Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay
The Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay is the Academy Award for the best screenplay not based upon published material. It was created in 1940 as a separate writing award from the Academy Award for Best Story. Beginning with the Oscars for 1957, the two categories were combined to honor only the screenplay. In 2002, the name of the award was changed from Writing to Writing. See the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay, a similar award for screenplays that are adaptations. Noted novelists and playwrights who have received nominations in this category include: John Steinbeck, Noël Coward, Raymond Chandler, Alain Robbe-Grillet, Edward Bond, Arthur C. Clarke, Lillian Hellman, Neil Simon, Paddy Chayefsky, Kenneth Lonergan, Tom Stoppard, Terence Rattigan and Martin McDonagh. Woody Allen has the most nominations in this category with 16, the most awards with 3, though Paddy Chayefsky won the Best Adapted Screenplay in 1955 for his adaptation of his own teleplay and won for Original Screenplay for The Hospital and Network.
Woody Allen holds the record as the oldest winner. Ben Affleck is the youngest winner, at the age of 25 for Good Will Hunting. Richard Schweizer was the first to win for Marie-Louise. Other winners for a non-English screenplay include Albert Lamorisse, Pietro Germi, Claude Lelouch, Pedro Almodóvar. Lamorisse is additionally the only person to win or be nominated for Best Original Screenplay for a short film. Muriel Box was the first woman to win in this category; the Boxes are the first married couple to win in this category. Only three other married couples won an Oscar in another category—Earl W. Wallace and Pamela Wallace, Peter Jackson and Fran Walsh, Kristen Anderson-Lopez and Robert Lopez. In 1996, Joel Coen and Ethan Coen became the only siblings to win in this category. Francis Ford Coppola and Sofia Coppola are the only father-daughter pair to win. Preston Sturges was nominated for two different films in the same year: Hail the Conquering Hero and The Miracle of Morgan's Creek. Oliver Stone achieved the same distinction for Platoon and Salvador.
Maurice Richlin and Stanley Shapiro were nominated in 1959 for both Operation Petticoat and Pillow Talk and won for the latter. At the 2018 ceremony, Get Out writer-director Jordan Peele became the first African-American to win in this category. Winners are listed first followed by the other nominees. Academy Award for Best Story Golden Globe Award for Best Screenplay BAFTA Award for Best Original Screenplay Independent Spirit Award for Best Screenplay Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Screenplay List of Big Five Academy Award winners and nominees Writers Guild of America Award for Best Original Screenplay
John Peter Berger was an English art critic, novelist and poet. His novel G. won the 1972 Booker Prize, his essay on art criticism, Ways of Seeing, written as an accompaniment to a BBC series, is used as a university text. He lived in France for more than half a century. Berger was born on 5 November 1926 in Stoke Newington, the first of two children of Miriam and Stanley Berger, his grandfather was from Trieste, his father, raised as a non-observant Jew who converted to Catholicism, had been an infantry officer on the Western Front during the First World War and was awarded the Military Cross and an OBE. Berger was educated at Oxford, he served in the British Army from 1944 to 1946. He enrolled in the Central School of Art in London. Berger began his career as a painter and exhibited works at a number of London galleries in the late 1940s, his art has been shown at the Wildenstein and Leicester Galleries in London. Berger taught drawing at St Mary's teacher training college, he became an art critic, publishing many essays and reviews in the New Statesman.
His Marxist humanism and his stated opinions on modern art combined to make him a controversial figure early in his career. As a statement of political commitment, he titled an early collection of essays Permanent Red. Berger was never a formal member of the Communist Party of Great Britain: rather he was a close associate of it and its front, the Artists’ International Association, until the latter disappeared in 1953, he was active in the Geneva Club, a discussion group that appears to have overlapped with British communist circles in the 1950s. In 1958, Berger published his first novel, A Painter of Our Time, which tells the story of the disappearance of Janos Lavin, a fictional exiled Hungarian painter, his diary's discovery by an art critic friend called John; the work was withdrawn by the publisher under pressure from the Congress for Cultural Freedom a month after its publication. His next novels were Corker's Freedom. Berger moved to Quincy in France in 1962 due to his distaste for life in Britain.
In 1972, the BBC broadcast his television series Ways of Seeing and published its companion text, an introduction to the study of images. The work was derived in part from Walter Benjamin's essay "The Work of Art in the Age of Mechanical Reproduction". Berger's novel G. a picaresque romance set in Europe in 1898, won the James Tait Black Memorial Prize and the Booker Prize in 1972. Berger donated half the Booker cash prize to the Black Panther Party in Britain, retained half to support his work on the study on migrant workers that became A Seventh Man, asserting that both endeavors represented aspects of his political struggle. Berger's sociological writings include A Fortunate Man: The Story of a Country Doctor and A Seventh Man: Migrant Workers in Europe. Berger and photographer Jean Mohr, his frequent collaborator, sought to document and understand the experiences of peasants, their subsequent book, Another Way of Telling and illustrates their documentary technique and treats the theory of photography through Berger's essays and Mohr's photographs.
His studies of individual artists include The Success and Failure of Picasso, a survey of that modernist's career, Art and Revolution: Ernst Neizvestny and the Role of the Artist in the USSR. In the 1970s, Berger collaborated on three films with the Swiss director Alain Tanner: He wrote or co-wrote La Salamandre, The Middle of the World, Jonah who will be 25 in the year 2000, his major fictional work of the 1980s, the trilogy Into Their Labours, treats the European peasant experience from its farming roots to contemporary economic and political displacement and urban poverty. In 1974, Berger co-founded the Writers and Readers Publishing Cooperative Ltd in London with Arnold Wesker, Lisa Appignanesi, Richard Appignanesi, Chris Searle, Glenn Thompson, Siân Williams, others; the cooperative was active until the early 1980s. In essays, Berger wrote about photography, art and memory, he published in The Shape of a Pocket a correspondence with Subcomandante Marcos, penned short stories that appeared in The Threepenny Review and The New Yorker.
His sole volume of poetry is Pages of the Wound, though other volumes, such as the theoretical essay And Our Faces, My Heart, Brief as Photos contain poetry. His novels include To the Wedding, a love story dealing with the AIDS crisis, King: A Street Story, a novel about homelessness and shantytown life told from the perspective of a stray dog. Berger insisted that his name be kept off the cover and title page of King, wanting the novel to be received on its own merits. Berger's 1980 volume About Looking includes an influential chapter, "Why Look at Animals?" It is cited by numerous scholars in the interdisciplinary field of animal studies. The chapter was reproduced in a Penguin Great Ideas selection of essays of the same title. Berger's novel From A to X was long-listed for the 2008 Booker Prize. Among his last works is Confabulations. In 1999, Berger voiced both twin brother characters Archie and Albert Crisp in the video game Grand Theft Auto: London 1969, he was a member of the Sup
Philip Milton Roth was an American novelist and short-story writer. Roth's fiction set in his birthplace of Newark, New Jersey, is known for its intensely autobiographical character, for philosophically and formally blurring the distinction between reality and fiction, for its "sensual, ingenious style" and for its provocative explorations of American identity. Roth first gained attention with the 1959 novella Goodbye, for which he received the U. S. National Book Award for Fiction, he became one of the most awarded American writers of his generation. His books twice received the National Book Award and the National Book Critics Circle award, three times the PEN/Faulkner Award, he received a Pulitzer Prize for his 1997 novel American Pastoral, which featured one of his best-known characters, Nathan Zuckerman, a character in many of Roth's novels. The Human Stain, another Zuckerman novel, was awarded the United Kingdom's WH Smith Literary Award for the best book of the year. In 2001, in Prague, Roth received the inaugural Franz Kafka Prize.
Philip Roth was born in Newark, New Jersey, on March 19, 1933, grew up at 81 Summit Avenue in the Weequahic neighborhood. He was the second child of an insurance broker. Roth's family was Jewish, his parents were second-generation Americans. Roth's father's parents came from Kozlov near Lviv / Lemberg in Galicia, he graduated from Newark's Weequahic High School in or around 1950. As Arnold H. Lubasch wrote in the New York Times in 1969, "It has provided the focus for the fiction of Philip Roth, the novelist who evokes his era at Weequahic High School in the acclaimed Portnoy's Complaint.... Besides identifying Weequahic High School by name, the novel specifies such sites as the Empire Burlesque, the Weequahic Diner, the Newark Museum and Irvington Park, all local landmarks that helped shape the youth of the real Roth and the fictional Portnoy, both graduates of Weequahic class of'50." The Weequahic Yearbook describes Roth as "A boy of real intelligence, combined with wit and common sense." He was known as a comedian during his time at school.
Roth attended Rutgers University in Newark for a year transferred to Bucknell University in Pennsylvania, where he earned a B. A. magna was elected to Phi Beta Kappa. He received a scholarship to attend the University of Chicago, where he earned an M. A. in English literature in 1955 and worked as an instructor in the university's writing program. That same year, rather than wait to be drafted, Roth enlisted in the army, but he suffered a back injury during basic training and was given a medical discharge, he dropped out after one term. Roth taught creative writing at the University of Princeton University, he continued his academic career at the University of Pennsylvania, where he taught comparative literature before retiring from teaching in 1991. Between the end of his studies and the publication of his first book in 1959, Roth served two years in the United States Army and wrote short fiction and criticism for various magazines, including movie reviews for The New Republic. Roth's work first appeared in print in the Chicago Review while he was studying, teaching, at the University of Chicago.
His first book, Columbus, contains the novella Goodbye and four short stories. It won the National Book Award in 1960, he published his first full-length novel, Letting Go, in 1962. In 1967 he published, it is based in part on the life of Margaret Martinson Williams, whom Roth married in 1959. The publication in 1969 of his fourth and most controversial novel, Portnoy's Complaint, gave Roth widespread commercial and critical success, causing his profile to rise significantly. During the 1970s Roth experimented in various modes, from the political satire Our Gang to the Kafkaesque The Breast. By the end of the decade Roth had created his alter ego Nathan Zuckerman. In a series of self-referential novels and novellas that followed between 1979 and 1986, Zuckerman appeared as either the main character or an interlocutor. Sabbath's Theater may have Roth's most lecherous protagonist, Mickey Sabbath, a disgraced former puppeteer. In complete contrast, American Pastoral, the first volume of his so-called second Zuckerman trilogy, focuses on the life of virtuous Newark star athlete Swede Levov, the tragedy that befalls him when Levov's teenage daughter becomes a domestic terrorist during the late 1960s.
I Married a Communist focuses on the McCarthy era. The Human Stain examines identity politics in 1990s America; the Dying Animal is a short novel about eros and death that revisits literary professor David Kepesh, protagonist of two 1970s works, The Breast and The Professor of Desire. In The Plot Against America, Roth imagines an alternative American history in which Charles Lindbergh, aviator hero and isolationist, is elected U. S. president in 1940, the U. S. negotiates an understanding with Hitler's Nazi Germany and embarks on its own program of anti-Semitism. Roth's novel Everyman, a meditation on illness, aging and death, was published in May 2006. For Everyman Roth won his third PEN/Faulkner Award. Exit Ghost, which again features Nathan Zuckerman, was released in October 2007, it was the last Zuckerman novel. Indignation, Roth's 29th book, was published on September 16, 2008. Set in 1951, during the Korean War, it follows Marcus Messner's departure from Newark to Ohio's Wines
Ernst Ingmar Bergman was a Swedish director and producer who worked in film, television and radio. Considered to be among the most accomplished and influential filmmakers of all time, Bergman's films include Smiles of a Summer Night, The Seventh Seal, Wild Strawberries, Persona and Whispers, Scenes from a Marriage, Fanny and Alexander. Bergman directed over sixty films and documentaries for cinematic release and for television screenings, most of which he wrote, he directed over 170 plays. He forged a creative partnership with his cinematographers Gunnar Fischer and Sven Nykvist. Among his company of actors were Harriet and Bibi Andersson, Liv Ullmann, Gunnar Björnstrand, Erland Josephson, Ingrid Thulin and Max von Sydow. Most of his films were set in Sweden, many films from Through a Glass Darkly onward were filmed on the island of Fårö. Philip French referred to Bergman as "one of the greatest artists of the 20th century... he found in literature and the performing arts a way of both recreating and questioning the human condition."
Director Martin Scorsese commented. It's impossible to overestimate the effect. It's not. It's that he worked in a symbolic and an emotional language, serious and accessible, he was young, he was setting an incredible pace, but he was looking at memory, old age, the reality of death, the reality of cruelty, it was so vivid. So dramatic. Bergman's connection with the audience was somewhat like Hitchcock's – direct, immediate." Ingmar Bergman was born in Uppsala, the son of Erik Bergman, a Lutheran minister and chaplain to the King of Sweden, Karin, a nurse who had Walloon ancestors. He grew up with his older brother Dag and sister Margareta surrounded by religious imagery and discussion, his father was a conservative parish minister with strict ideas of parenting. Ingmar was locked up in dark closets such as wetting the bed. "While father preached away in the pulpit and the congregation prayed, sang, or listened", Ingmar wrote in his autobiography Laterna Magica, I devoted my interest to the church's mysterious world of low arches, thick walls, the smell of eternity, the coloured sunlight quivering above the strangest vegetation of medieval paintings and carved figures on ceilings and walls.
There was everything that one's imagination could desire—angels, dragons, devils, humans... Although raised in a devout Lutheran household, Bergman stated that he lost his faith when aged eight, only came to terms with this fact while making Winter Light in 1962, his interest in theatre and film began early: "At the age of nine, he traded a set of tin soldiers for a magic lantern, a possession that altered the course of his life. Within a year, he had created, by playing with this toy, a private world in which he felt at home, he recalled, he fashioned his own scenery and lighting effects and gave puppet productions of Strindberg plays in which he spoke all the parts."Bergman attended Palmgren's School as a teenager. His school years were unhappy, he remembered them unfavourably in years. In a 1944 letter concerning the film Torment, which sparked debate on the condition of Swedish high schools, the school's principal Henning Håkanson wrote, among other things, that Bergman had been a "problem child".
Bergman wrote in a response that he had disliked the emphasis on homework and testing in his formal schooling. In 1934, aged 16, he was sent to Germany to spend the summer holidays with family friends, he attended a Nazi rally in Weimar. He wrote in Laterna Magica about the visit to Germany, describing how the German family had put a portrait of Hitler on the wall by his bed, that "for many years, I was on Hitler's side, delighted by his success and saddened by his defeats". Bergman commented, he electrified the crowd.... The Nazism I had seen seemed fun and youthful". Bergman did two five-month stretches in Sweden of mandatory military service, he entered Stockholm University College in 1937, to study literature. He spent most of his time involved in student theatre and became a "genuine movie addict". At the same time, a romantic involvement led to a pugilistic confrontation with his father which resulted in a break which lasted for years. Although he did not graduate, he wrote a number of plays and an opera, became an assistant director at a theatre.
In 1942, he was given the opportunity to direct one of Caspar's Death. The play was seen by members of Svensk Filmindustri, which offered Bergman a position working on scripts, he married Else Fisher in 1943. Bergman's film career began in 1941 with his work rewriting scripts, but his first major accomplishment was in 1944 when he wrote the screenplay for Torment, a film directed by Alf Sjöberg. Along with writing the screenplay, he was appointed assistant director of the film. In his second autobiographical book, Images: My Life in Film, Bergman describes the filming of the exteriors as his actual film directorial debut; the film sparked debate on Swedish formal education. When Henning Håkanson wr
Fathers' Day (1997 film)
Fathers' Day is a 1997 comedy film directed by Ivan Reitman and starring Robin Williams, Billy Crystal, Julia Louis-Dreyfus, Nastassja Kinski. It is a remake of the 1983 French film Les Compères. In the film, Collette Andrews enlists two former lovers, cynical lawyer Jack Lawrence and lonely, ex-hippie, suicidal writer Dale Putley to help her search for her runaway teenage son Scott by telling each man that he is the father; when Jack and Dale run into each other and find out what's happening, they work together to find Scott and determine the identity of the actual father. The film features an appearance by the musical group Sugar Ray, it was a major commercial failure. Scott Andrews, a 17-year-old kid, runs away from home with Nikki, his mother Collette visits her ex-boyfriend, lawyer Jack Lawrence, tells him that Scott is his son and wants him to find the boy: Jack refuses at first, but Collette pries him into it. Meanwhile, writer Dale Putley is planning suicide when he gets a phone call from Collette, of whom he is another ex-boyfriend, she tells him the same story.
Realizing that his appointment with a client will keep him in town overnight, Jack decides that he will look for Scott. Both men start their search with Nikki's father. Dale and Jack get little help from Russ, they mistakenly assume that they each have a different missing son, thinking that "both boys" are mixed up with Nikki. They decide to pursue their cases together. Jack and Dale visit Nikki's mother and learn that Nikki went on the road to follow rock band Sugar Ray; when she asks the men for pictures of their sons, they realize that Collette has told them both the same story about being Scott's father. They call Collette, who confesses that she doesn't know, the father, but begs them to find Scott they'll settle the situation; the two agree and they head for Sacramento where they find Scott, drunk and dumped by Nikki. They bring Scott back to their hotel room, when he wakes the next day, he is not pleased by the news that one of them might be his father and that Nikki is following Sugar Ray.
Jack leaves Dale to watch over Scott. Dale reaches Jack and they head to Reno, where Sugar Ray's next performance will be. In Reno, Scott meets up with the other devotees following the band, he meets up with two drug dealers that he scammed out of $5,000 that he used to buy a necklace for Nikki. He escapes, only to be accidentally run down by Dale. Now with a broken arm, Scott demands; that night, the three start to bond when Scott opens up to Jack and Dale—Nikki is his first love, but his parents disapprove of her, so he ran away. When Scott tells his two fathers about the drug dealers, they decide to help him, they drive to Nikki's hotel, but when Jack and Dale go inside, the drug dealers spot Scott in the car and plan to kidnap and kill him. Scott escapes with Jack's rental car; when the two fathers emerge from the hotel, Jack assumes that Scott had been lying to them the whole time, calls it quits and decides to go home. Just Jack's wife Carrie appears, following Jack because she's been confused and concerned given Jack's odd behavior.
He tells her the truth about Scott, that he could be the father. Dale departs while Jack and Carrie have an argument about Jack's negative feelings for Scott, making her scared of how he'll react with his own child. Jack sees her point, heads to the Sugar Ray concert, finding that Dale is there looking for Scott, they find him. Heartbroken, Scott is grabbed by the drug dealers, whom Dale and Jack attack, resulting in a huge fight erupting within the concert crowd. Freed from jail the next day, Jack and Scott head home where Collette and his father Bob embrace with their son. Collette tells Scott the truth that neither Jack nor Dale is his father, but Scott is touched that his parents wanted him home so bad. Before the two men leave, Scott lies to both and that they're the father. Jack figures out that Scott lied, but is rather happy as it has given him a new outlook over having children. Dale, riding in Jack's car, spots a woman having car trouble on her way to the airport. Upon finding out that Virginia is single, takes a shot and decides to take her to her destination by car, much to Jack's annoyance.
Robin Williams as Dale Putley Billy Crystal as Jack Lawrence Julia Louis-Dreyfus as Carrie Lawrence Nastassja Kinski as Collette Andrews Charlie Hofheimer as Scott Andrews Bruce Greenwood as Bob Andrews Charles Rocket as Russ Trainor Patti D' Arbanville as Shirley Trainor Haylie Johnson as Nikki Jared Harris as Lee Louis Lombardi as Matt Mary McCormack as Virginia Mel Gibson makes a brief uncredited cameo appearance. Catherine and Caroline Reitman all have small roles. In South Africa, Fathers' Day was released as What's Up Pop's?, a title the distributor decided would be more appropriate for the local market. The name was subsequently changed to What's Up Pops? for DVD release, when they realized the apostrophe had been used incorrectly. The film received negative reviews from critics and was commercially unsuccessful as well. Fathers' Day holds a 25% rating on Rotten Tomatoes based on 59 reviews. Julia Louis-Dreyfus was nominated for a Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Supporting Actress for her work in the film, where she lost to Alicia Silverstone for Batman & Robin.
Fathers' Day on IMDb Fathers' Day at Rotten Tomatoes Fathers' Day at Box Office Mojo
Greedy is a 1994 American comedy film directed by Jonathan Lynn and written by Lowell Ganz and Babaloo Mandel. The film starred Michael J. Fox, Kirk Douglas, Nancy Travis, with Phil Hartman, Ed Begley Jr. Olivia d'Abo, Colleen Camp, Bob Balaban appearing in supporting roles; the original music score was composed by Randy Edelman. Carl, Ed, Frank and Patti McTeague are the greedy relatives of wealthy, wheelchair-bound scrap-metal tycoon Uncle Joe McTeague, they continually suck up to him and try to outdo each other in order to inherit his millions when he passes away. With their attempts failing and irritable Uncle Joe showing a decided interest in his new sexy "nurse" Molly, Frank decides to hire a private detective named Laura to bring in his brother Daniel believing if they can make up, Uncle Joe will thaw towards them. Instead of finding Daniel, Laura finds his son Danny of whom Uncle Joe had always been fond. A professional bowler, Danny left the family with his father, but he accepts the cousins' invitation to return — after rolling a gutter ball in a big tournament and finding out that he has a pre-arthritic condition developing in his wrist.
Danny's television sports producer girlfriend Robin encourages him to ask Uncle Joe for a loan to invest in a bowling alley. A rude and crude Joe says he will lend the money only if Danny sides with him against his own father. Danny leaves with his girlfriend, much to the annoyance of the other relatives, they confront Molly on and she realizes just how conniving and desperate they are for Uncle Joe's money. Uncle Joe asks Danny to visit him at his scrapyard, to apologize for trying to bribe him, but the old man calls a number to place a shipping order to a company he finds out has been closed for 25 years. Realizing that his relatives could declare him incompetent and throw him in a retirement home, he tells Danny that he plans to hand his fortune over to Molly. Danny tells him not to rush into anything. Danny moves in with Uncle Joe and starts competing for his money so far as to sing a Jimmy Durante song that Joe loved him to perform as a little kid, but Molly has other ideas and decides to use her "assets" to outdo Danny and have sex with the elderly gentleman, if only to keep the relatives from getting his money.
But after her successful attempt to get Joe in the bedroom, they are interrupted by Danny's father Daniel and he and Danny engage in an heated argument, in which Danny chooses Uncle Joe over him. Molly feels disgusted with herself for having sex with Joe and tells Danny she has to leave, but not before Danny promises to look after Joe. However, Danny tells Robin that he'd hired an actor to play his "so-called" father, to win favor with his Uncle, she feels he's become too greedy and leaves him. At Joe's attorney's office, Danny is ready to inherit Joe's fortune when his relatives arrive with his real father. Danny admits, but it soon becomes apparent that Uncle Joe is not only bankrupt, he is in debt. After a big scene that involves Frank fighting Danny, the relatives leave and Joe tells Danny that he was "playing them" to find out who loved him. Danny tells him "nobody loves you," and leaves to make up with Robin; when Danny asks Douglas where Uncle Joe is, Douglas says. With ill health, no money and no place to go, Danny and Robin decide to let Joe stay with them in their apartment.
But Joe gives them another surprise, reveals that he still has a fortune as he has them look outside to see Molly and Douglas. He offers the two of them to stay with him, saying "Whatever I own, you own". Danny accepts but on the condition that all of the games stop. Uncle Joe calmly gets up out of his wheelchair and exits their apartment whilst Danny and Robin watch; the movie debuted at No. 2 at the box office behind Ace Ventura: Pet Detective. The movie received a negative reception from critics. Greedy on IMDb Greedy at AllMovie Greedy at Box Office Mojo Greedy at Rotten Tomatoes
Robots (2005 film)
Robots is a 2005 American computer-animated adventure comedy film produced by Blue Sky Studios and distributed by 20th Century Fox. It was directed by Chris Wedge and produced by Jerry Davis, William Joyce, John C. Donkin, stars the voices of Ewan McGregor, Robin Williams, Greg Kinnear, Halle Berry, Mel Brooks, Jim Broadbent, Amanda Bynes and Drew Carey; the film was released on March 11, 2005, grossed $260.7 million on its $75 million budget. In a world populated by sentient robots, Rodney Copperbottom is an aspiring young inventor from Rivet Town who idolizes Bigweld, an entrepreneur and philanthropist whose company provides robots with products ranging from everyday appliances to spare parts. Following Bigweld's example to "see a need, fill a need", Rodney creates Wonderbot to assist his dishwasher father Herb; when Herb's supervisor confronts them, Wonderbot panics and wreaks havoc in the kitchen, leaving Herb in debt. To help Herb pay for the damages, Rodney decides to move to Robot City, hoping to present Wonderbot to Bigweld Industries in order to get a job there.
Upon arrival at Robot City, Rodney is ejected from Bigweld Industries by his second-in-command Phineas T. Ratchet, who in Bigweld's absence has stopped producing spare parts in favor of expensive "Upgrades", thereby "outmoding" robots who are unable or refuse to pay for them. Ratchet's mother, Madame Gasket, runs the Chop Shop, a facility that collects scrap and spare parts with Sweeper trucks, melts them to create Upgrades. Rodney meets ne'er-do-well Fender Pinwheeler under less-than-friendly circumstances. Word of Rodney's mechanical prowess spreads, he is hailed as a local hero after he and the Rusties fix outmodes throughout the neighbourhood, although they are unable to cope with the demand due to the spare part shortage. Rodney receives news that Herb is in dire need of replacement parts. Hoping to enlist Bigweld's help and Fender attend the Bigweld Ball, only for Ratchet to announce that he will not attend. Enraged, Rodney publicly berates Ratchet. Cappy, a Bigweld Industries executive opposed to Ratchet's plans, rescues Fender.
Fender is captured by a Sweeper and taken to the Chop Shop, where he discovers Gasket and Ratchet's plan to use a heavily-armed fleet of Super-Sweepers to destroy all outmodes throughout the city, escapes. Meanwhile and Cappy fly to Bigweld's mansion, where Rodney confronts Bigweld, imploring him to return to Bigweld Industries. Bigweld reveals that Ratchet's greed and business sense won over his idealism in the management of Bigweld Industries, orders Rodney to leave. Rodney calls his parents, intending to return to Rivet Town; as the Rusties arrive to bid Rodney farewell, Fender reveals Ratchet's plot. They are soon joined by Bigweld; the group returns to Bigweld Industries where Bigweld fires Ratchet, but he is tricked and knocked unconscious. Rodney and the Rusties rescue Bigweld, but in a chase through the city, Ratchet lures them towards the Chop Shop, Bigweld rolls into the processing area. After creating improvised weapons and "upgrades" from scrap parts, Rodney and the Rusties confront Gasket before she can melt him down in a furnace, just as Piper and Aunt Fanny arrive with an army of outmodes.
Cappy, the Rusties and the outmodes battle Gasket's henchbots while Wonderbot duels with Gasket, destroyed when she falls into the furnace. Taking control of Bigweld Industries once again, Bigweld promises to make spare parts available to everyone. Bigweld holds a public ceremony in Rivet Town, where he nominates Rodney as his new second-in-command and eventual successor. Rodney provides Herb with new replacement parts. After a false start, Herb leads Rodney, the Rusties and the townspeople in a rousing rendition of "Get Up Offa That Thing". Developing a film version of Joyce's book Santa Calls and Joyce decided to develop an original story about a world of robots. Rivet Town was rumored to be based on Watertown, New York, but director Chris Wedge dismissed this in an interview. Robots was scheduled for a 2004 release, but the release date was changed to 2005; the film premiered on March 6, 2005 in Westwood, Los Angeles, it was released theatrically on March 11, 2005. The film was the first to feature the new trailer for Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith.
The film featured the exclusive trailer for Ice Age: The Meltdown called Ice Age 2. Robots was digitally re-mastered into IMAX format and released in select IMAX theatres around the world, it was the first Twentieth Century Fox's film, released on the same day on IMAX and conventional 35mm screens. It was the first IMAX DMR film released in the Spring season, the second IMAX DMR film distributed by Fox; the film, released on DVD and VHS on September 27, 2005, was accompanied by an original short animated film based on Robots, titled Aunt Fanny's Tour of Booty. The film was released in h