Azul (board game)
Azul is an abstract board game designed by Michael Kiesling and released by Plan B Games in 2017. Based on Portuguese tiles called azulejos, in Azul players collect sets of colored tiles which they place on their player board; when a row is filled, one of the tiles is moved into a square pattern on the right side of the player board, where it garners points depending on where it is placed in relation to other tiles on the board. From two to four players collect tiles to fill up a 5x5 player board. Players collect tiles by taking all the tiles of one color from a repository, placing them in a row, taking turns until all the tiles for that round are taken. At that point, one tile from every filled row moves over to each player's 5x5 board, while the rest of the tiles in the filled row are discarded; each tile scores based on. Rounds continue until at least one player has made a row of tiles all the way across their 5x5 board; the basic game dictates where tiles of each color go on their player board, while an advanced version allows players to place them anywhere.
In an interview with Pretzel Games, Kiesling described the design process as a two-phase process, with the question of how the tiles would be distributed. Keith Law, writing for Paste Magazine, said "The theme doesn't tie into or matter for the game play, but the artwork is just fantastic and...will give Azul a ton of shelf appeal in a market where maybe publishers don't pay as much attention to that aspect of marketing."Nate Anderson of Ars Technica described it as "an ideal weeknight game, or a game night opener, or a family title."Todd VanDerWerff, writing for Vox, said "Azul has made the leap from hardcore hobbyist circles to the shelves of Target and other stores where it might be selected by grandmas shopping for their grandkids...absolutely every aspect of playing the game is at once understandable and agreeably fun – right down to how those tiles feel in your hand." Azul has won a number of board gaming awards and received numerous nominations: 2018 Spiel des Jahres award 2018 Origins Award for Best Family Game and Fan Favorite 2018 Dice Tower Award for Best Family Game 2018 As d'Or – Jeu de l'Année Winner 2018 Mensa Select Certification 2017 Meeples' Choice Nominee 2017 Cardboard Republic Architect Laurel Winner 2017 Golden Geek Best Family Game of the Year 2017 Golden Geek Board Game of the Year Runner-up Plan B Games has released a second title in the Azul line, Azul: Stained Glass of Sintra, which increases the game's complexity via clear tiles and two sided window panes on the player boards.
Dice Tower review of Azul
Azul Brazilian Airlines
Azul Linhas Aéreas Brasileiras S/A is a Brazilian carrier based in Barueri, a suburb of São Paulo. The company's business model is to stimulate demand by providing frequent and affordable air service to underserved markets throughout Brazil; the company was named Azul after a naming contest in 2008. It was established on May 5, 2008 by Brazilian-born David Neeleman, with a fleet of 76 Embraer 195 jets; the airline began service on December 15, 2008. According to Brazilian Civil Aviation Authority, between January and December 2018 Azul had 18.6% of the domestic and 14.6% of the international market shares in terms of revenue passenger kilometers, making it the third largest domestic and second largest international airline in Brazil. Azul Linhas Aéreas Brasileiras S. A. was the fourth airline launched by JetBlue founder David Neeleman. Azul inaugurated services in the Brazilian domestic market on December 15, 2008 between three cities: Campinas and Porto Alegre, it launched operations with two Embraer 190 aircraft.
Another three aircraft were added in January 2009 to introduce nonstop service from Campinas to both Vitória and Curitiba. On May 28, 2012, Azul announced the acquisition of TRIP Linhas Aéreas, the largest regional carrier in Brazil. Azul and Trip started comprehensive code-sharing operations on December 2, 2012, with all flights carrying only the IATA code of Azul. On March 6, 2013 Brazilian authorities gave the final approval for the merger with a few restrictions related to code-sharing with TAM Airlines and slot use at Rio de Janeiro-Santos Dumont Airport. On May 6, 2014 the merger process was completed with the final approval from Brazilian authorities; that day the brand TRIP ceased to exist and all TRIP assets were transferred to Azul. While the airline is not a full member in an airline alliance, it signed a codeshare agreement with Star Alliance airline United Airlines in January 2014, which made it possible for MileagePlus members to earn points when flying with Azul beginning April 1, 2014.
Since 2015, Azul is an equal partner in a Brazilian-Portuguese joint venture, the majority owner of TAP Air Portugal, another Star Alliance member. In December 2014, Azul started its first scheduled international flights. In early 2015 it was announced that Azul had signed a purchase agreement for 35 Airbus A320neo aircraft, it is to lease a further 28 of the aircraft type. In mid-2015, Azul finalised a deal for 30 Embraer E195-E2 aircraft first announced at the 2014 Farnborough International Air Show; the first delivery is scheduled for 2020. On November 24, 2015 it was announced that the Chinese HNA Group, owner of Hainan Airlines, would invest US$450 million in Azul, becoming the largest single shareholder of Azul SA; this follows the US$100 million investment of United Airlines closed in June 2015. Azul proposed to acquire Avianca Brazil, as the carrier signed non-binding deal to buy its assets on 11 March 2019, its acquisition plan includes the rehiring of all Avianca Brazil's staff and the merger between the two carriers, with Azul as the surviving brand.
Azul is not a member of Star Alliance despite partnering with its members such as United and TAP, while Avianca Brazil is a member, joining the alliance in 2015. Azul serves 112 destinations in Argentina, French Guiana, the United States, Uruguay, plus some other additional locations by means of dedicated executive bus services to the nearest airports. Azul has interline agreements and codeshare agreements with the following airlines: Aerolíneas Argentinas Aigle Azur Air Europa Copa Airlines Etihad Airways Hahn Air Hainan Airlines Lufthansa Aigle Azur Ethiopian Airlines JetBlue Airways TAP Air Portugal Turkish Airlines United Airlines The Azul Brazilian Airlines fleet consists of the following aircraft as of October, 2017: The airline operates 2 Pilatus PC-12/45 for logistics and maintenance support. TudoAzul is Azul's Frequent Flyer Program. Members accumulate points based on the airfare paid rather than on miles flown. Azul History sketch at Aviação Brasil
Azul (Los Piojos album)
Azul is the fourth album by Argentine rock band Los Piojos, recorded at Del Cielito Records studio and released in 1998. This work mixes candombe and murga with the traditional rhythms used by the band and was presented live in Parque Sarmiento and at the All Boys stadium; the AllMusic review by Victor W. Valdivia awarded the album 4 stars stating "Los Piojos are amazingly eclectic in their approach to music... they incorporate reggae and Caribbean rhythms, but they show an influence of classic rock and alternative. That's not to say that they don't explore their Latin roots on various instances... The lyrics are wide-ranging, veering from nakedly revealing self-portraits to Michael Stipe-like inscrutability; as diverse as the album gets, nothing feels forced or contrived. Azul is the only one of Los Piojos' four albums available in the U. S, but it is a superb introduction to their talent and may inspire listeners to seek out their earlier releases.". All tracks by Andrés Ciro Martínez except.
"Vals inicial" – 5:58 "El balneario de los doctores crotos" – 4:02 "Genius" – 4:12 "A ver cuando" – 4:58 "Desde lejos no se ve" – 4:39 "Sucio can" – 3:29 "El Rey del Blues" – 4:02 "Y quemás" – 4:50 "Agua" – 4:58 "Buenos tiempos" – 3:58 "Go negro go" – 5:05 "Uoh pa pa pa" – 3:03 "Quemado" – 5:39 "Murguita" – 3:30 "Olvídate" – 4:15 "Finale" – 1:25 Abraham Becker – violin Miguel Angel Bertero – violin Adrián Bilbao – engineer, recording technician, sampling Dani Buira – drums, percussion Javier Casalla – violin Juan Cruz De Urquiza – trumpet Alejandro Elijovich – violin Ciro Fogliatta – organ Chris Gehringer – mastering Andrés Ciro Martínez – cornet, backing vocals, harmonic, vocals Andrés Mayo – editing Carlos Nozzi – cello Martin Pomares – production assistant Juan "Pollo" Raffo – arranger, backing vocals, director, organ Humberto Ridolfi – violin Pablo Rodríguez – sax, sax Mario Tenreyro – corno D Alfredo Toth – producer Patricio Villarejo – cello Washington Williman – violin Azul
Félix Rubén García Sarmiento, known as Rubén Darío, was a Nicaraguan poet who initiated the Spanish-American literary movement known as modernismo that flourished at the end of the 19th century. Darío has had a lasting influence on 20th-century Spanish literature and journalism, he has been praised as the "Prince of Castilian Letters" and undisputed father of the modernismo literary movement. His parents, Manuel García and Rosa Sarmiento were married on April 26, 1866, in León, after obtaining the necessary ecclesiastic permissions since they were second degree cousins. However, Manuel's conduct of engaging in excessive consumption of alcohol prompted Rosa to abandon her conjugal home and flee to the city of Metapa in Matagalpa where she gave birth to Félix Rubén; the couple made up and Rosa gave birth to a second child, a daughter named Cándida Rosa, who died a few days after being born. The marriage deteriorated again to the point where Rosa left her husband and moved in with her aunt, Bernarda Sarmiento.
After a brief period of time, Rosa Sarmiento established a relationship with another man and moved with him to San Marcos de Colón, in Choluteca, Honduras. Rubén Darío was born in Metapa, Nicaragua. Although, according to his baptism, Rubén's true surname was García, his paternal family had been known by the surname Darío for many years. Rubén Darío explained it as follows in his autobiography: According to what some of the old people in that town of my childhood have referred to me, my great-grandfather had Darío as his nickname or first name. In this small town he was known by everyone as "Don Darío" and his entire family as the Daríos, it was in this way that his and all his family last name began to disappear to the point where my paternal great-grandmother replaced it when she signed documents as Rita Darío. Darío spent his childhood in the city of León, he was brought up by his mother's aunt and uncle, Félix and Bernarda, whom Darío considered, in his infancy, to be his real parents. He spoke with his mother, who lived in Honduras, or with his father, who he referred to as "Uncle Manuel".
Although little is known about his first years, it is documented that after the death of Félix Ramírez, in 1871, the family went through rough economic times and they considered sending young Rubén as a tailor's apprentice. According to his biographer Edelmiro Torres, he attended several schools in León before going on, during 1879 and 1880, to be educated by the Jesuits. A precocious reader, he soon began to write his first verses: a sonnet written by him in 1879 is conserved, he published for the first time in a newspaper when he was thirteen years old; the elegy, Una lágrima, published in the daily El Termómetro on July 26, 1880. A little he collaborated in El Ensayo, a literary magazine in León, garnering attention as a "child poet". In these initial verses, according to Teodosio Fernández, his predominating influences were Spanish poets contemporary to José Zorrilla, Ramón de Campoamor, Gaspar Núñez de Arce and Ventura de la Vega, his writings of this time display a liberalism hostile to the excessive influence of the Roman Catholic Church, as documented in his essay, El jesuita, written in 1881.
Regarding his political attitude, his most noteworthy influence was the Ecuadorian Juan Montalvo, whom he deliberately imitated in his first journalistic articles. Around December 1881 he moved to the capital, Managua, at the request of some liberal politicians that had conceived the idea that, given his gift for poetry, he should be educated in Europe at the expense of the public treasury. However, the anti-clerical tone of his verses did not convince the president of congress, the conservative Pedro Joaquín Chamorro Alfaro, it was resolved that he would study in the Nicaraguan city of Granada, but Rubén opted to stay in Managua, where he continued his journalistic endeavour collaborating with the newspapers El Ferrocarril and El Porvenir de Nicaragua. In the capital, he fell in love with an eleven-year-old girl, Rosario Emelina Murillo, whom he wanted to marry, he traveled to El Salvador in August 1882, at the petition of his friends who wanted to delay his marriage plans. In El Salvador, Darío was introduced to the president of the republic, Rafael Zaldivar, by Joaquín Mendez, a poet who took him under his wing.
There, he met a connoisseur of French poetry. Under the auspices of Gavidia, Darío attempted, for the first time, to adapt the French Alexandrine metric into Castilian verse. Although he enjoyed much fame and an intense social life in El Salvador, participating in celebrations such as the centenary of the birth of Simón Bolívar, things began to get worse, he encountered contracted smallpox. In October 1883, still convalescent, he returned to his native homeland. After his return, he resided in León and in Granada but he moved again to Managua where he became an employee of the Biblioteca Nacional de Nicaragua and he resumed his romance with Rosario Murillo. In May 1884 he was condemned for vagrancy and sentenced to eight days of public work, although he managed to evade the fulfillment of the sentence. During that time he continued experimenting with new poetic forms, he had a book ready for printing, going to be titled Epístolas y poema
The Blue Division designated as División Española de Voluntarios by the Spanish Army and 250. Infanterie-Division in the German Army was a unit of Spanish volunteers and conscripts who served in the German Army on the Eastern Front of the Second World War, it included over 150 to several hundred men of the Portuguese Legion sent by the Portuguese Estado Novo under the Spanish Flag, many of whom had fought in the Viriatos during the Spanish Civil War. The Blue Division was the only component of the German Army to be awarded a medal of their own, commissioned by Hitler after the effectiveness it had impeding the advance of the Red Army. Blue Division casualties in all of the Russo-German conflict totaled 22,700. In action against the Blue Division, the Red Army suffered 49,300 casualties. Although Spanish caudillo Francisco Franco did not bring Spain into World War II on the side of Nazi Germany, he permitted volunteers to join the German Army on the condition they would only fight against the Soviet Union on the Eastern Front, not against the Western Allies or any Western European occupied populations.
In this manner, he could keep Spain at peace with the Western Allies, while repaying German support during the Spanish Civil War and providing an outlet for the strong anti-Communist sentiments of many Spanish nationalists. Spanish foreign minister Ramón Serrano Súñer suggested raising a volunteer corps, at the commencement of Operation Barbarossa, Franco sent an official offer of help to Berlin. Hitler approved the use of Spanish volunteers on 24 June 1941. Volunteers flocked to recruiting offices in all the metropolitan areas of Spain. Cadets from the officer training school in Zaragoza volunteered in large numbers and were given leave by the Spanish army; the Spanish government was prepared to send about 4,000 men, but soon realized that there were more than enough volunteers to fill an entire division: 18,104 men in all, with 2,612 officers and 15,492 soldiers. Fifty percent of officers and NCOs were professional soldiers given leave from the Spanish army, including many veterans of the Spanish Civil War.
Many others were members of the Falange. Others felt pressure to join because of past ties with the Republic or—like Luis García Berlanga, who became a well-known cinema director—to save relatives in prison from execution; the division included a number of Portuguese volunteers. General Agustín Muñoz Grandes was assigned to lead the volunteers; because the soldiers could not use official Spanish army uniforms, they adopted a symbolic uniform comprising the red berets of the Carlists, the khaki trousers of the Spanish Legion, the blue shirts of the Falangists—hence the nickname "Blue Division". This uniform was used only while on leave in Spain. On July 13, 1941, the first train left Madrid for Grafenwöhr, Bavaria for a further five weeks of training. There they became the Heer's 250th Infantry Division, were divided into four infantry regiments, as in a standard Spanish division. To aid their integration into the German supply system, they soon adopted the standard Heer model of three regiments.
One of the original regiments was dispersed amongst the others, which were named after three of the Spanish cities that volunteers originated from—Madrid and Seville. Each regiment had three battalions and two weapons companies, supported by an artillery regiment of four battalions. There were enough men left over to create an assault battalion sub-machine gun armed. Due to casualties, this was disbanded. Aviator volunteers formed a Blue Squadron which, using Bf 109s and FW 190s, was credited with 156 Soviet aircraft kills. On 31 July, after taking the standard personal oath to Hitler, under whose authority they were to be fighting, the Blue Division was formally incorporated into the German Wehrmacht as the 250th Division, it was assigned to Army Group Center, the spearheading force advancing towards Moscow. The division was transported by train to Suwałki, from where it had to continue by foot on a 900 km march, it was scheduled to travel through Grodno, Vilnius, Minsk, Orsha to Smolensk, from there to the Moscow front.
While marching towards the Smolensk front on September 26, the Spanish volunteers were rerouted from Vitebsk and reassigned to Army Group North, becoming part of the German 16th Army. The Blue Division was first deployed on the Volkhov River front, with its headquarters in Grigorovo, on the outskirts of Novgorod, it was in charge of a 50 km section of the front north and south of Novgorod, along the banks of the Volkhov River and Lake Ilmen. According to the museum curator in the Spasa Preobrazheniya church on Ilyin Street, the division used the high cupola as a machine-gun nest; as a result, much of the building was damaged, including many of the medieval icons by Theophanes the Greek. In August 1942, it was transferred north to the southeastern flank of the Leningrad siege, just south of the Neva near Pushkin and Krasny Bor in the Izhora River area. After the collapse of the German southern front following the Battle of Stalingrad, more German troops were deployed southwards. By this time, General Emilio Esteban Infantes had take
"Azul" is a song written by Kike Santander and Gustavo Santander and performed by Mexican singer and songwriter Cristian Castro. It was released as the lead single from his seventh studio album Azul on April 16, 2001. At the 2002 Billboard Latin Music Awards, the song received a nomination for Latin Pop Airplay of the Year, awarded to Juan Gabriel for "Abrázame Muy Fuerte"; the song received a Lo Nuestro Award nomination for Pop Song of the Year, awarded to "Abrázame Muy Fuerte" by Gabriel. Single Personal Greeting "Azul" - 4:24 ScreensaverRemixes "Azul" - 4:24 "Azul" - 4:32 "Azul" - 4:14 "Azul" - 4:20 A music video, directed by Pedro Torres, was shot in 2001 in South Beach, Florida; the music video was premiered on Primer Impacto on June 6 and aired on MTV on June 7. The music video was included on Nunca Voy a Olvidarte... Los Exitos DVD. List of number-one Billboard Hot Latin Tracks of 2001 List of number-one Billboard Hot Latin Pop Airplay of 2001
Azul, Buenos Aires
Azul is the head city of the Azul Partido, located at the center of the Buenos Aires Province in Argentina, 300 km south of Buenos Aires. It has 63,000 inhabitants as per the 2001 census, its principal, goods-producing economic activities are agriculture and the raising of cattle for meat exports. Home to a dynamic services sector, over 2,000 commercial businesses are registered in the city; the town was founded on December 16, 1832, following Governor Juan Manuel de Rosas' orders for the construction of a fort, San Serapio Mártir del Arroyo Azul, to guard against indigenous raids. Subsequent land grants led to the developemt of a stable community, in 1895, Azul was formally declared a town by provincial authorities; the local cathedral, Nuestra Señora del Rosario, was consecrated in 1906. The town's cemetery portal and main slaughterhouse were both designed by architect Francisco Salamone, contain elements of Art Deco style. Built in the late 1930s, these buildings were some of the first examples of modern architecture in rural Argentina.
The town was the scene of an attack on outlying Army barracks by the far-left ERP on January 19, 1974, the most violent siege of its type in the country up to that point. Azul is home to the schools of Law of the National University of Central Buenos Aires; the Teatro Español, founded in the city in 1897, is among the most important of the central pampas area, in 1992, hosted the Bolshoi Ballet. The Miguel de Cervantes Festival is held there annually since 2007, Casa Ronco, an antiquarian library and museum, maintains among the country's best collections relating to the noted Spanish writer; the Casa Ronco is named after the collector Batolomé Ronco. Azul was declared Argentina's "City of Cervantes" by UNESCO in 2007. Tandilfullchat, Gente zona de Azul Pcia. Bs. As. Municipal information: Municipal Affairs Federal Institute, Municipal Affairs Secretariat, Ministry of Interior, Argentina