BAP Almirante Grau (CLM-81)

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Dia 172V3.jpg
BAP Almirante Grau (CLM-81) leaves the harbor of Curaçao, June 1973.
History
Netherlands
Name: De Ruyter
Builder: Wilton-Fijenoord, Schiedam
Laid down: 5 September 1939
Launched: 19 December 1941
Commissioned: 18 November 1953
Out of service: Sold to Peruvian Navy in March 1973
Peru
Name: Almirante Grau
Namesake: Admiral Miguel Grau Seminario
Acquired: 7 March 1973
Commissioned: 23 May 1973
Decommissioned: 26 September 2017
Homeport: Callao
Motto: Poder y Gloria (Power and Glory)
General characteristics
Class and type: De Zeven Provinciën-class cruiser
Displacement:
  • 9,681 tons standard
  • 12,165 tons full load
Length: 187.32 m (614.6 ft)
Beam: 17.25 m (56.6 ft)
Draught: 6.72 m (22.0 ft)
Draft: 11.65 m (38.2 ft)
Propulsion:
  • 4 Werkspoor-Yarrow three-drum boilers
  • 2 De Schelde Parsons geared steam turbines
  • 2 shafts; 85,000 shp (63,000 kW)
Speed: 32 kn (59 km/h; 37 mph)
Range: 6,900 nmi (12,800 km; 7,900 mi) at 12 kn (22 km/h; 14 mph)
Complement: 47 officers, 606 enlisted
Sensors and
processing systems:
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
Armament:
Armor:
  • 50-76 mm belt
  • 50-125 mm turrets
  • 50-125 mm conning tower

BAP Almirante Grau (CLM-81) was a De Zeven Provinciën-class cruiser in service with the Peruvian Navy. Completed for the Royal Netherlands Navy in 1953 as HNLMS De Ruyter (C801), she was acquired by Peru in 1973 and served as fleet flagship. Almirante Grau underwent a major modernization program between 1985 and 1988 during which she was fitted with new weapons and electronics. She was the last gun cruiser in service in any navy and was decommissioned on 26 September 2017.


Construction[edit]

De Ruyter was laid down by the Royal Netherlands Navy on 5 September 1939 as the cruiser HNLMS De Zeven Provinciën at the Wilton-Fijenoord shipyard at Schiedam.[1][2] She and her sister-ship, later De Zeven Provinciën, were intended to replace the two Java-class cruisers in the Dutch East Indies.[2] At the German invasion of the Netherlands in May 1940 little had been constructed. The Kriegsmarine intended to complete her as the training cruiser KH 1 but contruction was slow and she was not launched until 24 Devember 1944, with the intent by then to use her as a blockship in the Nieuwe Waterweg, the approaches to Rotterdam.[1][2]

After the liberation of the Netherlands, the Navy completed De Zeven Provinciën with modifications, and she was commissioned as HNLMS De Ruyter (C801) on 18 November 1953.[1]

Royal Netherlands Navy service[edit]

In Dutch service both ships participated in several NATO exercises, and were frequently used as flagships for different naval task forces. Between 1962 and 1964, De Zeven Provinciën underwent a refit which included the removal of the two aft turrets and the installation of a RIM-2 Terrier SAM system, but lack of funds precluded the same modifications from being carried out in De Ruyter.[citation needed] After two decades in service, she was decommissioned on 16 October 1972.[2]

Peruvian Navy service[edit]

The Peruvian Navy bought De Ruyter on 7 March 1973[1] as a counter to the acquisition of the Swedish cruiser Göta Lejon by the Chilean Navy.[citation needed] Commissioned on 23 May 1973 as Almirante Grau, in honor of the Peruvian Admiral Miguel Grau, the ship arrived at her new homeport of Callao on 11 July 1973. She was designated fleet flagship in succession to another cruiser of the same name (the former HMS Newfoundland), which was renamed Capitán Quiñones.

Modernization[edit]

From 1985 until 1988, she underwent a major modernization program by Amsterdam Naval Services (ANS) at its shipyard in Amsterdam, during which she was denominated Proyecto de Modernización 01 (Modernization Project 01) or PM-01, her role as flagship was assumed by her sistership Aguirre as Almirante Grau. Both ships regained their former names when the former De Ruyter returned to Callao on 15 February 1988.

The upgrade program carried out in the Netherlands included the following:

Further work was carried out by SIMA dockyards in Callao as follows:

The LW-08 radar was later replaced by an AN/SPS-6, the former being installed in the frigate BAP Carvajal (FM-51) in 2003.[3]

Almirante Grau was the last gun cruiser in service in any navy, although its main armament was supplemented with Otomat anti-ship missiles.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Moore, John, ed. (1980). Jane's Fighting Ships. 1980-1981. London: Jane's Pub. Co. p. 362. ISBN 0710607032. 
  2. ^ a b c d Visser, Jan. "Eendracht-class cruisers". Royal Netherlands Navy Warships of World War II. Retrieved 30 September 2017. 
  3. ^ Saunders, Stephen, ed. (2011). Jane's fighting ships 2011-2012. Coulsdon: IHS Jane's. ISBN 978-0710629593. 

Sources[edit]

  • Baker III, Arthur D., The Naval Institute Guide to Combat Fleets of the World 2002-2003. Naval Institute Press, 2002.
  • Rodríguez Asti, John, Cruceros. Buques de la Marina de Guerra del Perú desde 1884. Dirección de Intereses Marítimos, 2000. (in Spanish)
  • Jane's Fighting Ships 2011-2012.

Footnotes[edit]


External links[edit]