The Fox Film Corporation was an American company that produced motion pictures, formed by William Fox on 1 February 1915. It was the successor to his earlier Greater New York Film Rental Company. On July 23,1926, the company bought the patents of the Movietone sound system for recording sound on to film, after the Crash of 1929, William Fox lost control of the company in 1930, during a hostile takeover. Under new president Sidney Kent, the new owners merged the company with Twentieth Century Pictures to form 20th Century Fox in 1935, William Fox entered the film industry in 1904 when he purchased a one-third share of a Brooklyn nickelodeon for $1,667. Fox invested further in the industry by founding the Greater New York Film Rental Company as a film distributor. In 1914, reflecting the broader scope of his business, he renamed it the Box Office Attraction Film Rental Company and he continued to distribute material from other sources, such as Winsor McCays early animated film Gertie the Dinosaur.
Later that year, Fox concluded that depending on other companies for the products he depended on was insufficient and he purchased the Éclair studio facilities in Fort Lee, New Jersey, along with property in Staten Island, and arranged for actors and crew. The company became a studio, with its name shortened to the Box Office Attractions Company. Always more of an entrepreneur than a showman, Fox concentrated on acquiring and building theaters, in 1917, William Fox sent Sol M. Wurtzel to Hollywood to oversee the studios West Coast production facilities where a more hospitable and cost-effective climate existed for filmmaking. Fox had purchased the Edendale studio of the failing Selig Polyscope Company, with the introduction of sound technology, Fox moved to acquire the rights to a sound-on-film process. In the years 1925–26, Fox purchased the rights to the work of Freeman Harrison Owens and this resulted in the Movietone sound system known as Fox Movietone developed at the Movietone Studio.
Later that year, the company began offering films with a track, and the following year Fox began the weekly Fox Movietone News feature. The growing company needed space, and in 1926 Fox acquired 300 acres in the country west of Beverly Hills and built Movietone City. When rival Marcus Loew died in 1927, Fox offered to buy the Loew familys holdings, Loews Inc. controlled more than 200 theaters, as well as the MGM studio. When the family agreed to the sale, the merger of Fox, but MGM studio boss Louis B. Mayer was not included in the deal and fought back. Using political connections, Mayer called on the Justice Departments antitrust unit to delay giving final approval to the merger and close to bankruptcy, Fox was stripped of his empire in 1930 and ended up in jail. Fox Film, with more than 500 theatres, was placed in receivership, a bank-mandated reorganization propped the company up for a time, but it soon became apparent that despite its size, Fox could not stand on its own. Under new president Sidney Kent, the new owners began negotiating with the upstart, the two companies merged that spring as 20th Century-Fox
Dorothy Wilson (actress)
Dorothy Wilson was an American film actress of the 1930s. Wilson was born and raised in Minneapolis, moving to Los Angeles, ironically, she had no interest in acting and had moved to Los Angeles due to an urge to travel. In 1930, she working as a secretary and applied at several employment agencies. She received a job at RKO Pictures, and for two years she worked there as a secretary. She often took notes for director Gregory La Cava, she was noticed by the executive in charge of casting and she won one of the two lead coed roles, opposite Richard Cromwell. Her performance in the film received good reviews and that same year, she was selected as one of the WAMPAS Baby Stars, along with future Hollywood legend Ginger Rogers and Gloria Stuart. She would go on to star opposite some of Hollywoods biggest names, including Harold Lloyd, Richard Dix, Tom Keene, Preston Foster and she appeared in twenty films between 1932 and 1937. In 1936, she had married scriptwriter Lewis R. Foster, Foster would win an Oscar for his script for Mr.
Smith Goes to Washington, released in 1939 and starring James Stewart and Jean Arthur, based on Fosters book The Gentleman From Montana. She was asked to test for the part of Melanie Hamilton in the epic movie Gone With the Wind, which she did and she would star in only two films after the marriage, after which she retired from acting to devote time to her family. She returned to acting only once, in a role in the 1943 film Whistling in Brooklyn. She and Foster remained together and raised a family of two children, Dorothy never remarried and was residing in Lompoc, California, at the time of her death on January 7,1998. Dorothy Wilson at the Internet Movie Database Dorothy Wilson at Find a Grave
Beulah Bondi was an American actress of stage and television. She began her career as a young child in theater and, after establishing herself as a stage actress. She played supporting roles in films during the 1930s, and was twice nominated for an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress. She played the mother of James Stewart in the four films Of Human Hearts, Vivacious Lady, Mr. Smith Goes to Washington and she continued acting well into her years, winning an Emmy Award for an appearance on The Waltons in 1976. Bondi was born Beulah Bondy in Valparaiso, the daughter of Eva Suzanna, an author, and Abraham O. Bondy, who worked in real estate. Bondi began her career on the stage at age seven, playing Cedric Errol in a production of Little Lord Fauntleroy at the Memorial Opera House in Valparaiso. She graduated from the Frances Shimer Academy in 1907, and gained her bachelors and masters degrees in oratory at Valparaiso University in 1916 and 1918 and she made her Broadway debut in Kenneth S. Webbs One of the Family at the 49th Street Theatre on December 21,1925.
She next appeared in another hit, Maxwell Andersons Saturdays Children and it was Bondis performance in Elmer Rices Pulitzer Prize-winning Street Scene, which opened at the Playhouse Theatre on January 10,1929, that brought Bondi to the movies at the age of 43. Two years she was nominated again for Of Human Hearts, and lost again, but her reputation as a character actress kept her employed. She would most often be seen in the role of the mother of the star of the film for the rest of her career and she often played mature roles in her early film career even though she was only in her early 40s. In 1940 Bondi played Mrs. Webb in Our Town, Bondis television credits include Alfred Hitchcock Presents and Howard Richardsons Ark of Safety on the Goodyear Television Playhouse. She appeared with Jan Clayton in The Prairie Story on NBCs Wagon Train and she made a guest appearance on Perry Mason in 1963 when she played the role of Sophia Stone in The Case of the Nebulous Nephew. Bondi made her appearances as Martha Corinne Walton on The Waltons in the episodes The Conflict.
She received an Emmy award for Outstanding Lead Actress for a Single Appearance in a Drama or Comedy Series for her performance in The Pony Cart, despite the fact that she was known for playing mother figures, Bondi never married in real life. She died from complications caused by broken ribs suffered when she tripped over her cat in her home on January 11,1981
Louise Fazenda was an American film actress, appearing chiefly in silent comedy films. Of Portuguese ancestry, she was born in Lafayette and her father, Joseph Fazenda, was a merchandise broker. After moving west Louise attended Los Angeles High School and St. Marys Convent, before trying motion pictures, she worked for a dentist, a candy store owner, and a tax collector and on stage. Fazenda got her start in comedy shorts as early as 1913 with Joker Studios, frequently appearing with Max Asher and she was soon recruited for Mack Sennetts troupe at Keystone Studios. As with many Keystone actors, Fazendas star soon grew larger than Sennett was willing to pay for and she took a break from making motion pictures in 1921–1922 in order to try vaudeville. Fazenda appeared in a variety of shorts and feature-length films throughout the decade, by the advent of sound pictures, Fazenda was a highly paid actress, making movies for nearly all of the big studios. Fazenda continued through the 1930s, appearing mostly in musicals and comedies and her skill was in performing character roles.
She played such parts as a fussy old maid and a lady blacksmith. She was once described as a woman but a highly gifted character comedian. In 1927, Fazenda married noted Warner Bros. producer Hal B, Wallis, a union which lasted until her death. They had one son, who became a psychologist in Florida, the Old Maid, in 1939, was her last of nearly 300 movie appearances. She spent the remainder of her years enjoying life as an art collector until her death caused by a cerebral hemorrhage, Hal Wallis was in Hawaii making a film and left immediately for home. She was interred at the Inglewood Park Cemetery in Inglewood, Louise Fazenda has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6801 Hollywood Blvd. In 1954, Fazenda read about a woman who died in a car accident and she paid the entire hospital bill of her daughter, who was injured in the wreck. She subsidized the studies of a law student who was contemplating leaving school when his wife became pregnant, at the UCLA Medical Center she helped to feed young children, before she rocked and sang them to sleep.
Actress Laura La Plante witnessed her charitable efforts, laPlante described Fazenda helping children and poor people. The actress reportedly went back and forth to the hospital from her home, making dishes, until she was successful. Among the children she helped there was one Edward Bunker, who described what had happened in his autobiographical The Education of a Felon, death Takes Louise Fazenda of Silent Films
In 1998 it became a subsidiary of Amazon Inc, who were able to use it as an advertising resource for selling DVDs and videotapes. As of January 2017, IMDb has approximately 4.1 million titles and 7.7 million personalities in its database, the site enables registered users to submit new material and edits to existing entries. Although all data is checked before going live, the system has open to abuse. The site featured message boards which stimulate regular debates and dialogue among authenticated users, IMDb shutdown the message boards permanently on February 20,2017. Anyone with a connection can read the movie and talent pages of IMDb. A registration process is however, to contribute info to the site. A registered user chooses a name for themselves, and is given a profile page. These badges range from total contributions made, to independent categories such as photos, bios, if a registered user or visitor happens to be in the entertainment industry, and has an IMDb page, that user/visitor can add photos to that page by enrolling in IMDbPRO.
Actors and industry executives can post their own resume and this fee enrolls them in a membership called IMDbPro. PRO can be accessed by anyone willing to pay the fee, which is $19.99 USD per month, or if paid annually, $149.99, which comes to approximately $12.50 per month USD. Membership enables a user to access the rank order of each industry personality, as well as agent contact information for any actor, director etc. that has an IMDb page. Enrolling in PRO for industry personnel, enables those members the ability to upload a head shot to open their page, as well as the ability to upload hundreds of photos to accompany their page. Anyone can register as a user, and contribute to the site as well as enjoy its content, however those users enrolled in PRO have greater access and privileges. IMDb originated with a Usenet posting by British film fan and computer programmer Col Needham entitled Those Eyes, others with similar interests soon responded with additions or different lists of their own.
Needham subsequently started an Actors List, while Dave Knight began a Directors List, and Andy Krieg took over THE LIST from Hank Driskill, which would be renamed the Actress List. Both lists had been restricted to people who were alive and working, the goal of the participants now was to make the lists as inclusive as possible. By late 1990, the lists included almost 10,000 movies and television series correlated with actors and actresses appearing therein. On October 17,1990, Needham developed and posted a collection of Unix shell scripts which could be used to search the four lists, at the time, it was known as the rec. arts. movies movie database
James Dunn (actor)
James Howard Dunn was an American film actor. Born in New York City, Dunn was the son of a Wall Street stockbroker and he joined his father in his business for three years. Dunn started his entertainment career in vaudeville before progressing to films at Paramounts Astoria studios in the late 1920s starting as an extra, after a gap where he appeared in stock companies, he returned to films. He was signed by Fox in 1931, making 22 films, Dunn made a strong first impression with his first role, in director Frank Borzages Bad Girl. A butchered recutting and partial reshooting of Erich von Stroheims film Walking Down Broadway with Boots Mallory, dunns early successes included four Shirley Temple films in 1934, Baby Take a Bow, Stand Up and Cheer. Change of Heart and Bright Eyes, the roles that followed did nothing to further his career, and during the late 1930s his prospects were further diminished by a battle with alcoholism. In 1945 his performance in A Tree Grows in Brooklyn earned him an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor and he portrayed an alcoholic but good-natured Irish father, a dreamer whose presence brought joy to those around him even though he was never a success in the traditional sense.
His success was short-lived and by the beginning of the 1950s, he was unemployed, after 1950, he appeared in only three feature films, but continued working in television until his death. From 1954 to 1956, he appeared in the NBC sitcom Its a Great Life as Earl Morgan, Dunn made appearances in many other television programs in the 1950s and 1960s, mostly in guest-starring roles. His first, to Edna OLier, ended in divorce and he was married to the actress Frances Gifford from 1938 until 1942. He married his wife, Edna Rush in 1945, who survived him at his death in 1967 at the age of 65 from complications following stomach surgery in Santa Monica. James Dunn has two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, for his contributions to motion pictures at 6555 Hollywood Boulevard, and television at 7010 Hollywood Boulevard. Remembering Jimmy, The Life and Films of James Dunn James Dunn at the Internet Movie Database James Dunn at the Internet Broadway Database James Dunn at Virtual History