by an overdose of aspirin because he felt like he was the "only gay student on campus"; the experience left him determined to explore his sexuality and set him on the path to fight "for gay people's worth". The next semester, he had an affair with his German professor – his first requited romantic relationship with a man; when the professor was scheduled to study in Europe, he invited Kramer to accompany him, but Kramer opted not to go. Yale had been a family tradition: Kramer's father, older brother Arthur, two uncles were alumni. Kramer enjoyed the Varsity Glee Club during his remaining time at Yale, he graduated in 1957 with a degree in English. According to Kramer, every drama he has written derives from a desire to understand love's nature and its obstacles.
Kramer became involved with movie production at age 23 by taking a job as a Teletype operator at Columbia Pictures, agreeing to the position only because the machine was across the hall from the president's office. He won a position in the story department reworking scripts, his first writing credit was as a dialogue writer for Here We Go Round the Mulberry Bush, a teen sex comedy. He followed that with the 1969 Oscar-nominated screenplay Women in Love, an adaptation of D. H. Lawrence's novel, he next penned what Kramer calls "the only thing in my life I'm ashamed of," the 1973 musical remake of Frank Capra's Lost Horizon, a notorious critical and commercial failure whose screenplay was based closely on Capra's film. Kramer has said that his well-negotiated fee for this work, skillfully invested by his brother, made him financially self-sufficient. Kramer began to integrate homosexual themes into his work, tried writing for the stage, he wrote Sissies' Scrapbook in 1973, a dramatic play about four friends, one of whom is gay, their dysfunctional relationships.
Kramer called it a play about "cowardice and the inability of some men to grow up, leave the emotional bondage of male collegiate camaraderie, assume adult responsibilities". The play was first produced in a theater set up in an old YMCA gymnasium on 53rd Street and Eighth Avenue called the Playwrights Horizons. Live theater moved him to believing. Although the play was given a somewhat favorable review by The New York Times, it was closed by the producer and Kramer was so distraught that he decided never to write for the stage again stating, "You must be a masochist to work in the theater and a sadist to succeed on its stages."Kramer next wrote A Minor Dark Age, though it failed to be produced. Frank Rich, in the foreword to a Grove Press collection of Kramer's less-known works, wrote that "dreamlike quality of the writing is haunting" in Dark Age, that its themes, such as the exploration of the difference between sex and passion, "are staples of his entire output" that would portend his future work, including the 1978 novel Faggots.
In 1978, Kramer delivered the final of four drafts of a novel that he wrote about the fast lifestyle of gay men of Fire Island and Manhattan. In Faggots, the primary character was modeled on himself, a man, unable to find love while encountering the drugs and emotionless sex in the trendy bars and discos, he stated his inspiration for the novel: "I wanted to be in love. Everybody I knew felt the same way. I think most people, at som
Melvin Emery Patton was an American sprinter, who won two gold medals at the 1948 Summer Olympics. He was ranked first in the world in the 100 m and 200 m events in 1947 and 1949. Born in Los Angeles, Mel Patton or Pell Mell, as he was nicknamed in the late 1940s, made his mark in track and field while a student at the University of Southern California, where he was coached by Dean Cromwell. During his collegiate years, Patton was a member of the Delta-Eta Chapter of the Kappa Sigma Fraternity, he attended University High School in Los Angeles. Patton won the NCAA 100-yard dash in 1947 and in 1948 and 1949 completed the 100 and 220 yd sprint double at that same meet. In 1947 he tied the 100 yd dash world record of 9.4. In 1949 he set a 220 yd world record on a straightaway of 20.2, breaking the record held by Jesse Owens. In the Olympic Trials, he suffered a rare loss to Barney Ewell in the 100 m final in the Olympic Games placed only fifth in the 100 m, he atoned for that disappointment by taking two gold medals in the 4 × 100 m relay.
After retiring from competition, Patton participated in several professional races in Australia. He worked as a teacher and athletics coach at Long Beach City College and Wichita State University before becoming an executive in the aerospace and electronics industries, he served in the U. S. Navy as a seaman and aviator during World War II. In the 1970s Patton helped develop the national sports program in Saudi Arabia, he was inducted into the National Track and Field Hall of Fame in 1985, died in Fallbrook, California on May 9, 2014. He had a daughter Susan and a son named Gary. An Olympian’s Oral History – Melvin Patton
Lower Frederick Township is a township in Montgomery County, United States. The population was 4,840 at the 2010 census; the Knurr Log House was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1974. According to the United States Census Bureau, the township has a total area of 8.1 square miles, of which, 8.0 square miles of it is land and 0.1 square miles of it is water. It is drained by the Perkiomen Creek into the Schuylkill River, its villages include Delphi and Zieglerville. Upper Salford Township Schwenksville Perkiomen Township Limerick Township Upper Frederick Township As of the 2010 census, the township was 94.3% White, 2.0% Black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 1.4% Asian, 1.0% were two or more races. 3.0 % of the population were of Latino ancestry. As of the census of 2000, there were 4,795 people, 1,730 households, 1,316 families residing in the township; the population density was 599.6 people per square mile. There were 1,806 housing units at an average density of 225.8/sq mi.
The racial makeup of the township was 95.52% White, 1.86% African American, 0.23% Native American, 0.81% Asian, 0.48% from other races, 1.11% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.48% of the population. There were 1,730 households, out of which 41.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.8% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 23.9% were non-families. 18.6% of all households were made up of individuals, 3.8% had someone living alone, 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.77 and the average family size was 3.19. In the township the population was spread out, with 29.4% under the age of 18, 5.8% from 18 to 24, 37.7% from 25 to 44, 19.7% from 45 to 64, 7.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 96.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.1 males. The median income for a household in the township was $60,125, the median income for a family was $71,516.
Males had a median income of $44,915 versus $34,135 for females. The per capita income for the township was $25,113. About 1.7% of families and 2.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.1% of those under age 18 and 2.4% of those age 65 or over. Lower Frederick Township is part of the Perkiomen Valley School District. Residents are zoned to Schwenksville Elementary School, Middle School West, Perkiomen Valley High School. Lower Frederick Township
This is a list of venues used for professional baseball in Washington, D. C.. The information is a compilation of the information contained in the references listed. Olympic Grounds Occupants: Olympic – independent, NA National – NA Location: 16th Street NW. Statesmen – AA Location: S Street NW. Union Association Park Occupant: Washington Nationals – UA / Eastern League Location: C Street NE. Boundary Field, National Park, American League Park Occupants: Washington Senators – AA, NL Washington Senators/Nationals – AL Washington Senators – AL Homestead Grays – Negro Leagues part-time home Location: Georgia Avenue NW. D. C. Stadium Occupants: Washington Senators – AL Washington Nationals – NL Location: 2400 East Capitol Street SE – T's into 22nd Street SE. Mark Okkonen, Baseball Memories 1900–1909, Sterling Publishing, 1992. Michael Gershman, Diamonds: The Evolution of the Ballpark, Houghton Mifflin, 1993. Benson, Michael. Ballparks of North America: A Comprehensive Historical Reference to Baseball Grounds and Stadiums, 1845 to Present.
Jefferson, N. C.: McFarland. ISBN 0-89950-367-5. Lowry, Philip J.. Green Cathedrals: The Ultimate Celebration of All 271 Major League and Negro League Ballparks Past and Present. Reading, Massachusetts: Addison-Wesley. ISBN 0-201-56777-6