BBC World News is an international pay television channel, operated by BBC. The BBC is a public corporation of the UK government's Department for Digital, Culture and Sport, it has the largest audience of any channel, with an estimated 121 million viewers weekly in 2016/2017, part of the estimated 372 million weekly audience of the BBC's four main international news services. Launched on 11 March 1991 as BBC World Service Television outside Europe, its name was changed to BBC World on 16 January 1995 and to BBC World News on 21 April 2008, it broadcasts news bulletins, lifestyle programmes and interview shows. Unlike the BBC's domestic channels, BBC World News is owned and operated by BBC Global News Ltd. part of the BBC's commercial group of companies, is funded by subscription and advertising revenues, not by the United Kingdom television licence. It is not owned by BBC Studios; the service is aimed at the overseas market, similar to CNN International, Al Jazeera English, CGTN, NHK World, DD India, DW, France 24 and RT.
The channel started as BBC World Service Television and was a commercial operation. The British government refused to fund to the new television service using grant-in-aid; the channel started broadcasting on 11 March 1991, after two weeks of real-time pilots as a half-hour bulletin once a day at 19:00 GMT. In 1995, BBC World Service Television was split into two services: BBC World started broadcasting on Monday, 16 January 1995 at 19:00 GMT and became a 24-hour English free-to-air international news channel. BBC Prime started broadcasting on Monday, 30 January 1995 at 19:00 GMT and became the BBC's light entertainment channel renamed BBC Entertainment. BBC World's on-air design was changed on 3 April 2000, bringing it closer to the look of its sister channel in the UK, known as BBC News 24, the on-air look of, redesigned in 1999; the look of both channels was made up of red and cream and designed by Lambie-Nairn, with music based on a style described as'drums and beeps' composed by David Lowe, a departure from the general orchestral nature of music used by other news programmes.
On 8 December 2003 a second makeover, using the same'drums and beeps' style music but new graphics took place, although on a much smaller scale to that of 2000. The music was changed while the main colour scheme became black and red, with studios using frosted glass and white and red colours. In 2004, the channel's slogan became Putting News First, replacing Demand a Broader View; the channel's present name "BBC World News" was introduced on 21 April 2008 as part of a £550,000 rebranding of the BBC's overall news output and visual identity. BBC World News moved to the renovated studio vacated by BBC News 24. New graphics were produced by the Lambie-Nairn design music reworked by David Lowe. BBC World News relocated to Broadcasting House from its previous home at Television Centre on 14 January 2013; this was part of the move of BBC News and other audio and vision departments of the BBC into one building in Central London. Broadcasting House was refurbished at a cost of £1 billion. A new newsroom and several state-of-the-art studios were built.
Live news output originates from studios B and C in Broadcasting House with some recorded programming from Broadcasting House studio A and the BBC Millbank studio. The BBC World News newsroom is now part of the new consolidated BBC Newsroom in Broadcasting House along with BBC World Service and UK domestic news services; the channel was broadcast in 4:3, with the news output fitted into a 14:9 frame for both digital and analogue broadcasting, resulting in black bands at the top and bottom of the screen. On 13 January 2009 at 09:57 GMT, BBC World News switched its broadcast to 16:9 format in Europe on Astra 1L satellite, Eutelsat Hot Bird 6 satellite to other broadcast feeds in the Asian region from 20 January 2009; the channel ceased broadcasting on analogue satellite on 18 April 2006. As a result of the move to Broadcasting House, BBC World News gained high-definition studios and equipment to be able to broadcast in high-definition. On 5 August 2013, BBC World News was offered as a High Definition feed across the Middle East when it launched its international HD channel on Arabsat.
Arabsat was the BBC's first distribution partner in the Middle East to offer the channel in HD. On 1 April 2015 BBC World News in English started broadcasting in high definition from the 11.229 GHz/V transponder on Astra 1KR at the 19.2°E orbital position, available free-to-air to viewers with 60 cm dishes across Europe and coastal North Africa. BBC World News claims to be watched by a weekly audience of 74 million in over 200 countries and territories worldwide. BBC World News is most watched as a free-to-air channel; the channel is available in many parts of the world via satellite or cable platforms. In the United States, the channel is available through providers such as Cablevision, Spectrum, Verizon FiOS, AT&T U-verse; as of 2014, US distribution and advertising sales for the channel are handled by AMC Networks, who are the minority partner for the BBC's entertainment channel BBC America. In addition, BBC World News syndicates its daytime and evening news programmes to public television stations throughout the US maintaining a distribution partnership with Garden City, New York-based WLIW that lasted from 1998 until October 2008, when the BBC and WLIW mutually decided not to renew the contract.
Batu is a federal constituency in the Federal Territories, represented in the Dewan Rakyat since 1986. The federal constituency was created in the 1984 redistribution and is mandated to return a single member to the Dewan Rakyat under the first past the post voting system. 2004–2016: The constituency contains the polling districts of Kampong Selayang Lama, Taman Wahyu, Pekan Batu, Taman Batu Muda, Batu Muda, Kampong Padang Balang, Jinjang Tempatan Keduabelas, Batu Kantomen, Taman Rainbow, Sentul Pasar, Sentul Tengah, Sentul Utara, Kampong Kovil Utara, Bandar Baru Sentul, Sentul Selatan, Kampong Kovil Selatan, Kolam Ayer, Rumah Pangsa Sri Perak, Taman Intan Baiduri, Taman Beringin, Taman Million, Sentul Jaya, Taman Sri Murni, Taman Batu Permai. 2016–present: The constituency contains the polling districts of Taman Intan Baiduri, Taman Sri Murni, Kampong Selayang Lama, Taman Beringin, Taman Wahyu, Taman Batu Permai, Taman Batu Muda, Taman Koperasi Polis Fasa II, Kampong Padang Balang, Batu Muda, Jinjang Tempatan Keduabelas, Pekan Batu, Batu Kantomen, Sentul Utara, Sentul Jaya, Taman Rainbow, Taman Million, Sentul Pasar, Sentul Tengah, Bandar Baru Sentul, Rumah Pangsa Sri Perak, Sentul Selatan, Kampong Kovil Utara, Kampong Kovil Selatan, Kolam Ayer.
"Keputusan Pilihan Raya Suruhanjaya Pilihan Raya". Election Commission of Malaysia. Retrieved 2018-08-12
Chameleon is a financial thriller novel written by hedge fund manager Richard Hains set during the subprime mortgage crisis, first published by Beaufort Books in 2006. To promote Chameleon, Hains started a contest offering a all-expense-paid weekend to London, where someone could enter by reading the book and answering three questions. Chameleon received reviews from publications including Publishers Weekly, Midwest Book Review, Herald Sun. Publishers Weekly wrote that "Hedge fund partner Hains's strong suit is insider financial info, but the basic plot and writing are all formulaic. There's a continuing, valiant attempt to heat up the action with a variety of lurid sexual encounters, but this effort can't lift what's run-of-the-mill into out-of-the-ordinary." Herald Sun wrote that "the book is an attempt at Da Vinci Code meets Wall Street."The book was a finalist for the National Book Award in the Mystery category. A film adaptation of Chameleon was planned to be shown at the Cannes Film Festival.
The film was set to be produced by Richard Hains and Mark Pennell. As of 2019, a film adaptation has not been released. Chameleon at Goodreads