Football in England
Today Englands top domestic league, the Premier League, is one of the most popular and richest sports leagues in the world, with six of the ten richest football clubs in the world. The England national football team is one of only 8 teams to win the World Cup, a total of five English club teams have won the UEFA Champions League. Football was played in England as far back as medieval times, kicking ball games are described in England from 1280. An account of an exclusively kicking game from Nottinghamshire in the fifteenth century bears similarity to association football. By the 16th centuries references to organised teams and goals had appeared, there is evidence for refereed, team football games being played in English schools since at least 1581. The eighteenth-century Gymnastic Society of London is, arguably, the worlds first football club, the Cambridge rules, first drawn up at Cambridge University in 1848, were particularly influential in the development of subsequent codes, including association football. The Cambridge Rules were written at Trinity College, Cambridge, at a meeting attended by representatives from Eton, Harrow, Rugby, Winchester, during the 1850s, many clubs unconnected to schools or universities were formed throughout the English-speaking world, to play various forms of football. In 1862, John Charles Thring of Uppingham School also devised a set of rules. These ongoing efforts contributed to the formation of The Football Association in 1863, the Sheffield FA played by its own rules until the 1870s with the FA absorbing some of its rules until there was little difference between the games. A match between Sheffield and Hallam F. C. on 29 December 1862 was one of the first matches to be recorded in a newspaper, on 8 March 1873, the England national teams 4–2 win over Scotland at the Oval was the first ever victory in international football. The late nineteenth century was dominated by the split between the amateur and professional teams, which was roughly aligned along a North-South divide. Northern clubs were keen to adopt professionalism as workers could not afford to play on an amateur basis, preston North End were inaugural winners in 1888–89, and were also the first club to complete the double of both winning the league and the FA Cup. Aston Villa repeated the feat in 1896–97 and it remained at 40 until the league was suspended after the 1914–15 season with the outbreak of World War I. Other clubs to win titles in this period include Sheffield United, Manchester United. During the war, competitive football was suspended, however, an unofficial Wartime Football league was played from 1915–16 to 1918–19, although the FA Cup was suspended until after the war. The next season the league was expanded with the Third Division divided into North and South sections. In the 1923–24 season the Third Division North was expanded to 22 clubs, Bolton Wanderers defeated West Ham United to win this landmark game. Bolton Wanderers would win the FA Cup on three occasions during the 1920s, by the turn of the 1930s, the national side regularly played against other national teams from outside the British Isles
Match of the Day
Match of the Day, often abbreviated as MOTD or MotD, is BBC TVs principal football programme. Typically, it is shown on BBC One on Saturday evenings during the English football season, showing highlights of the matches in English footballs top division. It is one of the BBCs longest-running shows, having been on air since 22 August 1964, Match of the Day has been recognised by Guinness World Records as the longest-running football TV programme in the world. Since 1999, MOTD has been presented by former England captain Gary Lineker, Lineker is usually joined by two pundits to analyse and review the days action. The programme is broadcast from MediaCityUK in Salford Quays, on the banks of the Manchester Ship Canal in Greater Manchester, the programmes audience was estimated at only 20,000, less than half of the attendance at the ground. Match of the Day was not universally welcomed in the football world, eventually a compromise was reached where the BBC agreed not to reveal which match was to be shown until after the days play had concluded. The first colour edition of Match of the Day on BBC1 was shown on 15 November 1969, however the very first colour edition was shown on 2 November 1968 on BBC2 when a game between Chelsea and Manchester City was featured. Slow motion replays were first introduced in 1969, however, at the end of the decade the BBC lost a significant share of matches, with a new four-year deal in 1979 splitting the rights between the BBC and ITV. Match of the Day was moved to Sunday afternoons for the 1980–81, in 1983, the programme reverted to being shown on Saturday night, although that year four broadcasts were lost due to industrial action. The season 1983–84 also saw the first Match of the Day Live broadcasts of First Division matches, League football highlights were not available to the BBC for a few years but MOTD returned in 1992, for the start of the Premier League era. C. In 1997, the BBC lost all rights to the FA Cup meaning the programmes live coverage was restricted to the UEFA Cup and Cup Winners Cup matches. However the BBC were still able to show Saturday evening highlights of FA Cup games, however things got much worse for the network when in 2001, the Premier League awarded highlights rights to ITV in a three-year contract. In August 2003 it was announced that from the 2004/05 season, Premier League highlights were returning to the BBC, in addition, Match of the Day 2 was launched, which showed highlights of all the Sunday fixtures, and was presented by Adrian Chiles. In 2009 the BBC announced they had retained their Premier League rights, from the 2011–12 season a new web-only Match of the Day 3 programme was launched on Monday mornings as a light-hearted addition to Match of the Day 2. Although broadcast as a programme and with its own unique title. In November 2011, Match of the Day moved from London to a new studio in Salford as part of the BBCs relocation north. At the start of 2012–13 season Match of the Day 2 moved to BBC One, in 1973, Jimmy Hill took over as presenter after moving from ITV. Des Lynam later became the host, current presenter Gary Lineker joined as an analyst in 1995 before becoming the main presenter after Lynams departure in 1999
UEFA Champions League
The UEFA Champions League is an annual continental club football competition organised by the Union of European Football Associations and contested by top-division European clubs. It is one of the most prestigious tournaments in the world, the UEFA Champions League final is the most watched annual sporting event worldwide. The final of the 2012–13 tournament had the highest TV ratings to date, the pre-1992 competition was initially a straight knockout tournament open only to the champion club of each country. During the 1990s, the format was expanded, incorporating a round-robin group stage to include clubs that finished runner-up of some nations top-level league. Clubs that finish next-in-line in each top level league, having not qualified for the UEFA Champions League competition. In its present format, the UEFA Champions League begins in mid-July with three qualifying rounds and a play-off round. The 10 surviving teams enter the stage, joining 22 other teams qualified in advance. The 32 teams are drawn into eight groups of four teams, the eight group winners and eight runners-up proceed to the knockout phase that culminates with the final match in May. The winner of the UEFA Champions League qualifies for the UEFA Super Cup, Real Madrid is the most successful club in the competitions history, having won the tournament 11 times, including its first five seasons. Spanish clubs have accumulated the highest number of victories, followed by England, the competition has been won by 22 different clubs,12 of which have won it more than once. Since the tournament changed name and structure in 1992, no club has managed consecutive wins, Milan were the last holders to defend their title. The reigning champions are Real Madrid, who secured their title in the competition after defeating Atlético Madrid on penalties following a 1–1 draw in the 2016 final. The first pan-European tournament was the Challenge Cup, a competition between clubs in the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Mitropa Cup, a competition modelled after the Challenge Cup, was created in 1927, an idea of Austrian Hugo Meisl, and played between Central European clubs. In 1930, the Coupe des Nations, the first attempt to create a cup for national clubs of Europe, was played and organised by Swiss club Servette. Held in Geneva, it brought together ten champions from across the continent, the tournament was won by Újpest of Hungary. Latin European nations came together to form the Latin Cup in 1949 and it was conceived in Paris in 1955 as the European Champion Clubs Cup. The first edition of the European Cup took place during the 1955–56 season, the first European Cup match took place on 4 September 1955, and ended in a 3–3 draw between Sporting CP and Partizan. The first goal in European Cup history was scored by João Baptista Martins of Sporting CP, the inaugural final took place at the Parc des Princes between Stade de Reims and Real Madrid
Steven George Gerrard, MBE is an English football coach and former player who currently serves as Academy coach at Liverpool. He played as a midfielder and spent the majority of his career playing for Premier League club Liverpool. Gerrard spent 17 seasons at Anfield, making his Liverpool debut in 1998, cementing his place in the first team in 2000 and his honours include two FA Cups, three League Cups, one UEFA Champions League, one UEFA Cup, and one UEFA Super Cup. Gerrard scored Liverpools first goal and won the penalty kick for the third as Liverpool came from 3–0 down to defeat Milan in the 2005 Champions League Final and he joined Major League Soccer club LA Galaxy in July 2015, spending one-and-a-half seasons there before retiring on 24 November 2016. He was named as the permanent England captain shortly before UEFA Euro 2012, Gerrard became the sixth player to win 100 caps for England in 2012, and is currently fourth in the countrys all-time appearance list. He ended his career in July 2014, having won 114 caps. Regarded to be one of the greatest midfielders of his generation, Gerrard came second to Kenny Dalglish in the 100 Players Who Shook The Kop, a 2008 Liverpool fan poll, and first in 2013. Zinedine Zidane and Pelé said in 2009 that they considered Gerrard to be the best footballer in the world, in 2005, Gerrard was honoured as the UEFA Club Footballer of the Year and won the Ballon dOr Bronze Award. Born in Whiston, Merseyside, Gerrard started out playing for hometown team Whiston Juniors and he joined the Liverpool Academy at age nine. He attended Cardinal Heenan Catholic High School, Gerrard had trials with various clubs at fourteen, but his success wasnt immediate — Gerrard never made it into the England schoolboys team. Gerrards trials included Manchester United, which he claimed in his 2006 autobiography was to pressure Liverpool into giving me a YTS contract and he signed his first professional contract with Liverpool on 5 November 1997. Gerrard made his Liverpool first-team debut on 29 November 1998 in a Premier League match against Blackburn Rovers as a substitute for Vegard Heggem. He made thirteen appearances in his season, filling in for injured captain Jamie Redknapp in centre-midfield. He also occasionally played on the wing, but he scarcely contributed in the short on-pitch time he received. Gerrard recalled in a November 2008 interview with The Guardian, I was out of position, the Liverpool hierarchy nonetheless remained convinced that he would improve. Gerrard saw himself as a player primarily, looking to make key tackles rather than push the team forward. Gerrard began to regularly partner Redknapp in central midfield for the 1999–2000 season, later that season, Gerrard scored his first senior goal in a 4–1 victory over Sheffield Wednesday. He was then beset by injuries that required four separate operations
Ricardo Julio Ricky Villa is an Argentine football coach and former professional midfielder. In the 1970s he played successively for Quilmes, Atlético de Tucumán, at the 1978 FIFA World Cup, he was a member of the Argentinian team that won the tournament and made two appearances as a substitute in the second round. Afterwards, he was snapped up by Tottenham Hotspurs Keith Burkinshaw together with Ossie Ardiles, arriving to a ticker tape welcome at White Hart Lane, Villa scored one goal against Nottingham Forest on his debut. He had also opened the scoring in the 8th minute of that final replay, today, Spurs fans recall Rickys unique contribution wearing t-shirts with his hirsute visage morphed into Che Guevaras. Villa played on in Argentina, Colombia and the United States before ending his career in the leagues of Argentine football with Defensa y Justicia. Villa also represented Argentina in the 1991 edition of the World Cup of Masters and he dedicated himself to politics during the 1990s, but since July 2005 has been the technical secretary of Talleres de Córdoba. He resides in Villa Carlos Paz with his wife and four children, on 7 February 2008, Villa along with his compatriot Ossie Ardiles was inducted into the Tottenham Hotspur Hall of Fame. FIFA World Cup Winner 1978 FA Cup Winner 1981 Ricardo Villa – FIFA competition record Ricardo Villa at National-Football-Teams. com
Tottenham Hotspur F.C.
Tottenham Hotspur Football Club /ˈtɒtnəm, -tənəm/, commonly referred to as Spurs, is an English football club located in Tottenham, Haringey, London, that competes in the Premier League. The clubs home stadium is White Hart Lane and their newly developed training ground is in Bulls Cross on the northern borders of the London Borough of Enfield. Founded in 1882, Tottenham won the FA Cup for the first time in 1901, Tottenham were the first club in the 20th century to achieve the League and FA Cup Double, winning both competitions in the 1960–61 season. After successfully defending the FA Cup in 1962, in 1963 they became the first British club to win a UEFA club competition – the European Cup Winners Cup, in 1967, Spurs won the FA Cup for a third time in the 1960s. In the 1970s Tottenham won the League Cup on two occasions and were the winner of the UEFA Cup in 1972, becoming the first British club to win two different major European trophies. In the 1980s Spurs won several trophies, the FA Cup twice, FA Community Shield, in the 1990s the club won the FA Cup and the League Cup. When they won the League Cup once more in 2008, it meant that they had won a trophy in each of the last six decades – an achievement only matched by Manchester United. The clubs Latin motto is Audere est Facere, and its emblem is a cockerel standing upon a football, the club has a long-standing rivalry with nearby neighbours Arsenal, with head-to-head fixtures known as the North London derby. The club was formed in 1882, as Hotspur F. C. and played in the Southern League from 1896 until 1908, when they were elected into the Football League Second Division. Before this promotion Tottenham had won the FA Cup in 1901, since then, Tottenham have won the FA Cup a further seven times, the Football League twice, the Football League Cup four times, the UEFA Cup twice and also the UEFA Cup Winners Cup. The Cup Winners Cup victory in 1963 made Tottenham the first English team to win a UEFA competition, in 1960–61 they became the first team to complete The Double in the 20th century. Tottenham played their first matches at Tottenham Marshes on the public pitches. It was at this ground that Spurs first played archrivals Arsenal, there were occasions on which fights would break out on the marshes in dispute of the teams that were allowed to use the best pitches. Crowd sizes were regularly increasing and a new site was becoming needed to accommodate these supporters, in 1898 the club moved from the marshes to Northumberland Park and charged an admission fee of 3d. They only remained at this ground for a year as in April 1899,14,000 fans turned up to watch Spurs play Woolwich Arsenal. The ground was no able to cope with the larger crowds and Spurs were forced to move to a new larger site 100 yards down the road. The White Hart Lane ground was originally a disused nursery owned by the brewery Charringtons, the landlord spotted the increased income he could enjoy if Tottenham played their matches behind his pub and in 1899 the club moved in. They brought with them the stand they used at Northumberland Park which gave shelter to 2,500 fans, notts County were the first visitors to the Lane in a friendly watched by 5,000 people and provided in £115 in receipts, Spurs won 4–1
Manchester City F.C.
Manchester City Football Club is a football club in Manchester, England. Founded in 1880 as St. Marks, they became Ardwick Association Football Club in 1887, the club moved to the City of Manchester Stadium in 2003, having played at Maine Road since 1923. After losing the 1981 FA Cup Final, the club went through a period of decline, having regained their Premier League status in the early 2000s, the club was purchased in 2008 by Abu Dhabi United Group and has become one of the wealthiest in the world. Since 2011 the club have won five major honours, including the Premier League in 2012 and 2014, by 2014–15, Manchester City had the sixth-highest revenue in the footballing world with an annual revenue of €463.5 million. In 2016, Forbes magazine estimated they were the sixth most valuable football club. City gained their first honours by winning the Second Division in 1899, with it promotion to the highest level in English football. A fire at Hyde Road destroyed the main stand in 1920, in the 1930s, Manchester City reached two consecutive FA Cup finals, losing to Everton in 1933, before claiming the Cup by beating Portsmouth in 1934. The club won the First Division title for the first time in 1937, after relegation to the Second Division in 1963, the future looked bleak with a record low home attendance of 8,015 against Swindon Town in January 1965. In the summer of 1965, the management team of Joe Mercer, in the first season under Mercer, City won the Second Division title and made important signings in Mike Summerbee and Colin Bell. Further trophies followed, City won the FA Cup in 1969, before achieving European success by winning the European Cup Winners Cup in 1970, beating Górnik Zabrze 2–1 in Vienna. City also won the League Cup that season, becoming the second English team to win a European trophy, the club continued to challenge for honours throughout the 1970s, finishing one point behind the league champions on two occasions and reaching the final of the 1974 League Cup. Former United player Denis Law scored with a backheel to give City a 1–0 win at Old Trafford, the final trophy of the clubs most successful period was won in 1976, when Newcastle United were beaten 2–1 in the League Cup final. A long period of decline followed the success of the 1960s and 1970s, Malcolm Allison rejoined the club to become manager for the second time in 1979, but squandered large sums of money on unsuccessful signings, such as Steve Daley. A succession of managers then followed – seven in the 1980s alone, under John Bond, City reached the 1981 FA Cup final but lost in a replay to Tottenham Hotspur. The club were relegated from the top flight in the 1980s. However, this was only a respite, and following Reids departure Manchester Citys fortunes continued to fade. City were co-founders of the Premier League upon its creation in 1992, after two seasons in Division One, City fell to the lowest point in their history, becoming the second ever European trophy winners to be relegated to their countrys third league tier, after 1. After relegation, the club underwent off-the-field upheaval, with new chairman David Bernstein introducing greater fiscal discipline, under manager Joe Royle, City were promoted at the first attempt, achieved in dramatic fashion in a play-off against Gillingham
Kenneth Mathieson Dalglish, MBE is a Scottish former footballer and manager. In a career spanning 22 years, he played for Celtic and Liverpool and he is Scotlands most capped player of all time with 102 appearances, and also Scotlands joint-leading goal scorer, with 30 goals. Dalglish won the Ballon dOr Silver Award in 1983, the PFA Player of the Year in 1983, in 2009 FourFourTwo named Dalglish as the greatest striker in post-war British football, and in 2006 he topped a Liverpool fans poll of 100 Players Who Shook the Kop. He has been inducted into both the Scottish and English Football Halls of Fame, Dalglish began his career with Celtic in 1971, going on to win four Scottish First Divisions, four Scottish Cups and one Scottish League Cup with the club. In 1977, Liverpool manager Bob Paisley paid a British transfer record of £440,000 to bring Dalglish to Liverpool, for these achievements and his style of play he was given the name King Kenny by Liverpool supporters. Eight months later Dalglish made a return to management with Blackburn Rovers. Soon afterwards he stepped down as Blackburn manager to become Director of Football at the club, in January 1997 Dalglish took over as manager at Newcastle United. Newcastle finished runners-up in both the Premier League and FA Cup during his first season, but they could only finish 13th in 1997–98, which led to his dismissal the following season. Dalglish went on to be appointed Director of Football at Celtic in 1999, and later manager, between 2000 and 2010 Dalglish focused on charitable concerns, founding The Marina Dalglish Appeal with his wife to raise money for cancer care. In January 2011 Dalglish was appointed Liverpools caretaker manager after the dismissal of Roy Hodgson, in October 2013, Dalglish returned to Anfield as a non-executive director. Dalglish, the son of an engineer, was born in Dalmarnock in the East End of Glasgow and he moved to the docklands of Govan, near Ibrox, home of Rangers, when he was 15, and he grew up supporting Rangers. Dalglish attended Milton Bank Primary School in Milton and started out as a goalkeeper and he then attended High Possil Senior Secondary School, where he won the inter-schools five-a-side and the inter-year five-a-side competitions. He won the Scottish Cup playing for Glasgow Schoolboys and Glasgow Schools, in 1966 Dalglish had unsuccessful trials at West Ham and Liverpool. Dalglish signed a contract with Celtic in May 1967. In his first season Dalglish was loaned out to Cumbernauld United, during this time he also worked as an apprentice joiner. Stein wished Dalglish to spend a season on loan at Cumbernauld. He played with the reserves throughout season 1968–69, but only scored four goals in 17 games, the following season he moved into midfield, which saw his performances improve. Stein put Dalglish in the starting XI for the first team in a match against Raith Rovers on 4 October 1969
Sportscene is the name of a range of Scottish sports television programmes produced by BBC Scotland. Sportscenes predecessor was Sportsreel, which was broadcast every Saturday at around 5pm and 10pm in the 1960s, Sportscene also covered European and international matches, which usually involved highlights but occasionally live coverage. The show was presented by Archie Macpherson with commentary by Macpherson, there are a number of shows that come under the Sportscene brand. Sportscene is broadcast on Sunday nights on BBC One Scotland and is presented by Jonathan Sutherland, the show produces highlights of all the weeks matches from the Scottish Premiership. Sutherland is joined by two guests who discuss the results. Guest have included Steven Thompson, Michael Stewart, Pat Nevin, Sportscene Results is broadcast on Saturday afternoons on BBC One Scotland and is presented by David Currie. The show rounds up all of the main football scores. From 1989–2001, it was known as Afternoon Sportscene and previous presenters have included Bill McFarlen, Rob Maclean, Dougie Donnelly, Dougie Vipond and Stuart Cosgrove. The show gives football experts like Pat Nevin and Tony Higgins an opportunity to give their views on the days results, until Grandstand ended its 48-year run, the show would have started at some point between 1 and 5 minutes before the network aired English counterpart Final Score. Sportscene Live is the used for all live football matches broadcast by BBC Scotland. Coverage includes both Scottish cup competitions, all other football related programming is simply branded as Sportscene. This includes highlights packages and other one-off specials, Sportscene Rugby Special was the title of BBC Scotlands domestic rugby union programming when it held the rights to the Scottish leagues. Friday Sportscene was the name of the preview programme that went out on BBC One Scotland on Friday nights from 1989–2001. Sportscenes main anchors are David Currie and Jonathan Sutherland, previous Sportscene presenters include Rob MacLean, Alison Walker, Richard Gordon, Dougie Donnelly, Archie Macpherson, Gordon Hewitt, Hazel Irvine, Jill Douglas, Mark Souster and Jim Craig. The programmes main commentary and reporting team consists of, lead commentator Liam McLeod, Paul Mitchell, John Barnes, Kheredine Idessane, Al Lamont, Jane Lewis, Chris McLaughlin, previous lead commentators have been Archie MacPherson, Jock Brown, Rob MacLean and Paul Mitchell. Sportscene has begun simulcasting certain live matches via both the BBC Sport website and the BBC Sport Mobile app, the UEFA Cup tie between Molde and Rangers was one of the first to feature online. Most programmes now feature on the BBC iPlayer service, depending on rights restrictions, the programme is regularly parodied in the Scottish football impressionist show Only an Excuse. Munchtime Sportscene is an often used by the programmes makers
BBC Scotland is the division of the BBC, and the publicly funded broadcaster for Scotland. Established in 1952, BBC Scotland is based in Glasgow and employs approximately 1,250 staff to produce 15,000 hours of television, BBC Scotland has three TV channels and two radio stations. Some £320 million of licence fee revenue is raised in Scotland, the remainder of licence fee revenue raised in the country is spent on networked programmes. BBC Scotlands TV channels compete with the ITV networks STV and ITV Border for regional programming, the first radio service in Scotland was launched by the British Broadcasting Company on 6 March 1923. Named 5SC and located in Glasgow, the services gradually expanded to include the new stations 2BD, 2DE and 2EH, based at Aberdeen, Dundee and Edinburgh respectively. Around 1927, the new Corporation, as the BBC now was, Television in Scotland began on 14 March 1952 using the 405-line television system broadcast from the Kirk oShotts transmitter. Television upgraded to colour in 1967 with regular colour broadcasts starting from 1971 when BBC Scotlands studios were upgraded. BBC Scotland has increased the number of programmes shown on the network services. BBC Scotland broadcasts three services to Scottish audiences. The latter of these services adheres to network scheduling more frequently than the former, the flagship news programme Reporting Scotland is presented by Jackie Bird and Sally Magnusson. In addition to two channels BBC Scotland also operates the digital channel BBC Alba, broadcasting programming in Gaelic for up to seven hours a day. The channel is a joint partnership between BBC Scotland and MG Alba and is available across the UK on satellite services, the proposed newscast been considered a response to the perennial proposals for a local opt-out of the BBC News at Six. The channel will be allocated £30 million in annual funding, hall also announced that the BBC would increase its spending on factual and drama productions in Scotland by £20 million annually. BBC Scotland also operates two radio stations covering Scotland, BBC Radio Scotland and BBC Radio nan Gàidheal, the former broadcasts English programming 24 hours a day on the frequencies 92-95 FM and 810 MW. The station has specific programming opt outs for Orkney and Shetland in addition to regional news opt outs for four additional sub regions - North East, Highlands & Islands, South West and Borders. BBC Radio nan Gàidheal in contrast is a Gaelic-language station broadcasting for the majority of the day on 103. 5-105 FM, BBC Scotland operates a mini site on BBC Online consisting of a portal to Scottish news, sport, programmes and items of cultural interest through BBC Online. The department also provides content from Scotland on these subjects to the website, BBC Scotland previously offered a podcast download of the top news items of the week and the online streaming of several key sections of output. BBC Scotlands headquarters are located at BBC Pacific Quay on the banks of the River Clyde in Glasgow
ITV (TV channel)
ITV is a commercial television channel in the United Kingdom. Previously a network of regional television channels, ITV currently operates in England, Wales, Scotland, the Isle of Man. From 2001 until 2013, the channel was called ITV1, in 2004, Granada Television acquired Carlton Communications to form ITV plc. ITV is the biggest and most popular television channel in the United Kingdom. ITV and its channels have contended with BBC One for the status of the UKs most watched television channel since the 1950s. However, in line with other channels, ITVs audience share has fallen in the era of multi-channel television. Following the creation of the Television Act 1954, the establishment of a television service in the UK began. The Independent Television service, or ITV, was made up of regions, the three largest regions were subdivided into weekday and weekend services, with a different company running each. ITV existed in a form from its inception to the 2000s. ITV1 became the generic brand name used by the twelve franchises of the ITV Network in the United Kingdom. The brand was introduced in 2001 by Carlton- and Granada-owned franchises, however, it became the sole on-air identity in 2002 when the two companies decided to create a single unified playout of the channel, with regional references only used prior to regional programming. Carlton and Granada went on to merge in 2004, creating ITV plc which now owns thirteen of the fifteen regional ITV licences. The ITV1 name was used in England, Wales, Southern Scotland and Isle of Man until Channel Television adopted the name in January 2006. It should be noted, however, that as national continuity is used on Channel Television. ITV Wales & West was the exception, using the name ITV1 Wales at all times for the Welsh part of its broadcast area as it has a higher regional commitment. Latterly the ITV1 Wales name was used on breakbumpers and regionally advertised programmes till 2013. Non ITV plc-owned licencees on the network generally did not refer to the ITV name, the network production arms of the ITV-plc owned licencees have been gradually combined since 1993 to eventually form ITV Studios. ITV was formed by the unification of eleven of the ITV licences, the Broadcasting Act 1990 changed many of the rules regulating the ITV Network, which most notably relaxed franchise ownership and hours of production
Sky UK Limited is a telecommunications company which serves the United Kingdom. Sky provides television and broadband services, fixed line and mobile telephone services to consumers. It is the UKs largest pay-TV broadcaster with 11 million customers as of 2015 and it was the UKs most popular digital TV service until it was overtaken by Freeview in April 2007. Its corporate headquarters are based in Isleworth, formed in November 1990 by the equal merger of Sky Television and British Satellite Broadcasting, Sky became the UKs largest digital subscription television company. Following Skys 2014 acquisition of Sky Italia and a majority 90. 04% interest in Sky Deutschland in November 2014, the United Kingdom operations also changed the company name from British Sky Broadcasting Limited to Sky UK Limited, still trading as Sky. Sky UK Limited is an owned subsidiary of Sky plc, with its current company directors being Andrew Griffith. Griffith acts as the Chief Financial Officer and the Managing Director for the commercial businesses division, after the two companies merged, subscribers could get access to both channels, and later the sports channel Sky Sports also became encrypted. In the autumn of 1991, talks were held for the broadcast rights for Premier League for a five-year period, ITV were the current rights holders, and fought hard to retain the new rights. ITV had increased its offer from £18m to £34m per year to control of the rights. BSkyB joined forces with the BBC to make a counter bid, Murdoch described sport as a battering ram for pay-television, providing a strong customer base. A few weeks after the deal, ITV went to the High Court to get an injunction as it believed their bid details had been leaked before the decision was taken. ITV also asked the Office of Fair Trading to investigate since it believed Rupert Murdochs media empire via its newspapers had influenced the deal. A few days later neither action took effect, ITV believed BSkyB was telephoned and informed of its £262m bid, and Premier League advised BSkyB to increase its counter bid. BSkyB retained the rights paying £670m 1997–2001 deal, but was challenged by On Digital for the rights from 2001–2004, in May 2006, the Irish broadcaster Setanta Sports was awarded two of the six Premier League packages that the English FA offered to broadcasters. Sky picked up the four for £1. 3bn. In February 2015, Sky bid £4. 2bn for a package of 120 premier league games across the three seasons from 2016 and this represented an increase of 70% on the previous contract and was said to be £1bn more than the company had expected to pay. The move has been followed by staff cuts, increased subscription prices, in September 1993, BSkyB launched Sky Multichannels which was the present digital platforms analogue predecessor. Sky Multichannels was a package that gave access not only to Skys own channels
Twitter is an online news and social networking service where users post and interact with messages, tweets, restricted to 140 characters. Registered users can post tweets, but those who are unregistered can only read them, users access Twitter through its website interface, SMS or a mobile device app. Twitter Inc. is based in San Francisco, California, United States, Twitter was created in March 2006 by Jack Dorsey, Noah Glass, Biz Stone, and Evan Williams and launched in July. The service rapidly gained worldwide popularity, in 2012, more than 100 million users posted 340 million tweets a day, and the service handled an average of 1.6 billion search queries per day. In 2013, it was one of the ten most-visited websites and has described as the SMS of the Internet. As of 2016, Twitter had more than 319 million monthly active users. On the day of the 2016 U. S. presidential election, Twitter proved to be the largest source of breaking news, Twitters origins lie in a daylong brainstorming session held by board members of the podcasting company Odeo. Jack Dorsey, then a student at New York University. The original project name for the service was twttr, an idea that Williams later ascribed to Noah Glass, inspired by Flickr. The developers initially considered 10958 as a code, but later changed it to 40404 for ease of use. Work on the project started on March 21,2006, when Dorsey published the first Twitter message at 9,50 PM Pacific Standard Time, Dorsey has explained the origin of the Twitter title. we came across the word twitter, and it was just perfect. The definition was a short burst of inconsequential information, and chirps from birds, and thats exactly what the product was. The first Twitter prototype, developed by Dorsey and contractor Florian Weber, was used as a service for Odeo employees. Williams fired Glass, who was silent about his part in Twitters startup until 2011, Twitter spun off into its own company in April 2007. Williams provided insight into the ambiguity that defined this early period in a 2013 interview, With Twitter and they called it a social network, they called it microblogging, but it was hard to define, because it didnt replace anything. There was this path of discovery with something like that, where over time you figure out what it is, Twitter actually changed from what we thought it was in the beginning, which we described as status updates and a social utility. It is that, in part, but the insight we eventually came to was Twitter was really more of an information network than it is a social network, the tipping point for Twitters popularity was the 2007 South by Southwest Interactive conference. During the event, Twitter usage increased from 20,000 tweets per day to 60,000, the Twitter people cleverly placed two 60-inch plasma screens in the conference hallways, exclusively streaming Twitter messages, remarked Newsweeks Steven Levy
Jack Andrew Garry Wilshere is an English professional footballer who plays as a midfielder for Bournemouth, on loan from Arsenal, and the England national team. Wilshere came up through Arsenals youth academy and impressed from an early age and he made his first team debut in 2008, becoming Arsenals youngest ever league debutant at the age of 16 years,256 days. Wilshere is an England international, having represented his country at under-16, under-17, under-19. He made his debut for the team against Hungary at the age of 18 years and 222 days. Wilshere was born in Stevenage, Hertfordshire and lived in nearby Hitchin and he captained The Priory School football team to County Cup and District Cup glory from Year 7 through to Year 10, and also added the Under 15s National Cup to his list in Year 8. Wilshere joined the Arsenal Academy in October 2001 at the age of nine and he rose through the ranks, and at the age of 15 was named the captain of the under-16s, he also made a few appearances for the Under-18s. He scored his first goal against Aston Villa Under-18s in a 4–1 win and he then scored a hat-trick against Watford Under-18s, helping his side to an Academy Group A title. He finished his first full season with the Under-18s with 13 goals in 18 appearances, in February 2008, he made his debut for Arsenal Reserves aged 16 against Reading, and scored Arsenals only goal of the match, which ended in a draw. He scored a goal against West Ham reserves in March, picking the ball up. He managed to record two goals and two assists in just three appearances for the reserves at the end of the 2007–08 season and he played in the under-16s victory in the Ferroli Cup, being named as player of the tournament. Wenger gave Wilshere a place in Arsenals first team squad for the 2008–09 season and he made his competitive debut in a Premier League match against Blackburn Rovers at Ewood Park in September 2008, as an 84th-minute substitute for Robin van Persie. At the age of 16 years and 256 days, he was Arsenals youngest-ever league debutant, ten days later, on 23 September, Wilshere scored his first competitive Arsenal goal in a 6–0 victory against Sheffield United in the League Cup. On 25 November 2008, Wilshere came on as a substitute in a UEFA Champions League match against Dynamo Kyiv, in January 2009 Wilshere signed his first professional contract, extending it in July the same year. In the preparation for the 2009–10 season, Wilshere scored twice and was twice awarded Man of the Match as Arsenal regained the friendly tournament, on 22 September 2009, he started for Arsenal in their 2–0 League Cup win over West Bromwich Albion. In the 37th minute of the match, he was involved in an incident with Jerome Thomas as Thomas pushed Wilsheres face and was shown a red card. On 29 January 2010, Wilshere joined Premier League side Bolton Wanderers on loan until the end of the 2009–10 season and he impressed at Bolton and they tried, unsuccessfully, to sign him on loan for another season. Wilshere started the 2010–11 season by making his senior England debut in August, Wilshere continued his fine form through to October, however, his month was cut short with a red card in a 2–1 win against Birmingham City on 16 October. The England man was given his marching orders deep into injury time for a tackle on Nikola Žigić, Wilshere was again a regular feature alongside Alex Song at the heart of the Arsenal midfield during the following months
Liverpool Football Club is a professional association football club based in Liverpool, Merseyside, England. They compete in the Premier League, the top tier of English football, the club has won 5 European Cups,3 UEFA Cups,3 UEFA Super Cups,18 League titles,7 FA Cups, a record 8 League Cups, and 15 FA Community Shields. The club was founded in 1892 and joined the Football League the following year, the club has played at Anfield since its formation. The club holds many long-standing rivalries, most notably the North West Derby against Manchester United, the clubs supporters have been involved in two major tragedies. The second was the Hillsborough disaster in 1989, where 96 Liverpool supporters died in a crush against perimeter fencing, the team changed from red shirts and white shorts to an all-red home strip in 1964 which has been used ever since. The clubs anthem is Youll Never Walk Alone, Liverpool F. C. was founded following a dispute between the Everton committee and John Houlding, club president and owner of the land at Anfield. After eight years at the stadium, Everton relocated to Goodison Park in 1892, the team won the Lancashire League in its début season, and joined the Football League Second Division at the start of the 1893–94 season. After finishing in first place the club was promoted to the First Division, Liverpool reached its first FA Cup Final in 1914, losing 1–0 to Burnley. Liverpool suffered its second Cup Final defeat in 1950, playing against Arsenal, the club was relegated to the Second Division in the 1953–54 season. Soon after Liverpool lost 2–1 to non-league Worcester City in the 1958–59 FA Cup, the club was promoted back into the First Division in 1962 and won it in 1964, for the first time in 17 years. In 1965, the club won its first FA Cup, in 1966, the club won the First Division but lost to Borussia Dortmund in the European Cup Winners Cup final. Liverpool won both the League and the UEFA Cup during the 1972–73 season, and the FA Cup again a year later, Shankly retired soon afterwards and was replaced by his assistant, Bob Paisley. In 1976, Paisleys second season as manager, the club won another League, the following season, the club retained the League title and won the European Cup for the first time, but it lost in the 1977 FA Cup Final. Liverpool retained the European Cup in 1978 and regained the First Division title in 1979, Paisley retired in 1983 and was replaced by his assistant, Joe Fagan. Liverpool won the League, League Cup and European Cup in Fagans first season, Liverpool reached the European Cup final again in 1985, against Juventus at the Heysel Stadium. Before kick-off, Liverpool fans breached a fence separated the two groups of supporters, and charged the Juventus fans. The resulting weight of people caused a wall to collapse, killing 39 fans. The incident became known as the Heysel Stadium disaster, the match was played in spite of protests by both managers, and Liverpool lost 1–0 to Juventus
Arsenal F.C. supporters
London based Arsenal Football Club has developed a strong following since its founding in 1886. Arsenals fans are referred to as Gooners, the name derived from the teams nickname. The club and the fans have regularly featured in portrayals of football in British culture, Gunners come from far and wide, a 2005 report estimated Arsenals global fanbase at 27 million, the third-largest in the world. A September 2011 report estimated Arsenals fanbase at 100 million worldwide, the club, however, is also noted for the long-standing vitriolic criticism of the team by some of its own supporters, a group who since around 2010 have been named The Anti-Arsenal Arsenal. More recent research has traced the tendency of some Arsenal fans to criticise the team back to the 19th century, Arsenals home matches have resulted in Arsenal having the second-highest average League attendance for an English club in 2007–08, and as of 2006, the fourth-highest all-time average attendance. Arsenal have the highest proportion of non-white attending supporters of any club in English football, a 2005 report by Granada Ventures, which at the time owned a 9. 9% stake in the club, estimated Arsenals global fanbase at 27 million, the third-largest in the world. The fans also chant Boring, Boring Arsenal in relation to Arsenals sturdy defence, Arsenals longest-running and deepest rivalry is with their nearest major neighbours, Tottenham Hotspur, with matches between the two being referred to as North London derbies. Matches against other London sides, such as Chelsea and West Ham United are also derbies, a 2003 online survey found that Arsenal supporters most dislike Tottenham, followed by Manchester United and Chelsea, although both Chelsea and Spurs fans see Arsenal as their main rival. Saint Totteringhams Day is a concept created in 2002 and first published on arseweb. com and it is held on the day when Arsenal have gathered enough points to be mathematically assured to finish ahead of Tottenham in the league table. In 2007, the concept was first mentioned in a 2008 Arsenal–Aston Villa official match programme although there are suggestions that it has existed since 2005. St. Totteringhams day 2010 was the first time the celebration was acknowledged by mainstream media, with mentions from the BBC, The Sun, Daily Mail, Arsenal supporters enjoy good relations with police forces around the country and especially the Metropolitan Police. The club and authorities work together to police fans, with both using their available powers where necessary. Nonetheless, Arsenal fans have still had confrontations with the police, ^ Note b, Former player at Arsenal
West Bromwich Albion F.C.
The club was formed in 1878 and has played at its home ground, The Hawthorns, since 1900. Albion were one of the members of the Football League in 1888 and have spent the majority of their existence in the top tier of English football. They have been champions of England once, in 1919–20 and have been runners-up twice but they have had success in the FA Cup. The first came in 1888, the year the league was founded, and they also won the Football League Cup at the first attempt in 1966. The clubs longest consecutive period in the top division spanned twenty-four years between 1949 and 1973, and from 1986 to 2002 they spent their longest ever spell out of the top division and they currently play in the Premier League. The team has played in blue and white stripes for most of the clubs history. The club was founded as West Bromwich Strollers in 1878 by workers from George Salters Spring Works in West Bromwich, the club joined the Birmingham & District Football Association in 1881 and became eligible for their first competition, the Birmingham Cup. They reached the quarter-finals, beating several longer-established clubs on the way, in 1883, Albion won their first trophy, the Staffordshire Cup. Albion joined the Football Association in the year, this enabled them to enter the FA Cup for the first time in the 1883–84 season. In 1885 the club turned professional, and in 1886 they reached the FA Cup final for the first time and they reached the final again in 1887, but lost 2–0 to Aston Villa. In 1888 the team won the trophy for the first time, as FA Cup winners, they qualified to play in a Football World Championship game against Scottish Cup winners Renton, which ended in a 4–1 defeat. Thus when the Football League started later that year, Albion became one of the founder members. Albions second FA Cup success came in 1892, beating Aston Villa 3–0 and they met Villa again in the 1895 final, but lost 1–0. The team suffered relegation to Division Two in 1900–01, their first season at The Hawthorns and they were promoted as champions the following season but relegated again in 1903–04. The club won the Division Two championship once more in 1910–11, and the season reached another FA Cup Final. Albion won the Football League title in 1919–20 for the time in their history following the end of World War I. The team finished as Division One runners-up in 1924–25, narrowly losing out to Huddersfield Town, in 1930–31, they won promotion as well as the FA Cup, beating Birmingham 2–1 in the final. The Double of winning the FA Cup and promotion has not been achieved before or since, Albion reached the final again in 1935, losing to Sheffield Wednesday, but were relegated three years later
Gary Winston Lineker, OBE is an English retired footballer and current sports broadcaster. He holds Englands record for goals in FIFA World Cup finals, Linekers media career began with the BBC, where he has presented the flagship programme Match of the Day since the late 1990s. He has also worked for Al Jazeera Sports, Eredivisie Live, NBC Sports Network, Lineker began his football career at Leicester City. And finished as the First Divisions joint top goalscorer in 1984–85 and he then moved to League Champions Everton where he developed as a clinical finisher, scoring 30 goals in 41 games. His first team came at Barcelona, where he won the Copa del Rey in 1988. He returned to England in 1989, joining Tottenham Hotspur, Linekers final club was Nagoya Grampus Eight and he retired in 1994 after two seasons at the Japanese side. His international goals-to-games ratio remains one of the best for the country and he was top scorer in the 1986 World Cup and received the Golden Boot, the only time an Englishman has achieved this feat. He is also the player to have won the English golden boot with three different clubs. Even though he enjoyed a career, Lineker was never cautioned by a referee for foul play. As a result of this accomplishment he was honoured in 1990 with the FIFA Fair Play Award, in a senior career which spanned 16 years and 567 competitive games, Lineker scored a total of 282 goals at club level. Added to the 48 goals he scored in internationals, he managed a total of 330 goals, after his retirement from football he was inducted into the English Football Hall of Fame. He later led a consortium that invested in his old club Leicester, saving it from bankruptcy, Lineker was born in Leicester, the son of Margaret P. and Barry Lineker. His middle name came from Winston Churchill, with whom he shares his birthday and he has one younger brother, Wayne who is two years his junior. Linekers father was a greengrocer, as was his grandfather William and great-grandfather, George, in Leicester and he grew up with his family in the city, Lineker first attended Caldecote Road School, Braunstone in Leicester although he lived outside the borough. As a result, he lived with his grandmother, who lived in the city, Lineker was equally talented at both football and cricket. From the ages of 11 to 16 he captained the Leicestershire Schools cricket team and he later stated on They Think Its All Over that as a teenager he idolised former England captain David Gower, who was playing for Leicestershire at the time. During his youth he played for Aylestone Park Youth, later becoming the clubs president, Lineker left school with four O Levels. One of his teachers wrote on his report card that he concentrates too much on football and he then joined the youth academy at Leicester City in 1976
Alan Shearer, CBE, DL is a retired English footballer. He played as a striker in the top level of English league football for Southampton, Blackburn Rovers, Newcastle United and he is Newcastles and the Premier Leagues record goalscorer. He was named Football Writers Association Player of the Year in 1994, in 1996, he was third in the FIFA World Player of the Year awards. In 2004 Shearer was named by Pelé in the FIFA100 list of the worlds greatest living players, until his retirement from international football in 2000, he appeared 63 times for his country and scored 30 goals. Shearer had a ratio of 0.667 throughout his career. Since retiring as a player in 2006, Shearer has worked as a pundit for the BBC. In 2009, he left his BBC role to become Newcastle Uniteds manager in the last eight games of their 2008–09 season. Shearer was born in Gosforth, Newcastle in 1970 to working-class parents Alan and his father, a sheet-metal worker, encouraged a keen Shearer to play football in his youth, and the young player continued with the sport as he progressed through school. He was educated at Gosforth Central Middle School and Gosforth High School, growing up playing on the streets of his hometown, he originally played in midfield because it meant could get more involved in the games. Shearer captained his team and helped a Newcastle City Schools team win a seven-a-side tournament at St James Park. Shearer had successful trials for First Division clubs West Bromwich Albion, Manchester City and Newcastle United, Shearer was promoted to the first team after spending two years with the youth squad. Shearer ended the 1987–88 season with three goals in five games, and was rewarded with his first professional contract, despite this auspicious start to his career, Shearer was only eased into the first team gradually and made just ten goalless appearances for the club the following season. Throughout his career Shearer was recognised for his strength, which, during his time at Southampton, enabled him to retain the ball and provide opportunities for teammates. Playing as a lone striker between wide men, Rod Wallace and Matt Le Tissier, Shearer scored three goals in 26 appearances in the 1989–90 season, and in the next, four goals in 36 games. His performances in the centre of the Saints attack were soon recognised by the fans, in the middle of 1991, Shearer was a member of the England national under-21 football squad in the Toulon Tournament in Toulon, France. Shearer was the star of the tournament where he scored seven goals in four games and it was during the 1991–92 season that Shearer rose to national prominence. 13 goals in 41 appearances for the Saints led to an England call-up, he scored on his debut, speculation of a transfer to Liverpool, who finished the season as FA Cup winners, also came to nothing. Although Branfoot accepted that a sale was inevitable, he claimed that whatever happens, in July 1992, Shearer was sold to Blackburn Rovers for a fee of £3.6 million, with David Speedie reluctantly moving to The Dell as part of the deal
Charles Graham Adam is a Scottish footballer who plays as a midfielder for Stoke City and the Scotland national team. While on loan to St Mirren during the 2005–06 season, Adam was part of the team won both the Scottish Challenge Cup and First Division, playing in over thirty matches for the Saints. Upon returning to Rangers at the end of the 2006 season, he became a regular under managers Paul Le Guen, Adam was also part of the Rangers team that reached the 2008 UEFA Cup Final. After falling out of favour at Rangers during 2008–09, Adam was loaned out to English Championship side Blackpool, Adam shone in his first season in the Premier League, his performances being recognised with a nomination for the PFA Players Player of the Year in April 2011. However, Blackpool were relegated and consequently he transferred to Liverpool in July 2011, after one season at Anfield Adam joined Stoke City in August 2012 for a fee of £4 million. He has played at under-21, B and full international levels for Scotland, Adam is the son of former professional player Charlie Adam, a midfielder who played for various Scottish clubs in the 1980s and 1990s, he died on 17 December 2012 aged 50. Adams brother, Grant, is a goalkeeper who played for St Mirren and he attended Dundees Braeview Academy, alongside fellow future footballers Garry Kenneth and Scott Robertson. Dundee-born Adam joined Rangers when he turned 17 and he made his debut appearance on 14 April 2004 against Livingston and played sporadically thereafter but did not become a first-team regular until the management of Paul Le Guen. He made an appearance at the start of the 2004–05 season, while in Dingwall, Adam made fifteen appearances, scoring twice, against Raith Rovers and St Mirren. He also played in the 2004 Scottish Challenge Cup Final against Falkirk, County were ahead courtesy of David Winters 56th-minute goal. Adam was substituted in the 60th minute as was teammate Sean Higgins six minutes later, neil Scally and Darryl Duffy then scored in 70 and 75 minutes respectively for Falkirk to come back to lift the trophy. Adam then joined First Division side St Mirren on loan for the 2005–06 season, during his spell in Paisley, he again appeared in the 2005 Scottish Challenge Cup Final, however this time he was on the winning side as St Mirren defeated Hamilton Academical 2–1. He was also part of the team won the First Division title in May 2006. In total he made 37 appearances and scored nine goals for the Buddies during a successful stint in Paisley. He continued to be a regular for Rangers as the season progressed, on 16 April 2007, at the end of his first season in the first team, Adam was voted by Rangers fans as the clubs Young Player of the Year at an award ceremony. On 28 June 2007, it was announced that Adam had signed a new contract with Rangers. Adam had scored his first UEFA Champions League goal on 19 September against VfB Stuttgart, Adam played against Panathinaikos and Werder Bremen in Rangers run to the 2008 UEFA Cup Final where he was an unused substitute as Rangers lost 2–0 to Zenit Saint Petersburg. On 2 February 2009, Adam signed on loan with English Championship club Blackpool until the end of the 2008–09 season, five days later, he was sent off on his debut for the Seasiders during a 3–2 defeat by Doncaster Rovers at Bloomfield Road
Chelsea Football Club is an English professional football club based in Fulham, London, that competes in the Premier League. Founded in 1905, the home ground since then has been Stamford Bridge. Chelsea had their first major success in 1955, when they won the league championship and they then won various cup competitions between 1965 and 1996. The clubs greatest period of success has come during the last two decades, winning 21 trophies since 1997. Chelsea are the only London club to win the UEFA Champions League, and one of four clubs, Chelseas regular kit colours are royal blue shirts and shorts with white socks. The clubs crest has changed several times in attempts to re-brand the club. The current crest, featuring a lion rampant regardant holding a staff, is a modification of the one introduced in the early 1950s. The club have the sixth-highest average all-time attendance in English football and their average home gate for the 2015–16 season was 41,500, the seventh highest in the Premier League. Since 2003, Chelsea have been owned by Russian billionaire Roman Abramovich, in 2016, they were ranked by Forbes magazine as the seventh most valuable football club in the world, at £1.15 billion. In 1904, Gus Mears acquired the Stamford Bridge athletics stadium with the aim of turning it into a football ground, an offer to lease it to nearby Fulham was turned down, so Mears opted to found his own club to use the stadium. Chelsea were founded on 10 March 1905 at The Rising Sun pub, opposite the main entrance to the ground on Fulham Road. The club won promotion to the First Division in their second season and they reached the 1915 FA Cup Final, where they lost to Sheffield United at Old Trafford, and finished third in the First Division in 1920, the clubs best league campaign to that point. Chelsea attracted large crowds and had a reputation for signing big-name players, former Arsenal and England centre-forward Ted Drake became manager in 1952 and proceeded to modernise the club. The following season saw UEFA create the European Champions Cup, but after objections from The Football League, Chelsea failed to build on this success, and spent the remainder of the 1950s in mid-table. Drake was dismissed in 1961 and replaced by player-coach Tommy Docherty, Docherty built a new team around the group of talented young players emerging from the clubs youth set-up and Chelsea challenged for honours throughout the 1960s, enduring several near-misses. They were on course for a treble of League, FA Cup and League Cup going into the stages of the 1964–65 season, winning the League Cup. In three seasons the side were beaten in three major semi-finals and were FA Cup runners-up, under Dochertys successor, Dave Sexton, Chelsea won the FA Cup in 1970, beating Leeds United 2–1 in a final replay. Chelsea took their first European honour, a UEFA Cup Winners Cup triumph, the year, with another replayed win
Danny Murphy (footballer, born 1977)
Daniel Ben Danny Murphy is an English former footballer who played as a central midfielder. Having begun his career at Crewe Alexandra in 1993, he moved to Liverpool in 1997, during his time at Liverpool he scored the winning goal against Manchester United at Old Trafford three times, each a 1-0 win. After brief spells at Charlton Athletic and Tottenham Hotspur he joined Fulham, whom he helped reach the 2010 UEFA Europa League Final and he served as captain at his last two clubs. Murphy made nine appearances for the England team from his debut in 2001, since retiring, he has been a regular analyst on the BBC programme Match of the Day. Born in Chester, Cheshire, Murphy started out as a trainee at Crewe Alexandra, Murphy has always praised the role of Crewe manager Dario Gradi in his footballing education, considering him as his mentor, He took me from boy to man. He taught me about tactics, where to stand, how to play the right way, I was a bit precocious, a bit silly as a kid and he straightened me out. In November 2016, as the United Kingdom football sexual abuse scandal erupted, Gradi always rated the footballing brain of Murphy, and used to send him on scouting missions even as a trainee. Murphy scored on his debut for Crewe, coming off the bench as a 16-year-old to score the winner in a 4–3 win against Preston North End, Murphy generally played as a deep-lying forward for Crewe, scoring several spectacular long range and set piece goals. While at Gresty Road, Murphy formed a partnership with striker Dele Adebola. Many top flight clubs had their eye on Murphy before his move to Liverpool. After signing for his boyhood club Liverpool in 1997, for a fee of £1.5 million. After the loan ended, he looked set to be sold. Though naturally a central player, Murphy often played as a wide midfielder due to the fierce competition for places, most notably from Steven Gerrard. Murphys career at Liverpool included a cup treble in 2001, a Premier League second-place finish in 2002. He developed a habit of scoring the deciding goal in 1–0 wins against Manchester United at Old Trafford. Murphy signed for Charlton Athletic from Liverpool for £2.5 million on a contract in August 2004. In his first season at Charlton, Murphy struggled to recapture the form that he had shown at Liverpool, on 31 January 2006, Murphy was transferred to Tottenham Hotspur for £2 million. He appeared only fleetingly in the games of the season
Fulham Football Club is a professional association football club based in Fulham, Greater London, England. Founded in 1879, they play in the Championship, the tier of English football. They are the football team from London to have played in the Premier League. The club has spent 25 seasons in English footballs top division, the latter spell was associated with former chairman Mohamed Al-Fayed, after the club had climbed up from the fourth tier in the 1990s. The club has produced many English greats, including Johnny Haynes, George Cohen, Bobby Robson, Rodney Marsh and they play at Craven Cottage, a ground on the banks of the River Thames in Fulham which has been their home since 1896. Fulhams training ground is located near Motspur Park, where the clubs Academy is also situated, Fulham were formed in 1879 as Fulham St Andrews Church Sunday School F. C. founded by worshipers at the Church of England on Star Road, West Kensington. Fulhams mother church still today with a plaque commemorating the teams foundation. They won the West London Amateur Cup in 1887 and, having shortened the name from Fulham Excelsior to its present form in 1888, one of the clubs first ever kits was half red, half white shirts with white shorts worn in the 1886–87 season. Fulham started playing at their current ground at Craven Cottage in 1896, the club gained professional status on 12 December 1898, the same year that they were admitted into the Southern Leagues Second Division. They were the club from London to turn professional, following Arsenal. They adopted a red and white kit during the 1900–01 season, in 1902–03, the club won promotion from this division, entering the Southern League First Division. The club won the Southern League twice, in 1905–06 and 1906–07, Fulham joined The Football League after the second of their Southern League triumphs. The clubs first league game, playing in the Second Divisions 1907–08 season, the first win came a few days later at Derby Countys Baseball Ground by a score line of 1–0. Fulham finished the three points short of promotion in fourth place. The club progressed all the way to the semi-final of that seasons FA Cup, in the semi-final, however, they were heavily beaten, 6–0, by Newcastle United. This is still a loss for an FA Cup semi-final game. Two years later, the won the London Challenge Cup in the 1909–10 season. Fulhams first season in Division Two turned out to be the highest that the club would finish for 21 years, until in 1927–28 when the club were relegated to the 3rd Division South, created in 1920
Robert Lester Bobby Zamora is an English former professional footballer who played as a striker. Zamora began his career at Football League club Bristol Rovers, but was signed by Brighton & Hove Albion. Zamora scored 77 goals in three seasons and helped the club achieve two successive promotions, following a spell at Tottenham Hotspur, Zamora was signed by West Ham United, where he played for five years and won promotion to the Premier League. Zamora joined Fulham in 2008, where, in his first season, he played regularly, however, Zamoras form in the 2009–10 season gained praise and subsequently saw the player gain a call-up for England. Zamora had an important role in Fulhams successes in the Premier League, FA Cup and UEFA Europa League and he returned to play for Brighton in 2015 and retired from football in December 2016. Zamora also played for the England national under-21 team before gaining his first full cap at senior level almost a decade later, born in Barking, London, Zamora attended Essex Junior School followed by Little Ilford School before moving onto Barking Abbey Secondary School. As a boy, he played for Senrab in east London, alongside John Terry, Ledley King, Paul Konchesky, Zamora joined Brighton in February 2000 on a three-month loan until the end of the 1999–2000 season, scoring six goals in six games. In August 2000, he made a permanent move to Brighton for a £100,000 fee, during his tenure he quickly established himself as a prolific goalscorer, breaking into the England national under-21 team and attracting interest from several higher-division clubs. He scored 83 times for the club in 136 appearances, helping Brighton win two championships as the team won promotion into what became the Championship. The Brighton fans had a chant they used to sing in his honour, to the tune of Dean Martins Thats Amore, When the ball hits the goal its not Shearer or Cole, its Zamora. Having been watched for much of the two seasons by the then manager Glenn Hoddle, Zamora moved to Tottenham Hotspur for a £1.5 million fee in July 2003. In January 2004, Zamora joined West Ham in a deal which saw Jermain Defoe go the way to Tottenham Hotspur. He quickly made his mark, scoring on his debut as West Ham came from behind to beat Bradford City and also on his home debut, ive been here for almost three years now, and there is really no other place I would rather be. This is my club and wearing a claret and blue shirt is all I have ever wanted to do. He made only 14 appearances for West Ham in the 2007–08 season after missing five months of the season with tendinitis suffered in August 2007, by the end of the 2007–08 season, Zamora had made 152 appearances in all competitions for West Ham, scoring 40 goals. In July 2008, Zamora and teammate John Paintsil were signed by Fulham for a joint £6.3 million fee, after the season had finished, Fulham and Hull City agreed a fee on 15 July, which would have seen Zamora move to Hull for £5 million. Zamora turned down the move to stay with Fulham, shortly after he turned down Hull, he played in a friendly against Peterborough United and scored two goals in a 3-3 draw. Four days later he made his UEFA Europa League debut, against FK Vėtra, scoring once and he opened his 2009–10 Premier League account on the opening day of the season when a Clint Dempsey shot hit him on the back and beat David James in the Portsmouth goal
The Sentinel (Staffordshire)
The Sentinel is a daily regional newspaper circulating in the North Staffordshire and South Cheshire area. It is currently owned by Trinity Mirror and based at, Hanley and it is the sixth biggest-selling regional newspaper in the UK and is the only newspaper delivering daily news and features on professional football clubs Stoke City, Port Vale and Crewe Alexandra. The Sentinel also operates a website with sections on news, sport. The company also uses Twitter and Facebook to break news and communicate with readers, the publication, which became a morning paper in March 2009, is printed from Monday to Saturday. The newspaper celebrated its 160th anniversary in 2014 and was awarded Freedom of the City. The Sentinel’s patch includes the six towns of The Potteries, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Leek, Cheadle, Cheddleton, Crewe, Nantwich, Alsager, Sandbach, Stafford, Stone, Biddulph, Congleton and Eccleshall. From 29 June 2015 to 3 January 2016 it had a daily circulation of 30,957, down from 33,426 from 29 December 2014 to 28 June 2015. The major local news story of the day is carried on the front page, the remainder of the content given over to local news, sport and features. This will include news affecting readers including council news from Stoke-on-Trent City Council, reports of crimes, fires, accidents, the newspaper also carries small summaries of local court cases for minor offences, while more major or unusual crimes often have a story to themselves. There are generally at least two pages as well as a section for announcements and advertisements by local people and businesses. Long-standing supplements mark the different days of the week, for example, the Business, Education and Jobs supplement on Wednesdays or the Motors and Homes supplement compiled by award-winning journalist John Swift. The Weekend Sentinel, published on Saturdays, contains lifestyle pages, the Green Un sports paper, there is a TV listing for the days viewing and on Saturdays there is a listing for the week ahead. There are regular reviews of various programmes, theatre productions and restaurants, amongst other things such as video games. The Sentinels website www. thesentinel. co. uk includes many of the stories available in the paper, the Sentinel prides itself on investigative journalism and campaigning. The Sentinel also runs one of the most successful regional business awards - The Sentinel Business Awards, the Sentinel has a stable of popular columnists. This included the late John Abberley, a Potter born and bred, other popular columnists include the ascerbic TV critic John Woodhouse and local historian Fred Hughes. The Sentinel has also introduced columns from its specialist writers including business editor Laura James, education writer Kathie McInnes, in 2016 The Sentinels longest-serving journalist, Dianne Gibbons, retired after working for the newspaper for 53 years. Dianne was awarded an MBE for services to journalism and her native North Staffordshire in 2015, the full twenty-year run of cartoonist Dave Follows daily cartoon strip was republished in The Sentinel, as May un Mar Lady Revisited
The Scotsman is a Scottish compact newspaper and daily news website published from Edinburgh. It was a broadsheet until 16 August 2004, the Scotsman Publications Ltd also issues the Edinburgh Evening News and the Herald & Post series of free newspapers in Edinburgh, Fife, and West Lothian. As of February 2016, it had a print circulation of 22,740, with a full-price paid-for circulation of 61. 6% of this figure. Scotsman. com websites, including the site, job site, property site, mobile site. The paper was pledged to impartiality, firmness and independence, after the abolition of newspaper stamp tax in Scotland in 1850, The Scotsman was relaunched as a daily newspaper priced at 1d and a circulation of 6,000 copies. Their premises were originally at 257 High Street on the Royal Mile, in 1860 they obtained a purpose built office on Cockburn Street in Edinburgh designed in the Scots baronial style by the architects Peddie & Kinnear. This backed onto their original offices on the Royal Mile, the building bears the initials JR for John Ritchie the founder of the company. In 1902 they moved to new offices at the top of the street, facing onto North Bridge. This huge building had three years to build and also had connected printworks on Market Street. The printworks connected below road level direct to Waverley Station in an efficient production line. In 1953 the newspaper was bought by Canadian millionaire Roy Thomson who was in the process of building a media group. The paper was bought in 1995 by David and Frederick Barclay for £85 million, the daily was awarded by the Society for News Design the World’s Best Designed Newspaper™ for 1994. Ian Stewart has been the editor since June 2012, after a reshuffle of senior management in April 2012 during which John McLellan who was the papers editor-in-chief was dismissed, ian Stewart was previously editor of Edinburgh Evening News and remains as the editor of Scotland on Sunday. In 2012, The Scotsman was named Newspaper of the Year at the Scottish Press Awards, Johnston Press have downsized to refurbished premises at Orchard Brae House in Queensferry Road, Edinburgh, a move which was quoted as saving the group £1million per annum in rent. The newspaper backed a No vote in the referendum on Scottish independence and it has had live webcams and panoramas around Scotland. It also has sections for other Scotsman Publications including Scotland on Sunday, List of newspapers in Scotland List of newspapers by date Merrill, John C. and Harold A. Fisher. The worlds great dailies, profiles of fifty newspapers pp 273–79 Official website The Scotsman Digital Archive 1817-1950 Johnston Press Comprehensive Design Architects
Juan Manuel Mata García is a Spanish professional footballer who plays as a midfielder for English club Manchester United and the Spain national team. He mostly plays as a attacking midfielder, but he can also play on the wing. A graduate of Real Madrids youth academy, Mata played for Real Madrid Castilla in 2006–07 and he became an integral part of the clubs midfield, making 174 appearances over the course of four seasons. After falling out of favour at Chelsea under José Mourinho, Mata was sold to Manchester United in January 2014 for a fee of £37.1 million, where he is once again managed by José Mourinho, as of 2016. Mata is a Spanish international, having represented Spain at under-16, under-17, under-19, under-20, under-21, Olympic and he played for the under-20 side in the 2007 FIFA U-20 World Cup. In June 2009, Mata was included for the 2009 FIFA Confederations Cup, in 2011, he went back to playing in the under-21 side, helping Spain win the 2011 UEFA European Under-21 Football Championship in Denmark. He won the Golden Player award and was part of the Team of the Tournament, Mata was born in the town of Burgos, Burgos. He inherited his name from his father, Juan Manuel Mata Rodríguez, Mata was raised in his fathers home town of Oviedo, Asturias. His father later acted as Matas agent, becoming FIFA-registered in the process, in his spare time, Mata enjoys table-tennis, a sport he played as a child. Upon his move to Chelsea, he said he also enjoys sightseeing around London and he gained a nickname at Chelsea – Johnny Kills – the literal translation of his name from Spanish into English. His name translates as forest or dweller by the forest, Mata started his football career at Real Oviedo, where his father spent most of his career. He stayed there for three years before joining Real Madrids youth academy, La Fabrica, at age 15, after appearing for their Cadete A team, he swiftly progressed through the junior teams, Juvenil C and finally Juvenil A. Switching to Real Madrid Castilla in 2006–07, Mata was given the number 34 shirt in the first team, in spite of Castillas final Segunda División relegation, he finished the season as the sides second best scorer at ten, behind striker Álvaro Negredo, who registered 18. Mata had a release clause at Real Madrid during his last season at the club, benefitting from constant injuries to Vicente and the ostracism to which then-manager Ronald Koeman condemned Miguel Ángel Angulo, Mata gradually carved a niche in Valencias first eleven. On 20 March 2008, he scored twice in the Copa del Rey semifinal match against FC Barcelona to help Valencia reach the final against Getafe CF where, on 16 April, during that first season, he was voted the teams Best Young Player by fans and players alike. In the 2008 Spanish SuperCup, Mata scored against his former club Real Madrid in a 3–2 first leg win and he started 2008–09 well, scoring in the opener against RCD Mallorca in a 3–0 win. He also netted the goal of the game against CA Osasuna. On 25 September 2008, Mata proved to be growing in efficiency, three days later, he put in a superb performance against Deportivo de La Coruña, scoring one and creating the other three, in a 4–2 home victory
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom. It shares land borders with Scotland to the north and Wales to the west, the Irish Sea lies northwest of England and the Celtic Sea lies to the southwest. England is separated from continental Europe by the North Sea to the east, the country covers five-eighths of the island of Great Britain in its centre and south, and includes over 100 smaller islands such as the Isles of Scilly, and the Isle of Wight. England became a state in the 10th century, and since the Age of Discovery. The Industrial Revolution began in 18th-century England, transforming its society into the worlds first industrialised nation, Englands terrain mostly comprises low hills and plains, especially in central and southern England. However, there are uplands in the north and in the southwest, the capital is London, which is the largest metropolitan area in both the United Kingdom and the European Union. In 1801, Great Britain was united with the Kingdom of Ireland through another Act of Union to become the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. In 1922 the Irish Free State seceded from the United Kingdom, leading to the latter being renamed the United Kingdom of Great Britain, the name England is derived from the Old English name Englaland, which means land of the Angles. The Angles were one of the Germanic tribes that settled in Great Britain during the Early Middle Ages, the Angles came from the Angeln peninsula in the Bay of Kiel area of the Baltic Sea. The earliest recorded use of the term, as Engla londe, is in the ninth century translation into Old English of Bedes Ecclesiastical History of the English People. According to the Oxford English Dictionary, its spelling was first used in 1538. The earliest attested reference to the Angles occurs in the 1st-century work by Tacitus, Germania, the etymology of the tribal name itself is disputed by scholars, it has been suggested that it derives from the shape of the Angeln peninsula, an angular shape. An alternative name for England is Albion, the name Albion originally referred to the entire island of Great Britain. The nominally earliest record of the name appears in the Aristotelian Corpus, specifically the 4th century BC De Mundo, in it are two very large islands called Britannia, these are Albion and Ierne. But modern scholarly consensus ascribes De Mundo not to Aristotle but to Pseudo-Aristotle, the word Albion or insula Albionum has two possible origins. Albion is now applied to England in a poetic capacity. Another romantic name for England is Loegria, related to the Welsh word for England, Lloegr, the earliest known evidence of human presence in the area now known as England was that of Homo antecessor, dating to approximately 780,000 years ago. The oldest proto-human bones discovered in England date from 500,000 years ago, Modern humans are known to have inhabited the area during the Upper Paleolithic period, though permanent settlements were only established within the last 6,000 years
Coventry City F.C.
Coventry City Football Club is a professional football club in Coventry, West Midlands, England, which plays in League One, the third tier of English football. Coventry City formed as Singers F. C. in 1883 and they won their only major trophy in 1987 when they beat Tottenham Hotspur 3–2 to win the FA Cup. They are one of five clubs to have ever won the FA Cup and FA Youth Cup in the same season. They returned to Wembley in April 2017, beating Oxford United 2-1 to win the English Football League Trophy. Following eleven seasons in the second-tier Football League Championship, Coventry were relegated to Football League One in 2012, Coventry have qualified for European competitions twice. In the 1970–71 season, they competed in the European Inter-Cities Fairs Cup, despite beating Bayern Munich 2–1 in their home leg, they had lost 1–6 in the first leg in Munich to go out of the competition. They were unable to compete in the 1987–88 UEFA Cup Winners Cup due to the ban on English clubs at that time, from 1899 to 2005, Coventry City played at Highfield Road. A return to the Ricoh Arena was announced on 21 August 2014 by the club after a one-year absence,1883 – The club is founded by employees of Singer, the cycle firm, with William Stanley one of the leading lights. 1898 – The clubs name is changed from Singers F. C. to Coventry City,1899 – The club move to Highfield Road following stints at Dowells Field and Stoke Road. 1901 – The club suffer their worst ever defeat with an 11–2 loss against Worcester-based Berwick Rangers in the round of the FA Cup. 1919 – The club are voted into the Football League, where they have remained ever since,1928 – In February, and with Coventry struggling near the foot of Division Three South, the clubs worst ever attendance is recorded. Only 2,059 turn up for the match against Crystal Palace,1932 – Centre-forward Clarrie Bourton heads the Football League scoring lists with 49 goals. The following season he scored 40 goals,1934 – City record their biggest ever victory a 9–0 league drubbing of Bristol City. 1936 – Coventry City win the Third Division South championship after a final day 2–1 victory over Torquay United. 1958 – Goalkeeper Alf Wood becomes the oldest player to start a game for the club and he played against Plymouth Argyle in the FA Cup aged 43 years and 207 days. 1961 – Former Fulham player and PFA chairman Jimmy Hill is appointed following an embarrassing FA Cup defeat at home to non-league Kings Lynn. 1964 – Jimmy Hill guides Coventry to promotion from Division Three as champions after a final day 1–0 victory over Colchester United,1967 – Coventry City promoted as Second Division champions to the top flight for the first time in their history. This made manager and BBC Sport presenter Jimmy Hill a legend at the club, Coventrys record attendance was also set in this year – officially recorded as 51,455, against Wolverhampton Wanderers, the team that finished a close second to Coventry at the top of the table
Everton F. C. /ˈɛvərtən/ is a football club in Liverpool, England, that currently competes in the Premier League, the top flight of English football. The club have competed in the top division for a record 114 seasons and won the League Championship nine times, formed in 1878, Everton were founding members of The Football League in 1888 and won their first League Championship two seasons later. The mid-1980s represented their most recent period of sustained success, with two League Championships, an FA Cup, and the 1985 European Cup Winners Cup, the clubs most recent major trophy was the 1995 FA Cup. The clubs supporters are known as Evertonians, Everton have a rivalry with neighbours Liverpool, and the two sides contest the Merseyside derby. The club have been based at Goodison Park in Walton, Liverpool, since 1892, the clubs home colours are royal blue shirts with white shorts and socks. Everton were founded as St Domingos in 1878 so that people from the parish of St Domingos Methodist Church Everton could play year round — cricket was played in summer. The clubs first game was a 1–0 victory over Everton Church Club, the club was renamed Everton in November 1879 after the local area, as people outside the parish wished to participate. The club was a member of the Football League in 1888–89. Everton won the FA Cup for the first time in 1906, the outbreak of the First World War in 1914 interrupted the football programme while Everton were champions, which was something that would again occur in 1939. It was not until 1927 that Evertons first sustained period of success began, in 1925 the club signed Dixie Dean from Tranmere Rovers. In 1927–28, Dean set the record for league goals in a single season with 60 goals in 39 league games. He helped Everton win their third League Championship that season, however, Everton were relegated to the Second Division two years later during internal turmoil at the club. The club quickly rebounded and was promoted at the first attempt, on return to the top flight in 1931–32, Everton wasted no time in reaffirming their status and won a fourth League Championship at the first opportunity. Everton also won their second FA Cup in 1933 with a 3–0 win against Manchester City in the final, the era ended in 1938–39 with a fifth League Championship. Everton were relegated for the time in 1950–51 and did not earn promotion until 1953–54. The club have been a top-flight presence ever since, Evertons second successful era started when Harry Catterick was made manager in 1961. In 1962–63, his season in charge, Everton won the League Championship. In 1966 the club won the FA Cup with a 3–2 win over Sheffield Wednesday, Everton again reached the final in 1968, but this time were unable to overcome West Bromwich Albion at Wembley
Highfield Road was a football stadium in the city of Coventry, England. It was the ground for Coventry City F. C. for 106 years. A concert by pop star Elton John was held at the stadium afterwards, the club then moved to the Ricoh Arena, at Foleshill in the north of the city. Highfield Road had one of the largest playing surfaces in the English leagues and was the English leagues first all-seater stadium, the stadiums record attendance was 51,455 when Coventry City played their West Midlands rivals Wolverhampton Wanderers in a Football League Division 2 game in 1967. The stadium had by then been well-developed with one corner filled to provide a modern look. However, it lacked facilities compared to the new stadia of similar-sized clubs, another reason for relocation was that parking facilities in the local area were inadequate. When the stadium was first given the go-ahead in 1999, it had planned to build a 45. However, Englands failure to win the bid to host the tournament - combined with Coventrys relegation in 2001 - saw the stadiums capacity scaled down, Demolition work began in February 2006 and was completed by the end of the following month. The site of the stadium was regenerated by George Wimpey plc to provide housing on the areas which were originally the car parks, the area which was the playing surface was relaid with grass so that the local children can continue the tradition of playing football on that space. Redevelopment Stadium Guide Article Demolition of Highfield Road Photo Gallery
Hereford United F.C.
Hereford United Football Club was an English association football club based in the city of Hereford that last played in the Southern League Premier Division, the seventh tier of English football. Founded in 1924, the club was elected to the Football League in 1972, the club reached the old Second Division in 1976, its best league performance, but was relegated after only one season at that level. Hereford achieved national prominence in 1972 when, as a Southern League club, Hereford played at Edgar Street for their entire history. They were nicknamed The Whites or The Lilywhites, after their predominantly white kit, the clubs motto was Our greatest glory lies not in never having fallen, but in rising when we fall. The club was affiliated to the Herefordshire County FA, on 19 December 2014, the club was wound up in the High Court after a petition had been brought against it by HM Revenue and Customs. Following the demise of United, a new club was being set up. The new club incorporates the words Forever United into its crest design, for league and cup performance, see List of Hereford United F. C. seasons. Hereford United Football Club was founded in 1924 with the merger of two local clubs St Martins and RAOC, with the intention of sustaining a higher class of football in the city of Hereford, Hereford joined the Birmingham Combination and lost its first match 2–3 to Atherstone United. The clubs second match was an FA Cup Preliminary Round tie against future rivals Kidderminster Harriers which they lost 2–7. Hereford progressed to the Birmingham & District League in 1928 where the club spent 11 seasons, at the same time the club became a limited company. When football resumed after the war, Hereford finished 1st in their first full season in the only to be demoted to 2nd behind Chelmsford City. In 27 seasons in the Southern League, Hereford finished as runners-up three times, and also lifted the Southern League Cup three times, when the league was regionalised for one season in 1958–59, Hereford also won their regional division to add to their third League Cup win. In 1966 Hereford signed John Charles, the former Leeds United, Juventus and Welsh international and he became manager a year later and set about building a team to challenge at the top of the Southern League and gain election to the Football League. With the club becoming one of the best-supported non-league clubs in the country Charles used his standing within the game to canvass votes from member clubs for election to the Football League. The 1971–1972 season saw the club second in the Southern League. Charles had departed the club in October 1971 and his successor Colin Addison inherited a side that defeated top-flight Newcastle United in the FA Cup. The star player was Dudley Tyler, Ronnie Radford and Ricky Georges goals earned the club a Fourth Round tie against West Ham United where they were defeated in a replay at Upton Park. The Cup run played a part in the successful election to the Fourth Division
Newcastle United F.C.
Newcastle United Football Club is an English professional association football club based in Newcastle upon Tyne. Following the clubs most recent relegation from the top-flight during the 2015–16 season, Newcastle returned to the Football Leagues 2nd tier, the Championship, for the 2016–17 campaign. Newcastle United was founded in 1892 by the merger of Newcastle East End and Newcastle West End, the ground was developed into an all-seater stadium in the mid-1990s and now has a capacity of 52,354. They have won four League Championship titles, six FA Cups and a Charity Shield, as well as the 1969 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup, Newcastle United has the ninth highest total of trophies won by an English club. The clubs most successful period was between 1904 and 1910, when they won an FA Cup and three of their First Division titles. The club were successful in the Premier League in the 1990s and early 2000s, but have been mostly struggling since the 2006–07 season. Newcastle has a local rivalry with Sunderland, and the two clubs have engaged in the Tyne–Wear derby since 1898. The clubs traditional kit colours are black and white striped shirts, black shorts and their traditional crest takes elements of the city coat of arms, which features two grey seahorses. The club has been owned by Mike Ashley since 2007, succeeding long term chairman, the club is the seventeenth highest revenue producing club in the world in terms of annual revenue, generating €169. 3m in 2015. Historically, Newcastles highest placing was in 1999 when they were the fifth highest revenue producing club in the world. The first record of football being played on Tyneside dates from 3 March 1877 at Elswick Rugby Club, later that year, Newcastles first football club, Tyne Association, was formed. The origins of Newcastle United Football Club itself can be traced back to the formation of a club by the Stanley Cricket Club of Byker in November 1881. This team was renamed Newcastle East End F. C. in October 1882, to avoid confusion with the club in Stanley. Rosewood F. C. of Byker merged with Newcastle East End a short time later, in 1886, Newcastle East End moved from Byker to Heaton. In August 1882, Newcastle West End F. C. formed from West End Cricket Club, and in May 1886, the two clubs became rivals in the Northern League. In 1889, Newcastle East End became a team, before becoming a limited company the following March. However, on the hand, Newcastle West End were in serious financial trouble. With only one club in the city for fans to support
Edgar Street is a football stadium in Hereford and was the home of Hereford United Football Club from the clubs formation in 1924 until December 2014, when the club was wound up. It is now the home of Hereford FC, a club formed to replace the former club. It is the largest football stadium in the county of Herefordshire and is located on the edge of Hereford City Centre, the name of the stadium directly derives from the name of the street where it is located, which is also the A49. The site has been used as a stadium since the late 19th century, the stadium was originally owned by the Hereford Athletic Ground Company and was also used by amateur football side Hereford City. Even in the early days Hereford United struggled financially and the landlord obligingly reduced the rent to help the club, in 1931 the stadium was purchased by Hereford City Council for £3,000, and in 1952 United secured a lease on the stadium for the first time. Although now showing its age, the history does have some notable landmarks, such as the installation of floodlights in March 1953. In 1974, following the most recent major development seen at Edgar Street, at 76 yards the ground had, until the advent of new stadia, one of the widest pitches in the Football League. The extreme width of the pitch was created when the old running track was turfed over, due to the clubs financial crisis in 1997, the lease was handed over to developers. In 2000 an electronic scoreboard was put up at the Blackfriars Street End, on 19 February 2015, Herefordshire County Council rejected a proposal by Redditch United, a team based 50 miles away, to play at Edgar Street. Later that same week, on 24 February, the council confirmed that Hereford FC, the stadiums record attendance is 18,114 when Hereford United played against Sheffield Wednesday in the 1958-59 season FA Cup Third Round. Hereford FCs record attendance for a game at Edgar Street is 4,683, for a 1-0 win in the FA Vase semi-finals against Salisbury. The Merton Stand, on the side of the ground is the only all-seater stand in the ground and was built in 1968. It currently has a capacity of 1818, initially it was flanked on either side by standing areas known as the Cowsheds, but when the club progressed into the Football League the stand was extended to cover the entire length of the pitch. The Merton Stand is the family stand and includes the directors and press boxes. In front of the stand lie the dugouts next to the players tunnel, all of the club facilities, such as offices, changing rooms, boardroom and corporate hospitality are located underneath the stand. The result of this is a number of windows at pitch level, the Meadow End is located at the northern end of the ground and is traditionally populated with the clubs most vocal supporters. It is a covered terrace and has a distinctive curve to its shape. The flat area in front of the terracing enables supporters to stand directly behind the wall of the pitch
John Walker Motson, OBE, also known as Motty, is an English football commentator. Since 1971, he has been a commentator for over 1,500 games on television and radio, including covering all the football championships, World Cups, FA Cups. For a 30-year period from the late 1970s to 2008, Motson was the dominant football commentary figure at the BBC, in 2008, Motson announced his retirement from live television commentary. The Euro 2008 final was his last live television broadcast and he has continued since then to cover games for Match of the Day highlights and appear on BBC Radio 5 Live as well as commentating on CBeebies Footy Pups. The son of a Methodist minister, Motson was educated at Culford School, Culford is a public school where football was generally frowned upon at the time and rugby union, hockey and cricket are the major sports. In 1963, Motsons career began in the business as a reporter in Barnet. In 1967, he worked for the Sheffield Morning Telegraph, where he first covered football, Motsons broadcasting career took off when the BBC hired him in 1968 as a sports presenter on Radio 2. Three years later, he gained a role with Match of the Day, non-league Hereford won the match 2–1 and it became the main featured game on the programme. Motson later said, Motsons first FA Cup Final as a commentator was for the 1977 match between Manchester United and Liverpool, Motson was drafted in as a late replacement for David Coleman, who was in contractual dispute with the BBC. Between 1977 and 2008, Motson commentated on most of the FA Cup finals that the BBC covered, in April 1989, Motson commentated on the FA Cup semi-final between Liverpool and Nottingham Forest when the Hillsborough Disaster occurred. Motson found himself commentating on a rather than a football match. Motson was the subject of This Is Your Life in 1996 when he was surprised by Michael Aspel during a charity cheque presentation at the Bayswater Families Centre in London. In 2001, speech therapist Jane Comins conducted a voice profile analysis to study the patterns of eight top television, the criteria included pitch, volume, rhythm and tone, and Comins found that Motson scored the best results. This was backed by 32% of football fans in a survey who voted him Britains favourite commentator and this is despite Motson having a characteristic speech impediment – sibilant speech, in which he pronounces the s sound as sh. In 2004, when the Premier League television rights returned to the BBC, Motson resumed his place on Match of the Day. In 2007, Motson appeared on the BBC Radio 4 biographical programme Great Lives, the Euro 2008 final was his last live television broadcast. He has continued to cover games for Match of the Day highlights, since 2015, Motson has provided the commentary and narration to the CBeebies football programme Footy Pups. Motson is also an ex-commentator for the FIFA video games series by EA Sports, Motson first joined the franchise for FIFA97, he and McCoist were replaced by Gray and Clive Tyldesley for FIFA2006 but later returned for FIFA Manager 08