This Year's Love
This Year's Love is a 1999 film written and directed by David Kane and set in and around Camden Town in London. Dougray Scott as Cameron Jennifer Ehle as Sophie Ian Hart as Liam Sophie Okonedo as Denise Douglas Henshall as Danny Emily Woof as Alice Catherine McCormack as Hannah Kathy Burke as Marey Jamie Foreman as Billy Bronagh Gallagher as Carol Eddie Marsan as Eddie Alastair Galbraith as Willie Reece Shearsmith as Tourist Richard Armitage as Smug Man at Party David Gray as Pub Singer Billy Mc Elhaney as Deaksie This Year's Love on IMDb This Year's Love at Rotten Tomatoes
Michel Jean Legrand was a French musical composer, arranger and jazz pianist. Legrand was a prolific composer, having written over 200 film and television scores, in addition to many songs, his scores for the films of French New Wave director Jacques Demy, The Umbrellas of Cherbourg and The Young Girls of Rochefort, earned Legrand his first Academy Award nominations. Legrand won his first Oscar for the song "The Windmills of Your Mind" from The Thomas Crown Affair. Legrand, of Armenian descent, was born in Paris to his father, Raymond Legrand, himself a conductor and composer, his mother, Marcelle Ter-Mikaëlian, the sister of conductor Jacques Hélian. Raymond and Marcelle were married in 1929. Legrand composed more than two hundred television scores, he won five Grammys. He studied music at the Conservatoire de Paris from age 11, working with, among others, Nadia Boulanger and graduated with top honors as both a composer and a pianist, he burst upon the international music scene at 22. He established his name in the United States by working with such jazz stars as Miles Davis and Stan Getz.
His sister Christiane Legrand was a member of the Swingle Singers and his niece Victoria Legrand is a member of the indie rock duo Beach House. Legrand composed music for Jacques Demy's films The Umbrellas of Cherbourg and The Young Girls of Rochefort, appeared and performed in Agnès Varda's Cléo from 5 to 7, he composed music for The Thomas Crown Affair, The Lady in the Car with Glasses and a Gun, The Go-Between, Summer of'42, Orson Welles's last-completed film F for Fake and would compose the score for Welles's posthumously-released movie The Other Side of the Wind. He composed the score for Yentl, as well as the film score for Louis Malle's film Atlantic City, his instrumental version of the theme from Brian's Song charted 56th in 1972 on the Billboard's pop chart. Legrand died of sepsis, during the night of 25 to 26 January 2019, at the American Hospital of Paris in Neuilly-sur-Seine, where he had been hospitalized for two weeks for a pulmonary infection, his funeral was held in Paris at the Alexander Nevsky Cathedral on 1 February 2019.
He was interred at the Père Lachaise Cemetery. He had concerts scheduled to take place in the spring. In 1997, Legrand composed the score for the musical "Le Passe-Muraille", with a book by Didier van Cauwelaert, it premiered on Broadway in 2002 as Amour and was translated into English by Jeremy Sams and was directed by James Lapine. This musical was his Broadway debut and he was nominated for a Tony Award in 2003 for Best Score, he recorded Legrand Affair with Melissa Errico, a 100-piece symphony orchestra that included songs with lyrics by Alan and Marilyn Bergman. The world premiere of the new musical Marguerite from Alain Boublil and Claude-Michel Schönberg, the creators of Les Misérables and Miss Saigon, included music by Michel Legrand and lyrics by Herbert Kretzmer. Marguerite is set during World War II in occupied Paris, was inspired by the romantic novel La Dame aux Camélias by Alexandre Dumas fils, it premiered in May 2008 at the Haymarket Theatre and was directed by Jonathan Kent. Legrand has won three Oscars, five Grammys, was nominated for an Emmy.
His first Academy Award win was in 1969 for the song "The Windmills of Your Mind", followed with the Academy Award for his music for Summer of ’42 in 1972 and for Yentl in 1984. Following are a selection of the awards and nominations with which Legrand's works have been honored: Source: All Movie Best Original Score, Substantially Original Score: The Umbrellas of Cherbourg - nomination Best Original Score for a Motion Picture: The Thomas Crown Affair - nomination Best Original Song Score and Its Adaptation or Best Adaptation Score: The Young Girls of Rochefort - nomination Best Original Dramatic Score: Summer of'42 Best Original Song Score and Its Adaptation or Best Adaptation Score: Yentl Best Original Song: "I Will Wait for You" from The Umbrellas of Cherbourg - nomination "The Windmills of Your Mind" from The Thomas Crown Affair - win "What Are You Doing the Rest of Your Life?" from The Happy Ending "Pieces of Dreams" from Pieces of Dreams "How Do You Keep the Music Playing?" from Best Friends "Papa, Can You Hear Me?" and "The Way He Makes Me Feel" both from Yentl Source: All Movie Original Score: The Thomas Crown Affair The Happy Ending Wuthering Heights Le Mans Summer of'42 Lady Sings the Blues Breezy Yentl Original Song: "The Windmills of Your Mind" from The Thomas Crown Affair "What are You Doing the Rest of Your Life?" from The Happy Ending "Pieces of Dreams" from Pieces of Dreams "Breezy's Song" from Breezy "Yesterday's Dreams" from Falling in Love Again "The Way He Makes Me Feel" from Yentl Source: Grammy.com Best Instrumental Composition: "Theme From Summer Of'42" - win Best Instrumental Arrangement: "Theme From Summer Of'42" - nomination Best Pop Instrumental Performance: "Theme From Summer Of'42" - nominationBest arrangement accompanying vocalist: What Are You Doing the Rest of Your Life? - win Song of the year: "The Summer Knows" from Summer of'42 - nomination Best Arrangement Accompanying Vocalist: "The Summer Knows" -
C86 is a cassette compilation released by the British music magazine NME in 1986, featuring new bands licensed from British independent record labels of the time. As a term, C86 evolved into shorthand for a guitar-based musical genre characterized by jangling guitars and melodic power pop song structures, although other musical styles were represented on the tape. In its time, it became a pejorative term for its associations with so-called "shambling" and underachievement; the C86 scene is now recognized as a pivotal moment for independent music in the UK, as was recognized in the subtitle of the compilation's 2006 CD issue: CD86: 48 Tracks from the Birth of Indie Pop. 2014 saw. The C86 name was a play on the labelling and length of blank compact cassettes—commonly C60, C90 and C120—combined with 1986; the tape was a belated follow-up to C81, a more eclectic collection of new bands, released by the NME in 1981 in conjunction with Rough Trade. C86 was designed to reflect the new music scene of the time.
It was compiled by NME writers Roy Carr, Neil Taylor and Adrian Thrills, who licensed tracks from labels including Creation, Probe Plus, Dan Treacy's Dreamworld Records, Jeff Barrett's Head Records and Ron Johnson. Readers had to pay for the tape via mail order, although an LP was subsequently released on Rough Trade on 24 November 1986; the UK music press was in this period competitive, with four weekly papers documenting new bands and trends. There was a tendency to create and "discover" new musical subgenres artificially in order to heighten reader interest. NME journalists of the period subsequently agreed that C86 was an example of this, but a byproduct of NME's "hip hop wars" - a schism in the paper between enthusiasts of contemporary progressive black music, fans of guitar-based music, as represented on C86. NME promoted the tape in conjunction with London's Institute of Contemporary Arts, who staged a week of gigs, in July 1986 which featured most of the acts on the compilation; the tape included tracks by some more abrasive bands atypical of the perceived C86 jangle pop aesthetic: Stump, The Passmore Sisters, A Witness, The Mackenzies, Big Flame and The Shrubs.
C86 was the twenty-third NME tape, although its catalogue number was NME022. The rest of the tapes were compilations promoting labels' back catalogues and dedicated to R&B, Northern soul, jazz or reggae. C86 was followed up with Holiday Romance. Ex-NME staffer Andrew Collins summed up C86 by dubbing it "the most indie thing to have existed". Bob Stanley, a Melody Maker journalist in the late 1980s and founding member of pop band Saint Etienne said in a 2006 interview that C86 represented: beginning of indie music… It's hard to remember how underground guitar music and fanzines were in the mid-'80s. Martin Whitehead, who ran Subway in the late 1980s, added a new political dimension to the importance of C86."Before C86, women could only be eye-candy in a band. Everett True, a writer for NME in 1986 under the name "The Legend!", called it "unrepresentative of its times... and unrepresentative of the small narrow strata of music it thought it was representing." Alastair Fitchett, editor of the music site Tangents, takes a polemical line: " laid the foundations for the desolate wastelands of what we came to know by that vile term'Indie'.
What more reason do you need to hate it?" The Guardian published an article in 2014 debunking some of the negative myths about the cassette. In 1996, NME continued the tradition of compiling a new band album by releasing C96; this had little impact, with Mogwai and Broadcast being the only acts on the compilation to subsequently enjoy mainstream success. Three other bands on the compilation - Babybird, The Delgados and Urusei Yatsura - had brief success in the United Kingdom after the compilation's release; the significance of C86 was recognized by several events marking the 20th anniversary of the compilation's release in 2006: Sanctuary Records released CD86, a double-CD set compiled by Bob Stanley. The ICA hosted "C86 - Still Doing It For Fun", an exhibition and two nights of gigs celebrating the rise of British independent music. Cherry Red's 2014 expanded reissue was marked by an NME C86 show on 14 June 2014 at Venue 229, London W1; the 30-year anniversary of C86 saw the original compilation issued in a deluxe gatefold sleeved double-LP edition for Record Store Day 2016.
Cherry Red Records issued an imagined sequel compilation titled C87 in 2016. Bladh, Krister Everything went Pop!, C86 and more, A wave and its rise and wake 2005 "Fire Escape Talking","Anoraky in the UK,C86, the punk that refuses to die" Fitchett, Alastair, C86 Hann, Michael Fey City Rollers Hasted, Nick "How an NME cassette launched indie music"
Oasis were an English rock band formed in Manchester in 1991. Developed from an earlier group, the Rain, the band consisted of Liam Gallagher, Paul "Bonehead" Arthurs, Paul "Guigsy" McGuigan and Tony McCarroll. Upon returning to Manchester, Liam's older brother, Noel Gallagher joined as a fifth member, which formed the band's core and settled line-up. During the course of their existence, they had various line-up changes. Oasis signed to independent record label Creation Records in 1993 and released their record-setting debut album Definitely Maybe; the following year the band recorded Morning Glory? with drummer Alan White, in the midst of a chart rivalry with Britpop peers Blur. Morning Glory? became one of the best-selling albums of all time, selling over 22 million copies worldwide and the Gallagher brothers were featured in tabloid newspapers for their sibling disputes and wild lifestyles. In 1996, Oasis performed two nights at Knebworth for an audience of 125,000 each night, which were at the time the largest outdoor concerts in UK history.
2.5 million people applied for tickets, which remains the highest demand for a show in British history. In 1997, Oasis released their third album. McGuigan and Arthurs left Oasis in 1999 as the band released Standing on the Shoulder of Giants, they were replaced by former Heavy Stereo guitarist/frontman Gem Archer and former Ride guitarist/frontman Andy Bell. Their fifth studio album Heathen Chemistry was released in 2002. In 2004, White left, leaving them as a four-piece, with the addition of the Who drummer Zak Starkey as an unofficial recording and touring fifth member, they found renewed popularity with Don't Believe the Truth. Following the recording of the band's seventh album Dig Out Your Soul in May 2008, Starkey departed from the band. Chris Sharrock was recruited as a touring member, Oasis did their last tour as a collective band. During the tour the Gallagher brothers' deteriorating relationship led to Noel Gallagher announcing his departure in August 2009, after a backstage altercation with Liam.
The rest of the band, led by Liam, decided to continue, under the name Beady Eye, until their breakup in 2014. Noel formed Noel Gallagher's High Flying Birds. Oasis have had eight UK number-one singles and eight UK number-one albums, they have won 17 NME Awards, nine Q Awards, four MTV Europe Music Awards and six Brit Awards, including one in 2007 for Outstanding Contribution to Music and one for the Best Album of the Last 30 Years–for Morning Glory?–as voted by BBC Radio 2 listeners. They have been nominated for two Grammy Awards; as of 2009, Oasis have sold over 75 million records worldwide. The band were listed in the Guinness World Records book in 2010 for "Longest Top 10 UK Chart Run by a Group" after an unprecedented run of 22 top 10 hits in the UK; the band holds the Guinness World Record for the most successful act in the UK between the years 1995 and 2005, spending 765 weeks in the top 75 singles and albums charts. Oasis evolved from an earlier group, the Rain, composed of bassist Paul McGuigan, guitarist Paul Arthurs, drummer Tony McCarroll and Chris Hutton on vocals.
Unsatisfied with Hutton, Arthurs invited and auditioned acquaintance Liam Gallagher as a replacement. Liam suggested that the band name be changed to Oasis, inspired by an Inspiral Carpets tour poster in the Gallagher brothers' bedroom which listed the Oasis Leisure Centre in Swindon as a venue. Oasis played their first gig on 18 August 1991 at the Boardwalk club in Manchester. Liam's brother Noel Gallagher, a roadie for Inspiral Carpets, went with the band to watch his younger brother's band play. Whilst Noel and his friends did not think Oasis sounded spectacular, he began to consider the possibility of using his brother's group as a possible outlet for a series of songs he had been writing for several years. Noel approached the group about joining with the proviso that he would become the band's sole songwriter and leader, that they would commit to an earnest pursuit of commercial success. "He had loads of stuff written," Arthurs recalled. "When he walked in, we were a band making a racket with four tunes.
All of a sudden, there were loads of ideas." Under Noel, Oasis crafted a musical approach that relied on simplicity: with Arthurs and McGuigan restricted to playing barre chords and root bass notes, McCarroll playing basic rhythms, the band's amplifiers turned up to create distortion, Oasis created a sound "so devoid of finesse and complexity that it came out sounding pretty much unstoppable." After over a year of live shows, rehearsals and a recording of a demo, the Live Demonstration tape, Oasis's big break came in May 1993 when they were spotted by Creation Records co-owner Alan McGee. Oasis were invited to play a gig at King Tut's Wah Wah Hut club in Glasgow, Scotland, by Sister Lovers, who shared their rehearsal rooms. Oasis, along with a group of friends, made the journey to Glasgow; when they arrived, they were refused entry. They were given the opening slot and impressed McGee, there to see 18 Wheeler, one of his own bands. McGee offered them a recording contract. Due to problems securing an American contract
Eugene Kelly is a Scottish musician, a member of the group The Vaselines, a founding member of the now disbanded Eugenius and has had a number of solo releases. Eugene Kelly formed The Vaselines in Glasgow, Scotland in 1986 with Frances McKee and was a member until 1989 when the band split up the week their first and only full-length album, Dum-Dum, was released. Kurt Cobain of Nirvana was a big fan of the band, covering three of their songs. Molly's Lips and Son Of A Gun were included on Incesticide. Nirvana covered The Vaselines song Jesus Doesn't Want Me for a Sunbeam on their album, MTV Unplugged in New York. In 1990, Kelly formed Captain America but was forced to change the name after Marvel Comics, who owned the trademark of the superhero name, threatened them with legal action; the band became known as Eugenius. He has had a number of collaborations with Evan Dando of The Lemonheads and in 2003 Eugene released a solo album, Man Alive. In 1991 Kelly was reunited with McKee as the Vaselines to support Nirvana in a one-off gig at Edinburgh.
In 2006, he toured with Isobel Campbell, replacing Mark Lanegan when performing songs from Ballad of the Broken Seas and supporting Mogwai and The Lemonheads in Europe. In the summer of 2006, Eugene Kelly and Frances McKee took to the stage to perform a set of The Vaselines songs, as part of a joint tour to promote their individual solo albums; this led to The Vaselines reforming on the April 24, 2008 for a charity show for the Malawi Orphan Support group at Glasgow's MONO venue. Since 2008, The Vaselines have continued to perform around the world, with members of Belle & Sebastian supporting their live set. On May 5, 2009, Sub Pop released Enter the Vaselines. A deluxe-edition reissue of the 1992 Sub Pop release, it includes remastered versions of the band’s two EPs, album, as well as demos and live recordings from 1986 and 1988. Kelly features prominently in the 2017 documentary Teenage Superstars, which covers the formation of The Vaselines, their influence on Nirvana and Eugenius. With The Pastels Comin' Through EP Comin' Through / Sit On It Mother single Sittin' Pretty The Vaselines Son of a Gun EP Dying for It EP Dum-Dum The Vaselines / Beat Happening The Way of the Vaselines: A Complete History All the Stuff and More...
Enter the Vaselines Sex with an X V for Vaselines with the BMX Bandits Star Wars Captain America Wow! / Bed-In / Wannabee / God Bless Les Paul EP Flame On EP Eugenius Oomalama It Ain't Rocket Science, It's Eugenius Easter Bunny EP Caesar's Vein EP Mary Queen of Scots Womb Boy Returns EP Oomalama/Tireless Wireless re-issue The Famous Monsters In The Summertime EP with Future Pilot A. K. A. Tiny Waves, Mighty Sea Godstar Glasgow EP Astro Chimp Draggin' / She's My Summer Girl single The Reindeer Section Son of Evil Reindeer Solo Man Alive Older Faster EP
Ennio Morricone, Knight Grand Cross is an Italian composer, orchestrator and former trumpet player, writing in a wide range of musical styles. Since 1946, Morricone has composed over 400 scores for cinema and television, as well as over 100 classical works, his filmography includes over 70 award-winning films, including all of Sergio Leone films since A Fistful of Dollars, all Giuseppe Tornatore films, The Battle of Algiers, Dario Argento's Animal Trilogy, 1900, Exorcist II, Days of Heaven, several major films in French cinema, in particular the comedy trilogy La Cage aux Folles I, II, III and Le Professionnel, as well as The Thing, The Mission, The Untouchables, Mission to Mars, Disclosure, In the Line of Fire, Ripley's Game and The Hateful Eight. After playing the trumpet in jazz bands in the 1940s, he became a studio arranger for RCA Victor and in 1955 started ghost writing for film and theatre. Throughout his career, he has composed music for artists such as Paul Anka, Milva and Andrea Bocelli.
From 1960 to 1975, Morricone gained international fame for composing music for westerns. His score to 1966's The Good, the Bad and the Ugly is considered one of the most influential soundtracks in history and was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame. With an estimated 10 million copies sold, Once Upon a Time in the West is one of the best-selling scores worldwide, he scored seven westerns for Sergio Corbucci, Duccio Tessari's Ringo duology and Sergio Sollima's The Big Gundown and Face to Face. Morricone worked extensively for other film genres with directors such as John Carpenter, Bernardo Bertolucci, Mauro Bolognini, Giuliano Montaldo, Roland Joffé, Roman Polanski and Henri Verneuil, his acclaimed soundtrack for The Mission was certified gold in the United States. The album Yo-Yo Ma Plays Ennio Morricone stayed 105 weeks on the Billboard Top Classical Albums. Morricone's best-known compositions include "The Ecstasy of Gold", "Se Telefonando", "Man with a Harmonica", "Here's to You", the UK No. 2 single "Chi Mai", "Gabriel's Oboe" and "E Più Ti Penso".
He functioned during the period 1966–1980 as a main member of Il Gruppo, one of the first experimental composers collectives. In 1969, he co-founded a prestigious recording studio. From the 1970s, Morricone excelled in Hollywood, composing for prolific American directors such as Don Siegel, Mike Nichols, Brian De Palma, Barry Levinson, Oliver Stone, Warren Beatty, John Carpenter and Quentin Tarantino. In 1977, he composed the official theme for the 1978 FIFA World Cup, he continued to compose music for European productions, such as Marco Polo, La piovra, Fateless, Karol and En mai, fais ce qu'il te plait. Morricone's music has been reused in television series, including The Simpsons and The Sopranos, in many films, including Inglourious Basterds and Django Unchained; as of 2013, Ennio Morricone has sold over 70 million records worldwide. In 1971, he received a "Targa d'Oro" for the worldwide sales of 22 million. In 2007, he received the Academy Honorary Award "for his magnificent and multifaceted contributions to the art of film music."
He has been nominated for a further six Oscars. In 2016, Morricone received his first Academy Award for his score to Quentin Tarantino's film The Hateful Eight, at the time becoming the oldest person to win a competitive Oscar, his other achievements include three Grammy Awards, three Golden Globes, six BAFTAs, ten David di Donatello, eleven Nastro d'Argento, two European Film Awards, the Golden Lion Honorary Award and the Polar Music Prize in 2010. Morricone was born in the son of Libera Ridolfi and Mario Morricone, a musician, his family came near Frosinone. Morricone, who had four siblings, Aldo and Franca, lived in Trastevere, in the centre of Rome, with his parents. Mario was a trumpet player who worked professionally in different light-music orchestras, while Libera set up a small textile business, his first teacher was his father Mario Morricone, who taught him how to read music and to play several instruments. Compelled to take up the trumpet, he entered the National Academy of St Cecilia, to take trumpet lessons under the guidance of Umberto Semproni.
Morricone formally entered the conservatory in 1940 at age 12, enrolling in a four-year harmony program. He completed it within six months, he studied the trumpet and choral music, under direction of Goffredo Petrassi, who influenced him. In 1941, Morricone was chosen among the students of the National Academy of St Cecilia to be a part of the Orchestra of the Opera directed by Carlo Zecchi on the occasion of a tour of the Veneto region. In 1946, he received his Diploma in Trumpet. After he graduated, he continued to work in classical arrangement. Although the composer had received the Diploma in Instrumentation for Band Arrangement with a mark of 9/10 in 1952, his studies concluded at the Conservatory of Santa Cecilia in 1954 and obtained a final 9.5/10 in his Diploma in Composition, under the composer Goffredo Petrassi. Morricone wrote his first compositions when he was six years old and was encouraged to develop his natural talents. In 1946, he composed "Il Mattino" for voice and piano on a text by Fukuko, first in a group of seven "youth" Lieder.
In the following years, he continued to write music for the theatre as well as classical music for voice and piano, such as "Imitazione", based on a text by Italian poet Giacomo Leopardi, "Intimità", based on a text by Olinto Dini, "Distacco I" and "D
Brian Douglas Wilson is an American musician, singer and record producer who co-founded the Beach Boys. After signing with Capitol Records in 1962, Wilson wrote or co-wrote more than two dozen Top 40 hits for the group. In addition to his unorthodox approaches to pop composition and mastery of recording techniques, Wilson is known for his lifelong struggles with mental illness, he is referred to as a genius and is acknowledged as one of the most innovative and significant songwriters of the late 20th century. The Beach Boys were formed by Wilson with his brothers Carl and Dennis, their cousin Mike Love, friend Al Jardine. Brian, who grew up influenced by 1950s rock and roll and jazz-based vocal groups functioned as the band's songwriter, producer, co-lead vocalist, keyboardist, de facto leader. In 1964, he suffered a nervous breakdown and stopped touring with the group, which led to more personal work such as Pet Sounds and the unfinished Smile; as his mental health deteriorated, his contributions to the band diminished, over the next decade, he was reputed for his reclusive lifestyle and substance abuse.
Following a 1992 court-ordered removal from the care of psychologist Eugene Landy, Wilson started receiving conventional medical treatment, in the late 1990s, he began performing and recording as a solo artist. He remains a member of the Beach Boys' corporation, Brother Records Inc. Wilson was the first pop artist credited for writing, arranging and performing his own material, he is considered a major innovator in the field of music production, the principal originator of the California Sound, one of the first music producer auteurs, the first rock producer to use the studio as its own instrument. The unusual creative control Capitol gave him over his own records set a precedent that allowed other bands and artists to act as their own producers or co-producers. Wilson's success led to a proliferation of like-minded California producers who helped supplant New York as the center of popular records; the zeitgeist of the early 1960s is associated to his early songs, he was a major influence on the retrospectively-termed "sunshine pop" and Flower Power music that proceeded.
In years, Wilson became influential to the spirit of punk rock and was regarded as "godfather" to an era of indie musicians who were inspired by his melodic sensibilities, chamber pop orchestrations, recording explorations. His honors include being inducted into the 1988 Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and winning Grammy Awards for Brian Wilson Presents Smile and The Smile Sessions. In lists published by Rolling Stone, Wilson ranked 52 for the "100 Greatest Singers of All Time" in 2008 and 12 for the "100 Greatest Songwriters of All Time" in 2015. In 2012, music publication NME ranked Wilson number 8 in its "50 Greatest Producers Ever" list, elaborating "few consider quite how groundbreaking Brian Wilson's studio techniques were in the mid-60s", his life was dramatized in Mercy. Brian Douglas Wilson was born on June 20, 1942, at Centinela Hospital in Inglewood, the eldest son of Audree Neva and Murry Wilson, a musician and machinist, his two younger brothers were Carl. He has Dutch, German and Swedish ancestry.
When he was two, the family moved from Inglewood to 3701 West 119th Street in nearby Hawthorne, California. Speaking of Wilson's unusual musical abilities prior to his first birthday, his father said that, as a baby, he could repeat the melody from "When the Caissons Go Rolling Along" after only a few verses had been sung by the father. Murry Wilson said, "He was clever and quick. I just fell in love with him." At about age two, Wilson heard George Gershwin's Rhapsody in Blue, which had an enormous emotional impact on him. A few years he was discovered to have diminished hearing in his right ear; the exact cause of this hearing loss is unclear, though theories range from him being born deaf to a blow to the head from his father, or a neighborhood bully, being to blame. A minor musician and songwriter, Wilson's father encouraged his children in the music field in numerous ways. At an early age, Wilson was given six weeks of lessons on a "toy accordion" and, at seven and eight, sang solos in church with a choir behind him.
At Hawthorne High School, Wilson was on the football team as a quarterback, played baseball and was a cross-country runner in his senior year. He sang with various students at school functions and with his family and friends at home, teaching his two brothers harmony parts that all three would practice, he played piano obsessively after school, deconstructing the harmonies of the Four Freshmen by listening to short segments of their songs on a phonograph working to recreate the blended sounds note by note on the keyboard. He received a Wollensak tape recorder on his 16th birthday, allowing him to experiment with recording songs and early group vocals. One of Wilson's earliest public performances was at a fall arts program at his high school, he enlisted his cousin and frequent singing partner Mike Love, to entice Carl into the group, named the newly formed membership "Carl and the Passions." The performance featured tunes by Dion and the Belmonts and the Four Freshmen, the latter of which proved difficult for the ensemble.
The event was notable for the impression which it made on another musician and classmate of Wilson's in the audience that night, Al Jardine. Jardine would join the three Wilson brothers and Mike Love a few years in the Beach Boys. Wilson enrolled at El Camino College in Los Angeles, majoring in psychology, in September 1960, he continued his music studies at the