Buddha Air Pvt. Ltd is an airline based in Jawalakhel, Lalitpur District, near Patan, it operates domestic as well as international services within Nepal and India, serving large towns and cities in Nepal, linking Kathmandu with ten destinations and Varanasi of India since its establishment. Its main base is Kathmandu; the airline was established on 23 April 1996 as a Private Limited Company by Surendra Bahadur Basnet, a retired Supreme Court judge and former government minister. Operations commenced on 11 October 1997 with a sightseeing flight to Mount Everest using a brand new Beechcraft 1900D. Within ten years the company had expanded to a fleet of seven 1900Ds. In 2008 a loan from the International Finance Corporation allowed the company to expand further by purchasing two ATR 42 aircraft. Buddha Air took delivery of its first 70-seat ATR 72-212 in June 2010; the name of the airline is derived from the Sanskrit word'Buddha', a title used for the much revered Siddhartha Gautama. Buddha Air operates domestic flights to 12 destinations as well as 3 international.
The airline offers air charter flights and daily mountain sightseeing flights. Buddha Air became the first foreign airline to start flights to Paro, Bhutan, in summer 2010, the airline's first international destination as well. Buddha Air flies to the following destinations as of March 2018. Buddha Air operates scheduled mountain sightseeing flights from Kathmandu to Mount Everest range and from Pokhara to the Annapurna Massif; the flights depart in the early morning hours and return to the respective airports one hour later. Buddha Air's fleet consists of the following aircraft; the airline is planning to add Boeing 737 MAX 8 aircraft by 2020. Buddha Air is the first airline in Nepal, one of few in South Asia to have a state of the art closed door hangar facility. Built at a cost of US$2.5 million at the Tribhuvan International Airport, Buddha Air provides aircraft maintenance facilities to other airlines as well the Bangladeshi airline Novoair which sends its ATR aircraft for maintenance at the hangar.
On 25 September 2011, Buddha Air Flight 103 crashed near the end of a sightseeing flight of the Mount Everest region. All 19 passengers and crew on board the Beechcraft 1900D died when it crashed near Kathmandu's airport while attempting to land. Out of the 19 passengers 10 were Indian nationals, 2 were US nationals, 1 was Japanese and 6 were Nepalese; the crew member of 3 were Nepalese. 2000: 3rd World Aviation and Safety Congress - in Appreciation of Participation and Contribution. November, 2000. 2000: Pacific Asia Travel Association, Nepal Chapter – in appreciation of Outstanding Rupee 1 Contribution from your Grateful Colleagues at -Pacific Asia Travel Association, Nepal Chapter. August 2000 2005: United Nations World Tourism Day - Being First among Private Sector Airlines in Foreign Exchange Earnings during fiscal years: 2001, 2003, 2004, 2005. 2006: Pacific Asia Travel Association – in appreciation for strong support and valuable contribution to the Pacific Travel Association for the years: 2000, 2002/03, 2004/05, 2006/07.
2006: Government of Nepal, Ministry of Culture and Civil Aviation. “Safety and Security – First and Always the Top Priority”- Awarded for the Highest Safety Record 2006 on the Occasion of International Civil Aviation Day. 2008: Pratt & Whitney, Canada Corporation - In Recognition for the Introduction into Service of Pw100 Engines and Appreciation for your Long Standing Relationship with Pratt & Whitney and the Exemplary Operational Safety of the Pt6a Engine in Nepal since 1998 on 16 September 2008. 2012: Government of Nepal - Recognized by the government as "Highest Income Tax Payer in Tourism Industry" in the year 2012. 2014: Government of Nepal: Highest Income Tax Payer in Aviation Tourism Sector 2014: IPMA: Project Excellence Award - Bronze Winner in Medium and Big Sized Projects 2016: Frost & Sullivan: Nepal's Best Domestic Airlines Award 2017: Nepal Brand Leadership Award: Organized by CMO Asia on 18 December 2017. #BuddhaAir #FlyWithUs 2017: Certificate of Excellence by TripAdvisor for Everest Experience Mountain flight.
2018: Frost and Sullivan, Best Practices Award 2018 2018: Nepal Domestic Airlines Company of the Year Award. 2018: Certificate of Excellence by TripAdvisor for Everest Experience Mountain flight. Buddha Air is the current shirt sponsor of Biratnagar based football club Morang XI, who play in Nepal's highest football league, the Martyr's Memorial A-Division League. Official website
Beta hydroxy acid
A beta hydroxy acid or β-hydroxy acid is an organic compound that contains a carboxylic acid functional group and hydroxy functional group separated by two carbon atoms. They are related to alpha hydroxy acids, in which the two functional groups are separated by one carbon atom. In cosmetics, the term beta hydroxy acid refers to salicylic acid, used in some "anti-aging" creams and acne treatments, it is used to combat inflammation. Upon dehydration, beta-hydroxy acids yield an alpha-beta unsaturated acid. Compared to non-hydroxylated carboxylic acids, this group of acids is stronger, although less strong than the alpha hydroxy acids. Due to the larger distance, the intramolecular hydrogen bridge is less formed compared to the alpha hydroxy acids; the table summarizes some values on the propionic series. Other beta hydroxy acids include: β-Hydroxybutyric acid β-Hydroxy β-methylbutyric acid Carnitine Salicylic acid, a β-hydroxy acid
Binhai railway station
Binhai railway station Yujiapu railway station, is an underground railway station of Beijing–Tianjin intercity railway located in Binhai, People's Republic of China. It serves an area with many new skyscrapers, it is considered as one of the four main rail transportation hubs for Tianjin with Tianjin, Tianjin West and Binhai West railway station. Construction was completed on August 8, 2015 and it was opened to traffic on September 20, 2015, it is to be served by the Tianjin Metro lines Z1, B2, B3. The name of station was renamed from Yujiapu to Binhai on January 5, 2019; the station's construction started on February 27, 2009. The ceiling the world's first single layer steel shell structure, looks like a delicate painting floating in the air. Using a next-generation material, ETFE Film, was a perfect choice for roofing and facade construction, showing impressive strength and saving energy; the roofing is in three-layered ETFE cushions. The visible structure of the station is of a tear-drop shaped dome surrounded in parklands.
Beneath the futuristic ground floor waiting hall's domed structure, the majority of the station is located in 5 underground levels. The first and second basement levels allows access to buses, public parking and ticket hall for the Tianjin Metro; the third basement level houses B3 lines. The fourth basement level contains the platforms and access to the future Tianjin Metro Z1 line; the lowest Fifth Basement Level, has three island platforms serving six tracks as the terminus of the Beijing–Tianjin intercity railway
Humanists UK, known from 1967 until May 2017 as the British Humanist Association, is a charitable organisation which promotes Humanism and aims to represent "people who seek to live good lives without religious or superstitious beliefs" in the United Kingdom by campaigning on issues relating to humanism and human rights. It seeks to act as a representative body for non-religious people in the UK; the charity supports humanist and non-religious ceremonies in England and Wales, Northern Ireland, the Crown dependencies and maintains a national network of accredited celebrants for humanist funeral ceremonies and baby namings, in addition to a network of volunteers who provide like-minded support and comfort to non-religious people in hospitals and prisons. Its other charitable activities include providing free educational resources to teachers and institutions; the current President of Humanists UK is Professor Alice Roberts and the Chief Executive is Andrew Copson. The association has 70 affiliated regional and special interest groups and claims a total of 70,000 members and supporters.
Humanists UK has sections which run as staffed national humanist organisations in both Wales and Northern Ireland. Wales Humanists and Northern Ireland Humanists each have an advisory committee drawn from the membership and a development officer. Wales Humanists and Northern Ireland Humanists campaign on devolved issues in Cardiff and Belfast and work to expand the provision of humanist ceremonies, pastoral care, support for teachers in those countries; the organisation's Articles of Association sets out its aims as: The advancement of Humanism, namely a non-religious ethical lifestance the essential elements of which are a commitment to human wellbeing and a reliance on reason, experience and a naturalistic view of the world. The advancement of education and in particular the study of and the dissemination of knowledge about Humanism and about the arts and science as they relate to Humanism; the promotion of equality and non-discrimination and the protection of human rights as defined in international instruments to which the United Kingdom is party, in each case in particular as relates to religion and belief.
The promotion of understanding between people holding religious and non-religious beliefs so as to advance harmonious cooperation in society. The organisation wishes to build itself as a sustainable and nationally-recognised organisation as a voice for non-religious people; the organisation was founded in 1896 by American Stanton Coit as the Union of Ethical Societies, which brought together existing ethical societies in Britain. It changed its name to the Ethical Union in 1920 and was incorporated in 1928. In 1963 H. J. Blackham became the first Executive Director, the society became the British Humanist Association in 1967, during the Presidency of philosopher A. J. Ayer; this transition followed a decade of discussions which nearly prompted a merger of the Ethical Union with the Rationalist Press Association and the South Place Ethical Society. In 1963 the first two went as far as creating an umbrella Humanist Association of which Harold Blackham was the Executive Director. However, Humanists UK, the Rationalist Association and the South Place Ethical Society remain separate entities today and in 1967 the Union of Ethical Societies alone became the British Humanist Association.
In the 1960s, the organisation campaigned for reform of the 1944 Education Act's clauses on religion in schools and it was active in the campaign to legalise abortion and homosexuality. It supported repeal of Sunday Observance laws and the end of theatre censorship, the provision of family planning on the NHS and other reforms. More Humanists UK aimed to defend freedom of speech, support the elimination of world poverty and remove the privileges given to religious groups, it was claimed in 1977 that Humanists UK aimed "to make humanism available and meaningful to the millions who have no alternative belief." The local ethical societies united in 1896 had renamed themselves as humanist groups and their number grew over time, becoming today Humanists UK's network of affiliated local humanist groups. A network of celebrants able to conduct non-religious funerals, naming ceremonies and same sex affirmations was developed and continues today as Humanist Ceremonies. Social concerns persisted in Humanists UK's programme.
Humanists UK was a co-founder in 1969 of the Social Morality Council, which brought together believers and unbelievers concerned with moral education and with finding agreed solutions to moral problems in society. Humanists UK was active in arguing for the right to obtain an abortion, it has always sought an "open society". Humanists UK claimed that the rules on religious programming within the BBC constitute a "religious privilege" and reserve particular criticism for the Thought for the Day slot on Radio 4's Today programme. In April 2009 a "breakthrough" in Humanists UK's campaign saw Andrew Copson invited to participate as a humanist representative in the BBC's short-lived Standing Conference on Religion and Belief when it replaced the Central Religious Advisory Committee. In May 2017, the organisation renamed itself from British Humanist Association to Humanists UK, its chief executive, Andrew Copson, said that the change followed "a lon
Power Macintosh 7100
The Power Macintosh 7100 is a personal computer, designed and sold by Apple Computer Inc. from March 1994 to January 1996. It is the mid-range machine of the first generation of Power Macintosh line, between the Power Macintosh 6100 and the 8100; the 7100 re-used the Macintosh IIvx case with few changes. There were two versions of the 7100; the 7100 was succeeded in August 1995 by two new models, the Power Macintosh 7200 and the Power Macintosh 7500, though sales of the 7100 continued into early 1996. The 7100AV variants include a 2 MB VRAM card with S-Video in/out; the non-AV 7100s have a video card containing 1 MB VRAM, expandable to 2MB, no S-Video in/out capability. Apple did not release a "DOS Compatible" card for the 7100 as they had for some contemporary Macintosh Quadra models, opting instead to offer the 7100 bundled with the SoftWindows emulator at a price of $385. With an optional 256KB L2 cache card installed, MacWorld Magazine determined that the performance is comparable to 25 MHz Intel 80486SX.
Introduced March 14, 1994: Power Macintosh 7100/66: No L2 cache. $2,650 USD. Power Macintosh 7100/66AV: $3,450. Introduced January 3, 1995: Power Macintosh 7100/80: 256KB L2 cache. Power Macintosh 7100/80AV The Power Macintosh 7100's internal code name was "Carl Sagan", one of the three "fraud" code names referring to the PowerPC processor pretending to be a 68000. Though the project name was internal, it was revealed to the public in a 1993 issue of MacWeek. Sagan, worried that the public might interpret this as an endorsement which sullied his name contacted Apple and threatened to sue unless they could prove the codename did not link to his intellectual property and identity. After they refused, he wrote a letter to the editor that appeared in a 1994 issue of MacWeek, seeking to inform their readers of the situation. Following the letter, a rogue programmer at Apple renamed the project to "BHA". Sagan sued Apple for libel over the new name, but since the codename was internal he lost his case.
Sagan continued pursuing lawsuits. When he sued Apple again, this time for the original use of his name, he lost this suit as well. Sagan and Apple not wishing to engage in a series of lawsuits over the issue, came to an out-of-court agreement in November 1995, leading to Apple making a statement of apology; the engineers on the project made a third and final name change from "BHA" to "LAW", short for "Lawyers are Wimps". Apple-history.com:: Power Macintosh 7100
Getty Research Institute
The Getty Research Institute, located at the Getty Center in Los Angeles, California, is "dedicated to furthering knowledge and advancing understanding of the visual arts". A program of the J. Paul Getty Trust, GRI maintains a research library, organizes exhibitions and other events, sponsors a residential scholars program, publishes books, produces electronic databases; the GRI was called the "Getty Center for the History of Art and the Humanities", was first discussed in 1983. Located in Santa Monica, its first director was Kurt W. Forster. GRI's library had 30,000 volumes in 1983, but grew to 450,000 volumes by 1986. In a statement upon his departure in 1992, Forster summarized his tenure as "Beginning with the rudiments of a small museum library... the center grew... to become one of the nation's preeminent research centers for arts and culture...". In 1994, Salvatore Settis, a professor of the history of classical art and archeology in Italy, became the director of the Center. By 1996, the Center's name had been changed to "Getty Research Institute for the History of Art and the Humanities", by 1999 it was known as "Getty Research Institute".
Among GRI's special projects was "L. A. as Subject: The Transformative Culture of Los Angeles Communities" conducted between 1995 and 1999, whose purposes included "enhanc existing resources and develop new resources that support new research scholarship on LA and encourag the preservation and display of local material culture". In collaboration with local organizations, GRI published Cultural Inheritance/L. A.: A Resource Directory of Less Visible Archives and Collections in the Los Angeles Region in 1999. In 2000, the L. A. as Subject project was transferred to the University of Southern California, which continues to update and expand an online version of the resource directory. When the Getty Information Institute was dissolved in 1999 as a "result of a change of leadership at the Getty Trust", GRI absorbed "many of its functions". In 2000, Thomas E. Crow was selected as GRI director to replace Settis who had resigned in 1999. Crow announced in October 2006. Since November 2007 Thomas W. Gaehtgens has been GRI's director.
Among other holdings, GRI's research library contains over 1 million volumes of books and auction catalogs. By 1985, the Getty had acquired the complete archive of the American sculptor Malvina Hoffman. In 2011, it acquired Harald Szeemann’s substantial archive, consisting of more than 1,000 boxes of correspondence, research files and ephemera, as well as some 28,000 books and 36,000 photographs, it owns several art dealers' archives, including records for the Goupil & Cie and Boussod Valadon galleries, Knoedler Gallery, the Duveen Brothers. The library is located at the Getty Center, does not circulate its collections, but does extend library privileges to any visitor. GRI holds two public exhibitions per year in its two galleries which "focus on the special collections of the Research Library or on work produced by artists in residence". For example, in 2005–2006 GRI held an exhibition entitled "Julius Shulman and the Metropolis"; the exhibition traveled to the Art Institute of Chicago. In addition to exhibitions, GRI organizes lectures, colloquia and screenings of films and videos.
The residential scholars program seeks to "integrate the isolated territory of art history into the wider sphere of the humanities". The first class of scholars arrived in 1985–1986. Among the notable scholars was German writer Christa Wolf in 1993–1994, who wrote the novel Medea: a modern retelling during her year at GRI; each year the scholars are invited to work on projects related to an annual theme. In 2008–2009, the theme for the Getty Center was "Networks and Boundaries" and for the Getty Villa "The Power and Function of Ancient Images"; the lengths of stay vary: Getty scholars are in residence for three, six or nine months, visiting scholars for one to three months, predoctoral and postdoctoral fellows for a nine-month academic year. In 2011–12, the theme was "Artistic Practice". GRI publishes "Series Imprints" books in the categories of "Issues and Debates", "Texts & Documents", "Introduction To", "ReSources". In addition, GRI publishes other materials in hardcopy form. Here are selected books published by GRI, by the Getty Research Institute for the History of Art and the Humanities, by the Getty Center for the History of Art and the Humanities, by the Getty Information Institute, or by the Art History Information Program.
Bakewell, Elizabeth, et al. Object, inquiry: the art historian at work: report on a collaborative study by the Getty Art History Information Program and the Institute for Research in Information and Scholarship, Brown University. Santa Monica, CA: AHIP, 1988. ISBN 0-89236-135-2 Gaehtgens, Thomas W. and Heinz Ickstadt. American icons: transatlantic perspectives on eighteenth- and nineteenth-century American art. Santa Monica, CA: Getty Center for the History of Art and Humanities, 1992. ISBN 0-89236-246-4 Necipoglu, Gülru, Mohammad Al-Asad; the Topkapi