Mornag is a small town and commune in Tunisia. As of 2014 it had a population of 61,518, it lies along the A1
Béja is a city in Tunisia. It is the capital of the Béja Governorate, it is located 105 kilometers from Tunis, between the Medjerdah River and the Mediterranean, against the foothills of the Khroumire, the town of Béja is situated on the sides of Djebel Acheb, facing the greening meadows, its white terraces and red roofs dominated by the imposing ruins of the old Roman fortress. The city endured brutal assaults by the Carthaginians, the Numidians, the Romans, on, by the Vandals; the Numidian king Jugurtha made the town his governing headquarters. The town was named Waga, which became Vacca and Vaga under the Romans and Baja under the Arabs and Béja under the French; the Romans replaced it with a new one. Under the Roman domination, Béja was the center of a diocese. According to Sallust, who relates the details of the Jugurthine War between Jugurtha and Quintus Caecilius Metellus Numidicus to possess Béja, Béja was the wealthiest warehouse of the kingdom and the center of intense commerce; the city was destroyed by the Vandals.
The citadel and ramparts were demolished. The abandoned town remained in that state for a century until the arrival of the Byzantines, they took real pleasure in beautifying Béja. After the Umayyad conquest of North Africa, the city became part of the Umayyad Caliphate. In 1880 France occupied Tunisia. On April 24, 1881 Béja in its turn was occupied by the column led by Logerot who had arrived from Algeria through the Kef. On November 16, 1942 a German military delegation came to Béja to give Mayor Jean Hugon a 24-hour ultimatum to surrender the city. In response to the ultimatum the Mayor informed civil governor, who in turn sent the message to Algiers; the next day, November 17, the first British parachute battalion landed on the hills north of the city. On Thursday November 19 German planes bombed the town as a warning; this broke. The next day, Friday November 20, Béja was bombed by German airplanes for many hours, because of its key position leading to the roads of Tabarka, Mateur and Algeria.
The town became the stage for ferocious battles between the Germans and the Allies who fiercely defended it, at the expense of severe military and civil losses. The final German assault Operation Ochsenkopf – was launched from Mateur and was halted 15 km from Béja, on the night of February 28, 1943, by British troops. Located in north-western Tunisia on the White Hill and crossed by the Medjerda River, the features made the city famous for its fertile soil, Béja drew all the masters of the Mediterranean; the Phoenicians set up important trading posts. Their presence is felt through numerous Punic necropolis which have been unearthed in 1887; the Carthaginians, recognizing the importance of maintaining their authority in this area, built a garrison and fortified the town. Béja was desirable, not only because of its fertile soil but because of its geographic location, it was at the doorway of the mountains and it was the crossroad for Carthage and Tunis going toward Cirta and Hippone. Béja has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate.
The Béja is the chef-lieu of the Béja Governorate. The city is since July 13, 1887 a municipality, from that day to today there were built 3 town halls, the last one was built in 1933, the building is now a classified monument. Like the rest of Tunisians, most of the Béjeans are Muslims with a small minority of irreligious. In the past there was a small community of Jews and a bigger one of Christians, but after the independence of Tunisia from France, all of them quit the city to Europe, North America and Israel; the city shelters many religion buildings like mosques and synagogues. The oldest mosque of the town is Great Mosque of Béja, built in 944 by the Fatimidis on an old Christian basilica, near it there is an other mosque, The Bey's Mosque, built in 1675 by Murad II Bey for Hanafi Muslims of the city and in 1685 Mohamed Bey El Mouradi added a Madrasa to the mosque. After the settlement of the French protectorate in Tunisia, many Europeans come to the city to exploit the rich agricultural land, so to satisfy their religious demands the colonial authorities decided a church, completed in 1883.
After the increasing in number of colons in Béja, the church become too small for them, so the authorities decided to demolish it and build instead of it a bigger one, The Notre-Dame-du-Rosaire Church. After the independence of Tunisia and the migration of Christians from the country, the church become a cultural centre in Béja. There are 15 elementary schools, 7 preparatory schools, 6 secondary schools and 3 educational institutes in Béja. Victor Hugo Elementary School Farhat Hached Elementary School Habib Bourguiba Avenue Elementary School El-Moustakbel Elementary School Sidi Fredj Elementary School El-Mahla Elementary School Ali El-Kalsadi Elementary School Ksar Bardo Elementary School Hay Essoker 1 Elementary School Hay Essoker 2 Elementary School El-Mzara Elementary School Al-Iadhi Al-Béji Elementary School Ali Al-Qalsadi Preparatory School Ibn Al-Jazar Preparatory School Habib Bourguiba Avenue Preparatory School Rached Preparatory School Béja Al*Moustakbel Preparatory School Al-Houria Preparatory School Ibn-Arafa Preparatory School Ibn Al-Haytham Secondary School Ibn Al-Jazzar Secondary School March 2, 1934 Secondary School Al-Biaa Secondary School Ali Belhouane Secondary School lycée djeune Higher Institute of Technological Studies of Béja Higher Institute of Biotechnology of Béja Higher Ins
El Mourouj is a town and commune in the southern suburbs of Tunis in the Ben Arous Governorate, Tunisia. It became a commune in 1991, it has 104 538 inhabitants as of 2014, making it the most populous commune in the Ben Arous Governorate. List of cities in Tunisia
Radès is a harbour city in Ben Arous Governorate, Tunisia. Situated 9 kilometers south-east of the capital Tunis, some consider it a Tunis suburb, parts of the harbor installations of Tunis are located in Radès. Rades is divided into sub cities: Radès Medina, Radès Méliane, Rades Forêt, Chouchet Radès, El Malleha and The Olympic city, Rades Montjil, Rades echat. Way to Zahra district and el OULIJA Maxula Prates was a town of the Roman Province of Africa. From the beginning of the Muslim conquest of the Maghreb, the hill of Rades was equipped with a ribat, it is around this ribat, which has long since disappeared, that the village of which it is spoken in the 11th century was built and which seems to have been provided with a port since that time. Under the Hafsides, vineyards spread over the hillsides. During the reign of the Husseinite beys, Radès was inhabited by farmers and sought by the notables of Tunis city; the locality grew and extended to the beach and the surrounding hills during the 19th century.
High dignitaries built houses such as houses in a Hispano-Arabic style decorated with gardens such as those of governor Mokhtar Ben Zid and brigadier general Allala Ben Frija, who built a house there in 1862. Between the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century, members of the Djellouli family built themselves beautiful houses of Hispano-Arabic style, notably the ministers M'hammed Djellouli and Taïeb Djellouli, as well as the Governor Sadok Djellouli. French residents built bourgeois villas in Europe. One can quote the colonial villa built in 1905 and bought by the Grand Vizier M'hamed Chenik, which gives it Hispano-Moorish and Italian styles; the modern name of the town, Radès, derives from the Latin expression "Maxula per races", Maxula being the original Libyco-Berber name of the village near, in the Antiquity a station of boats whose function is To connect the terminus of the coastal road with Carthage by sea. The Arabs have retained from this toponymic designation only spleens which they have transformed into Rades.
Radès derives its name from the Latin expression Maxula per races, Maxula being the original Libyco-Berber name of the village near, in antiquity a station of boats whose function is to connect the terminus of the coastal road with Carthage by sea. The Arabs have retained from this toponymic designation only spleens which they have transformed into Rades. During the Roman Empire the town was the seat of an ancient Christian bishopric which survives today as a titular see of the RomanCatholic Church. Despite its small population, the city is internationally known for its sports facilities. Radès hosted the 2015 FIBA Africa Championship, played in the 17,000-seat Salle Omnisport de Rades; the Tunisia national football team plays matches at the 65,000-capacity National Stadium of Rades. The city has an internationally recognized club team: Étoile Sportive de Radès; the Maxula-Radès tramway to the sea was tram line that ran between Maxula-Radès station and the Mediterranean coast from 1902 and until the 1920s.
The Beylical Decree of July 7, 1902 approved the agreement signed on June 23 of the same year between the Director of Public Works and Mr. Gaudens-Ravotti for the construction and operation of a line of Tramway The track was built with a width of sixty centimeters and animal traction was used; the line ran along Boulevard Massicault and has a length of two kilometers
Raf Raf is a north eastern town and commune in the Bizerte Governorate, Tunisia. As of 2004 it had a population of 9,839. List of cities in Tunisia
Mateur is a town in northern Tunisia. It is located at around 37°2′24″N 9°39′59″E, close to the Lac Ichkeul National Park. Located in the southwest of the governorate of Bizerte, Mateur is the county seat of a delegation of 61,919 inhabitants while its town counts 49,785 inhabitants divided in 8735 families and occupy 7120 accommodation according to the magazine edited by the municipality of Mateur. Concerning the etymological root of the name of the city, some people see a Latin origin: Matarensis would have been the name of an oppidum located on the site of Mateur during the ancient period, it is known in different epochs under other names as Materense, Matari, Mataris and Mataritanae. On the other hand, the Arabists see a rapprochement with the term of Matra which means "precipitation", referring to the rainfall level of the region; this city, the first town council of, installed on October 12, 1898, was considered to be an important strategical point during the Second World War. It is to note that the municipality of Mateur celebrated the 110th birthday during year 2008.
The city is located in the middle of a first-rate agrarian region owing to the fecundity of the lands of the ambient lowland. An important market is held there every Friday and Saturday in the course of which they notably sell there the stock and grain, it unites producers of the neighbouring purchasers come from whole Tunisia. Mateur counts 2 industrial zones where is installed about twenty foreign firms working in various areas: wiring, telecommunications, textile industry, etc. Nearby is the national park of Ichkeul, which contains sites protected by many international institutions, owing to the diversity of its fauna and its flora, it shelters the lake of the same name, the biggest natural lake of North Africa. Nowadays, the city has two establishments of higher education: The high of higher education of agriculture The High Institute of rapid sciences and electricity
Raoued is a town and commune in the Ariana Governorate, Tunisia. As of 2014 it had a total population of 84,312. List of cities in Tunisia Official Website