Backbone (Boney James album)
Backbone is the second album by jazz saxophonist Boney James, released in 1994. AllMusic review
Backbone (Backbone album)
Backbone is an album by the rock band Backbone. Their only album, it was released by Grateful Dead Records on January 13, 1998, it contains ten original songs, plus a version of the Grateful Dead tune "New Speedway Boogie". Backbone was a trio of Rick Barnett on guitar, Edd Cook on bass, former Grateful Dead member Bill Kreutzmann on drums Their music was influenced by blues and R&B, included substantial amounts of improvisational jamming. "Preserve the Blues" – 4:34 "Sittin' Here Thinkin'" – 3:03 "Make Me Laugh" – 6:27 "Breathe Deeply" – 4:42 "Nothing's Different" – 3:26 "Fly Away" – 4:10 "Only Son" – 5:51 "New Speedway Boogie" – 5:47 "Stayed Away Too Long" – 4:12 "Earthchild – 3:45 "Ocean Laughter" – 4:52 Rick Barnett – guitar, vocals Edd Cook – bass, vocals Bill Kreutzmann – drums Janice Barnett – background vocals Michael Ruff – Hammond organ, piano Bruce Harris – Hammond organ Nadia Deleye – background vocals on "New Speedway Boogie" Rick Barnett – producer, recording Casey Jones – second engineer John Cutler – mixing Jeffrey Norman – mixing Joe Gastwirt – mastering Steve Parish – crew Billy Grillo – crew Ken Friedman – photography John Werner – photography Todd Michael – photography Amy Finkle – package design
A backbone is a part of computer network that interconnects various pieces of network, providing a path for the exchange of information between different LANs or subnetworks. A backbone can tie together diverse networks in the same building, in different buildings in a campus environment, or over wide areas; the backbone's capacity is greater than the networks connected to it. A large corporation that has many locations may have a backbone network that ties all of the locations together, for example, if a server cluster needs to be accessed by different departments of a company that are located at different geographical locations; the pieces of the network connections that bring these departments together is mentioned as network backbone. Network congestion is taken into consideration while designing backbones. One example of a backbone network is the Internet backbone; the theory, design principles, first instantiation of the backbone network came from the telephone core network, when traffic was purely voice.
The core network was the central part of a telecommunications network that provided various services to customers who were connected by the access network. One of the main functions was to route telephone calls across the PSTN; the term referred to the high capacity communication facilities that connect primary nodes. A core network provided paths for the exchange of information between different sub-networks. In the United States, local exchange core networks were linked by several competing interexchange networks. Core networks had a mesh topology that provided any-to-any connections among devices on the network. Many main service providers would have their own core/backbone networks; some large enterprises have their own core/backbone network, which are connected to the public networks. Core networks provided the following functionality: Aggregation: The highest level of aggregation in a service provider network; the next level in the hierarchy under the core nodes is the distribution networks and the edge networks.
Customer-premises equipment do not connect to the core networks of a large service provider. Authentication: The function to decide whether the user requesting a service from the telecom network is authorized to do so within this network or not. Call Control/Switching: call control or switching functionality decides the future course of call based on the call signalling processing. E.g. switching functionality may decide based on the "called number" that the call be routed towards a subscriber within this operator's network or with number portability more prevalent to another operator's network. Charging: This functionality of the collation and processing of charging data generated by various network nodes. Two common types of charging mechanisms found in present-day networks are prepaid charging and postpaid charging. See Automatic Message Accounting Service Invocation: Core network performs the task of service invocation for its subscribers. Service invocation may happen based on some explicit action by user or implicitly.
It's important to note however that service "execution" may or may not be a core network functionality as third party network/nodes may take part in actual service execution. Gateways: Gateways shall be present in the core network to access other networks. Gateway functionality is dependent on the type of network. Physically, one or more of these logical functionalities may exist in a given core network node. Besides above mentioned functionalities, the following formed part of a telecommunications core network: O&M: Operations & Maintenance centre or Operations Support Systems to configure and provision the core network nodes. Number of subscribers, peak hour call rate, nature of services, geographical preferences are some of the factors which impact the configuration. Network statistics collection, alarm monitoring and logging of various network nodes actions happens in the O&M centre; these stats and traces form important tools for a network operator to monitor the network health and performance and improvise on the same.
Subscriber Database: Core network hosts the subscribers database. Subscriber database is accessed by core network nodes for functions like authentication, service invocation etc. A distributed backbone is a backbone network that consists of a number of connectivity devices connected to a series of central connectivity devices, such as hubs, switches, or routers, in a hierarchy; this kind of topology allows for simple expansion and limited capital outlay for growth, because more layers of devices can be added to existing layers. In a distributed backbone network, all of the devices that access the backbone share the transmission media, as every device connected to this network is sent all transmissions placed on that network. Distributed backbones, in all practicality, are in use by all large-scale networks. Applications in enterprise-wide scenarios confined to a single building are practical, as certain connectivity devices can be assigned to certain floors or departments; each floor or department possesses a LAN and a wiring closet with that workgroup's main hub or router connected to a bus-style network using backbone cabling.
Another advantage of using a distributed backbone is the ability for network administrator to segregate workgroups for ease of management. There is the possibility of single points of failure, referring to connectivity devices high in the series hierarchy; the distributed backbo
Backbone Entertainment is an American video game developer based in Rancho Santa Margarita, California. Created on February 19, 2003, it is the result of the merger of Digital Eclipse. Backbone Entertainment is the result of a 2003 merger between Digital Eclipse Software and ImaginEngine. Digital Eclipse specialized in arcade game emulation and handheld video games, had studios in Emeryville, California which became Backbone Emeryville and Vancouver, British Columbia which became Backbone Vancouver aka Digital Eclipse Software, Inc. ImaginEngine specializes in children's software having studios in San Francisco and Boston, Massachusetts; the San Francisco and Emeryville teams were combined at the Emeryville location upon execution of the merger. One of their first franchise projects as Backbone Entertainment was Death Jr. for the PSP. They have produced a sequel, Death, Jr. II: Root of Evil, a Nintendo DS version of the franchise entitled Death Jr. and the Science Fair of Doom. When Death Jr. was first announced, the CEO of Backbone spoke on making DJ a full-featured franchise, with comic books, a TV show, action figures, more.
According to GameRankings, the average review score for the three games in the franchise is a 59%, with Death Jr. and the Science Fair of Doom scoring the lowest overall. In 2005 Backbone Entertainment merged with another video game developer, The Collective in Newport Beach, CA and Oregon-based developer Pipeworks Software to form a new conglomerate, Foundation 9 Entertainment; the Foundation 9 Entertainment conglomerate used the Backbone Entertainment brand for its original titles, the Digital Eclipse brand for its arcade emulation titles, ImaginEngine for many children's titles. The name ImaginEngine is used for products from the Boston-based studio of Foundation 9 Entertainment, while Backbone Entertainment is used for their Emeryville, California-based studio. An additional studio was formed on March 2006 in, Prince Edward Island called Backbone Charlottetown, but was spun out in May 25, 2007 to become Other Ocean Group Inc. and a year opened Other Ocean Interactive Ltd. Former Foundation 9/Digital Eclipse founder Andrew Ayre will act as majority shareholder and CEO of the new company.
The Vancouver, British Columbia-based studio of Backbone Entertainment was scaled back in September 2008 and closed in May 2009, ending the company's presence in Canada. Among that studio's projects were Sonic Rivals and Sonic Rivals 2, they developed Bomberman Live and Shrek N' Roll for the Xbox 360, Super Puzzle Fighter II Turbo HD Remix for the Xbox 360 and PlayStation 3, Sega Genesis Collection for the PlayStation 2 and PlayStation Portable and its follow-up compilation, Sonic's Ultimate Genesis Collection for Xbox 360 and PlayStation 3. They created the Halo 3 interactive bonus disc included with Collector's and Legendary versions of the game. Another studio was added, KnowWonder owned by Amaze Entertainment, best known for The Sims 2 DS and The Sims: Bustin' Out. In May 2015, the board of directors elected to dissolve Foundation 9 Entertainment
Backbone (1923 film)
Backbone is a 1923 American silent drama film produced by George Arliss, released by Goldwyn Pictures and directed by Edward Sloman. Broadway actor Alfred Lunt stars in his film debut, it is not known whether the film survives. The film has a locale in a New England lumber camp with the exception of an episode taking place in France. Edith Roberts - Yvonne de Mersay/Yvonne de Chausson Alfred Lunt - John Thorne/Andre de Mersay William B. Mack - Anthony Bracken Frankie Evans - Doc Roper James D. Doyle - Colonel Tip L. Emile La Croix - Andre de Mersay Charles Fang - The Chinaman Marion Abbott - Mrs. Whidden Frank Hagney - The Indian Sam J. Ryan - Paddy George MacQuarrie - The Constable of France William Walcott - Count de Chausson Jack W. Johnston - Captain of the Guards Adolph Milar - The Mailer Hugh Huntley - King Backbone on IMDb allmovie/synopsis.
Backbone (Roam album)
Backbone is the debut album by British pop punk band Roam. Recording took place at Steel City Studio in Sheffield, Futureworks Studios in Manchester and Mill Bank Farm Studios in East Sussex. Drew Lawson produced the album. Phil Gornell engineered the proceedings with assistance from Grant Berry, Oliver Horner and Rian Dawson. Matt Wilson of Set Your Goals/Chains provides guest vocals on "Deadweight". Elliott Ingham performs additional drums. Lawson mixed the album. On 11 October 2015, a music video for "Deadweight" was released. On 13 December 2015, a music video for "Hopeless Case" was released. On 9 March 2016, a music video for "Tracks" was released; the album was released on 22 January 2016 through Hopeless. The band is set to go on the 2016 Warped Tour. Backbone charted at number 178 in the UK. All lyrics and music by Roam. Personnel per sleeve. Citations Sources
Backbone (Anthony Callea album)
Backbone is the fifth studio album by Australian pop singer Anthony Callea. The album is produced by James Roche of Bachelor Girl and was released on 16 September 2016, it reunites Callea with Sony Music with whom he signed in 2004 and released two studio albums and two number 1 multi-platinum-selling singles. Callea said, "I'm so fortunate that Denis Handlin and Sony Music have embraced my idea of Backbone and allowed me to make this exciting album with them."Upon announcement of the album, Callea said "With Backbone, we have explored songs that we all know and love – and we've been able to get to the core of these songs, their lyrics and melody, bringing them to the surface with organic and creative musical instrumentation and vocal delivery." He added, "I wrote the title track when I was in Los Angeles, it sums up the essence of this album." Myke Bartlett from The Weekly Review said, ``, the renditions aren't. In stripping some songs back and slowing others down, Anthony finds something new in the well-worn."
A staff writer in Out in Perth gave the album 4 out of 5 saying, "A friendly sing-a-long with an acoustic guitar and piano. Kicking things off with Michael Jackson’s "Man in the Mirror", much more laid back than the original. Callea tackles Queen's "Somebody to Love" acapella. A ballad version of Banarama’s "Love in the First Degree" is a highlight, while a gender swap take on TLCs "Unpretty" is nice too." Tracks on Backbone are "stripped back" renditions of 90s tracks. Callea promoted the album with a 5-date tour. September 2: Tweed Heads September 3: Mount Pritchard September 23: Revesby September 24: Campbelltown September 30: Melbourne Backbone debuted at number one in Australia, it was Callea's second number one album and first since his 2005 self-titled debut album. Backbone sold 2949 in the first week, becoming the lowest selling number one debut of all time in Australia. Adam Rhodes - Engineer Matt Neighbour - Engineer Carlo Parisi - Drums James Richmond - Percussion James Roach - Piano Mark Amato - Piano Isaac Moran - Guitar Craig Newman - Double bass/ Electric bass Kellie Santin - Saxophone Suzanna Ling - Violin Ruby Paskas - Violin Natasha Conrau - Violin Katie Yap - Viola Charlotte Jacke - Cello / String Captain Susie Ahern - Backing vocals Annette Roche - Backing vocals Rocky Loprevitte - Backing vocals List of number-one albums of 2016