BBC Arabic Television

BBC Arabic Television is a television news channel broadcast to the Arab World by the BBC. It was launched on 11 March 2008, it is funded from the British television licence fee. In 1994, BBC Arabic Television was launched by Rome-based Orbit Communications Company and a subsidiary of the Saudi Arabian Mawarid Holding. On 21 April 1996, it was "pulled off the air" following an episode of Panorama, critical of the Saudi Arabian government. Ian Richardson, who set up the news department during that time blamed the short life of the channel on a clash with the owners over content. During the short life of BBC Arabic Television, there were several angry ‘liaison meetings’ with Orbit and the guarantees of editorial independence proved to be a sour joke, only obscured by a thin smokescreen about the BBC's alleged failure to observe "cultural sensitivities" – Saudi code for anything not to the Royal Family's liking; when it became clear to Orbit and Mawarid that it had, in their terms, created a monster not prepared to toe the Saudi line, it was only a matter of time before there would be a final parting of the ways.

Many of the staff who worked for the original BBC Arabic Television service went on to work for Al Jazeera television, now one of BBC Arabic Television's main competitors. Plans to relaunch the channel were announced in October 2005 and broadcasting was to start in Autumn 2007, but was delayed until 2008; the channel relaunched at 0956 GMT on 11 March 2008, with the first news bulletin airing at the top of the hour at 1000. Broadcasting for 12 hours a day, 24-hour programming began on 19 January 2009. BBC Arabic Television is run by the BBC World Service, it was funded from a grant-in-aid from the British Foreign Office but in 2014 funding was switched to come from the television licence, used to fund the BBC's domestic broadcasting. The service is based in the Peel Wing of Broadcasting House in London. In 2011, as the British government cut funding to the BBC, forcing the BBC World Service to close down its services in five languages, the government increased funding to the BBC Arabic service, in the words of Foreign Secretary William Hague, to "assist the BBC Arabic Service to continue their valuable work in the region".

BBC Arabic can be seen via The website includes a 16:9 live stream of the channel; the channel broadcasts 24 hours a day, showing live news programmes mixed with current affairs programmes and occasional light entertainment. Newshour, an hour-long news bulletin is broadcast every evening at 18:00 GMT. Other daily programmes are Nuqtat Hewar, BBC Trending. BBC news bulletins of either 30 or 60 minutes in duration are broadcast throughout the day, covering stories by journalists and correspondents around the world. Official website Live video stream BBC Press Release The Failed Dream That Lead To Al Jazeera Faisal Abbas: "BBC Arabic TV'should try to be different, " BBC 12 March 2008 Eric Pfanner: "BBC Set to Open Its New Arab World TV Channel in New York Times 4 March 2008 "BBC launches Arabic TV channel," BBC 11 March 2008

Igor Pashkevich

Igor Anatolyevich Pashkevich was a figure skating coach and competitor. He was the 1990 World Junior champion for the Soviet Union and the 1996 European silver medalist for Russia, he competed at the 1998 Nagano Olympics for Azerbaijan. Pashkevich began skating in 1976. Early in his career, Pashkevich competed for the Soviet Union and won gold at the 1990 World Junior Championships in Colorado Springs, Colorado, he represented Russia following the Soviet breakup. He placed 14th at his first senior ISU Championship, the 1993 World Championships in Prague, Czech Republic. In February 1994, Pashkevich competed at the Winter Olympics in Lillehammer, finishing 15th; the following month, he placed 9th at the 1994 World Championships in Japan. In 1995–96, his final season for Russia, he won gold at the 1995 Finlandia Trophy, silver at the 1995 NHK Trophy, silver at the 1996 European Championships. Pashkevich switched to Azerbaijan in the 1996–97 season, he placed eighth at the 1997 World Championships. The following season — his last — Pashkevich won the bronze medal at the 1997 Trophée Lalique and silver at the 1997 Nations Cup, qualifying for the Champions Series Final where he placed sixth.

He withdrew from the 1998 European Championships but competed at the 1998 Winter Olympics in Nagano and finished 16th. He was coached by Marina Kudriavtseva, he retired at the end of the season. After retiring from competition, Pashkevich performed in ice shows for two years, he worked as a coach in the United States and Russia. He worked with Angela Nikodinov, Fumie Suguri, Polina Shelepen, Yulia Lipnitskaya, Evgenia Medvedeva, Daniel Samohin. In 2016, he was a member of the coaching staff at Palm Beach Ice Works, he worked as an ISU technical specialist. Pashkevich was born on 1 July 1971 in Moscow, he held a PhD in figure skating from the Moscow State Academy of Physical Education and Sports. He was injured in a car accident in Oregon on 12 January 2005, sustaining a concussion, a laceration on the right side of his head, a fractured bone in the back of his neck, multiple contusions and abrasions. Pashkevich died on 26 March 2016 in West Palm Beach, Florida at the age of 44, he had a daughter living in Russia.

GP: Champions Series


IPlanet was a product brand, used jointly by Sun Microsystems and Netscape Communications Corporation when delivering software and services as part of a non-exclusive cross marketing deal, known as "A Sun|Netscape Alliance". After AOL merged with Netscape, technology analysts speculated that AOL's major interest was the website, to a lesser extent the Netscape Communicator suite, which some considered would be used to replace the Internet Explorer browser which AOL licensed from Microsoft and included as part of their software suite. AOL entered into an agreement with systems and software company Sun Microsystems whereby engineers from both companies would work together on software development, sales and support. Part of the deal was that Sun agreed to pay Netscape a fixed amount for each year of the deal regardless of whether any software was sold by the alliance; the code was written after the best parts of the Netscape Enterprise Server and the Sun Java System Web Server had been merged.

The iPlanet brand was owned by Sun following the acquisition of i-Planet, Inc. in October 1998. In 2002, the three year alliance came to an end, at which point, under the terms of the deal, both AOL and Sun retained equal rights to the code, jointly developed. Around this time many of the remaining Netscape employees were either laid off or transferred to Sun. During the period of the alliance, Netscape had hired few people, most staff coming under the Sun umbrella. AOL had continued to market the certificate server products under the Netscape brand, but in 2004 AOL sold the directory and certificate server products to Red Hat, which open-sourced them and integrated both into its Red Hat Enterprise Server product portfolio. Most of the other iPlanet products were moved to the Sun ONE brand and the Sun Java System brand. After the Oracle acquisition of Sun, some of the former iPlanet products returned to be sold under the iPlanet brand Oracle iPlanet Web Server and Oracle iPlanet Web Proxy Server.

The suite of iPlanet offerings included: iPlanet Application Server iPlanet Calendar Server iPlanet Directory Server, renamed to Sun Java System Directory Server iPlanet Instant Messaging Server iPlanet Messaging Server iPlanet Meta Directory iPlanet Portal Search iPlanet Portal Server iPlanet Web Server, renamed to Sun Java System Web Server iPlanet Web Proxy Server, renamed to Sun Java System Web Proxy ServerThe suite included a number of server-side infrastructure components, including distributed event management and tools for managing large populations of iPlanet server instances. Additionally, iPlanet sold "iPlanet E-Commerce Applications", a suite of software tools intended for building e-commerce websites: iPlanet BillerXpert iPlanet BuyerXpert iPlanet ECXpert iPlanet MerchantXpert iPlanet SellerXpert iPlanet TradingXpert Netscape PublishingXpert