Azedo Gneco

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Azedo Gneco at a republican gathering in Lisbon in 1907

Eudóxio César Azedo Gneco (Samora Correia [pt], Benavente, June 21, 1849 - Lisbon, June 29, 1911), better known as Azedo Gneco, was an Italian-Portuguese engraver, medalist, apprentice sculptor and political activist. An orator and journalist, he was one of the founders of the Portuguese Socialist Party in 1875 and one of its first leaders.[1] With international ties to Spain and the Caribbean he was able to connect various groups through his work, he led the Association of Workers of the Portuguese Region (Portuguese: Associação dos Trabalhadores da Região Portuguesa—ATRP), formed in 1873, and the National Confederation of Class Associations (Portuguese:Confederação Nacional das Associaçoes de Classe—CNAC), which was formed in 1894 and united thirty-seven labour unions.[2][3]


  1. ^ "Eudóxio César Azedo Gneco - História de Eudóxio César Azedo Gneco". (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2018-02-10.
  2. ^ Campbell, Joan (1992). European Labor Unions. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 9780313263712.
  3. ^ Jr, Plínio de Góes (2017-01-01). The LusoAnarchist Reader: The Origins of Anarchism in Portugal and Brazil. IAP. ISBN 9781681237206.