UCSF Medical Center
The University of California, San Francisco Medical Center is a hospital in research and a teaching hospital in San Francisco, California. It is one of the hospitals in the United States. Patients with complex diseases from around the world seek treatment at UCSF Medical Center, with campuses located at Parnassus Heights, Mount Zion and Mission Bay, UCSF Medical Center is affiliated with the University of California, San Francisco. It has been ranked as the 7th-best overall medical center in the United States by U. S. News & World Report. The following specialties were ranked in the top 10, diabetes and endocrinology and neurosurgery, urology, gynecology, geriatrics, a new 43-acre campus in the Mission Bay neighborhood opened on February 1,2015. The medical center received a donation of $100 million from Chuck Feeney in February 2015. In June 2013, Beckers Hospital Review listed the UCSF Medical Center at Parnassus as the 9th highest grossing hospital in America with a revenue of $6.88 billion.
Mount Zion Hospital was planned in 1887 by members of the Jewish community in San Francisco and it opened its doors in 1897 and gradually became a major center of medical research. It merged with UCSF in 1990, the Mount Zion hospital now has the UCSF Comprehensive Cancer Center and the Womens Health Center. Mount Zion includes a Surgery Center with 10 operating rooms and 90 beds, the UCSF Medical Center is considered one of the top hospitals in the nation, and ranks in the top ten in the US News 2005 survey. The Medical Center conducts research in almost every field of medicine and supports programs in many specialties including AIDS, cancer. Medical centers in the United States Official website This hospital in the CA Healthcare Atlas A project by OSHPD
Fairfax is an incorporated town in Marin County, United States. Fairfax is located 3.25 miles west-northwest of San Rafael, the population is 7,441 at the 2010 census. Fairfax is the town in America that holds a Green Party majority in the town council. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has an area of 2.2 square miles. The geography of Fairfax consists mostly of hills and valleys, the 2010 United States Census reported that Fairfax had a population of 7,441. The population density was 3,376.9 people per square mile. The racial makeup of Fairfax was 6,617 White,110 African American,36 Native American,204 Asian,4 Pacific Islander,174 from other races, Hispanic or Latino of any race were 504 persons. The Census reported that 7,419 people lived in households,12 lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, there were 267 unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 52 same-sex married couples or partnerships. 1,076 households were made up of individuals and 320 had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older, the average household size was 2.20.
There were 1,875 families, the family size was 2.77. The median age was 45.9 years, for every 100 females there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.9 males. There were 3,585 housing units at a density of 1,626.9 per square mile, of which 2,103 were owner-occupied. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0. 9%, the vacancy rate was 4. 9%. 4,917 people lived in owner-occupied housing units and 2,502 people lived in housing units. As of the census of 2000, there were 7,319 people,3,306 households, the population density was 3,441.2 people per square mile. There were 3,418 housing units at a density of 1,607.0 per square mile. 6. 8% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race,31. 1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7. 4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older
A cartoonist is a visual artist who specializes in drawing cartoons. This work is created for entertainment, political commentary, or advertising. The English satirist and editorial cartoonist William Hogarth, who emerged In the 18th century, has credited with pioneering Western sequential art. His work ranged from realistic portraiture to comic series of pictures called modern moral subjects. Much of his work poked fun at politics and customs. Gillray explored the use of the medium for lampooning and caricature, calling the king, prime ministers and generals to account, while never a professional cartoonist, Benjamin Franklin is credited with having the first cartoon published in an American newspaper. In the 19th century, professional cartoonists such as Thomas Nast introduced other familiar American political symbols, during the 20th century, numerous magazines carried single-panel gag cartoons by such freelance cartoonists as Charles Addams, Irwin Caplan, Chon Day, Clyde Lamb, and John Norment.
These were almost always published in black and white, although Colliers often carried cartoons in color, the debut of Playboy introduced full-page color cartoons by Jack Cole, Eldon Dedini, and others. Single-panel cartoonists syndicated to newspapers included Dave Breger, Hank Ketcham, George Lichty, Fred Neher, Irving Phillips, comic strips received widespread distribution to mainstream newspapers by syndicates such as the Universal Press Syndicate, United Media, or King Features. Sunday strips go to a company such as American Color before they are published. Some comic strip creators publish in the press or on the Internet. Comic strip artists may work in book-length form, creating graphic novels. Both vintage and current strips receive reprints in book collections, the major comic book publishers utilize teams of cartoonists to produce the art. When a consistent artistic style is wanted among different cartoonists, character model sheets may be used as reference, animated cartooning is created for short films, feature films and television.
It is used in live-action films for dream sequences or opening titles. An animation artist is referred to as an animator rather than a cartoonist. They create motion pictures as well, Animation studios such as DreamWorks Animation, Walt Disney Animation Studios, and Blue Sky Studios create CGI or computer-animated films that are more three-dimensional. There are many books of cartoons in both paperback and hardcover, such as the collections of cartoons from The New Yorker, prior to the 1960s, cartoons were mostly ignored by museums and art galleries
Wilfred Bailey Everett Bill Bixby III was an American film and television actor and frequent game-show panelist. His career spanned more than three decades, including appearances on stage, in films, and on television series, david Banner on the CBS science-fiction drama series The Incredible Hulk. An only child, Bixby was born a fourth-generation Californian of English descent, in San Francisco and his father, Wilfred Everett Bixby II, was a store clerk and his mother, Jane Bixby, was a senior manager at I. Magnin & Co. In 1942, When Bixby was eight years old, his father enlisted in the Navy during World War II, while in the seventh grade, Bixby attended Grace Cathedral and sang in the churchs choir. In one notable incident, he shot the bishop using a slingshot during one service and was kicked out of the choir, in 1946, his mother encouraged him to take ballroom dance lessons and from there he started dancing all around the city. While dancing, he attended Lowell High School, where he perfected his oratory, though he received average grades, he competed in high-school speech tournaments regionally.
Bixby and Meriwether worked together on an episode of Barnaby Jones, later, he attended the University of California, his parents alma mater. Just four credits short of earning a degree, Bixby dropped out of college and was drafted into the Marines and he moved to Hollywood, where he had a string of odd jobs that included bellhop and lifeguard. He organized shows at a resort in Jackson Hole, Wyoming, in 1959, he was hired to work as a model and to do commercial work for General Motors and Chrysler. In 1961, Bixby was in the musical The Boy Friend at the Detroit Civic Theater, returning to Hollywood to make his television debut on an episode of The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis. He became a highly regarded character actor and guest-starred in many 1960s TV series, including Ben Casey, The Twilight Zone, The Andy Griffith Show, Dr. Kildare, Straightaway and he joined the cast of The Joey Bishop Show in 1962. In 1963, he played a sailor with a Napoleon tattoo in the movie Irma La Douce, Bixby took the role of young reporter Tim OHara in the 1963 CBS sitcom, My Favorite Martian, in which he co-starred with Ray Walston.
By 1966, high production costs forced the series to come to an end after 107 episodes. After the cancellation of Martian, Bixby starred in five movies, Ride Beyond Vengeance, Youve Got to Be Kidding. and two of Elvis Presleys movies and Speedway. He turned down the role as Marlo Thomass boyfriend in the successful That Girl, though he guest-starred on the show, in 1969, Bixby starred in his second high-profile television role, as Tom Corbett in The Courtship of Eddies Father, a comedy-drama on ABC. The series concerned a widowed father raising a son, managing a major syndicated magazine. This series was in the vein of other 1960s and 1970s sitcoms that dealt with widowerhood, such as The Andy Griffith Show, eddie was played by novice actor Brandon Cruz. The pair developed a rapport that translated to an off-camera friendship
M. K. Brown
M. K. Brown is a cartoonist and painter whose work has appeared in many publications, including National Lampoon, Mother Jones, Wimmens Comix, The New Yorker and more. She has written books, created animations for The Tracey Ullman Show. She is a painter with work in galleries and many private collections. She was married to fellow cartoonist B and her animated series Dr. N. Godatu debuted in 1987 on The Tracey Ullman Show alternating with the unknown Simpsons shorts. Nancy Cartwright and Dan Castellaneta from The Simpsons provided voices, Nancy Cartwright in Freeway, there were six shorts in all, each divided into four Acts. There were two unreleased episodes,2 Blind Date, Dr. N. godatu has a dream date with a lawyer whos a surgeon, and, in college, was voted cutest couple, hes someone who likes to talk about himself too much. 4 Freeway, Dr. N. godatu is going shopping with her friend Pat,7 Fishtank, Dr. N. godatus fish are doing strange things, which is nothing compared to what the two balloon-like repairmen are doing trying to fix it.
9 The Dream, Dr. N. Godatu has a strange dream -,13 Scanner, Dr. N. Godatu breaks out a scanner that converts brain activity into a TV picture. The Party, Pats throwing a party, hes back and he means business. Character list, Dr. Janice N. Godatu Elaine Mr. Marsh Bill Wallhead Pat The Carlisles Michelle M. K. Brown contributed various strips to National Lampoon magazine, Aunt Marys Kitchen featuring regularly from the early 70s into the early 80s, in 1983 Collier Books published the Aunt Marys Kitchen cookbook of 140 recipes gathered by M. K. Brown. Character list, Aunt Mary Leo Dorothy Dr. K, Social Worker, - January 1975 Aunt Marys -12 panel Full COLOR spread. - August 1980 Aunt Marys - August 1980, Aunt Mary had the strangest dream last night, Aunt Marys - September 1980, Aunt Mary decides to have a slide show. Aunt Marys - October 1980, Aunt Mary looks for pictures for the slide show, Aunt Marys - November 1980, Leo tries to fix the Popcorn machine. Aunt Marys - December 1980, Leo goes to the emergency room, Aunt Marys - May 1981, You know what they say about Fig Bars.
Aunt Marys - June 1981, Leo has escaped from the hospital, Aunt Marys - August 1981, Can I have just ONE bite of your hamburger. Aunt Marys Slide Show -11 panel Full COLOR spread, Brown as one of her early influences, By the time I graduated from high school I knew about bitter and sweet, but thanks to cartoonists like M. K. Brown, Gahan Wilson, and Ed Subitzky I knew about weird and rare and these three cartoonists taught me to watch the people around me and listen to how they talk and to write down what they say
A calendar is a system of organizing days for social, commercial or administrative purposes. This is done by giving names to periods of time, typically days, months, a date is the designation of a single, specific day within such a system. A calendar is a record of such a system. A calendar can mean a list of planned events, such as a calendar or a partly or fully chronological list of documents. Periods in a calendar are usually, though not necessarily, synchronized with the cycle of the sun or the moon. The most common type of calendar was the lunisolar calendar. Latin calendarium meant account book, the Latin term was adopted in Old French as calendier and from there in Middle English as calender by the 13th century. The course of the Sun and the Moon are the most evident forms of timekeeping, the Roman calendar contained very ancient remnants of a pre-Etruscan 10-month solar year. The first recorded calendars date to the Bronze Age, dependent on the development of writing in the Ancient Near East, a larger number of calendar systems of the Ancient Near East becomes accessible in the Iron Age, based on the Babylonian calendar.
This includes the calendar of the Persian Empire, which in turn gave rise to the Zoroastrian calendar as well as the Hebrew calendar, calendars in antiquity were lunisolar, depending on the introduction of intercalary months to align the solar and the lunar years. This was mostly based on observation, but there may have been attempts to model the pattern of intercalation algorithmically. The Roman calendar was reformed by Julius Caesar in 45 BC, the Julian calendar was no longer dependent on the observation of the new moon but simply followed an algorithm of introducing a leap day every four years. This created a dissociation of the month from the lunation. The Islamic calendar is based on the prohibition of intercalation by Muhammad and this resulted in an observationally based lunar calendar that shifts relative to the seasons of the solar year. The first calendar reform of the modern era was the Gregorian calendar. Such ideas are mooted from time to time but have failed to gain traction because of the loss of continuity, massive upheaval in implementation, a full calendar system has a different calendar date for every day.
Thus the week cycle is by not a full calendar system. The simplest calendar system just counts time periods from a reference date and this applies for the Julian day or Unix Time
The New York Times
The New York Times is an American daily newspaper and continuously published in New York City since September 18,1851, by The New York Times Company. The New York Times has won 119 Pulitzer Prizes, more than any other newspaper, the papers print version in 2013 had the second-largest circulation, behind The Wall Street Journal, and the largest circulation among the metropolitan newspapers in the US. The New York Times is ranked 18th in the world by circulation, following industry trends, its weekday circulation had fallen in 2009 to fewer than one million. Nicknamed The Gray Lady, The New York Times has long been regarded within the industry as a newspaper of record. The New York Times international version, formerly the International Herald Tribune, is now called the New York Times International Edition, the papers motto, All the News Thats Fit to Print, appears in the upper left-hand corner of the front page. On Sunday, The New York Times is supplemented by the Sunday Review, The New York Times Book Review, The New York Times Magazine and T, some other early investors of the company were Edwin B.
Morgan and Edward B. We do not believe that everything in Society is either right or exactly wrong, —what is good we desire to preserve and improve, —what is evil, to exterminate. In 1852, the started a western division, The Times of California that arrived whenever a mail boat got to California. However, when local California newspapers came into prominence, the effort failed, the newspaper shortened its name to The New-York Times in 1857. It dropped the hyphen in the city name in the 1890s, One of the earliest public controversies it was involved with was the Mortara Affair, the subject of twenty editorials it published alone. At Newspaper Row, across from City Hall, Henry Raymond and editor of The New York Times, averted the rioters with Gatling guns, in 1869, Raymond died, and George Jones took over as publisher. Tweed offered The New York Times five million dollars to not publish the story, in the 1880s, The New York Times transitioned gradually from editorially supporting Republican Party candidates to becoming more politically independent and analytical.
In 1884, the paper supported Democrat Grover Cleveland in his first presidential campaign, while this move cost The New York Times readership among its more progressive and Republican readers, the paper eventually regained most of its lost ground within a few years. However, the newspaper was financially crippled by the Panic of 1893, the paper slowly acquired a reputation for even-handedness and accurate modern reporting, especially by the 1890s under the guidance of Ochs. Under Ochs guidance and expanding upon the Henry Raymond tradition, The New York Times achieved international scope, circulation, in 1910, the first air delivery of The New York Times to Philadelphia began. The New York Times first trans-Atlantic delivery by air to London occurred in 1919 by dirigible, airplane Edition was sent by plane to Chicago so it could be in the hands of Republican convention delegates by evening. In the 1940s, the extended its breadth and reach. The crossword began appearing regularly in 1942, and the section in 1946
Marin County, California
Marin County /məˈrɪn/ is a county located in the San Francisco Bay Area of the U. S. state of California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 252,409 and its county seat is San Rafael. Marin County is included in the San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area across the Golden Gate Bridge from San Francisco, Marin County is one of the wealthiest localities in the United States, known for its affluence. In May 2009, Marin County had the fifth highest income per capita in the United States at about $91,480, the county is governed by the Marin County Board of Supervisors. The county is well known for its natural beauty and liberal politics. San Quentin Prison is located in the county, as is George Lucas Skywalker Ranch, the publisher of AutoCAD, is located there, as well as numerous other high-tech companies. The Marin County Civic Center was designed by Frank Lloyd Wright and draws thousands of visitors a year to guided tours of its arch, in 1994, a new county jail facility was embedded into the hillside nearby.
Marin Countys natural sites include the Muir Woods redwood forest, the Marin Headlands, Stinson Beach, the Point Reyes National Seashore, the United States oldest cross country running event, the Dipsea Race, takes place annually in Marin County, attracting thousands of athletes. Mountain biking was invented on the slopes of Mount Tamalpais in Marin, According to General Mariano Vallejo, who headed an 1850 committee to name Californias counties, the county was named for Marin, great chief of the tribe Licatiut. Marin had been named Huicmuse until he was baptized as Marino at about age 20, Marin / Marino was born into the Huimen people, a Coast Miwok tribe of Native Americans who inhabited the San Rafael area. Vallejo believed that Chief Marin had waged several fierce battles against the Spanish, starting in 1817, he served as an alcalde at the San Rafael Mission, where he lived from 1817 off and on until his death. The Coast Miwok Indians were hunters and gatherers whose ancestors had occupied the area for thousands of years, about 600 village sites have been identified in the county.
The Coast Miwok numbered in the thousands, there are few left and even fewer with any knowledge of their Coast Miwok lineage. Efforts are being made so that they are not forgotten, francis Drake and the crew of the Golden Hind was thought to have landed on the Marin coast in 1579 claiming the land as Nova Albion. A bronze plaque inscribed with Drakes claim to the new lands and this so-called Drakes Plate of Brass was revealed as a hoax in 2003. In 1595, Sebastian Cermeno lost his ship, the San Agustin, the Spanish explorer Vizcaíno landed about twenty years after Drake in what is now called Drakes Bay. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 828 square miles. It is the fourth-smallest county in California by land area
A mug is a type of cup typically used for drinking hot beverages, such as coffee, hot chocolate, soup, or tea. Mugs usually have handles and hold an amount of fluid than other types of cup. Usually a mug holds approximately 12 US fluid ounces of liquid, a mug is a less formal style of drink container and is not usually used in formal place settings, where a teacup or coffee cup is preferred. Shaving mugs are used to assist in wet shaving, ancient mugs were usually carved in wood or bone, or shaped of clay, while most modern ones are made of ceramic materials such as bone china, porcelain, or stoneware. Some are made from strengthened glass, such as Pyrex, other materials, including enameled metal, plastic, or steel are preferred, when reduced weight or resistance to breakage is at a premium, such as for camping. A travel mug is insulated and has a cover with a sipping opening to prevent spills. Techniques such as screen printing or decals are used to apply decorations such as logos or images.
Wooden mugs were produced probably from the oldest time, but most of them have not survived intact, the first pottery was shaped by hand and was facilitated by invention of the potters wheel. It was relatively easy to add a handle to a cup in the process thus producing a mug, for example, a rather advanced, decorated clay mug from 4000–5000 BCE was found in Greece. The biggest disadvantage of those clay mugs was thick walls unfit for the mouth, the walls were thinned with development of metalworking techniques. Metal mugs were produced from bronze, silver and even lead, starting from roughly 2000 BCE, the invention of porcelain around 600 CE in China brought a new era of thin-walled mugs suitable both for cold and hot liquids, which are enjoyed today. A shaving scuttle and shaving mug were developed around the 19th century, as hot water was not common in many households, one way to provide hot lather was to use a scuttle or mug. A traditional scuttle resembles a teapot with a wide spout where hot water is poured in, this is where it differs from a shaving mug, both shaving scuttles and mugs usually have a handle, but some have none.
Shaving mugs often look like a mug, some have a built in brush rest. Modern versions of the scuttle are in limited production, usually by independent potters working in small volumes, at the top of the scuttle or mug is a soap holder. Traditionally, it was used with a block of shaving soap. Later scuttles and mugs do not include the holes, and thus can be used with creams, some scuttles and mugs have concentric circles on the bottom, which retain some water thus helping to build lather. In use, the brush is dunked into the wide spout, allowing it to soak into the water
North Beach, San Francisco
North Beach is a neighborhood in the northeast of San Francisco adjacent to Chinatown, Fishermans Wharf and Russian Hill. The neighborhood is San Franciscos Little Italy, and has historically been home to a large Italian American population and it is still home to many Italian restaurants today, though many other ethnic groups currently live in the neighborhood. It was the center of the beatnik subculture. The American Planning Association has named North Beach as one of ten Great Neighborhoods in America, main intersections are Union and Columbus, the southwest corner of Washington Square, Grant Avenue and Vallejo Street. Originally, the citys northeast shoreline extended only to what is today Taylor, the area largely known today as North Beach was an actual beach, filled in with landfill around the late 19th century. Warehouses, fishing wharves, and docks were built on the newly formed shoreline. Due to the proximity of the docks, the half of the neighborhood south of Broadway was home of the infamous Barbary Coast.
Following its reconstruction after the 1906 earthquake, a number of Italian immigrants created the Italian character of the neighborhood that still exists. During the 1950s, many of the cafes and bars became the home and epicenter of the Beat Generation. The term beatnik originated from the here and was coined in a derogatory fashion by famed San Francisco Chronicle columnist Herb Caen. Many of that generations most famous writers and personalities such as Jack Kerouac, Allen Ginsberg, Gregory Corso, during the 1960s a notable night spot was The Committee, an improvisational theatre group founded by alumni of The Second City in Chicago. The Committee opened April 10,1963 at 622 Broadway in a 300-seat cabaret theater, the Broadway area created innovations for the strip club industry. The Condor Club, on the corner of Columbus and Broadway, was opened in 1964 as Americas first topless bar, which it is again today. The Lusty Lady was the first striptease club to be structured as a worker cooperative, Broadway strip clubs owe their legacy to the Barbary Coast, which was located just one block south on Pacific Street during the late 19th-century.
In the 1970s and 1980s Broadway was the location of live music clubs, like the Stone. Paul Kantner was living in North Beach in an apartment unit above Als Attire at the corner of Grant Avenue and Vallejo Street at the time of his death, and was often a patron of nearby Cafe Trieste. The North Beach Festival street fair on Grant Avenue and Columbus Avenue usually held on Fathers Day weekend in June is one of the citys largest and it is considered one of the nations oldest street fairs. The neighborhood hosts a large Columbus Day/Italian American heritage day parade along Columbus Avenue to San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park, the neighborhood still retains an Italian character with many Italian restaurants and bakeries that line Columbus Avenue and Washington Square
A T-shirt is a style of unisex fabric shirt, named after the T shape of the body and sleeves. It is normally associated with short sleeves, a round neck line known as a crew neck, T-shirts are generally made of a light, inexpensive fabric, and are easy to clean. Typically made of textile in a stockinette, or jersey. The majority of versions have a body made from a continuously woven tube, on a circular loom. The manufacture of T-shirts has become automated, and may include fabric cutting by laser or water jet. The T-shirt evolved from undergarments used in the 19th century, a V-neck T-shirt has a V-shaped neckline, as opposed to the round neckline of the more common crew neck shirt. The T-shirt evolved from undergarments used in the 19th century, the one-piece union suit underwear was cut into separate top and bottom garments, with the top long enough to tuck under the waistband of the bottoms. With and without buttons, they were adopted by miners and stevedores during the late 19th century as a convenient covering for hot environments.
As slip-on garments without buttons, the earliest T-shirt dates back to sometime between the 1898 Spanish–American War and 1913, when the U. S. Navy began issuing them as undergarments and these were a crew-necked, short-sleeved, white cotton undershirt to be worn under a uniform. It became common for sailors and Marines in work parties, the early submarines and they soon became popular as a bottom layer of clothing for workers in various industries, including agriculture. The T-shirt was easily fitted, easily cleaned, and inexpensive, boys shirts were made in various colors and patterns. The word T-shirt became part of American English by the 1920s, following World War II, it became common to see veterans wearing their uniform trousers with their T-shirts as casual clothing. The shirts became more popular in the 1950s after Marlon Brando wore one in A Streetcar Named Desire, finally achieving status as fashionable, stand-alone. Often boys wore them while doing chores and playing outside, eventually opening up the idea of wearing them as general-purpose casual clothing, Printed T-shirts were in limited use by 1942 when an Air Corps Gunnery School T-shirt appeared on the cover of Life magazine.
In the 1960s, printed T-shirts gained popularity for self-expression as well for advertisements, current versions are available in many different designs and fabrics, and styles include crew-neck and V-neck shirts. T-shirts are among the most worn garments of clothing used today, T-shirts are especially popular with branding for companies or merchandise, as they are inexpensive to make and purchase. T-shirts were originally worn as undershirts, but are now worn frequently as the piece of clothing on the top half of the body, other than possibly a brassiere or, rarely. T-shirts have become a medium for self-expression and advertising, with any combination of words, art
San Francisco, officially the City and County of San Francisco, is the cultural and financial center of Northern California. It is the birthplace of the United Nations, the California Gold Rush of 1849 brought rapid growth, making it the largest city on the West Coast at the time. San Francisco became a consolidated city-county in 1856, after three-quarters of the city was destroyed by the 1906 earthquake and fire, San Francisco was quickly rebuilt, hosting the Panama-Pacific International Exposition nine years later. In World War II, San Francisco was a port of embarkation for service members shipping out to the Pacific Theater. Politically, the city votes strongly along liberal Democratic Party lines, San Francisco is the headquarters of five major banking institutions and various other companies such as Levi Strauss & Co. Dolby, Weebly, Pacific Gas and Electric Company, Pinterest, Uber, Mozilla, Wikimedia Foundation, as of 2016, San Francisco is ranked high on world liveability rankings.
The earliest archaeological evidence of habitation of the territory of the city of San Francisco dates to 3000 BC. Upon independence from Spain in 1821, the became part of Mexico. Under Mexican rule, the system gradually ended, and its lands became privatized. In 1835, Englishman William Richardson erected the first independent homestead, together with Alcalde Francisco de Haro, he laid out a street plan for the expanded settlement, and the town, named Yerba Buena, began to attract American settlers. Commodore John D. Sloat claimed California for the United States on July 7,1846, during the Mexican–American War, montgomery arrived to claim Yerba Buena two days later. Yerba Buena was renamed San Francisco on January 30 of the next year, despite its attractive location as a port and naval base, San Francisco was still a small settlement with inhospitable geography. The California Gold Rush brought a flood of treasure seekers, with their sourdough bread in tow, prospectors accumulated in San Francisco over rival Benicia, raising the population from 1,000 in 1848 to 25,000 by December 1849.
The promise of fabulous riches was so strong that crews on arriving vessels deserted and rushed off to the gold fields, leaving behind a forest of masts in San Francisco harbor. Some of these approximately 500 abandoned ships were used at times as storeships and hotels, many were left to rot, by 1851 the harbor was extended out into the bay by wharves while buildings were erected on piles among the ships. By 1870 Yerba Buena Cove had been filled to create new land, buried ships are occasionally exposed when foundations are dug for new buildings. California was quickly granted statehood in 1850 and the U. S. military built Fort Point at the Golden Gate, silver discoveries, including the Comstock Lode in Nevada in 1859, further drove rapid population growth. With hordes of fortune seekers streaming through the city, lawlessness was common, and the Barbary Coast section of town gained notoriety as a haven for criminals, entrepreneurs sought to capitalize on the wealth generated by the Gold Rush