Reading and Leeds Festivals
The Reading and Leeds Festivals are a pair of annual music festivals that take place in Reading and Leeds in England. The events take place on the Friday and Sunday of the August bank holiday weekend, sharing the same bill; the Reading Festival is held at Little John's Farm on Richfield Avenue in central Reading, near the Caversham Bridge. The Leeds event is held near Wetherby, the grounds of a historic house. Campsites are available at both sites and weekend tickets include camping. Day tickets are sold; the Reading Festival, the older of the two festivals, is the world's oldest popular music festival still in existence. Many of the UK's most successful rock and pop bands have played at the festival, including The Rolling Stones, Fleetwood Mac, The Kinks, Pink Floyd, Deep Purple, The Who, Black Sabbath, Judas Priest, Iron Maiden, The Jam, The Police, Status Quo, The Pogues, Pulp, The Cure, The Libertines, Arctic Monkeys, Biffy Clyro and Oasis; the festival has hosted prominent international acts such as Alice Cooper, Twisted Sister, Iggy Pop, AC/DC, Mika, Guns n' Roses, Nirvana, Foo Fighters, blink-182, The Strokes, Green Day, Faith No More, Twenty One Pilots, My Chemical Romance and Red Hot Chili Peppers.
The festival has had various musical phases over the years, but since the current two-site format was adopted in 1999, alternative, indie and metal have been the main genres featured in the line-up. The festivals are run by Festival Republic, divested from Mean Fiddler Music Group. From 1998–2007 the festivals were known as the Carling Weekend: Reading and the Carling Weekend: Leeds for promotional purposes. In November 2007 the sponsored title was abolished after nine years and the Reading Festival reclaimed its original name. In 2011, the capacity of the Reading site was 87,000, the Leeds site was 75,000, an increase of several thousand on previous years; the Reading Festival was known as the National Jazz Festival, conceived by Harold Pendleton and first held at Richmond Athletic Ground in 1961. Throughout the 1960s the festival moved between several London and Home Counties sites, being held at Windsor Racecourse, Kempton Park and Plumpton, before reaching its permanent home at Reading in 1971.
Since 1964, when the festival added a Friday evening session to the original Saturday and Sunday format, it has been staged over three days, with the sole exception of 1970 when a fourth day was added, running from Thursday 6 to Sunday 9 August. The National Jazz Federation Festival was established at the height of the Trad Jazz boom, as a successor to the Beaulieu Jazz Festival as a two-day event held at Richmond Athletic Ground; the line-up for the first two years was made up of jazz performers, but in 1963 several rhythm & blues acts were added to the bill, including the Rolling Stones, Georgie Fame and Long John Baldry, by 1965 such acts were in the majority, with jazz sessions reduced to Saturday and Sunday afternoons only. This format continued until 1967. By 1969 jazz had disappeared from the line-up. In 1964 a Friday evening session was added to the existing weekend format. In 1966 the NJF Festival moved to the larger Windsor Racecourse; the following year a second stage was added, but when the festival was moved to Sunbury in 1968 it reverted to a single-stage format.
The festival was held at Plumpton Racecourse in 1969 and 1970. After moving to Reading the festival's line-up became composed of progressive rock and hard rock during the early and mid 1970s, became the first music festival to incorporate punk rock and new wave in the late 1970s, when The Jam, Sham 69 and The Stranglers were among the headline acts; the festival's attempts to cater for both traditional rock acts and punk and new wave bands led to clashes between the two sets of fans at the end of the 1970s, though the festival became known for focusing on heavy metal and rock acts. During the 1980s, the festival followed a similar format to that established in the late 1970s, with leading rock and heavy metal acts performing on the last two days, a more varied line-up including punk and new wave bands on the opening day. In 1984 and 1985, the Conservative-run local council banned the festival by designating the festival site for development and refusing to grant licences for any alternative sites in the Reading area.
In 1984, many acts were booked and tickets were on sale, with Marillion due to headline. The promoters tried in vain to find a new site but a proposed move to Lilford Hall in Northamptonshire failed; the proposed line-up was published in Soundcheck free music paper issue 12 as: Friday 24 August – Hawkwind, Boomtown Rats, Snowy White, The Playn Jayn, Dumpy's Rusty Nuts, Chelsea Eloy, Tracy Lamb, New Torpedoes. After Labour regained control of the council in 1986, permission was given for fields adjacent to the original festival site to be used, a line-up was put together at three months' notice; the following year saw a record attendance, headlined by The Mission, Alice Cooper and Status Quo. 1988 saw an attempt to take the festival in a mainstream commercial pop direction, featuring acts including Starship, Hothouse Flowers, Bo
Solid Ball of Rock
Solid Ball of Rock is the tenth studio album by heavy metal band Saxon released in 1991. Five of its 11 tracks were written by new bassist Nibbs Carter. "For our audience – and without an audience there is no band – our focus returned on Solid Ball of Rock…" noted singer Biff Byford. "Since we've been right on it." SaxonBiff Byford – vocals, engineer Graham Oliver – guitar Paul Quinn – guitar Nibbs Carter – bass guitar Nigel Glockler – drumsProductionKalle Trapp — producer, engineer
Steven "Dobby" Dawson is an English bass guitarist and a founder of Saxon. Dawson was the inspiration for Harry Shearer's Spinal Tap character Derek Smalls. Saxon Wheels of Steel Strong Arm of the Law Denim and Leather The Eagle Has Landed Power & the Glory Crusader Innocence Is No Excuse Rock the Nations BBC Sessions Live at Donnington 1980 Victim You Re://Landed It's Alive The Second Wave: 25 Years of NWOBHM Motorbiker Pandemonium Circus Oliver / Dawson Saxon Official website
Thunderbolt (Saxon album)
Thunderbolt is the twenty-second studio album by British heavy metal band Saxon, released on 2 February 2018. On 14 September 2016, the band revealed they had begun working on a new album through their Facebook account. A month frontman Biff Byford revealed they had written a song dedicated to Motörhead called "They Played Rock n Roll", following the death of frontman Lemmy on 28 December 2015, which ended the band's 40-year history; the song is stylistically similar and referenced their touring companionship on the 1979/1980 "Bomber" tour. In an interview alongside Airbourne frontman Joel O'Keeffe at 2017's Metal Hammer Golden Gods Awards, Byford confirmed that the album's title would be Thunderbolt and that the inspiration for it came from the gods of Greek mythology. Further details were revealed on various stops on their autumn tour of the Canada. In an interview at their Newton, New Jersey show on 22 September, he revealed that he'd finished recording his vocals on 20 September. In an interview at their Montreal, Canada show on 4 October, Byford revealed that long-time producer Andy Sneap had finished mixing the album the previous day and mentioned a release date of 21 January 2018.
On 7 November 2017, the band confirmed the title and revealed the release date of 2 February 2018, track list, artwork and a short UK/European tour alongside Diamond Head, with Magnum and Rock Goddess supporting on select UK dates. On 30 November 2017, the new video "Thunderbolt" was released. On 19 September 2018, the "Predator" video was released. All music composed by Doug Scarratt, Nigel Glockler, Paul Quinn, Nibbs Carter. Biff Byford – vocals Paul Quinn – guitars Doug Scarratt – guitars Nibbs Carter – bass Nigel Glockler – drumsAdditional MusiciansSeb Byford – backing vocals on "Thunderbolt" and "Speed Merchants" Tom Witts – backing vocals on "Thunderbolt" and "Speed Merchants" Caleb Quaye – backing vocals on "Thunderbolt" and "Speed Merchants" Corvin Bahn – keyboards on "Nosferatu" Johan Hegg – harsh vocals on "Predator"ProductionBilly Lee – photography Steph Byford – artwork Gestaltungskommando Buntmetall – layout, design Paul Raymond Gregory – cover art Andy Sneap – producer, mixing
Denim and Leather
Denim and Leather is the fourth studio album by English heavy metal band Saxon released in 1981. The album was certified Gold status in the U. K; this was the last album with the classic line up of Saxon, as drummer Pete Gill would leave the band due to a hand injury joining Motörhead. The album spawned two of their most successful singles, "And the Bands Played On" and "Princess of the Night". There are nine songs on this album. "Princess of the Night" is a song about a powerful steam locomotive and "And the Bands Played On" is about 1980 Monsters of Rock Festival - name checking several of the other acts on the bill including Rainbow and Touch. Other themes for the songs include: partying, the spirit of the music, and, like many of their songs, motorcycles. "Midnight Rider" is a song about Saxon's 1980 North American tour. The name of the album and song was inspired by the popular attire of metalheads in the early 1980s, defined by either denim jeans and jackets or a leather biker jacket; the song is seen as a tribute from the band to their fans while describing the history of the sub-culture and the rise of the new wave of British heavy metal.
The album peaked at #9 in the UK Albums Chart. The album is regarded as a classic in the band's discography, has been received positively by critics and fans. Eduardo Rivadavia of AllMusic called the opening track "Princess of the Night" an "infectiously anthemic opening statement", whilst praising the title track for being an "unqualified classic", he considered "Out of Control" and "Rough and Ready" to be strong tracks, whilst regarding "Fire in the Sky", "Midnight Rider", "And The Bands Played On" as "spectacular". Canadian journalist Martin Popoff had mixed feelings about Denim and Leather, which he considered "Saxon's stadium rock album... boppier and sillier than Wheels of Steel, but still catchy", denouncing "the band's progressively feeble song skills while gaining points for conviction." All tracks written by Saxon. Bonus tracks 12-18 recorded live on the Denim and Leather Tour, 1981. Biff Byford - vocals Graham Oliver - guitar Paul Quinn - guitar Steve Dawson - bass guitar Pete Gill - drumsProductionNigel Thomas - producer Andy Lydon - engineer Aquarius Studios, Geneva - recording location Polar Studios, Stockholm - additional recording location, mixing location
A record producer or music producer oversees and manages the sound recording and production of a band or performer's music, which may range from recording one song to recording a lengthy concept album. A producer has varying roles during the recording process, they may gather musical ideas for the project, collaborate with the artists to select cover tunes or original songs by the artist/group, work with artists and help them to improve their songs, lyrics or arrangements. A producer may also: Select session musicians to play rhythm section accompaniment parts or solos Co-write Propose changes to the song arrangements Coach the singers and musicians in the studioThe producer supervises the entire process from preproduction, through to the sound recording and mixing stages, and, in some cases, all the way to the audio mastering stage; the producer may perform these roles themselves, or help select the engineer, provide suggestions to the engineer. The producer may pay session musicians and engineers and ensure that the entire project is completed within the record label's budget.
A record producer or music producer has a broad role in overseeing and managing the recording and production of a band or performer's music. A producer has many roles that may include, but are not limited to, gathering ideas for the project, composing the music for the project, selecting songs or session musicians, proposing changes to the song arrangements, coaching the artist and musicians in the studio, controlling the recording sessions, supervising the entire process through audio mixing and, in some cases, to the audio mastering stage. Producers often take on a wider entrepreneurial role, with responsibility for the budget, schedules and negotiations. Writer Chris Deville explains it, "Sometimes a producer functions like a creative consultant — someone who helps a band achieve a certain aesthetic, or who comes up with the perfect violin part to complement the vocal melody, or who insists that a chorus should be a bridge. Other times a producer will build a complete piece of music from the ground up and present the finished product to a vocalist, like Metro Boomin supplying Future with readymade beats or Jack Antonoff letting Taylor Swift add lyrics and melody to an otherwise-finished “Out Of The Woods.”The artist of an album may not be a record producer or music producer for his/her album.
While both contribute creatively, the official credit of "record producer" may depend on the record contract. Christina Aguilera, for example, did not receive record producer credits until many albums into her career. In the 2010s, the producer role is sometimes divided among up to three different individuals: executive producer, vocal producer and music producer. An executive producer oversees project finances, a vocal producers oversees the vocal production, a music producer oversees the creative process of recording and mixings; the music producer is often a competent arranger, musician or songwriter who can bring fresh ideas to a project. As well as making any songwriting and arrangement adjustments, the producer selects and/or collaborates with the mixing engineer, who takes the raw recorded tracks and edits and modifies them with hardware and software tools to create a stereo or surround sound "mix" of all the individual voices sounds and instruments, in turn given further adjustment by a mastering engineer for the various distribution media.
The producer oversees the recording engineer who concentrates on the technical aspects of recording. Noted producer Phil Ek described his role as "the person who creatively guides or directs the process of making a record", like a director would a movie. Indeed, in Bollywood music, the designation is music director; the music producer's job is to create and mold a piece of music. The scope of responsibility may be one or two songs or an artist's entire album – in which case the producer will develop an overall vision for the album and how the various songs may interrelate. At the beginning of record industry, the producer role was technically limited to record, in one shot, artists performing live; the immediate predecessors to record producers were the artists and repertoire executives of the late 1920s and 1930s who oversaw the "pop" product and led session orchestras. That was the case of Ben Selvin at Columbia Records, Nathaniel Shilkret at Victor Records and Bob Haring at Brunswick Records.
By the end of the 1930s, the first professional recording studios not owned by the major companies were established separating the roles of A&R man and producer, although it wouldn't be until the late 1940s when the term "producer" became used in the industry. The role of producers changed progressively over the 1960s due to technology; the development of multitrack recording caused a major change in the recording process. Before multitracking, all the elements of a song had to be performed simultaneously. All of these singers and musicians had to be assembled in a large studio where the performance was recorded. With multitrack recording, the "bed tracks" (rhythm section accompaniment parts such as the bassline and rhythm guitar could be recorded first, the vocals and solos could be added using as many "takes" as necessary, it was no longer necessary to get all the players in the studio at the same time. A pop band could record their backing tracks one week, a horn section could be brought in a week to add horn shots and punches, a string section could be brought in a week after that.
Multitrack recording had another pro
Unleash the Beast
Unleash the Beast is Saxon's thirteenth studio album, released in 1997. It is the first studio album without Graham Oliver on guitar, replaced by Doug Scarratt, making it the first album to feature the band's current lineup. Biff Byford - vocals Doug Scarratt - guitar Paul Quinn - guitar Nibbs Carter - bass guitar Nigel Glockler - drumsProductionKalle Trapp - producer, mixing Saxon - producer Karo Studios, Germany - recording and mixing location Biff Byford - mixing "Unleash the Beast" is about a fictional story of stone gargoyles coming alive. "Circle of Light" follows a man who has an out-of-body experience and watches as surgeons bring him back to life. "The Thin Red Line" is about the Battle of Balaclava in the Crimean War. "Ministry of Fools" concerns the media and authority. "The Preacher" is about a preacher trying to convert someone to his religion. "Bloodletter" is about vampires. "Cut Out the Disease" is about treason between friends. "Absent Friends" is about the death of a close friend.
John'JJ' Jones "All Hell Breaking Loose" describes the passing of a hurricane