Chroustovice is a market town in the Pardubice Region of the Czech Republic located some 15 km east of Chrudim. It has around 1,200 inhabitants. Villages Březovice, Holešovice, Lhota u Chroustovic, Mentour, Městec and Poděčely are administrative parts of Chroustovice. Village website
Bořice (Chrudim District)
Bořice is a small village in the Pardubice Region of the Czech Republic. It has around 170 inhabitants. Short official information about the village
Bojanov is a market town in the Pardubice Region of the Czech Republic. It is situated in the picturesque area of Železné hory on the river Chrudimka. On July 28, 2006 Bojanov had 647 inhabitants. Hamlets Holín, Horní Bezděkov, Hořelec, Hrbokov, Hůrka, Kovářov and Petrkov are administrative parts of Bojanov. Bojanov is one of the oldest settlements in the Železné hory area. In 1126 it belonged to a monastery in Vilemov. From 1329 it became a part of Jindřich of Lichtemberk estates. In the 15th century Bojanov belonged to the castle Oheb. One century in 1564, it is said to have an emblem with silver sword on the red background meaning that it got a status of a city; this corresponds with the shape of its center looking more like a square with a church in the center. In the past Bojanov was a significant centre of church power; the original 14th-century church building was in 1730 rebuilt to baroque style. The St. Vitus church is a part of a listed area including a gate. In the first half of the 19th century Bojanov had about 400 residents working as farmers, weavers or sewers.
Hamlets Holín, Horní Bezděkov, Hořelec, Hrbokov, Hůrka, Kovářov and Petrkov are administrative parts of Bojanov. St. Vitus Church in Bojanov St. Wenceslas Church in Hrbokov Renaissance sculpture in Holin. Area is suitable for cycling, it is near a Seč Dam. Short official information about the village
A village is a clustered human settlement or community, larger than a hamlet but smaller than a town, with a population ranging from a few hundred to a few thousand. Though villages are located in rural areas, the term urban village is applied to certain urban neighborhoods. Villages are permanent, with fixed dwellings. Further, the dwellings of a village are close to one another, not scattered broadly over the landscape, as a dispersed settlement. In the past, villages were a usual form of community for societies that practice subsistence agriculture, for some non-agricultural societies. In Great Britain, a hamlet earned the right to be called a village. In many cultures and cities were few, with only a small proportion of the population living in them; the Industrial Revolution attracted people in larger numbers to work in factories. This enabled specialization of labor and crafts, development of many trades; the trend of urbanization continues, though not always in connection with industrialization.
Although many patterns of village life have existed, the typical village is small, consisting of 5 to 30 families. Homes were situated together for sociability and defence, land surrounding the living quarters was farmed. Traditional fishing villages were located adjacent to fishing grounds. "The soul of India lives in its villages," declared M. K. Gandhi at the beginning of 20th century. According to the 2011 census of India, 68.84% of Indians live in 640,867 different villages. The size of these villages varies considerably. 236,004 Indian villages have a population of fewer than 500, while 3,976 villages have a population of 10,000+. Most of the villages have their own temple, mosque, or church, depending on the local religious following. In Afghanistan, the village, or deh is the mid-size settlement type in Afghan society, trumping the hamlet or qala, though smaller than the town, or shār. In contrast to the qala, the deh is a bigger settlement which includes a commercial area, while the yet larger shār includes governmental buildings and services such as schools of higher education, basic health care, police stations etc.
Auyl is a Kazakh word meaning "village" in Kazakhstan. According to the 2009 census of Kazakhstan, 42.7% of Kazakhs live in 8172 different villages. To refer to this concept along with the word "auyl" used the Slavic word "selo" in Northern Kazakhstan. People's Republic of China In mainland China, villages 村 are divisions under township Zh:乡 or town Zh:镇. Republic of China In the Republic of China, villages are divisions under townships or county-controlled cities; the village is called a tsuen or cūn under a rural township and a li under an urban township or a county-controlled city. See Li. Japan South Korea In Brunei, villages are the third- and lowest-level subdivisions of Brunei below districts and mukims. A village is locally known by the Malay word kampung, they may be villages in the traditional or anthropological sense but may comprise delineated residential settlements, both rural and urban. The community of a village is headed by a village head. Communal infrastructure for the villagers may include a primary school, a religious school providing ugama or Islamic religious primary education, compulsory for the Muslim pupils in the country, a mosque, a community centre.
In Indonesia, depending on the principles they are administered, villages are called Kampung or Desa. A "Desa" is administered according to traditions and customary law, while a kelurahan is administered along more "modern" principles. Desa are located in rural areas while kelurahan are urban subdivisions. A village head is called kepala desa or lurah. Both are elected by the local community. A desa or kelurahan is the subdivision of a kecamatan, in turn the subdivision of a kabupaten or kota; the same general concept applies all over Indonesia. However, there is some variation among the vast numbers of Austronesian ethnic groups. For instance, in Bali villages have been created by grouping traditional hamlets or banjar, which constitute the basis of Balinese social life. In the Minangkabau area in West Sumatra province, traditional villages are called nagari. In some areas such as Tanah Toraja, elders take; as a general rule and kelurahan are groupings of hamlets. A kampung is defined today as a village in Indonesia.
Kampung is a term used in Malaysia, for "a Malay hamlet or village in a Malay-speaking country". In Malaysia, a kampung is determined as a locality with 10,000 or fewer people. Since historical times, every Malay village came under the leadership of a penghulu, who has the power to hear civil matters in his village. A Malay village contains a "masjid" or "surau", paddy fields and Malay houses on st
Kočí (Chrudim District)
Kočí is a village in the Pardubice Region of the Czech Republic, next to the city Chrudim. It has around 560 inhabitants. Short official information about the village
Chrudim is a town in eastern Bohemia, in the Pardubice Region of the Czech Republic. The oldest archaeological findings which provide first signs of the settlement in this area date back to the 5th millennium BC. Various cultures succeeded one on another in the territory of today’s town of Chrudim and its vicinity. Chrudim town was established before 1276 and soon; until 1918, the town was part of the Austrian monarchy, head of the Chrudim District, one of the 94 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in Bohemia. During the reign of Maria Theresa, Chrudim became the centre of the region and, in 1751, the seat of regional offices; the 18th and the 19th centuries brought vigorous development. The medieval ground plan of the historical heart of the town and its suburbs were no longer able to meet the growing requirements; the population reached 13,000 inhabitants at the end of the 19th century. The first industrial factory, with its foundry and forge, a shoe factory launched industrial development. Social life greatly expanded in the second half of the 19th century.
The number of schools and social events led Chrudim to be known as “Athens of Eastern Bohemia”. Viktorin Kornel of Všehrdy, humanist and writer, since 1484 Dean of Charles University in Prague Johann Andreas Kauchlitz Colizzi and conductor Jan Nepomuk Štěpánek and theatre director Josef Ressel, inventor Kurt Freund and sexologist Dušan Salfický, Hockey player and goaltender Petr Průcha, KHL hockey player for SKA Saint Petersburg Ede—Netherlands Svidník—Slovakia Oleśnica —Poland Motovun—Croatia Partille—Sweden History of town Chrudim Municipal website Chrudim - virtual show
Hrochův Týnec is a town in the Pardubice Region of the Czech Republic. As of 2017, it has around 2,000 inhabitants; the first written record of the village is from 1293. Media related to Hrochův Týnec at Wikimedia Commons