Colcapirhua or Qullqapirwa is the fifth municipal section of the Quillacollo Province in the Cochabamba Department, Bolivia. Its seat is Colcapirhua; the municipality is divided into two cantons. They are: Colcapirhua Canton - Santa Rosa Canton - Instituto Nacional de Estadistica de Bolivia
Chapare called The Chapare and is pronounced Cha-pa-reh, is a rural province in the northern region of Cochabamba Department in central Bolivia. The majority of the territory consists of valley rainforests that surround the area's main waterway, the Chapare River, a tributary of the Amazon River; the provincial capital is Sacaba, 11 km east of Cochabamba, its principal town is Villa Tunari, a popular tourist destination. In recent decades, the Chapare province has become a haven for illegal cultivation of the coca plant, which can be used to produce cocaine; this is due to Bolivian drug law, which until only permitted the Yungas region to grow coca, despite Chapare being a historical area for growth due to its fertility. For this reason, Chapare has been a primary target for coca eradication in recent years, with frequent and heated clashes between the U. S. Drug Enforcement Administration and Bolivian cocaleros; the law has since been changed by a deal, struck between Evo Morales and former President Carlos Mesa.
This deal permits the region to grow a limited amount of coca every year. Chapare Province is divided into three municipalities. Carrasco National Park Inkachaka Isiboro Sécure National Park and Indigenous Territory Tunari National Park Q'ara Apachita Q'inqu Mayu Uqi Salli Punta Villa Tunari – San Ignacio de Moxos Highway Map of Chapare Province Provincia Chapare
Bolivia the Plurinational State of Bolivia is a landlocked country located in western-central South America. The capital is Sucre; the largest city and principal industrial center is Santa Cruz de la Sierra, located on the Llanos Orientales a flat region in the east of Bolivia. The sovereign state of Bolivia is a constitutionally unitary state, divided into nine departments, its geography varies from the peaks of the Andes in the West, to the Eastern Lowlands, situated within the Amazon Basin. It is bordered to the north and east by Brazil, to the southeast by Paraguay, to the south by Argentina, to the southwest by Chile, to the northwest by Peru. One-third of the country is within the Andean mountain range. With 1,098,581 km2 of area, Bolivia is the fifth largest country in South America, the 27th largest in the world and the largest landlocked country in the Southern Hemisphere; the country's population, estimated at 11 million, is multiethnic, including Amerindians, Europeans and Africans.
The racial and social segregation that arose from Spanish colonialism has continued to the modern era. Spanish is the official and predominant language, although 36 indigenous languages have official status, of which the most spoken are Guarani and Quechua languages. Before Spanish colonization, the Andean region of Bolivia was part of the Inca Empire, while the northern and eastern lowlands were inhabited by independent tribes. Spanish conquistadors arriving from Cuzco and Asunción took control of the region in the 16th century. During the Spanish colonial period Bolivia was administered by the Royal Audiencia of Charcas. Spain built its empire in large part upon the silver, extracted from Bolivia's mines. After the first call for independence in 1809, 16 years of war followed before the establishment of the Republic, named for Simón Bolívar. Over the course of the 19th and early 20th century Bolivia lost control of several peripheral territories to neighboring countries including the seizure of its coastline by Chile in 1879.
Bolivia remained politically stable until 1971, when Hugo Banzer led a coup d'état which replaced the socialist government of Juan José Torres with a military dictatorship headed by Banzer. Banzer's regime cracked down on leftist and socialist opposition and other forms of dissent, resulting in the torture and deaths of a number of Bolivian citizens. Banzer was ousted in 1978 and returned as the democratically elected president of Bolivia from 1997 to 2001. Modern Bolivia is a charter member of the UN, IMF, NAM, OAS, ACTO, Bank of the South, ALBA and USAN. For over a decade Bolivia has had one of the highest economic growth rates in Latin America, it is a developing country, with a medium ranking in the Human Development Index, a poverty level of 38.6%, one of the lowest crime rates in Latin America. Its main economic activities include agriculture, fishing and manufacturing goods such as textiles, refined metals, refined petroleum. Bolivia is rich in minerals, including tin and lithium. Bolivia is named after Simón Bolívar, a Venezuelan leader in the Spanish American wars of independence.
The leader of Venezuela, Antonio José de Sucre, had been given the option by Bolívar to either unite Charcas with the newly formed Republic of Peru, to unite with the United Provinces of Rio de la Plata, or to formally declare its independence from Spain as a wholly independent state. Sucre opted to create a brand new state and on 6 August 1825, with local support, named it in honor of Simón Bolívar; the original name was Republic of Bolívar. Some days congressman Manuel Martín Cruz proposed: "If from Romulus comes Rome from Bolívar comes Bolivia"; the name was approved by the Republic on 3 October 1825. In 2009, a new constitution changed the country's official name to "Plurinational State of Bolivia" in recognition of the multi-ethnic nature of the country and the enhanced position of Bolivia's indigenous peoples under the new constitution; the region now known as Bolivia had been occupied for over 2,500 years. However, present-day Aymara associate themselves with the ancient civilization of the Tiwanaku culture which had its capital at Tiwanaku, in Western Bolivia.
The capital city of Tiwanaku dates from as early as 1500 BC when it was a small, agriculturally based village. The community grew to urban proportions between AD 600 and AD 800, becoming an important regional power in the southern Andes. According to early estimates, the city covered 6.5 square kilometers at its maximum extent and had between 15,000 and 30,000 inhabitants. In 1996 satellite imaging was used to map the extent of fossilized suka kollus across the three primary valleys of Tiwanaku, arriving at population-carrying capacity estimates of anywhere between 285,000 and 1,482,000 people. Around AD 400, Tiwanaku went from being a locally dominant force to a predatory state. Tiwanaku expanded its reaches into the Yungas and brought its culture and way of life to many other cultures in Peru and Chile. Tiwanaku was not a violent culture in many respects. In order to expand its reach, Tiwanaku exercised great political astuteness, creating colonies, fostering trade agree
Mizque is a province in the Cochabamba Department, Bolivia. Its capital is Mizque; the province, in 1992, had a population of 27,959 inhabitants indigenous citizens of Quechuan descent. In 2001, the population increased to 36,181 inhabitants and it was estimated at 41,062 in 2005. Mizque Province is home to a great diversity of ecoregions because it contains a wide variety of topographic features with heights ranging between 2,000 and 3,600 m; the province belongs to the Julpe-Mizque basin with an area of 3,845 km2. The main rivers are: Mizque River, 75 km Julpe River, 60 km Uyuchama River, 50 km Tuqma River, 45 km Kari Kari River, 42 km Vicho Vicho River, 32 kmAlthough there is a large amount of superficial and sub-superficial water within the province, the zone is suffering from drought due to the lack of irrigation systems; some of the highest mountains of the province are listed below: The climate is dry. There are long periods of drought; the medium annual temperature varies between 16 and 18 °C.
During the rainy season, corresponding to the months from December to March, the province receives 87% of the annual precipitation, in December and January alone 57% occurring as hailstorms. During the dry season the temperature goes down radically and snowfalls occur; the annual precipitation is between 700 mm, reaching 507 mm annually on an average. The semiarid and arid regions are covered with plants. 75% of the total area of Mizque Province is cultivated. The red-fronted macaws, endemic to a small mountainous area of Bolivia, can be observed in Mizque; this species is considered to be endangered due to intense agriculture activity which has reduced its habitat. The problem is that the peasants of some zones look upon them as a plague because they raid the maize in the fields. There is a chance; the province is divided into three municipalities. The majority of the population of the Mizque Province lives in the rural area in communities far apart from each other; the lack of good roads makes providing services difficult.
The land in some areas is not appropriate for farming. That may be some of the reasons why the Human Development Index in the municipalities of Mizque is among the lowest in Bolivia, placing them in the positions 284, 305 and 298 out of 314 municipalities; the conditions of life are critical in the puna and remote communities. The level of income of a peasant family in the high zones or in the dryland is estimated at 200 - 250 US-$ per year; some data: There are 182 rural communities within the territory of the province situated in heights between 2,000 m in the template valleys and 3,600 m in the puna. The predominant language is Quechua, spoken by 32,212 inhabitants and about 11,482 inhabitants are bilingual, they can speak Spanish as well. The following table shows the number of those belonging to the recognized group of speakers; the economic activity is concentrated on agriculture and animal husbandry and to a minor extent on mining and crafts. The most important sectors in agriculture are the cultivation of potatoes, wheat, peanuts and onions.
2nd week in May: Fruit fair in Mizque, 1 day July 16: Our Lady of Mount Carmel in Alalay, 3 days September 8–14: Our Lord of Burgos in Mizque, 7 days September 23–25: Virgen Mestiza de Shikimira in Vila Vila, 3 days Global Program of Development Education: Statistical Data of Mizque Municipality Education: Statistical Data of Vila Vila Municipality Education: Statistical Data of Alalay Municipality Mizque and Campero Province
Aiquile Municipality is the first municipal section of the Narciso Campero Province in the Cochabamba Department, Bolivia. Its seat is Aiquile; the municipality is divided into three cantons. They are: Aiquile Canton - Quiroga Canton - Villa Granado Canton - The languages spoken in the Aiquile Municipality are Quechua and Spanish. Chhijmuri Instituto Nacional de Estadistica de Bolivia Population data and map of Aiquile Municipality
Colcapirhua is a town in the Cochabamba Department in central Bolivia. It is the seat of the Colcapirhua Municipality, the fifth municipal section of the Quillacollo Province. Colcapirhua is the province of Quillacollo Cochabamba department. Bordered on the east by the province of Cercado, west to the town of Quillacollo and north with the municipality of Tiquipaya In ancient times was characterized by the production of jars and vases made of mud and clay, so that its inhabitants, potters experts are called in Quechua "Mank'a llutas", he is the youngest municipality in the province of Quillacollo, the municipality creaccion Colcapirhua arises from the neglect and apathy of the municipal authorities of Quillacollo, who did not attend the most premiosas needs of the canton. The process of creating the fifth section lasted 27 years by the fierce opposition of the Municipality of Quillacollo, it began on August 25, 1958 and culminated in the enactment of Law 579 of 15 April 1985, during the presidency of Hernán Siles Suazo.
The standard was ratified by Act of March 1987 in the government of Victor Paz Estenssoro. Thus the municipality but not with the territorial limits proposed was created; the name derives from pirwua-sky where corn was stored. Instituto Nacional de Estadistica de Bolivia
Arani is a province in Cochabamba Department, Bolivia. Its capital is Arani, situated about 53 km from Cochabamba. Arani is known for its bread but for the town's artisan wickerwork; some of the highest mountains of the province are listed below: The province is divided into two municipalities which are further subdivided into four cantons. Arani Municipality consists of three cantons, Arani and Collpaciaco. Vacas Municipality is not further subdivided, so Vacas Canton and Vacas Municipality are identical; the people in the Arani Province are indigenous citizens of Quechua descent. The languages spoken in the Arani Province are Quechua and Spanish; the following table shows the number of those belonging to the recognized group of speakers. Festivals and Fairs: August 14–15: Saint Isidore the Laborer in Qullpayaku, 2 days August 24–25: Virgen la Bella in Arani, 2 days September 20: Farmers' fair in Tacopaya, 1 day 3rd week in November: Bread fair in Arani, 1 day December 4: Saint Barbara in VacasOther tourist attractions include the church of Saint Bartholomew in Arani, built in 1610, dedicated to the Virgen la Bella, the lakes in Vacas Municipality: Parqu Qucha, Asiru Qucha, Junt'utuyu, Pilawit'u, Qullpa Qucha and Yanatama.
Ismael Montes Teacher Training College www.bolivia-online.net Map of Arani Province