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Verlag Karl Baedeker, founded by Karl Baedeker on July 1, 1827, is a German publisher and pioneer in the business of worldwide travel guides. The guides referred to as "Baedekers", among other things and introductions. 1827−1859: Karl Baedeker was descended from a long line of printers and publishers from Essen. He was the eldest of ten children of Gottschalk Diederich Bädeker, who had inherited the publishing house founded by his own father, Zacharias Gerhard Bädeker; the company published the local newspaper, the Essendische Zeitung, the family expected that Karl, would join the firm. Karl worked with his father until 1827 when he left for Coblence to start his own bookselling and publishing business. Karl changed the spelling of the family name from Bädeker with the umlaut to Baedeker around 1850. In 1832, Baedeker's firm acquired the publishing house of Franz Friedrich Röhling in Koblenz, which in 1828 had published a handbook for travellers by Professor Oyvind Vorland entitled Rheinreise von Mainz bis Cöln.

This book provided the seeds for Baedeker's own travel guides. After Klein died and the book went out of print, he decided to publish a new edition, incorporating some of Klein's material but added many of his own ideas into what he thought a travel guide should offer the traveller or reader. Baedeker's ultimate aim was to free the traveller from having to look for information anywhere outside the travel guide: about routes, accommodation, tipping, sights and prices. While the travel guide was not something new, the inclusion of detailed information on routes and accommodation was an innovation. Karl Baedeker had three sons, Ernst and Fritz and after his death each, in turn, dictated by events, took over the running of the firm. 1859−1861: Following the death of Karl Baedeker, his eldest son Ernst Baedeker became the head of the firm. After his training as a bookseller in Braunschweig and Stuttgart, he had spent some time at the English publishing house "Williams & Norgate" in London. On New Year's Day, 1859, he had joined his father's publishing firm as a partner and just ten months he was running it on his own.

His tenure at the helm of the firm saw the publication of three new travel guides in 1861 viz the first Baedeker travel guide in English, the handbook on "The Rhine", a guide in German on Italy, the first of a series on Italy, which his father had planned and one in French on Italy. Ernst Baedeker died unexpectedly on 23 July 1861 of sunstroke in Egypt and his younger brother, assumed charge of the publishing house. 1861−1877: Karl Baedeker II continued the work started by his brother Ernst. In addition to the ongoing revision of existing guides, he published 14 new guides: four in German, seven in English and three in French. Viz. New German titles: 1862: London 1866: Italien Zweiter Teil: Mittel-Italien und Rom 1866: Italien Dritter Teil: Unter-Italien, Sizilien und die Liparischen Inseln New English titles: 1863: Switzerland 1865: Paris 1867: Central Italy and Rome 1868: Southern Italy 1868: Southern Germany and the Austrian Empire 1863: Northern Italy New French titles: 1863: Paris 1866: Londres 1867: L'Itale deuxième partie: L'Italie centrale et Rome 1867: L'Italie troisième partie: L'Italie du Sud, La Sicille et les îles LipariKarl Baedeker II worked with his younger brother Fritz, who joined the firm in 1869 as a partner and became the general manager.

In 1877 Karl, afflicted with an incurable mental condition, moved to a sanatorium near Esslingen am Neckar where he remained for the rest of his life. 1869−1925: Under Fritz Baedeker the company grew rapidly. In 1870, the Baedeker bookselling business was sold. In 1872, he moved the company's headquarters from Koblenz to Leipzig, a major move forward, as most of the reputable major German publishing houses were located there, he persuaded Eduard Wagner, the Baedeker cartographer in Darmstadt, to move to Leipzig and establish a new company with Ernst Debes, a talented cartographer from "Justus Perthes" a leading cartography firm in Gotha. The new company was named "Debes" with offices adjacent to the new Baedeker address. Herbert Warren Wind, the author of The House of Baedeker wrote: "Wagner & Debes made a important contribution to the guidebooks, providing them not only with the best maps in the world, many in color, but with superb ground plans of palaces, gardens and castles, with some extraordinary panoramas of Alpine ranges and other such two-star vistas."

He added: "By and large, it was the sheer technical skill of the staff at Wagner & Debes that kept the Baedeker guides well ahead of their rivals in this particular aspect of publishing." Michael Wild, the Baedeker chronicler, refers to the Baedeker maps as a feast for the eye. The expansion was furious. New editions were now printed by several Leipzig printers, but the bulk of the revised editions of pre-1872 guides continued to be printed where all Baedeker guides had been produced before—the G. D. Baedeker printing works in Essen. F

Chotia Weedhopper

The Weedhopper ultralight is an American high-wing, tractor configuration, tricycle gear, two-axis control ultralight aircraft developed by John Chotia during the height of the 1970s ultralight boom and introduced in 1977. The aircraft can be assembled in 25-30 man-hours. Many of the early ultralights used a "weight shift" method of control, requiring the pilot to push a control bar to shift the center of gravity of the aircraft; the Weedhopper differed from most other ultralights of the period in that it has a control stick which moves the rudder and elevator, giving it two axis control in pitch and yaw. The pronounced dihedral of the wings, along with the swept leading edge causes it to bank into the turn, results in a stable, easy-to-fly aircraft; the Weedhopper differs from many of the other early ultralights in that it had a strut-braced wing, whereas most period ultralights have wire-braced wings. The Weedhopper is covered with Dacron pre-sewn envelopes; the early versions of the aircraft developed a poor reputation due to the lack of reliable engines available in the 1970s.

This was rectified with the adoption of the Rotax 277 28 hp and the Rotax 447 40 hp powerplant. Over 13,000 Weedhoppers have been sold, it was popular. The aircraft could be disassembled and put on a trailer for home storage, it was not necessary to rent an expensive hangar. It could be flown from just about any field because of its short takeoff and landing requirements; the kits sold for $2,000, are still available today, but today's Weedhopper model 40 sells for US$8,495. In its home country versions of the aircraft are eligible for the FAR 103 Ultralight Vehicles category, the experimental amateur-built category and the light-sport aircraft category. Weedhopper A Initial production version known as the JC-24A. Weedhopper B Improved production version known as the JC-24B. Weedhopper C Improved production version known as the JC-24C. Weedhopper Standard Basic model with a 28 hp Rotax 277 engine and an empty weight of 235 lb for the US amateur-built category. Weedhopper Deluxe Improved production model with a 40 hp Rotax 447 engine.

Weedhopper 40 Current production model with a 40 hp Rotax 447 engine. Weedhopper Super Up-engined model with a 50 hp Rotax 503 engine, many extras and an empty weight of 330 lb for the US amateur-built category. Weedhopper II Current production two seat side-by-side seating model with a 50 hp Rotax 503 engine. Known as the Weedhopper Two Place. National Air and Space Museum Data from Weedhopper AircraftGeneral characteristics Crew: one Length: 18 ft 6 in Wingspan: 28 ft 0 in Height: 6 ft 97 in Wing area: 168 sq ft Empty weight: 250 lb Gross weight: 550 lb Fuel capacity: 5 US gallons Powerplant: 1 × Rotax 447 twin-cylinder, two-stroke aircraft engine, 40 hp Propellers: 2-bladed Powerfin ground adjustablePerformance Cruise speed: 55 mph Stall speed: 20 mph Never exceed speed: 65 mph Rate of climb: 1,000 ft/min Avionics none AmEagle American Eaglet Avid Champion Beaujon Enduro Beaujon Mach.07 Birdman TL-1 Pterodactyl Ascender Mitchell U-2 Superwing Ultraflight Lazair Eipper Quicksilver Official website

20th Producers Guild of America Awards

The 20th Producers Guild of America Awards were held at Hollywood Palladium in Hollywood, California on January 24, 2009, honoring the best film and television producers of 2008. The nominations were announced on December 10, 2008 and January 5, 2009. Slumdog Millionaire The Curious Case of Benjamin Button The Dark Knight Frost/Nixon Milk Man on Wire Standard Operating Procedure Trouble the Water WALL-E Bolt Kung Fu Panda 30 Rock Curb Your Enthusiasm Entourage The Office Weeds Mad Men Boston Legal Damages Dexter Lost 60 Minutes Deadliest Catch Frontline Kathy Griffin: My Life on the D-List This American Life The Colbert Report The Amazing Race Project Runway Real Time with Bill Maher Top Chef John Adams 24: Redemption Bernard and Doris A Raisin in the Sun Recount* won the 2007 award in the same category. Awarded to the motion picture that best illuminates social issues. Milk Awarded in recognition of outstanding achievement in new media and technology. Chris DeWolfe and Tom Anderson Honored to a producer exemplifying uplifting quality.

Jeff Skoll Michael Douglas David Chase Brian Grazer and Ron Howard

Renier de Huy

Renier de Huy was a 12th-century metalworker and sculptor to whom is attributed a major masterpiece of Mosan art, the baptismal font at St Bartholomew's Church, Liège in Liege, Belgium of 1107–18. The Meuse River valley in modern Belgium and France comprising the Diocese of Liège, was the leading 12th century centre of Romanesque metalwork, still the most prestigious medium in art. Nothing is known of Rainer's life other than that a "Reinerus aurifaber" witnessed a charter of the Bishop of Liège relating to a church in Huy in 1125, but the 15th century Liège chronicle mentions him as the artist of the font, he may have died about 1150. Another shadowy figure in Mosan metalwork from the next generation, Godefroid de Huy/de Claire came from the small but prosperous city of Huy on the Meuse; the only other work agreed to be by the same master as the font is a small bronze crucifix figure. Others in Brussels and Dublin are from the workshop as they have many similarities. Beckwith, John. Early Medieval Art: Carolingian, Romanesque, Thames & Hudson, 1964, ISBN 0-500-20019-X Calkins, Robert G..

Accessed 10 January 2010, Hanns. Monuments of Romanesque Art.

Red Rocks (SSSI)

Red Rocks is an area of sand dunes and reedbeds at the mouth of the Dee Estuary and to the west of Hoylake on the Wirral Peninsula, England. The area is home to a variety of dune/reed plants the rarest of, thought to be Mackay's horsetail, but has subsequently been re-identified as a new Equisetum hybrid with a restricted distribution on north Wirral and Anglesey; this plant is found at the south end of the reserve along the edges of the dune slack. The area is important for birds, with breeding reed warbler, sedge warbler and reed bunting in the reed bed and alders of the dune slack, common whitethroat, grasshopper warbler and European stonechats in the fixed dunes and their low scrub and burnet roses. 268 species of bird have been recorded, with up to 170 in a single year. The grasshopper warbler has been elevated to red status in the Birds of Conservation Concern list whilst reed bunting has amber status; the site is an important breeding site for natterjack toads, a breed common in mainland Europe, but rare in the UK.

Natterjack toads are confined to the most seaward and brackish areas of the reserve, with common frog, common toad and smooth newt dominating in the freshwater habitats. Common lizard is abundant in the fore dunes; the rare moth, the sandhill rustic, is localised in the fore dunes. "Red Rocks citation sheet". English Nature. Jepson, P. et al. "Hybrids within Equisetum subgenus Hippochaete in England and Wales." New Journal of Botany 3.1: 47-58. Dee Estuary website including latest sightings in the area

Wolf (novel)

Wolf is a young-adult novel by Gillian Cross, published by Oxford in 1990. Set in London, it features communal living and wolves and a teenage girl in relation to her mother and paternal grandmother. Cross won the annual Carnegie Medal recognising the year's best children's book by a British subject. Coincidentally, The Cry of the Wolf by Melvin Burgess, featuring a grey wolf as the main character, was the commended runner up. Holiday House published the first U. S. edition in 1991. Cassy is a teen-age girl, her grandmother and her mother both maintain silence about her father. One night she is awakened by mysterious footsteps; the next day, as always when the footsteps are heard, she is sent away to live with her lovely but feckless mother, squatting in London. Mother, her partner, his teenage son "make a living with innovative programs for schools: combinations of fact and fiction and story, skillfully blended to challenge stereotypes and spark original thinking." Now they are producing a play about wolves, they encourage Cassy to become involved.

Cassy does her best to adjust to the new way of life, challenging in several ways. She can not escape a sense of a feeling that she is being stalked, her nightmare is Red Riding Hood "recast by her own fears". She learns the secret she has been protected from all her life: her father is a notorious terrorist, a bomber in the Irish Republican Army. Homelessness in England Wolves in fiction Wolf in libraries —immediately, first US edition "Gillian Cross: Wolf" at the author's website Gillian Cross at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database