Mike Wallace (racing driver)
Michael Samuel Wallace is an American professional stock car racing driver. Born in Fenton, Missouri, he is the younger brother of Rusty Wallace, older brother of Kenny Wallace, uncle of Steve Wallace, his daughter, Chrissy Wallace, son, Matt Wallace, are active in racing competition. Wallace made his Busch Series debut in 1990 at the season-closing Winston Classic at Martinsville Speedway. Starting twenty-fourth, Wallace finished sixth in the No. 40 Lowes Foods-sponsored Chevrolet. The next season, he ran nine Busch races for a variety of different teams, had a third-place finish at Lanier Raceway, he made his Winston Cup debut at the Pyroil 500, where he finished thirty-first in the Jimmy Means-owned car. It marked the first time since the 1950s that three brothers competed against each other in a Winston Cup race, as Rusty and Kenny drove in that race also. In 1992, Wallace signed on with Moroso Racing to pilot the No. 20 First Ade-sponsored Oldsmobile. They ran a Cup race together at Atlanta Motor Speedway, where Wallace finished thirty-third.
Despite a tenth-place run at Martinsville, Wallace was dismissed from the ride nearly half-way into the season. Late in the year, he was hired by Barry Owen to drive his No. 9 Oldsmobile, replacing the late Clifford Allison. After a ninth-place finish in their first race at Dover International Speedway, Wallace posted a second-place finish at Martinsville. Wallace and Owen ran a pair of Cup races, their best finish a twentieth at Atlanta, they ran the entire Busch schedule in 1993, with sponsorship from FDP Brakes. Wallace had nine top-tens, he finished in the top fifteen in the first time in his Cup career when he finished fifteenth at Atlanta. Early in 1994, Wallace was hired by Junie Donlavey to drive his No. 90 Heilig-Meyers-sponsored Ford Thunderbird in the Winston Cup Series. Although he competed in twenty-two of the scheduled thirty-one races that year, Wallace finished fifth in the Rookie of the Year standings and thirty-third in the overall championship standings, his season was capped off with a fifth-place finish at the Hooters 500.
In the Busch Series, he won his first career race at Dover, followed by victories at The Milwaukee Mile and Indianapolis Raceway Park. The following season, Wallace failed to qualify for five races in the Cup series and dropped a spot in the standings, his lone lead-lap finish came at Bristol Motor Speedway. In the Busch Series, his team switched to No. 90 with sponsorship from Duron Paints, posted two second-place finishes. He made his Craftsman Truck Series debut that season at North Wilkesboro Speedway, finished 29th in the MB Motorsports truck. Twelve races into the 1996 season, Wallace was released from his Cup ride with Donlavey. Despite moving back down into the Busch Series full-time, Wallace only posted one top ten in the second half of the season, forcing Owen's team to close its doors. Wallace began 1997 with high hopes in the No. 91 LJ Racing Chevrolet Monte Carlo owned by Joe Falk and Ron Neal. The team had moved up from the Busch Series and signed Spam as a full-time sponsor but after many DNQ's and the best finish of seventeenth at Texas Motor Speedway, the team lost its sponsor and Wallace found himself without a ride.
He split time in the Busch Series in the No. 7 Chevrolet for Ed Whitaker, making six starts. Midway through the season, he left for the Truck series, driving the No. 52 Purolator-sponsored Chevrolet Silverado for Ken Schrader Racing. Despite only running fifteen races that season, he finished twenty-third in points, he finished in the top-ten in each of the last four races of the season, including California Speedway, where he finished second. Wallace returned to run the Truck Series full-time in 1998 for Schrader. Although he did not win that season, he won his first career NASCAR pole at New Hampshire International Speedway and had seven top tens en route to a fifteenth-place point finish, he ran six Busch races for Andy Petree Racing, Washington-Erving Motorsports, the Curb Agajanian Performance Group, his best finish coming at IRP for Petree. In addition, he ran the Daytona 500 in an entry for Phil Barkdoll and finishing twenty-third. In 1999, he left Schrader to drive the No. 2 Team ASE Racing Ford F-150 for Ultra Motorsports.
He won in his first race for Ultra at Homestead-Miami Speedway, won again six races at Pikes Peak International Raceway. He finished sixth in points that year, he returned to Donlavey in Cup to run the Daytona 500 for him, finished twenty-third, as well finishing twenty-fourth in an Ultra-owned car at Richmond International Raceway. The following year, Wallace moved up to fourth in points, he ran eight Busch races for Moy Racing, his best finish a fourteenth at IRP. After Ultra purchased the Mattei Motorsports No. 7 Nations Rent-sponsored Cup team, Wallace was announced as the driver for 2001. Despite starting off the season with a sixth-place finish at the Daytona 500, the team struggled in qualifying costing Wallace his job before he posted two consecutive top tens finishes. During that time, he began running with a new Busch Series team, Biagi Brothers Racing, running their No. 4 Geico-sponsored Chevy. His best finish of eight starts was a tenth at Richmond International Raceway. Late in the season, Wallace was granted his release from Ultra, joined Penske-Kranefuss Racing, driving the No. 12 Mobil 1-sponsored Ford Taurus as a teammate to his brother Rusty.
At Phoenix, he led forty-five laps late in the race before giving the lead up to Jeff Burton, finishing a career-best second place. Penske decided not to keep the 12 team going, forcing Wallace out of a
Floyd Anthony "Tony" Raines is a retired American professional stock car racing driver. He is a former National Touring Series champion in the now defunct American Speed Association and 1999 Rookie of the Year in the NASCAR Nationwide Series, he is the current spotter of the No. 41 car driven by Daniel Suarez. In 1988, Raines competed in five ASA races, returned for his rookie year in 1989. In 1990, Raines moved to NASCAR's All Pro Series, where he won Rookie of the Year and finished fourth in the final standings, he returned to ASA in 1991 for a four-year stint as driver of a new team formed by Ernie Roselli. In 1995, he joined Baker Motorsports; that in turn led to Raines' first major NASCAR ride. Raines entered the 1997 season with a full-time ride, running for Rookie of the Year honors in the No. 19 Pennzoil Ford F-150 for Kurt Roehrig. After failing to qualify for the first race of the season, Raines came back to win the seventh race of the season at I-70 Speedway, he finished 15th in points and ended the season with two top-5 and seven top-10 finishes, as well as two outside-pole positions.
In 1998, he won three races and earned 6 additional top-5 with fifteen top-tens, ending the season fifth in the standings. In 1999, Roehrig lost the Pennzoil sponsorship; this resulted in his move up to the Busch Series. Raines raced 31 times during the season, with the exception of the Coca-Cola 300, in which Steve Grissom drove. Without a primary sponsorship, Raines had a best finish of fourth and finished 12th in points, capturing the Rookie of the Year honors. In 1999, he made one start in the Truck Series at The Milwaukee Mile for Gerry Gunderman in the No. 68 truck in 1999 when Raines started 22nd and finished 19th. The following season, Raines moved to BACE's No. 33 Bayer Chevrolet Monte Carlo full-time. He had a career-best second-place finish at South Boston Speedway, but with no other top-tens, he fell to fifteenth in the final standings, he would return in 2001 with Bayer and Alka-Seltzer sharing sponsorship duties, winning his first career pole at Nazareth Speedway and had a career-high thirteen top-ten finishes, finishing sixth in points.
He fell six spots in points. BACE and Raines moved to the Winston Cup full-time in 2003, completing the whole season for NASCAR Rookie of the Year honors. Despite running without major sponsorship, Raines had a sixth-place finish at North Carolina Speedway and finished 33rd in the championship standings, third in the Rookie of the Year race. During the last six races of the season, Raines was in the top 20 in points gained for those six races. In the Busch series, Raines had another second-place finish and three consecutive eighth-place runs, allowing him to finish 39th in points despite an abbreviated schedule. Due to a lack of sponsorship in 2004, BACE focused back on the Busch Series. BACE hired Damon Lusk to drive its No. 74 Outdoor Channel Chevrolet Monte Carlo. He ran fifteen races for BACE that season, drove additional races for Phoenix Racing, Haas CNC Racing, Kevin Harvick Incorporated, he returned to the Truck series for one race at Atlanta, finishing seventeenth in the No. 08 1-800-4-A-Phone Chevrolet Silverado for Green Light Racing.
Raines ran one-race deals in Cup for Phoenix Racing and for Bill Davis Racing in 2004, before running four races for Competitive Edge Motorsports. His best cup finish in 2004 was 28th, he made a total of six Nextel Cup races in 2005, his first being a 35th-place finish for Front Row Motorsports at Richmond. Late in the season, he drove the No. 37 Dodge Charger for R&J Racing for six races. At Michigan, Raines inherited the lead late in the race, however with a handful of laps left ran out of fuel; the best finish for the pairing was a 22nd-place finish at Talladega Speedway. In addition to his Cup rides in 2005, Raines drove part-time for Kevin Harvick Incorporated in the No. 33 Yard Man/Outdoor Channel Chevrolet Monte Carlo in the Busch Series. In 2005, he had nine top-tens in 23 starts, with a 4th-place finish at the Federated Auto Parts 300. Towards the end of the 2005 Nextel Cup Series, he was announced as co-driver of a new team: the No. 96 Texas Instruments/DLP HDTV Chevrolet for Hall of Fame Racing.
He would share the ride in 2006 with Terry Labonte. Raines and the team had their best race of the season during the Bank of America 500 at Lowe's Motor Speedway, with Raines taking the lead for 28 laps and finishing in 7th place. In the 29 races he drove, Raines finished 35th in drivers points, he was expected to complete the full 2007 schedule with Hall of Fame Racing, but was replaced on road course events by Ron Fellows. His best finish in 2007 was ninth at Talladega and the team finished in the Top 25 in Owners Points. At the end of the 2007 season, Raines was replaced by J. J. Yeley in the No. 96 car for the 2008 NASCAR Sprint Cup Series. Raines had returned to the Busch Series with KHI for a part-time schedule, in 2007 he had three top tens in nine starts. After sitting out the first few races of 2008, Raines attempted his first races of the season for E&M Motorsports driving the No. 08 Dodge sponsored by Rhino Energy Drink. He qualified for his first Cup race of the season at Dover in the Front Row Motorsports No. 34 car, however had failed to make any other races for the team because of a high number of qualifying rainouts.
He began driving the No. 70 Haas CNC Racing Chevrolet at Pocono, resulting in an 18th-place finish, that team's sec
Rockingham Speedway North Carolina Motor Speedway and North Carolina Speedway is a racetrack located near Rockingham, North Carolina. It is known as the Rock and hosted Monster Energy NASCAR Cup Series and NASCAR Camping World Truck Series, ARCA, CARS Pro Cup Series races; the track opened as a flat, one-mile oval on October 31, 1965. In 1969, the track was extensively reconfigured to a high-banked, D-shaped oval just over one mile in length. In 1997, North Carolina Motor Speedway merged with Penske Motorsports, was renamed "North Carolina Speedway". Shortly thereafter, the infield was reconfigured, competition on the infield road course by the SCCA, was discontinued; until 2013, it was home to the Fast Track High Performance Driving School, The track was used for television and movie filming. The Rock is undergoing renovations and updates by the current ownership in order to house large-scale racing events and festivals. Rockingham Speedway known as North Carolina Motor Speedway, was the project of Harold Brasington and Bill Land.
Brasington, a land developer built NASCAR's first superspeedway, Darlington Raceway, in 1950. Land owned the property, settled in the sandhills of North Carolina, together, they set out to find funding, they went to local lawyer Elsie Webb. The duo sold shares to the locals for $1 per share, at one time had about 1,000 shareholders; the speedway was built as a one-mile oval with flat turns. North Carolina Motor Speedway opened on October 1965, holding its first race on the same day; the American 500 was a 500-lap, 500-mile NASCAR Grand National Series race won by Curtis Turner at an average speed of 101.942 miles per hour. Turner dominated the race, attended by 35,000 people, leading 239 laps and winning by 11 seconds; the winner's purse was $13,090. The American 500 was the 54th of 55 races in the 1965 season, which included NASCAR legends Cale Yarborough, Richard Petty, Ned Jarrett, Buddy Baker, David Pearson, Junior Johnson. Only 19 of the 43 cars were running at the end of the race; the speedway held two Grand National races the next year, the Peach Blossom 500, the American 500.
The Peach Blossom 500 would change names multiple times using the name Carolina 500, before ending as the Subway 400. The American 500 would change names multiple times as well, ending as the Pop Secret Microwave Popcorn 400; the first race was held in early March or late February, the second race was held in late October. In 1967 and 1968 the Carolina 500 was run in June; the speedway held two Grand National Series races every year until 2004. As part of the acquisition of the Penske Speedways in 1999, the Speedway was sold to International Speedway Corporation and in 2004, one of its two Sprint Cup races was transferred to ISC's California Speedway; the change was made after sagging attendance at Rockingham Speedway. It left the track with only one date, in late February, a unpopular date for spectators due to the unpredictable weather; that date was moved up from the traditional early spring date in 1992 when Richmond International Raceway wanted a date than the traditional post-Daytona date because of two postponements in the late 1980s caused by snow.
Rumors persisted that the track's lone remaining date was in jeopardy, as several new tracks in larger, warm-weather markets coveted the date, the first race following the Daytona 500, in 2002 and 2004, Fox's first race of the season. Despite wide speculation that the race was in its final year, it failed to sell out, falling nearly 10,000 short of the 60,000 capacity; the track indeed hosted its final race, the Subway 400, on February 22, 2004. In that last race, Matt Kenseth held off rookie Kasey Kahne on the last lap to win by only 0.010 seconds. This finish was one of the closest in NASCAR history, is viewed by many fans as one of the best finishes that season, it is known for a wild crash early in the race in which Carl Long flipped wildly down the backstretch. In the wake of the Ferko lawsuit, the poor attendance, the track's state of affairs was altered. In the settlement, ISC sold Rockingham Speedway to Speedway Motorsports, the track's lone remaining race was "transferred" to Texas Motor Speedway.
Some NASCAR fans saw things differently, because it was Darlington Raceway's prestigious Southern 500 removed from the schedule for the second race in Texas, the date for the Rock was sent to Phoenix International Raceway. SMI agreed to host no NASCAR events at the track. Upon its exit from the NASCAR circuit, the Rock joined such facilities as Ontario Motor Speedway, Riverside International Raceway, North Wilkesboro Speedway, Texas World Speedway, Music City Motorplex as tracks removed from the circuit; the Rockingham track was praised for good racing, including 37 official lead changes in one race in 1981, for having great sightlines for spectators. However, the facility made limited infrastructure reinvestments over the years while being owned by the DeWitt family, seemed to lag behind other facilities which continually modernized and updated their business plans after it was sold to pay off estate taxes owed by the DeWitt and Wilson families which had owned the track. Speedway Motorsports put the track up for auction on October 2, 2007.
ARCA RE/MAX Series Series car owner and former driver Andy Hillenburg, who owns Fast Track High Performance Driving S
Petrofina was a Belgian oil company. It merged with Total in 1999 to form TotalFina, which after subsequent mergers has changed its name back to Total. In the United States, Fina's former refining and marketing operations are now owned by Delek US. Petrofina was founded on 25 February 1920 by Hector Carlier his brother Fernand and Aloys Van de Vyvere as an Antwerp-based group called Compagnie Financière Belge des Pétroles, but changed to PetroFina to reflect their telegraphic address name. Petrofina's Canadian retail operations in eastern Canada were sold to the Canadian government and became part of Petro-Canada. Petrofina merged with Total S. A. of France to form TotalFina and with Elf in 2000 to form TotalFinaElf. The company's current name is Total S. A.. Petrofina expanded its operations to the United States in 1956 with the purchase of Texas-based Panhandle Oil Company, headquartered in Wichita Falls, where the firm operated an oil refinery and marketed gasoline through service stations in Texas and New Mexico.
American Petrofina, as the United States operation was called, further expanded its presence in the US through the purchase of several small oil companies, the largest being the Cosden Oil Company from W. R. Grace in 1963, which gave FINA a large chain of service stations in Texas and New Mexico along with an oil refinery in Big Spring, Texas; the FINA brand appeared on gasoline and other petroleum products at Panhandle stations in 1958, with the service stations rebranded as FINA in 1959 and service stations acquired through purchase of Cosden and other companies converted to the FINA brand. In 1961, FINA introduced its Pink Air promotional campaign noting that while FINA gasolines were loaded with all the same ingredients that made their fuels "Exactly As Good As The Best" adding that only at FINA stations could motorists get "Pink Air" for their tires to keep them from deteriorating. In its "Pink Air" ads, Fina noted that Pink Air was arriving at new FINA stations as fast as they could be opened and set a goal of having Pink Air in all of its stations by May 1966 - five years later.
In 1966, when "Pink Air" arrived at every FINA station, FINA replaced that campaign with a new one regarding an ingredient in its gasoline called "PFLASH." At a time when other US oil companies were promoting their gasoline products with campaigns such as Exxon/Esso's "Put A Tiger in Your Tank!", Shell's "Platformate" additive that improved gas mileage, Texaco's invitation to "Trust Your Car to the Man Who Wears The Star" and Mobil's "Detergent gasoline". FINA stations offered free "Pflash" bumper stickers to motorists who pulled in for gasoline purchases. In 1973, American Petrofina expanded its marketing area to include Florida and several other Southeastern states following the purchase of BP's marketing assets including service stations and jobber contracts, converting them to the FINA brand. Another expansion of FINA's marketing operations came in 1984, when American Petrofina purchased several thousand service stations from Oklahoma-based Champlin Refining Company following that firm's closing of its Enid, Oklahoma refinery.
The Champlin assets were rebranded as FINA stations in several Mid-Continent states including Texas, Kansas and Iowa among others. Petrofina's U. S. subsidiary, Fina Inc. announced that it will move its headquarters to Houston from Plano, Texas in 2000. Fina Inc. planned to occupy 149,000 square feet in the World Houston Plaza building, near George Bush Intercontinental Airport. In 2005, TOTAL Petrochemicals USA, Inc. moved to offices in downtown Houston at 1201 Louisiana St. TOTAL Petrochemicals USA, Inc. has retained the petrochemicals operations of the former Fina and the Port Arthur, Texas refinery. Since the Total-Petrofina merger in 1999, all of FINA's former marketing assets and the Big Spring refinery have been owned by Texas-based Alon USA. ALON assets include the former FINA refinery at Big Spring and the FINA brand name. ALON supplies gasoline and other petroleum products to 1,200 FINA stations directly and through distributors in seven Southwestern states including Texas, Arkansas, New Mexico and the southern portion of Colorado.
ALON owns Southwest Convenience Stores, LLC, the largest franchiser of 7-Eleven convenience stores in the United States. Southwest owns and operates 160 7-Eleven stores in West Texas and New Mexico, each of which sell FINA gasoline. In 2012, Alon announced it would be converting all of its retail locations to the ALON gasoline brand, rather than extend the contract they had with TotalElf which lasted 12 years to keep using the Fina brand. Doing so would allow them to expand beyond the original eight state territory they could use the Fina name in; this conversion was completed by the end of 2012 at all former Fina locations. The Fina Port Arthur refinery is still owned by Total. Fina were BMW's primary oil & lubricants partner from 1988 to 1998, featuring on all of BMW Motorsport's works team racing cars beginning with the 1988 European Touring Car Championship, through entries in the World Rally Championship, British Touring Car Championship, the Deutsche Tourenwagen Meisterschaft until 1992 and the German Supertourenwagen Cup.
Fina supported BMW's in the French Touring Car Cham
Charlotte, North Carolina
Charlotte is the most populous city in the U. S. state of North Carolina. Located in the Piedmont, it is the county seat of Mecklenburg County. In 2017, the U. S. Census Bureau estimated the population was 859,035, making it the 17th-most populous city in the United States; the Charlotte metropolitan area's population ranks 22nd in the U. S. and had a 2016 population of 2,474,314. The Charlotte metropolitan area is part of a sixteen-county market region or combined statistical area with a 2016 census-estimated population of 2,632,249. Between 2004 and 2014, Charlotte was ranked as the country's fastest-growing metro area, with 888,000 new residents. Based on U. S. Census data from 2005 to 2015, it tops the 50 largest U. S. cities as the millennial hub. It is the second-largest city in the southeastern United States, just behind Florida, it is the third-fastest-growing major city in the United States. It is listed as a "gamma" global city by World Cities Research Network. Residents are referred to as "Charlotteans".
Charlotte is home to the corporate headquarters of Bank of America and the east coast operations of Wells Fargo, which along with other financial institutions has made it the second-largest banking center in the United States since 1995. Among Charlotte's many notable attractions, some of the most popular include the Carolina Panthers of the NFL, the Charlotte Hornets of the NBA, the Charlotte Checkers of the AHL, the Charlotte Independence of the USL, the Charlotte Hounds of Major League Lacrosse, two NASCAR Cup Series races and the NASCAR All-Star Race, the Wells Fargo Championship, the NASCAR Hall of Fame, the Charlotte Ballet, Children's Theatre of Charlotte, Carowinds amusement park, the U. S. National Whitewater Center. Charlotte has a humid subtropical climate, it is located several miles east of the Catawba River and southeast of Lake Norman, the largest man-made lake in North Carolina. Lake Wylie and Mountain Island Lake are two smaller man-made lakes located near the city; the Catawba Native Americans were the first known historic tribe to settle Mecklenburg County and were first recorded around 1567 in Spanish records.
By 1759 half the Catawba tribe had died from smallpox, endemic among Europeans, because the Catawba had no acquired immunity to the new disease. At the time of their largest population, Catawba people numbered 10,000, but by 1826 their total population had dropped to 110; the European-American city of Charlotte was developed first by a wave of migration of Scots-Irish Presbyterians, or Ulster-Scot settlers from Northern Ireland, who dominated the culture of the Southern Piedmont Region. They made up the principal founding European population in the backcountry. German immigrants settled the area before the American Revolutionary War, but in much smaller numbers, they still contributed to the early foundations of the region. Mecklenburg County was part of Bath County of New Hanover Precinct, which became New Hanover County in 1729; the western portion of New Hanover split into Bladen County in 1734, its western portion splitting into Anson County in 1750. Mecklenburg County formed from Anson County in 1762.
Further apportionment was made in 1792, after the American Revolutionary War, with Cabarrus County formed from Mecklenburg. In 1842, Union County formed from Mecklenburg's southeastern portion and a western portion of Anson County; these areas were all part of one of the original six judicial/military districts of North Carolina known as the Salisbury District. The area, now Charlotte was settled by people of European descent around 1755, when Thomas Spratt and his family settled near what is now the Elizabeth neighborhood. Thomas Polk, who married Thomas Spratt's daughter, built his house by the intersection of two Native American trading paths between the Yadkin and Catawba rivers. One path was part of the Great Wagon Road. Nicknamed the "Queen City", like its county a few years earlier, Charlotte was named in honor of German princess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, who had become the Queen Consort of Great Britain and Ireland in 1761, seven years before the town's incorporation. A second nickname derives from the American Revolutionary War, when British commander General Charles Cornwallis, 1st Marquess Cornwallis occupied the city but was driven out by hostile residents.
He wrote that Charlotte was "a hornet's nest of rebellion", leading to the nickname "The Hornet's Nest". Within decades of Polk's settling, the area grew to become "Charlotte Town", incorporating in 1768; the crossroads in the Piedmont became the heart of Uptown Charlotte. In 1770, surveyors marked the streets in a grid pattern for future development; the east–west trading path became Trade Street, the Great Wagon Road became Tryon Street, in honor of William Tryon, a royal governor of colonial North Carolina. The intersection of Trade and Tryon—commonly known today as "Trade & Tryon," or "The Square"—is more properly called "Independence Square". While surveying the boundary between the Carolinas in 1772, William Moultrie stopped in Charlotte Town, whose five or six houses were "very ordinary built of logs". Local leaders came together in 1775 and signed the Mecklenburg Resolves, more popularly known as the Mecklenburg Declaration of Independence. While not a true declaration of independence from British rule, it is among the first such declarations that led to the American Revolution.
May 20, the traditional date of the signing of the declaration, is celebrated annually in Charlotte as "MecDec", with musket and cannon fire by reenactors in Independence Square. North Carolina's state flag and state seal bea
Johnny Benson Jr.
Jonathan Benson Jr. is an American retired stock car racing driver and the son of former Michigan modified driver John Benson Sr. His career highlights include the 1993 American Speed Association AC-Delco Challenge series championship, the 1995 Busch Series championship, the 1996 Winston Cup NASCAR Rookie of the Year award, the 2008 Craftsman Truck Series championship. Benson, who began his NASCAR career in 1993, is the second of only three drivers that have won a championship in both the Busch Series and the Craftsman Truck Series, the seventeenth of only twenty-seven drivers to win a race in each of NASCAR's three national series. Benson was born in Michigan, he was late model champion at Berlin Raceway in Marne, Michigan before joining the American Speed Association in 1990. During Benson's rookie season in the ASA he captured one pole position, led 174 laps and scored eight top 10 finishes to blitz the competition for the ASA's Pat Schauer Rookie of the Year award. In 1991 Benson compiled 13 top 10s including four second-place finishes.
Benson ranked fourth in the ASA AC-Delco Challenge Series in 1991. Benson went on to win the 1993 ASA championship. During his time in the ASA series he drove the No. 21 Valvoline Chevrolet for Throop Motorsports. In 1993, Benson made his Busch Series debut at Michigan International Speedway, driving the No. 41 Delco Remy Chevrolet for Ernie Irvan. He finished 40th after an early crash when he had flipped in the race, he ran three more races that season in the No. 74 Staff America Chevy for BACE Motorsports, qualifying third at Hickory Motor Speedway. His best finish was an eighteenth at Atlanta Motor Speedway. Benson was hired to drive full-time for BACE in 1994, he won his first career race at the SplitFire 200 and finished sixth in points, winning Rookie of the Year honors. The following season, Benson won early in the season at Atlanta and Hickory and had nineteen top-tens, winning the championship, he began running in the Truck Series in the No. 18 Performance Friction Chevrolet Silverado for Kurt Roehrig.
In his first season, his best finish was a second at Indianapolis Raceway Park. The following season, he won the pole at North Wilkesboro Speedway. In 1996, he moved up to the Winston Cup Series, a series Benson's father John Benson Sr. competed in for one race back in 1973. He joined the No. 30 Pennzoil team owned by Bahari Racing. He failed to qualify for one race at the Food City 500, but won the 1996 NASCAR Winston Cup Rookie of the Year title, he won one pole at Atlanta Motor Speedway. In August he dominated the Brickyard 400 before a problem on the last pit stop ended his chances for victory, he was 21st in points. He was invited to the 1996 International Race of Champions as the reigning Busch Series champion, finished third in the final points, finishing in the Top 10 in all four races. In 1997, Benson did not finish in the top-five once, he won his second career pole at Michigan and finished outside of the top 10 by one point to Ken Schrader. At the end of the season he announced he would be joining Roush Racing to run the brand-new No. 26 General Mills/Cheerios Ford Taurus.
He missed the season opening Daytona 500 finished 30th at the following race. He had a streak of no finishes worse than ninth over the next five races and rose as high as tenth in points, before he finished 38th and 41st in the next two races. For the rest of the season, his best finish was ninth and he qualified no higher than second, he finished 20th in points. Benson had numerous crew chiefs in 1999, he finished 28th in the final standings. After a long negotiation, he announced he would leave Roush. At the start of the 2000 Winston Cup season, Benson found himself without a sponsor when he signed on to join Tyler Jet Motorsports to run the No. 10 car. The team showed up at Daytona Speedweeks with a white unsponsored Pontiac Grand Prix. Lycos.com signed on to be the team's sponsor for the year on the morning of the Daytona 500. During the race Benson and crew chief James Ince gambled on a late pitstop when they took only 2 right side tires and fuel, to come out with the lead with 43 laps to go.
He held off the field. On the restart with 4 laps to go Benson was leading with Jeff Burton right behind. Jarrett bumped Benson, sending him up the track going into turn one passed him for the win while Benson slid back in 12th. Benson finished sixth in the third race at the Las Vegas Motor Speedway, was eleventh in points. At the next race at Atlanta, Benson did not qualify in first-round qualifying, he missed the race after the second round was canceled. Benson finished second three weeks later. At the July Pepsi 400, the Tyler Jet Motorsports car showed up at Daytona again with a white car. During the weekend before the race the team removed the Lycos.com decals. Reports said. Tyler Jet went sponsorless for the next 4 races before Aaron's came aboard right before the team shut down. During the sponsorless run the team was sold to MB2 Motorsports. In August, Valvoline announced they would not only become part owner. Benson finished in thirteenth place in the final points. Benson began his 2001 season with an engine failure that relegated him to 28th place, a few laps after the race's "Big One" involving 19 cars took place.
He had top-ten finishes in each of the next four races, including a 4th-place run in the UAW-Daimler Chrysler 400, which allowed him to be a career high second in the points following the spring Darlington Race. He finished third at Texas and Indian
Bayer AG is a German multinational pharmaceutical and life sciences company and one of the largest pharmaceutical companies in the world. Headquartered in Leverkusen, where its illuminated corporate logo, the Bayer cross, is a landmark, Bayer's areas of business include human and veterinary pharmaceuticals; the company is a component of the Euro Stoxx 50 stock market index. Werner Baumann has been CEO since 2016. Founded in Barmen in 1863 as a dyestuffs factory, Bayer's first and best-known product was aspirin. In 1898 Bayer trademarked the name heroin for the drug diacetylmorphine and marketed it as a cough suppressant and non-addictive substitute for morphine until 1910. Bayer introduced phenobarbital. In 1925 Bayer was one of six chemical companies that merged to form IG Farben, the world's largest chemical and pharmaceutical company; the Allied Control Council seized IG Farben after World War II, because of its role in the Nazi war effort and involvement in the Holocaust, which included using slave labour from concentration camps.
It was split into its six constituent companies in 1951 split again into three: BASF, Bayer and Hoechst. Bayer played a key role in the Wirtschaftswunder in post-war West Germany regaining its position as one of the world's largest chemical and pharmaceutical corporations. In 2006 the company acquired Schering, in 2014 it acquired Merck & Co.'s consumer business, with brands such as Claritin, Coppertone and Dr. Scholl's, in 2018 it acquired Monsanto, a leading producer of genetically engineered crops, for $63 billion. Bayer CropScience develops genetically modified pesticides. Bayer AG was founded as a dyestuffs factory in 1863 in Barmen, Germany, by Friedrich Bayer and his partner, Johann Friedrich Weskott, a master dyer. Bayer was responsible for the commercial tasks. Fuchsine and aniline became; the headquarters and most production facilities moved from Barmen to a larger area in Elberfeld in 1866. Friedrich Bayer, son of the company's founder, was a chemist and joined the company in 1873. After the death of his father in 1880, the company became a joint-stock company, Farbenfabriken vorm.
Friedr. Bayern & Co known as Elberfelder Farbenfabriken. A further expansion in Elberfeld was impossible, so the company moved to the village Wiesdorf at Rhein and settled in the area of the alizarin producer Leverkus and Sons. A new city, was founded there in 1930 and became home to Bayer AG's headquarters; the company's corporate logo, the Bayer cross, was introduced in 1904, consisting of the word BAYER written vertically and horizontally, sharing the Y and enclosed in a circle. An illuminated version of the logo is a landmark in Leverkusen. Bayer's first major product was acetylsalicylic acid—first described by French chemist Charles Frederic Gerhardt in 1853—a modification of salicylic acid or salicin, a folk remedy found in the bark of the willow plant. By 1899 Bayer's trademark Aspirin was registered worldwide for Bayer's brand of acetylsalicylic acid, but it lost its trademark status in the United States and the United Kingdom after the confiscation of Bayer's US assets and trademarks during World War I by the United States, because of the subsequent widespread usage of the word.
The term aspirin continued to be used in the US, UK and France for all brands of the drug, but it is still a registered trademark of Bayer in over 80 countries, including Canada, Mexico and Switzerland. As of 2011 40,000 tons of aspirin were produced each year and 10–20 billion tablets consumed in the United States alone for prevention of cardiovascular events, it is on the WHO Model List of Essential Medicines, the most important medications needed in a basic health system. There is an unresolved controversy over the roles played by Bayer scientists in the development of aspirin. Arthur Eichengrün, a Bayer chemist, said he was the first to discover an aspirin formulation that did not have the unpleasant side effects of nausea and gastric pain, he said he had invented the name aspirin and was the first person to use the new formulation to test its safety and efficacy. Bayer contends. Various sources support the conflicting claims. Most mainstream historians attribute the invention of aspirin to Hoffmann and/or Eichengrün.
Heroin, now illegal as an addictive drug, was introduced as a non-addictive substitute for morphine, trademarked and marketed by Bayer from 1898 to 1910 as a cough suppressant and over-the-counter treatment for other common ailments, including pneumonia and tuberculosis. Bayer scientists were not the first to make heroin, but the company led the way in commercializing it. Heroin was a Bayer trademark until after World War I. In 1903 Bayer licensed the patent for the hypnotic drug diethylbarbituric acid from its inventors Emil Fischer and Joseph von Mering, it was marketed under the trade name Veronal as a sleep aid beginning in 1904. Systematic investigations of the effect of structural changes on potency and duration of action at Bayer led to the discovery of phenobarbital in 1911 and the discovery of its potent anti-epileptic activity in 1912. Phenobarbital was among the most used drugs for the treatment of epilepsy through the 1970s, as of 2014 it remains on the World Health Organization's list of essential medications.
During World War I, Bayer's assets, including the rights to