Beirut Central District
The Beirut Central District or Centre Ville is the name given to Beirut’s historical and geographical core, the “vibrant financial and administrative hub of the country.” At the heart of Lebanon’s capital, Beirut Central District is an area thousands of years old, traditionally a focus of business, finance and leisure. It is situated on the city’s northern coast and is accessible from all parts of the city; this includes Rafik Hariri International Airport. Major roads converge on it or from boundaries to the east and west, or line its 1.5 km long seafront to the north. Due to the devastation incurred on the city center from the Lebanese Civil War, the Beirut Central District underwent a thorough reconstruction and development plan that gave it back its cultural and economic position in the region. A master plan for reconstructing the city was approved by the Lebanese Government in March 1994, after a series of detailed studies and public and professional seminars and on May 5, 1994, The Lebanese company for the development and reconstruction of Beirut Central District was formed, launching the largest urban redevelopment project of the 1990s.
Since, Beirut Central District has evolved into an integrated business and commercial environment. Today, Beirut Central District hosts the Lebanese Parliament, the Lebanese Government headquarters, the Beirut Stock Exchange, the regional offices of the United Nations, International Labour Organization, UNESCO, World Bank, as well as the headquarters of the ESCWA and the Union of Arab Banks; the Heritage trail is a pedestrian circuit in the city's historic core and the traditional Beirut city center. The trail connects the main archaeological sites, places of historic interest and heritage buildings which are important to Beirut's rich past; the trail's path is marked by bronze medallions grouted into the sidewalk, with large general or district panels and smaller monument panels made from glazed lava stone tiles with texts in three languages. The Heritage Trail is planned to start and end at the "City History Museum" on the ancient Tell Area. In an initial phase, pending the completion of the museum, the circuit will start at Beirut Souks, which retain the 2500-year-old ancient street grid and Ottoman access gates, several other archaeological remains like the Phoenician-Persian quarter, Byzantine mosaics, old city wall and moat.
The trail is divided into four major sections: First Route: The first route in the heritage trail covers the ancient archaeological "Tell Area". This site receives special treatment and lots of attention due to its significant historical importance, integrating several neighboring vestiges: preserved part of the Canaanite wall and gate, Phoenician glacis, Hellenistic remains, crusader castle foundations above earlier Roman fortifications, remains of the Ottoman citadel; the future site museum will display remains from the Tell area and other archaeological sites which are part of the heritage trail. A sinuous underground path guides visitors through Canaanite, Phoenician-Persian, Roman and Medieval ages. Second Route: This section of the Heritage Trail will straddle along several significant Beirut landmarks and buildings like the Town Hall, Mohammad Al-Amin Mosque, Saint George Maronite Cathedral, Garden of Forgiveness... etc. The route will stroll along the arcaded streets of Maarad leading up to the Grand Theater historic building and numerous stone churches and Mamluk-era mosques.
Third Route: This segment of the pedestrian circuit revolves around the "Roman Baths Garden" and the Grand Serail. The Roman Baths Garden at the base of the Serail Hill exhibits brick vaults, remains of ventilation networks, old water heating apparatuses, bathing areas among other archaeological remains from the bathhouse; the route passes by terraced gardens, fountains and Pine groves, a small amphitheatre, leading all the way up to the hilltop where the route terminates at the Grand Serail, Hamidiyi Clock-tower, Council of Reconstruction and Development, the St. Louis Capuchin crusader church. Fourth Route: The fourth route in the Heritage trail lies within the Beirut Souks area; this route contains the Phoenician-Persian quarter, Roman-Byzantine findings, part of the Medieval moat and the Ottoman wharf. Some mosaics, remains. Other points of interest along the route are the "Zawiyat Ibin Iraq" shrine, Majidiyya Mosque, the "Antoun Bey Caravanserai". Another section of the route displays a late Roman house with an internal garden paved with mosaics and an elaborate water and drainage system, Byzantine portico paved with mosaics and labeled shops, Phoenician storage jars, Mamluk potter kilns... etc.
The "Shoreline Walk" is a proposes sequence of connected spaces which form part of the reconstruction of the Beirut city centre. Following the 1975–91 Civil War in Lebanon, the Beirut city centre was left devastated, Avenue des Français and the coastline had become a dumping ground, extending the land by more than 600m to the north; the city was once known for its rocky shoreline Cornice, with its avenues of palms and cafés but during the war a rubbish mountain grew from daily waste tipped into the Mediterranean Sea. Areas have been both preserved and demolished by the new master plan, whilst the remediated landfill is set to become a new district, projecting out into the sea. Rather than leave the old coastline land-locked and redundant, it was decided to create a pedestrian route that straddled the old and new city boundaries; the ‘Shoreline Walk’ is placed between the natural topography and rationalised medieval street layout of the old city, the
The British Columbia Dragoons
The British Columbia Dragoons is a Primary Reserve armoured reconnaissance regiment of the Canadian Forces. It is based in British Columbia; the British Columbia Dragoons are part of 3rd Canadian Division's 39 Canadian Brigade Group. The British Columbia Dragoons perpetuate the 2nd Battalion, Canadian Mounted Rifles and the 11th Regiment, Canadian Mounted Rifles, of the Canadian Expeditionary Force. Regimental Headquarters A Squadron B Squadron The British Columbia Dragoons trace their origins to the formation of the Canadian Mounted Rifles, two independent squadrons of horse in Kamloops and Vernon in 1908. In 1910 two additional squadrons were raised and the regiment was renamed the British Columbia Horse. In 1912 the unit was renamed again as British Columbia Horse. 1914 saw the formation of the Victoria Independent Squadron on Vancouver Island. In the Great War the regiment was not mobilized, but in December 1914 many volunteers from the regiment joined the newly formed 2nd Regiment Canadian Mounted Rifles.
After some limited service in France as cavalry, the unit was reroled to infantry as 2nd Canadian Mounted Rifles Battalion on January 1, 1916. The battalion became part of the 8th Canadian Infantry Brigade, fought with great luck and success on the Western Front. Despite being trained as cavalry but deployed as infantry, the regiment managed the war well. Captain "Jock" MacGregor was awarded the Victoria Cross for actions taken in the battle at Cambrai on September 29, 1918; the actions and awards of the 2nd Canadian Mounted Rifles are perpetuated today by the British Columbia Dragoons, their direct descendants. In the post war reorganization, the regiment was renamed The British Columbia Mounted Rifles in 1920, to the name still carried today, The British Columbia Dragoons in 1929. Part of the reason for the change was to forever divorce the regiment from infantry duties; when the Second World War loomed, the regiment once again stepped forward. The regiment was designated the 5th Motorcycle Regiment, an armoured car unit.
Made into an armoured regiment, the 9th Armoured Regiment, they were deployed to Italy as part of the 5th Armoured Brigade, 5th Canadian Division. The regiment saw heavy action in the Liri Valley, were the first unit to break through the Gustav Line in Italy, 1944, helped smash the Gothic Line, holding Point 204 right in the centre of the line. Part of the "D-Day Dodgers", a term used by soldiers fighting in Italy after D-Day, they continued to fight until orders were given to move the regiment to the northwest Europe area, they served with distinction until the end of the war, at which point the regiment was demobilized and returned to Militia service. The regiment has since seen many ups and downs, with losses of manpower and funding, hostile popular attitudes, the changing nature of Canada; the 1970s and 1980s saw the deployment of individual members to Cyprus as part of the UN operations there as part of larger Canadian formations. The 1990s and the new century has seen numerous members deploy to Bosnia as part of NATO operations with IFOR and SFOR.
With the Global War on Terror, members are now serving overseas as part of NATO operations with ISAF in Afghanistan. Lineage of the British Columbia Dragoons: Battle honours in small capitals are for large operations and campaigns and those in lowercase are for more specific battles. Bold type indicates; the Freedom of the City was granted by the City of Kelowna on February 11, 1963. The Freedom of the City was exercised by The British Columbia Dragoons in Vernon, British Columbia on 10 May 2008. There are several Royal Canadian Army Cadets units spread across British Columbia which are affiliated to the British Columbia Dragoons. Cadet units affiliated to the British Columbia Dragoons receive support from the regiment and are given permission to wear traditional regimental accoutrements on their uniforms. United Kingdom — The Royal Dragoon Guards Sinews of Steel: The History of the British Columbia Dragoons" by R H. Roy Official website Regimental association
Berkshire Country Day School
Berkshire Country Day is an independent school for students in pre-kindergarten through ninth grades. It is located in Massachusetts near the town of Lenox. BCD was founded in 1946 by a group of local parents who wanted to give their children a certain style of education which they felt was not available in the area, it began with 12 students in one building on the campus of the Lenox School for Boys, an Episcopal all-boys boarding school. The school covered only grades 1-6 and tuition ranged from only $150 to $310, depending on the grade. In 1957, the school expanded to include a seventh and eighth grade and kindergarten and preschool, moved into two new buildings; the school's main building, housing the pre-k through sixth grade, was moved to the Starks' former family home on Walker Street in Lenox. The seventh and eighth grade, on the other hand, were housed in Bassett Hall, a building close by, now Kemble Inn. BCD's enrollment soared from 58 students in 1958 to 183 in 1963. In 1963, the school purchased its current campus, the Brook Farm Campus.
The campus was only used by the younger students for classes, while the older students continued using the Walker Street Building, frequenting the new campus for sports and co-curricular activities. However, this arrangement lasted for only a year, as the Walker Street building was destroyed in a fire. In the academic year 1967-68, the school expanded to include a ninth grade. In 2000, the school opened Berkshire Country Day Secondary School, a high school division of the school consisting of grades 9-12. BCD's ninth grade became a part of BCD2s; the high school was located on Winthrop Campus, the summer home of the Boston University Tanglewood Institute, which the school rented from Boston University during the academic year. However, in June 2007 at the end of the academic year, BCD2s was closed, although the ninth grade class option was kept and added back to the BCD student body; the school resides at its Brook Farm campus, serving students from 2-years-old through ninth grade. Though the Winthrop Campus is no longer used by the school, BCD is still permitted by Boston University to use the West St. Theater for its upper school theater productions, talent show, film festival.
Berkshire Country Day School is wholly located at its Brook Farm campus near Lenox, Massachusetts. The campus dates back to the 1890s and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as it was once a working farm on Anson Phelps Stokes' Shadowbrook estate. Mr. Stokes built the 1,000 acre estate, complete with its mansion that encompassed 100 rooms and stretched 410 feet, as a summer cottage in 1892–1896. However, after only ten years the family sold the estate to Mr. Spencer Shotter, it was leased to Mrs. Alfred Gwynne Vanderbilt in 1916 and 1917 before being sold to Mr. Andrew Carnegie. Mr. Carnegie inhabited the estate until 1919; the New England Province of the Society of Jesus purchased the estate in 1922 and used it as their seminary. In 1956 the entire Shadowbook mansion burned to the ground in a tragic fire; the Society rebuilt a new brick building on the site of the previous mansion and maintained it for their society until 1970. The estate laid vacant until 1983, when the Kripalu Center purchased the mansion's section of the property.
Meanwhile, the farm section of the ex-estate had been passed down through the family to Stokes' son, Anson Phelps Stokes, Jr. who lived there with his family. The old Shadowbrook farm is now the current campus of BCD, it consists of the original farm buildings, as well as new additions built. The fields that were once farmed and used for animal pasture are now sports fields and playgrounds, much of the woodland is traced with hiking trails. In 1972, a house for the head of school was built at the rear of the property; the many different arts courses offered to the classes at BCD include both visual and performing arts, include ceramics, painting & drawing, mixed media, jewelry design, vocal ensemble, digital music composition, guitar ensemble. Students from preschool through Grade 6 participate in art and chorus classes two times a week throughout the course of the year; the middle schoolers partake in a term of shop, have the option of participating in the Middle School Band or Chorus. Once in grades 7-9, kids are able to choose from a list of arts classes two courses to study for their "Arts Blocks" periods, the two last periods of the day on Tuesdays and Thursdays.
Students take two Arts Block courses during each trimester of the year. The school is sectioned into four divisions: Early ChildhoodEarly Childhood includes Beginner 2s, Pre-Kindergarten, their main classrooms are located in Albright Building, whose upper floor serves as the Administrative Offices. Lower SchoolThe lower school includes Kindergarten and grades 1, 2, 3 and is based in Oakes Building, they have classes in Furey Hall, Fitzpatrick, Peterson, SESL. Middle SchoolGrades 4, 5, 6 constitute the Middle School of BCD; the Middle School grades' homerooms are located in Peterson, though they use most of the same classrooms as the Upper School-ers, alternating between Peterson and Peseckis for their academic classes and Fitzpatrick, Oakes and Furey Hall for arts, foreign language, technology classes. Upper SchoolBCD's Upper School consists of its 7th and 8th graders as well as its Senior class, the 9th grade; these three grades have their homerooms in Ryan as well as some of their classes, but they have classes in Furey Hall, Peseckis and Clemons.
Berkshire Country Day School offer
A military discharge is given when a member of the armed forces is released from his or her obligation to serve. Each country's military has different types of discharge, they are based on whether the person completed their training and fully and satisfactorily completed their term of service. Other types of discharge are based on factors such as the quality of the person's service, whether their service had to be ended prematurely due to humanitarian or medical reasons, whether the person had been found to have drug or alcohol dependency issues and whether they were complying with treatment and counseling, or whether the person had demerits or punishments for infractions or were convicted of any crimes; these factors affect whether they will be asked or allowed to re-enlist and whether they qualify for benefits after their discharge. There are several reasons why someone may be discharged from the military, including expiration of enlistment, disability and hardship. Members of the British Armed Forces are to complete their service obligations before they may be considered for discharge.
Service personnel who attempt to leave before completing their length of service, without going through the appropriate channels, may be subject to criminal conviction. At the end of service in the Regular Forces, personnel have a compulsory reserve liability; the length of this liability depends on the Service and type of commission or engagement in which they entered and whether they are subject to the Reserve Forces Act 1980 or 1996. Types of dischargeNormal Service Leaver: personnel who A) are leaving on completion of engagement. Early Service Leaver: personnel who have been discharged either A) compulsorily from the trained or untrained strength, or B) at his/her own request from the trained strength or untrained strength having completed less than 4 years of service. Medical Discharge / Retirement: service is being terminated on medical grounds. Personnel would have attended a Medical Board that recommended the person's services be terminated on medical grounds. Army officers and other ranks must be interviewed by at least one of the following: Unit Welfare Officer Regimental Career Management Officer Regimental Sergeant Major Regimental Administrative Officer Commanding Officer Unit Resettlement Information Staff Individuals in the Royal Navy and Royal Marines who are not due for compulsory retirement but who wish to leave the Service, for whatever reason, before reaching the end of their Commission/Career/Engagement may apply for Early Termination, provided the conditions outlined in Chapter 54 of BR 3 - Naval Personnel Management are met.
Within the Naval Service, the term "retirement" applies to officers who complete the period of service required by their respective commissions. For officers of the trained strength, recommendations for termination of a commission must be reviewed by the Admiralty Board. Early Termination: Officers may apply to leave up until their Premature Termination of Career Training point, before the day they pass out of Britannia Royal Naval College, depends on their speciality. Ratings and Other Ranks have a "statutory right of discharge" after six months' service or after they turn 18. Invaliding: Personnel may be "invalided out" if they are found "permanently unfit for full naval service" by the Naval Service Medical Board of Survey. Resignation: This is a common civilian term used to refer to the termination of one's commission but in the Naval Service, the term "resignation" has a "special meaning". Despite common usage of the term, officers do not have the right to resign their commission. However, they may be permitted to do so under extenuating circumstances, at the discretion of their CO and with permission from the Admiralty Board.
Resignation is appropriate. Circumstances that would warrant resignation rather than the other types of discharge are where an individual holds actions or beliefs/attitudes that fundamentally conflict with the concept of military service; the primary consideration of the Admiralty Board's acceptance of resignation is the best interests of the Service. Officers who resign their commissions are not liable to serve in the Reserves but certain benefits such as retired pay and resettlement grant may be affected. Other types of discharges include: Compulsory Withdrawal from Training: When an officer's performance – whether professional, character or leadership – falls below the standard required after all appropriate warnings have been applied, this type of discharge may be invoked. Young Officers at the Britannia Royal Naval College or Commando Training Centre Royal Marines and Officer Candidates promoted from the Lower Deck who fail to complete initial training can be subjected to a CWFT. Pilots undergoing professional training would be suspended from flying duties.
Administrative Discharge: Officers whose performance or conduct falls below the standard required may be discharged from the Active List. Incapacity Due to Causes beyond the Officer's Control Unsuitability Due to Causes within the Officer's Control: service personnel may be discharged on grounds of "temperamental unsuitability"; the RN BR3 handbook defines TU as "a persistent and obvious failure by the individual to adapt to the basic, but unique demands of Service life". Misconduct Dismissal: Officers charged with offences under the Military Discipline Legislation. In exceptional cases, officers may be "dismissed with disgrace". Compassionate discharge: There are several types of compassionate disch
A barrel is one of several units of volume applied in various contexts. For historical reasons the volumes of some barrel units are double the volumes of others. In many connections the term "drum" is used interchangeably with "barrel". Since medieval times the term barrel as a unit of measure has had various meanings throughout Europe, ranging from about 100 litres to 1000 litres; the name was derived in medieval times from the French baril, of unknown origin, but still in use, both in French and as derivations in many other languages such as Italian and Spanish. In most countries such usage is obsolescent superseded by SI units; as a result, the meaning of corresponding words and related concepts in other languages refers to a physical container rather than a known measure. In the international oil market context, prices in United States dollars per barrel are used, the term is variously translated to derivations of the Latin/Teutonic root fat. In other commercial connections, barrel sizes such as beer keg volumes are standardised in many countries.
US dry barrel: 7,056 cubic inches Defined as length of stave 28 1⁄2 in, diameter of head 17 1⁄8 in, distance between heads 26 in, circumference of bulge 64 in outside measurement. Any barrel, 7,056 cubic inches is recognized as equivalent; this is equal to 26.25 US dry gallons. US barrel for cranberries 5,826 cubic inches Defined as length of stave 28 1⁄2 in, diameter of head 16 1⁄4 in, distance between heads 25 1⁄4 in, circumference of bulge 58 1⁄2 in outside measurement. No equivalent in cubic inches is given in the statute, but regulations specify it as 5,826 cubic inches; some products have a standard weight or volume that constitutes a barrel: Cornmeal, 200 pounds Cement, 4 cubic feet or 376 pounds Sugar, 5 cubic feet Wheat or rye flour, three bushels or 196 pounds Lime, 280 pounds large barrel, or 180 pounds small barrel Butter and cheese in UK, 224 pounds Salt, 280 pounds Fluid barrels vary depending on what is being measured and where. In the UK a beer barrel is 36 imperial gallons. In the US most fluid barrels are 31.5 US gallons.
The size of beer kegs in the US is based loosely on fractions of the US beer barrel. When referring to beer barrels or kegs in many countries, the term may be used for the commercial package units independent of actual volume, where common range for professional use is 20-60 L a DIN or Euro keg of 50 L. Richard III, King of England from 1483 until 1485, had defined the wine puncheon as a cask holding 84 gallons and a wine tierce as holding 42 gallons. By 1700 custom had made the 42-gallon watertight tierce a standard container for shipping eel, herring, wine, whale oil and many other commodities in the English colonies. After the American Revolution in 1776, American merchants continued to use the same size barrels. In the worldwide oil industry, an oil barrel is defined as 42 US gallons, about 159 litres or 35 imperial gallons. Oil companies that are listed on American stock exchanges report their production in terms of volume and use the units of bbl, Mbbl, or MMbbl and for widest comprehensive statistics the Gbbl denoting a billion.
There is a conflict concerning the units for oil barrels. For all other physical quantities, according to the International System of Units, the uppercase letter "M" means Mega, for example: Mm, MHz, MW, MeV, but due to tradition, the Mbbl acronym is used today meaning "one thousand bbl", as a heritage of the roman number "M" meaning "one thousand". On the other hand, there are efforts to avoid this ambiguity, most of the barrel dealers today prefer to use bbl, instead of Mbbl, mbbl, MMbbl or mmbbl. Outside the United States, volumes of oil are reported in cubic metres instead of oil barrels. Cubic metre is the basic volume unit in the International System. In Canada, oil companies measure oil in cubic metres but convert to barrels on export, since most of Canada's oil production is exported to the US; the nominal conversion factor is 1 cubic metre = 6.2898 oil barrels, but conversion is done by custody transfer meters on the border since the volumes are specified at different temperatures and the exact conversion factor depends on both density and temperature.
Canadian companies operate internally and report to Canadian governments in cubic metres, but convert to US barrels for the benefit of American investors and oil marketers. They will quote prices in Canadian dollars per cubic metre to other Canadian companies, but use US dollars per barrel in financial reports and press statements, making it appear to the outside world that they operate in barrels. Companies
A dwarf galaxy is a small galaxy composed of about 100 million up to several billion stars, a small number compared to the Milky Way's 200–400 billion stars. The Large Magellanic Cloud, which orbits the Milky Way and contains over 30 billion stars, is sometimes classified as a dwarf galaxy. Dwarf galaxies' formation and activity are thought to be influenced by interactions with larger galaxies. Astronomers identify numerous types of dwarf galaxies, based on their composition. Current theory states that most galaxies, including dwarf galaxies, form in association with dark matter, or from gas that contains metals. However, NASA's Galaxy Evolution Explorer space probe identified new dwarf galaxies forming out of gases with low metallicity; these galaxies were located in the Leo Ring, a cloud of hydrogen and helium around two massive galaxies in the constellation Leo. Because of their small size, dwarf galaxies have been observed being pulled toward and ripped by neighbouring spiral galaxies, resulting in galaxy merger.
There are many dwarf galaxies in the Local Group. A 2007 paper has suggested that many dwarf galaxies were created by galactic tides during the early evolutions of the Milky Way and Andromeda. Tidal dwarf galaxies are produced when their gravitational masses interact. Streams of galactic material are pulled away from the parent galaxies and the halos of dark matter that surround them. A 2018 study suggests that some local dwarf galaxies formed early, during the Dark Ages within the first billion years after the big bang. More than 20 known dwarf galaxies orbit the Milky Way, recent observations have led astronomers to believe the largest globular cluster in the Milky Way, Omega Centauri, is in fact the core of a dwarf galaxy with a black hole at its centre, at some time absorbed by the Milky Way. Elliptical galaxy: dwarf elliptical galaxy Dwarf spheroidal galaxy: Once a subtype of dwarf ellipticals, now regarded as a distinct type Irregular galaxy: dwarf irregular galaxy Spiral galaxy: dwarf spiral galaxy Magellanic type dwarfs Blue compact dwarf galaxies Ultra-compact dwarf galaxies In astronomy, a blue compact dwarf galaxy is a small galaxy which contains large clusters of young, massive stars.
These stars, the brightest of which are blue, cause the galaxy. Most BCD galaxies are classified as dwarf irregular galaxies or as dwarf lenticular galaxies; because they are composed of star clusters, BCD galaxies lack a uniform shape. They consume gas intensely, which causes their stars to become violent when forming. BCD galaxies cool in the process of forming new stars; the galaxies' stars are all formed at different time periods, so the galaxies have time to cool and to build up matter to form new stars. As time passes, this star formation changes the shape of the galaxies. Nearby examples include NGC 1705, NGC 2915, NGC 3353 and UGCA 281. Ultra-compact dwarf galaxies are a class of compact galaxies with high stellar densities, discovered in the 2000s, they are thought to be on the order of 200 light years across. It is theorised that these are the cores of nucleated dwarf elliptical galaxies that have been stripped of gas and outlying stars by tidal interactions, travelling through the hearts of rich clusters.
UCDs have been found in the Virgo Cluster, Fornax Cluster, Abell 1689, the Coma Cluster, amongst others. In particular, an unprecedentedly large sample of ~ 100 UCDs has been found in the core region of the Virgo cluster by the Next Generation Virgo Cluster Survey team; the first relatively robust studies of the global properties of Virgo UCDs suggest that UCDs have distinct dynamical and structural properties from normal globular clusters. An extreme example of UCD is M60-UCD1, about 54 million light years away, which contains 200 million solar masses within a 160 light year radius. M59-UCD3 is the same size as M60-UCD1 with a half-light radius, rh, of 20 parsecs but is 40% more luminous with an apparent relative magnitude of −14.6. This makes M59-UCD3 the densest known galaxy. Based on stellar orbital velocities, two UCD in the Virgo Cluster are claimed to have supermassive black holes weighing 13% and 18% of the galaxies' masses. Galaxy morphological classification – System for categorizing galaxies based on appearance List of nearest galaxies Pea galaxy – Possibly a type of Luminous Blue Compact Galaxy, undergoing high rates of star formation Milky Way Satellite Galaxies SPACE.com article on "hobbit galaxies" Science article on "hobbit galaxies"
BCD Travel is a provider of global corporate travel management. The company, headquartered in Utrecht, operates in 109 countries, with US$25.7 billion in total sales 2017 and a combined worldwide workforce of 13,500. BCD Travel is part of the BCD Group. BCD Travel was founded on January 3, 2006, when BCD Group announced its decision to purchase TQ3 Travel Solutions, the corporate arm of the TUI Group and a majority interest in The Travel Company, an independent British corporate travel company; these companies were merged with WorldTravel BTI. BCD Travel, the new corporate identity for the consolidated companies, began trading under that name on March 31, 2006. In January 2011 BCD Travel merged five of its consumer brands, CheapTickets, Flugladen, BudgetAir and Vayama into a new group Travix_International_B. V. In 2013, BCD Travel acquired the corporate division of Travelocity. Business travel John Fentener van Vlissingen