Saratov is a city and the administrative center of Saratov Oblast, a major port on the Volga River located upstream of Volgograd. Population: 837,900 ; the name Saratov may be derived from the Turkish words Saryk Atov, which mean "Hawks' Island". Another version of the name origin is Sary Tau, meaning "Yellow Mountain" in the Tatar language. In the Kazakh language, the city is known as Сарытау/Sarytaý. Uvek, a city of the Golden Horde, stood near the site of the modern city of Saratov from the mid-13th century until its destruction by Tamerlane in 1395. While the exact date of the foundation of modern Saratov is unknown, all plausible theories date it to ca. 1590, during the reign of Tsar Fyodor Ivanovich, who constructed several settlements along the Volga River in order to secure the southeastern boundary of his state. Town status was granted to it in 1708. By the 1800s, Saratov had grown to become an important shipping port on the Volga; the Ryazan-Ural Railroad reached Saratov in 1870. In 1896, the line continued its eastward expansion.
A unique train-ferry, owned by the Ryazan-Ural railroad, provided the connection across the river between the two parts of the railroad for 39 years, before the construction of a railway bridge in 1935. During January 1915, with World War I dominating the Russian national agenda, Saratov became the destination for deportation convoys of ethnic Germans, Hungarians and Slavs whose presence closer to the western front was perceived as a potential security risk to the state. During World War II, Saratov was a station on the North-South Volzhskaya Rokada, a specially designated military railroad supplying troops and supplies to Stalingrad in 1942-1943 the city was bombed by German aircraft the main target was the Kirov oil refinery bombarded seriously damaging the installation and destroying 80% of its plant and temporarily interrupting its work; the Luftwaffe was able to destroy all the fuel stock at bases in Saratov and eliminate the oil plant in the city.. Until the end of the Soviet Union in 1991, the Soviet authorities designated Saratov a "closed city"—strictly off-limits to all foreigners due to its military importance as the site of a vital facility manufacturing military aircraft.
The city of Saratov played an important role in the history of the Volga Germans. Until 1941, the town of Pokrovsk, located just across the Volga from Saratov, served as the capital of the Volga German Republic; the ethnic German population of the region numbered 800,000 in the early 20th century, with some people whose families had been there for generations. Beginning with Catherine the Great's 1763 Manifesto promising land, freedom from military conscription and religious freedom, the Russian Emperors invited German immigration in the 18th and 19th centuries to encourage agricultural development; the Volga German community came to include industrialists, scientists and architects, including those who built Saratov's universities and conservatories. After the beginning of the German invasion of the Soviet Union in June 1941, the Soviet government forcibly expelled the Volga Germans to Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan. Others were expelled to western Europe after World War II ended in 1945. Beginning in the 1980s, a large portion of the surviving members of the ethnic Germans emigrated from the Soviet Union to Germany.
Reminders of the once prominent place of Germans in the city remain, with the Roman Catholic St. Klemens Cathedral on Nemetskaya Ulitsa the most notable; the building designed by Mikhail N. Grudistov was converted into the children's cinema "Pioneer" during the Soviet period. A new cathedral was built in 2000 elsewhere in the city: the Cathedral of the Holy Apostles Peter and Paul in Saratov. Saratov is the administrative center of the oblast and, within the framework of administrative divisions, it serves as the administrative center of Saratovsky District though it is not a part of it; as an administrative division, it is incorporated separately as the city of oblast significance of Saratov—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts. As a municipal division, the city of oblast significance of Saratov is incorporated as Saratov Urban Okrug. Saratov has a moderately continental climate with warm and dry summers and an abundance of sunny days; the warmest month is July with daily mean temperature near +23 °C.
Summers are dry in Saratov. Daytime temperatures of +30 °C or higher are commonplace, up to +40.9 °C during a heat wave in 2010. Snow and ice are dominant during the winter season. Days well above freezing and nights below −25 °C both occur in the winter. Saratov Oblast is industrialized, due in part to the richness in natural and industrial resources of the area; the oblast is one of the more important and largest cultural and scientific centers in Russia. Saratov possesses six institutes of the Russian Academy of Sciences, twenty-one research institutes, nineteen project institutes, as well as the Saratov State University, the Saratov State Socio-Economic University, the Saratov State Technical University, many scientific and technological laboratories attached to some of the city's large industrial enterprises. Saratov is served by the Saratov Tsentralny Airport; the air
Kyrylo Fesenko is a Ukrainian professional basketball player. Standing at 2.16 m, he plays the center position. He has a 7' 4" wingspan and 9' 4" standing reach. Born in Dnipropetrovsk, Fesenko began his basketball career in the Ukrainian Basketball SuperLeague, first with the second division team of BC Azovmash in 2003 to its first division from 2004 to 2006, he played for the Cherkaski Mavpy for a season. After playing four seasons in native Ukraine, Fesenko was selected 38th overall in the second round of the 2007 NBA Draft by the Philadelphia 76ers and traded to the Utah Jazz, signing a three-year contract with the Jazz on August 15, 2007. In 2010, he turned down a multiyear deal with the Houston Rockets and re-signed with the Jazz for 1 year, he became an unrestricted free agent in 2011. He spent most of his rookie season with the NBA Development League Utah Flash. On November 30, 2007, Fesenko made his NBA debut against the Los Angeles Lakers, he was recalled from the Utah Flash due to the absence of Mehmet Okur.
Fesenko had 7 rebounds and managed 1 assist. Fesenko spent part of the 2011-12 NBA season with the Indiana Pacers. In October 2012, he joined the Chicago Bulls; that month he was waived. In January 2013, Fesenko signed with BC Donetsk. In November 2013, he signed with Śląsk Wrocław, he left Wrocław before appearing in a game for them. In January 2014, Fesenko was acquired by the Delaware 87ers. On March 8, 2014, he was traded to the Canton Charge. On September 18, 2014, Fesenko signed with the Minnesota Timberwolves. However, he was waived by the Timberwolves on October 20, 2014. On November 5, 2014, Fesenko signed with the VTB United League and EuroChallenge team Avtodor Saratov. On June 9, 2015, Fesenko signed a one-year contract with Lokomotiv Kuban. On January 5, 2016, he parted ways with Lokomotiv, the following day he was hired until the end of the season by Pallacanestro Cantù. On May 6, 2016, he left Cantù and signed with AS Monaco Basket for the rest of the 2015–16 LNB Pro A season. On August 16, 2016, Fesenko signed with Italian club Sidigas Avellino for the 2016–17 season.
On July 30, 2017, he re-signed with Avellino for one more season. National Basketball Association portal List of European basketball players in the United States Career statistics and player information from NBA.com, or Basketball-Reference.com Kyrylo Fesenko at fiba.com
Courtney Fortson is an American professional basketball player for the Zhejiang Lions of the Chinese Basketball Association. He played college basketball for Arkansas, he played his college basketball at the University of Arkansas as a guard, recorded the school's second-ever triple double in a December 2008 win over North Carolina Central University. After going undrafted in the 2010 NBA draft, Fortson signed with Steaua Turabo Bucuresti of Romania but left in January 2011. In March 2011, he joined the Reno Bighorns of the NBA D-League. In November 2011, Fortson was acquired by the Los Angeles D-Fenders, but on December 8, 2011, he was signed by the Los Angeles Clippers. However, he was waived before the start of the 2011–12 season and re-joined the D-Fenders. Not long after being waived by the Clippers, he was called up on January 16, 2012 on a ten-day contract. However, he was waived by the team on January 2012, after playing four games. Fortson signed a ten-day contract with the Houston Rockets that season, was signed by the Rockets for the remainder of the season.
In September 2012, he was waived by the Rockets. Fortson, signed with the Los Angeles Clippers for training camp on September 29, 2012, but on October 7, 2012, he and Chris Johnson were waived by the Clippers; that month, he joined the Los Angeles D-Fenders. On February 4, 2013, Fortson was named to the Futures All-Star roster for the 2013 NBA D-League All-Star Game. In September 2013, he signed with Avtodor Saratov of Russia for the 2013–14 season. On June 3, 2014, he signed with Trotamundos de Carabobo for the rest of the 2014 LPB season. On July 5, 2014, he returned to Avtodor Saratov. On February 18, 2015, Fortson scored a triple double in a EuroChallenge-game against Güssing Knights. On July 11, 2015, Fortson signed with the Turkish club Banvit. On March 9, 2016, he parted ways with Banvit after averaging 16.2 points, 4.3 rebounds and 6.5 assists per game in BSL. In July 2016, Forston signed with Chinese club Zhejiang Lions for the 2016–17 CBA season. Fortson was named the CBA MVP for the 2017–18 season, after he averaged 31.1 points, 12 assists and 7.8 rebounds per game while leading Zhejiang to the first seed in the CBA.
Courtney Fortson at realgm.com Courtney Fortson at eurobasket.com Courtney Fortson at fiba.com
FIBA EuroChallenge was the 3rd tier level transnational men's professional club basketball competition in Europe, from 2003 to 2015. It was run by FIBA Europe, it is not to be confused with the FIBA EuroCup Challenge – the now defunct 4th tier level transnational men's professional club basketball competition in Europe, organized and run by FIBA Europe, played during the 2002–03 to 2006–07 seasons. In 2015, FIBA dissolved the EuroChallenge, in order to start the Basketball Champions League and FIBA Europe Cup, to compete with the EuroLeague and EuroCup; each season's two EuroChallenge finalists were promoted to the next season's 2nd tier level, the EuroCup competition. The competition was created in 2003, following the defections of most of the top European basketball teams from the former FIBA SuproLeague, which heralded the formation of the new version of the Turkish Airlines EuroLeague, under the umbrella of Euroleague Basketball. From the 2004–05 season, EuroChallenge was considered to be the 3rd strongest international professional basketball competition for men's clubs in Europe, after both the Turkish Airlines EuroLeague and the EuroCup.
Though, during the first two seasons of the competition's coexistence with the EuroCup, the EuroChallenge was favored by Italian and Greek teams, making both competitions quite comparable in strength. In 2015, FIBA Europe dissolved the EuroChallenge, to start a new self-anointed second-tier competition, called the Basketball Champions League, in an attempt to compete with the EuroCup. FIBA EuroChallenge official website
PBC CSKA Moscow
PBC CSKA Moscow is a Russian professional basketball team based in Moscow, Russia. The club is a member of the EuroLeague. CSKA won two titles between 2006 and 2008, in Europe's principal club competition, the EuroLeague, making the final in all four seasons, has advanced to the EuroLeague Final Four 16 times in the 21st century. CSKA is dominating in winning all but one titles up-to-date. With 7 EuroLeague championships, one NEBL championship, 49 home league championships, 7 home cups and 9 VTB United League titles in total, CSKA is the most successful basketball team in Russia, is one of the most successful basketball teams in Europe. In Euroleague in 2006 CSKA won its first title in a long time, defeating Maccabi 73-69 in the final in Prague. Next year the team lost in the 2007 final 93–91 to Panathinaikos on the Greens' home floor, the Nikos Galis Olympic Indoor Hall in Athens. In 2008, they won a rematch of the 2006 final against Maccabi 91–77 in Madrid. In 2009, they lost a rematch of the 2007 final against Panathinaikos 73–71 in Berlin.
The club competed in 8 consecutive EuroLeague Final Fours from 2003 to 2010, an all-time record. CSKA won its last up-to-date title in 2016, after beating Fenerbahçe in the final, by a score of 101–96, in overtime. Well-known players that have played for the club over the years include: Sergei Belov, Gennadi Volnov, Viktor Zubkov, Yuri Korneev, Vladimir Andreev, Anatoly Myshkin, Stanislav Yeryomin, Ivan Edeshko, Alzhan Zharmukhamedov, Sergei Tarakanov, Rimas Kurtinaitis, Vladimir Tkachenko, Sergei Bazarevich, Sasha Volkov, Andrei Kirilenko, Trajan Langdon, Darius Songaila, Gordan Giriček, Dragan Tarlać, Marcus Brown, Ramūnas Šiškauskas, Theo Papaloukas, Nenad Krstić, Miloš Teodosić, J R Holden and Nando de Colo. Alexander Gomelsky, the legendary basketball coach, worked in CSKA for nearly 20 years, turning it into a powerhouse. Nowadays, CSKA has the reputation for being one of the richest sports clubs in Europe, having been owned by Russian billionaire Mikhail Prokhorov, being owned by Norilsk Nickel.
CSKA was founded on 29 April 1923 known as OPPV, when on that day soldiers and sportsmen fought in football against each other for the first place of Moscow. "OPPV", which means Опытно-показательная военно-спортивная площадка всевобуча, a department in the General military education service, was the first central sports department of the Red Army. It was based on the pre-revolutionary "Community of Amateur Skiers"; the first success of the basketball department came at the 1924 Soviet League championship, played between cities, not clubs. Two more titles followed in 1928 and 1935. In 1938, the Soviet League championship was played between clubs, CSKA under the name CDKA debuted there. Stalin's son, Vasily founded the club VVS MVO, with CDKA merging with it. By the end of the Great Patriotic War, CSKA established itself as one of the most respected Soviet basketball teams. In 1953 and 1954, the club was renamed CDSA, between 1955–60, it was known as CSK MO, in 1960, it received its current name CSKA.
CSKA won the FIBA European Champions Cup title, in 1961, 1963, 1969, 1971. They won the Soviet League championship 24 times. CSKA won the Russian League title, every year from 1992, through 2000, every year from 2003 to 2008. CSKA made the 1996 EuroLeague Final Four, they made the 2001 SuproLeague Final Four, the 2003 EuroLeague Final Four, the 2004 EuroLeague Final Four, the 2005 EuroLeague Final Four, before winning the EuroLeague championship at the 2006 EuroLeague Final Four. In the 2004–05 season, the team became the first in the history of the EuroLeague to go through the regular-season phase undefeated, during the 2004–05 EuroLeague season, before the 2005 EuroLeague Final Four, it had only lost to one team: FC Barcelona. Though CSKA lost in the semifinals on their home court to Spanish League club TAU Cerámica, to Panathinaikos, of the Greek League, in the third-place game; that sent them to the 2nd grade teams in the EuroLeague draw, although they finished the league with the best record.
That same year they lost a game in the finals series of the Russian League, but they got the Russian League crown. In 2006, CSKA qualified by finishing third in their group, they finished at the top of their Top 16 group, being denied a perfect record at Tau, in their final game. CSKA entered the 2006 EuroLeague Final Four on a roll, as the only club to sweep their best-of-three quarterfinal series, by defeating Turkish Super League power Efes Pilsen, they defeated Barça in the EuroLeague semis, before defeating the high-powered offense of Maccabi Tel Aviv, of the Israeli Super League, in the final, on April 30 though the overall record of Maccabi's games with CSKA Moscow favored the Israeli club. The following year, they nearly repeated as EuroLeague champions, but wound up facing Panathinaikos in the final, on the Greek team's home floor, OAKA Indoor Hall, designated more than a year earlier as the site for that year's Final Four. Panathinaikos won a fought battle. In 2008, their EuroLeague championship win at the 2008 EuroLeague Final Four, put them in sole possession of second place for overall top-tier level European-wide titles.
Only Real Madrid, with eight titles, had won more than CSKA's six titles
Ice hockey is a contact team sport played on ice in a rink, in which two teams of skaters use their sticks to shoot a vulcanized rubber puck into their opponent's net to score points. The sport is known to be fast-paced and physical, with teams consisting of six players each: one goaltender, five players who skate up and down the ice trying to take the puck and score a goal against the opposing team. Ice hockey is most popular in Canada and eastern Europe, the Nordic countries and the United States. Ice hockey is the official national winter sport of Canada. In addition, ice hockey is the most popular winter sport in Belarus, the Czech Republic, Latvia, Slovakia and Switzerland. North America's National Hockey League is the highest level for men's ice hockey and the strongest professional ice hockey league in the world; the Kontinental Hockey League is much of Eastern Europe. The International Ice Hockey Federation is the formal governing body for international ice hockey, with the IIHF managing international tournaments and maintaining the IIHF World Ranking.
Worldwide, there are ice hockey federations in 76 countries. In Canada, the United States, Nordic countries, some other European countries the sport is known as hockey. Ice hockey is believed to have evolved from simple stick and ball games played in the 18th and 19th century United Kingdom and elsewhere; these games were brought to North America and several similar winter games using informal rules as they were developed, such as "shinny" and "ice polo". The contemporary sport of ice hockey was developed in Canada, most notably in Montreal, where the first indoor hockey game was played on March 3, 1875; some characteristics of that game, such as the length of the ice rink and the use of a puck, have been retained to this day. Amateur ice hockey leagues began in the 1880s, professional ice hockey originated around 1900; the Stanley Cup, emblematic of ice hockey club supremacy, was first awarded in 1893 to recognize the Canadian amateur champion and became the championship trophy of the NHL. In the early 1900s, the Canadian rules were adopted by the Ligue Internationale de Hockey sur Glace, the precursor of the IIHF and the sport was played for the first time at the Olympics during the 1920 Summer Olympics.
In international competitions, the national teams of six countries predominate: Canada, Czech Republic, Russia and the United States. Of the 69 medals awarded all-time in men's competition at the Olympics, only seven medals were not awarded to one of those countries. In the annual Ice Hockey World Championships, 177 of 201 medals have been awarded to the six nations. Teams outside the "Big Six" have won only five medals in either competition since 1953; the World Cup of Hockey is organized by the National Hockey League and the National Hockey League Players' Association, unlike the annual World Championships and quadrennial Olympic tournament, both run by the International Ice Hockey Federation. World Cup games are played under NHL rules and not those of the IIHF, the tournament occurs prior to the NHL pre-season, allowing for all NHL players to be available, unlike the World Championships, which overlaps with the NHL's Stanley Cup playoffs. Furthermore, all 12 Women's Olympic and 36 IIHF World Women's Championships medals were awarded to one of these six countries.
The Canadian national team or the United States national team have between them won every gold medal of either series. In England, field hockey has been called "hockey" and what was referenced by first appearances in print; the first known mention spelled as "hockey" occurred in the 1773 book Juvenile Sports and Pastimes, to Which Are Prefixed, Memoirs of the Author: Including a New Mode of Infant Education, by Richard Johnson, whose chapter XI was titled "New Improvements on the Game of Hockey". The 1573 Statute of Galway banned a sport called "'hokie'—the hurling of a little ball with sticks or staves". A form of this word was thus being used in the 16th century, though much removed from its current usage; the belief that hockey was mentioned in a 1363 proclamation by King Edward III of England is based on modern translations of the proclamation, in Latin and explicitly forbade the games "Pilam Manualem, Pedivam, & Bacularem: & ad Canibucam & Gallorum Pugnam". The English historian and biographer John Strype did not use the word "hockey" when he translated the proclamation in 1720, instead translating "Canibucam" as "Cambuck".
According to the Austin Hockey Association, the word "puck" derives from the Scottish Gaelic puc or the Irish poc. "... The blow given by a hurler to the ball with his camán or hurley is always called a puck." Stick-and-ball games date back to pre-Christian times. In Europe, these games included the Irish game of hurling, the related Scottish game of shinty and versions of field hockey. IJscolf, a game resembling colf on an ice-covered surface, was popular in the Low Countries between the Middle Ages and the Dutch Golden Age, it was played with a wooden curved bat, a wooden or leather ball and two poles, with t
2013–14 Russian Basketball Cup
The 2013–14 Russian Basketball Cup was the 13th season of the Russian Basketball Cup. From the Eightfinals till the Final, all teams played two legs to decide. UNICS Kazan and Lokomotiv Kuban qualified for the Final, Krasny Oktyabr and Khimki were semifinalists. Unics won the cup on May 14, 2014. Drew Goudelock exploded for 36 points in the final game. All rounds were played over two legs. Most Valuable Player Drew Goudelock All-Season Team Marcus Williams Krunoslav Simon Von Wafer Vladimir Veremeenko Krešimir Lončar