The A48 is a major trunk road in Great Britain. It runs to the A40 at Carmarthen. Before the construction of the first Severn Bridge, in 1966, it was the principal route between South Wales and South West England. For most of its journey through South Wales, it runs parallel to its successor. Before the construction of the Second Severn Crossing, during times of high winds at the Severn Bridge the A48 was used as part of the diversion route, is still marked as a Holiday Route. From Gloucester, the A48 runs through the villages of Minsterworth, Westbury-on-Severn, connects to a link road to Cinderford in the Forest of Dean through Newnham and bypassing the town of Lydney on the west bank of the River Severn. Crossing the Wales-England border at Chepstow and continuing west close to the South Wales coast, it connects Newport, Cowbridge, Pyle, Port Talbot, Swansea before terminating at the junction with the A40 near the centre of Carmarthen. There is a motorway section, a spur from the M4 running from junction 29 on the west side of Newport.
The A48 has the unusual feature of having no junction options at both ends—it leads into limited-access junctions. Near the east of Cardiff, at St Mellons, it ends by flowing through Cardiff, it is a 2-lane motorway throughout its length. At St Mellons it runs continuously into a further 6 miles of the dual-carriageway A48, which features hard shoulders; the original A48 continues to link Cardiff. Just before Junction 44 of the M4 motorway, there is an abandoned dual carriageway trunk road, just to the left side of the motorway; this road used to have two service stations. The A48 from Highnam to Newport runs adjacent to the River Severn, it runs through a series of villages, until it reaches Chepstow where it crosses the Wales-England border. From the M4 Motorway at J15 near Swindon, traffic is directed for Wales if it is over the Severn Bridge weight limit of 44 tonnes. Traffic is directed onto the A419 onto the A417 after Cirencester, at Gloucester, onto the A40; this road has some speed cameras, as there have been incidents here, have been erected to prevent them happening again.
During busy periods, such as the Severn Bore, this road may become busy with parked cars near the river's edge. Apart from morning and evening rush hours the road is quite empty and free running, with no heavy traffic reports; the road runs next to the Forest of Dean. The woods may be viewed from the roadside. There is a level crossing in Lydney; until Chepstow, there is a height limit under the low railway bridges. Tall vehicles are directed to Newport on the A40. For some parts of this route, short distance dual carriageways occur on steep hills. At Chepstow, the road links Gloucestershire with Monmouthshire; the road runs through Chepstow. There is access to the Forest of Dean in Chepstow. At the end of the road in Chepstow, the Primary Route ends here, it meets the A466, a road that provides access to the Wye Valley and to the M48 motorway the M4. Access to the M4 is available on this road; the A48 becomes a secondary route here, continues bypassing Caldicot and Langstone. The A48 continues to M4 junction 24, where vehicles exceeding the height limit may rejoin the A48.
The A449 provides the A40 near Raglan. When the Severn Bridge is closed in bad weather conditions, the traffic is directed onto the A449. After this roundabout, the road follows through to Newport. There are some minor routes that take you to Newport Town Centre, but the main route is the A4042, leading directly to Newport town centre and Caerleon; this is after the Newport International Sports Village, a sports village with facilities including a Swimming Pool, Tennis Courts, Football Stadium, Cricket Pitch and many more facilities. Passing through Newport, there are views of the industrial town, with views of historic features such as the Transporter Bridge; the road reaches the M4 again, at J28. The original route of the A48 was Worcester to Carmarthen via Malvern, Ross-on-Wye, Newport, Bridgend and Llanelli. In 1935 it was rerouted east of Newport, replacing the A437 between Gloucester; the road from Worcester to Newport became part of the A449, apart from the section between Ross and Monmouth.
In June 2008, a 27-mile stretch of the A48 between Chepstow - Gloucester was named as the most dangerous road in the South West of England. This single carriageway stretch had 45 fatal and serious injury car accident collisions between 2004 and 2006, was rated as medium risk in the EuroRAP report published by the Road Safety Foundation
The A483 known as the Swansea to Chester Trunk Road, is a major road in the United Kingdom. It runs from Swansea in Wales to Chester in England via Llandovery, Llandrindod Wells and Wrexham, a distance of around 153 miles; the A483 begins at junction 42 of the M4 motorway, just east of Swansea. From here, it travels west along the Fabian Way towards Swansea city centre, where it turns to a northwesterly direction, it meets the M4 again at junction 47 at Penllergaer, after which it multiplexes with the A48 along Swansea Road, Bryntirion Road and Bolgoed Road to Pontarddulais. After Pontarddulais, the route continues along Carmarthen Road, it diverges from the A48 at the terminus of the M4, junction 49, turning northeast towards Ammanford and north towards Llandeilo. At Llandeilo it meets the A40 multiplexes with this route as far as Llandovery. From here, it continues north into Powys; the A483 continues through Builth Wells and Llandrindod Wells. It intersects with the A44 at Crossgates, just north of Llandrindod Wells continues to Newtown, where it passes under the Cambrian Line at the Dolfor Road Railway Bridge.
This low bridge, with a height restriction of 13 ft 3 in, has been hit by high vehicles on many occasions. From Newtown the road continues to Welshpool, running parallel to the River Severn, before crossing the border into England at Llanymynech. From Llanymynech, the A483 continues north. Here, it picks up a multiplex with the A5. After the A5 diverges to the west at Chirk, the A483 crosses the River Dee reaches Ruabon. Here, it becomes a dual carriageway with numbered grade-separated junctions. Junction 1 - A539 Ruabon Junction 2 - B5426 Johnstown Junction 3 - A5152 Croesfoel Junction 4 - A525 Ruthin Road Junction 5 - A541 Mold Road Junction 6 - A5156 Gresford Junction 7 - B5102 Rossett Just south of Chester, the A483 intersects with the A55 North Wales Expressway, it continues as a single carriageway to its terminus at the city centre, crossing the Grosvenor Bridge over the Dee. There have been calls to upgrade the road from Shrewsbury to Wrexham, including the section of the A483 from Oswestry to Ruabon, to dual carriageway.
There has been a campaign by residents of Llanymynech and nearby Pant for an A483 bypass around these villages. Trunk roads in Wales Google Maps UK Media related to A483 road at Wikimedia Commons SABRE Roads by 10 - A483
The M4, a motorway in the United Kingdom running from west London to southwest Wales, was referred to as the London-South Wales Motorway. The English section to the Severn Bridge was constructed between 1961 and 1971; the Second Severn Crossing renamed the Prince of Wales Bridge, was inaugurated on 5 June 1996 by HRH The Prince of Wales and the M4 was rerouted. Apart from its two spurs—the A48 and the M48—the M4 is the only motorway in Wales; the line of the motorway from London to Bristol runs in parallel with the A4. After crossing the River Severn, toll-free since 17 December 2018, the motorway follows the A48, to terminate at the Pont Abraham services in Carmarthenshire; the major towns and cities along the route—a distance of 189 miles —include Slough, Swindon, Newport, Bridgend, Port Talbot and Swansea. A new road from London to South Wales was first proposed in the 1930s. In 1956, the Ministry of Transport announced plans for the first major post-war road improvement projects; the Chiswick flyover, a short section of elevated dual-carriageway, not classed as a motorway, opened in 1959 to reduce the impact of traffic travelling between central London and the west.
The Maidenhead bypass opened in 1961 whilst J1-J5 opened in 1965. The stretch from J18 to the west of Newport was opened including the Severn Bridge; the Port Talbot by-pass built in the 1960s and now part of the M4, was the A48 motorway, a number now allocated to a short section of motorway near Cardiff. The Ministry of Transport intended that the M4 would terminate at Tredegar Park west of Newport, following the creation of the Welsh Office that the Government became committed to a high-standard dual carriageway to Carmarthenshire; the English section of the motorway was completed on 22 December 1971 when the 50-mile stretch between junctions 9 and 15 was opened to traffic. The Welsh section was completed in 1993; the Second Severn Crossing opened in 1996, together with new link motorways on either side of the estuary to divert the M4 over the new crossing. The existing route over the Severn Bridge was redesignated the M48, the new M49 was opened to connect the new crossing to the M5. In April 2005, speed checks carried out by police camera vans between junction 14 and junction 18 led to a public protest, involving a "go-slow" of several hundred vehicles along the affected sections of the motorway.
Between 2007 and January 2010, the section from Castleton to Coryton was widened to six lanes. The scheme was formally opened on 25 January 2010 by Ieuan Wyn Jones the Deputy First Minister for Wales. During 2009, the Newport section of the motorway between junctions 23a and 29 was upgraded with a new concrete central barrier. In February 2010 it was proposed that the M4 in South Wales would become the first hydrogen highway with hydrogen stations provided along the route, with an aspiration for further stations to be provided along the M4 into South West England over time. Between 2008 and 2010, junction 11 was extensively remodelled with a new four-lane junction, two new road bridges and other works; the £65m scheme included work on the Mereoak roundabout and part of the A33 Swallowfield Bypass near Shinfield, the conversion of the two existing bridges, one of, available only to pedestrians and cyclists and the other to buses. It involved the movement of the local Highways Agency and Fire Service offices, the construction of a long footbridge network, a new bus-lane and a new gyratory.
Sound barriers for nearby residential areas were installed. In April 2008, the decision to preserve a rare Vickers machine gun pillbox and turn it into a bat roost was announced by the developers; the M4 crosses the River Severn on the Second Severn Crossing, toll free from 17 December 2018. Maintenance of the 123 miles section of the motorway in England is the responsibility of the Highways Agency; the 76 miles section in Wales is the responsibility of the Welsh Government. For the majority of its length, the national speed limit applies. Exceptions include the following: 40 miles per hour on the Chiswick Flyover within London in both directions. 60 miles per hour between junction 4 and the Chiswick Flyover eastbound only. 50 miles per hour when approaching the toll plaza after the Severn Crossing. 50 miles per hour on the Port Talbot elevated section between junction 40 and junction 41. The fixed speed camera was removed in 2006. In July 2014, an average speed camera system was installed; the M4 has two sections of smart motorway.
The one between junctions 19 and 20 north of Bristol has variable speed limits and a part-time hard-shoulder. Completion was in summer 2014; the section between junctions 24 and 29 in Newport has variable speed limits. In 2010 it was announced that a smart motorway would be constructed between junctions 3 and 12, with work starting in Autumn 2018; this will be the longest smart motorway scheme in the United Kingdom, with a length of 51km. Work is expected to be completed in March 2022 at a cost of £848 million; the Brynglas Tunnels carry the M4 under Brynglas Hill in Wales. The 404 yards-long tunnels are only twin -- bored tunnels in the UK motorway network. In July 2011, a lorry fire in one tunnel closed the motorway. Although there were no injuries and no deaths, the tunnel remained closed and a contraflow system was in place in the remaining tunnel for about one month, causing major tr
National Rail in the United Kingdom is the trading name licensed for use by the Rail Delivery Group, an unincorporated association whose membership consists of the passenger train operating companies of England and Wales. The TOCs run the passenger services provided by the British Railways Board, from 1965 using the brand name British Rail. Northern Ireland, bordered by the Republic of Ireland, has a different system. National Rail services share a ticketing structure and inter-availability that do not extend to services which were not part of British Rail; the name and the accompanying double arrow symbol are trademarks of the Secretary of State for Transport. National Rail should not be confused with Network Rail. National Rail is a brand used to promote passenger railway services, providing some harmonisation for passengers in ticketing, while Network Rail is the organisation which owns and manages most of the fixed assets of the railway network, including tracks and signals; the two coincide where passenger services are run.
Most major Network Rail lines carry freight traffic and some lines are freight only. There are some scheduled passenger services on managed, non-Network Rail lines, for example Heathrow Express, which runs on Network Rail track; the London Underground overlaps with Network Rail in places. Twenty eight owned train operating companies, each franchised for a defined term by government, operate passenger trains on the main rail network in Great Britain; the Rail Delivery Group is the trade association representing the TOCs and provides core services, including the provision of the National Rail Enquiries service. It runs Rail Settlement Plan, which allocates ticket revenue to the various TOCs, Rail Staff Travel, which manages travel facilities for railway staff, it does not compile the national timetable, the joint responsibility of the Office of Rail Regulation and Network Rail. Since the privatisation of British Rail there is no longer a single approach to design on railways in Great Britain; the look and feel of signage and marketing material is the preserve of the individual TOCs.
However, National Rail continues to use BR's famous double-arrow symbol, designed by Gerald Burney of the Design Research Unit. It has been incorporated in the National Rail logotype and is displayed on tickets, the National Rail website and other publicity; the trademark rights to the double arrow symbol remain state-owned, being vested in the Secretary of State for Transport. The double arrow symbol is used to indicate a railway station on British traffic signs; the National Rail logo was introduced by ATOC in 1999, was used on the Great Britain public timetable for the first time in the edition valid from 26 September in that year. Rules for its use are set out in the Corporate Identity Style Guidelines published by the Rail Delivery Group, available on its website. "In 1964 the Design Research Unit—Britain’s first multi-disciplinary design agency founded in 1943 by Misha Black, Milner Gray and Herbert Read—was commissioned to breathe new life into the nation’s neglected railway industry".
The NR title is sometimes described as a "brand". As it was used by British Rail, the single operator before franchising, its use maintains continuity and public familiarity; the lettering used in the National Rail logotype is a modified form of the typeface Sassoon Bold. Some train operating companies continue to use the former British Rail Rail Alphabet lettering to varying degrees in station signage, although its use is no longer universal; the British Rail typefaces of choice from 1965 were Helvetica and Univers, with others coming into use during the sectorisation period after 1983. TOCs may use what they like: examples include Futura, Frutiger, a modified version of Precious by London Midland. Although TOCs compete against each other for franchises, for passengers on routes where more than one TOC operates, the strapline used with the National Rail logo is'Britain's train companies working together'. Several conurbations have their own metro or tram systems, most of which are not part of National Rail.
These include the London Underground, Docklands Light Railway, London Tramlink, Blackpool Tramway, Glasgow Subway, Tyne & Wear Metro, Manchester Metrolink, Sheffield Supertram, Midland Metro and Nottingham Express Transit. On the other hand, the self-contained Merseyrail system is part of the National Rail network, urban rail networks around Birmingham, Cardiff and West Yorkshire consist of National Rail services. London Overground is a hybrid: its services are operated via a concession awarded by Transport for London, are branded accordingly, but until 2010 all its routes used infrastructure owned by Network Rail. LO now possesses some infrastructure in its own right, following the reopening of the former London Underground East London line as the East London Railway. Since all the previous LO routes were operated by National Rail franchise Silverlink until November 2007, they have continued to be shown in the National Rail timetable and are still considered to be a part of National Rail.
Heathrow Express and Eurostar are not part of the National Rail network despite sharing of stations. Northern Ireland Railways were
Swansea railway station
Swansea railway station serves the city of Swansea, south Wales. It is 216 miles 7 chains measured from London Paddington on the National Rail network, it is the fourth-busiest station in Wales. The station opened in 1850, it was built by the South Wales Railway, which amalgamated with the Great Western Railway in 1863, but it was not on the South Wales Railway main line, planned to connect London with the port of Fishguard, Swansea passengers had to change at Landore, two miles to the north until at least 1879. The station has been renovated and extended several times in its lifetime - most notably in the 1880s, when the stone-built office block facing High Street, on the west side of the station, was added, in 1925-7 when the platforms were lengthened; the present-day frontage block, facing Ivey Place, was completed in 1934. Nothing now remains of the original wooden station with galvanised iron roof; the majority of the rebuilt station remains intact. The umbrella-type platform roofing which replaced the 1880s train-sheds in the 1920s is intact although the canopy on platform 4 has been shortened.
The number of platforms was reduced from five to four in 1973 under British Rail when the old Platform 1 was eliminated, along with the loading bays and fish dock that once stood beyond it. The remaining platforms were renumbered at the same time, so that what were platforms 2 to 5 are now platforms 1 to 4, respectively. On the east side of the station there was a connecting line which bypassed the platforms and ran at one time to coal tips on the North Dock and on to a junction with the high-level line from Eastern Depot to Victoria station. Part of the route of this line, alongside the station itself, is now a staff car park and the remainder, carried on viaducts alongside the Strand, has been obliterated by modern development. High Street goods station was on the west side of the line, just north of the passenger station; the site has been cleared and used for housing and the dedicated bus road that runs from the Landore park-and-ride facility into the city centre. On the opposite side of the line were extensive carriage sidings, large areas of which are, as of 2014, being redeveloped as the Hitachi IEP rail service depot.
There was great competition between the different railway companies in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Swansea had seven stations in 1895, owned by five different railway companies: High Street, St Thomas, East Dock, Riverside and Swansea Bay, Rutland Street. Only High Street now remains in the city centre. To the east, trains operate along the South Wales Main Line. Swansea is a western terminus for Great Western Railway InterCity 125 services to London Paddington that do not terminate at Cardiff Central, with the majority of local train services west of Swansea timed to connect with London services. Transport for Wales provides the Swanline service to Cardiff Central, services to Manchester Piccadilly. To the west, Transport for Wales trains run along the West Wales line to Carmarthen and to Pembroke Dock, Milford Haven or Fishguard Harbour. Certain services to Fishguard Harbour connect with the Stena Line ferry to Rosslare Europort in Ireland. Swansea is the eastern terminus for a few of the services from West Wales.
Services on the Heart of Wales line between Llanelli and Shrewsbury start from Swansea. Some of Transport for Wales' boat trains to and from Fishguard Harbour commence at Swansea; these connect with the Stena Line ferry to Rosslare Europort in Ireland with a daily morning and evening service in both directions. This route has been in existence since 1906; the station is a terminus, at the end of a short branch off the South Wales Main Line and the West Wales line, so that all through passenger trains must either reverse at Swansea or omit calling there. In practice all passenger services do call there; the station has four platforms. Great Western Railway trains from London enter the station with the standard-class carriages leading, use platform 2; the platforms are covered for part of their length. Until January 2004, the mail train to London was a regular service from the station. In February 2013, Swansea station won the "Wales’ Best Staffed Train Station" award, supported by Keep Wales Tidy.
In May 2013, Swansea station was named "International Station of the Year" and won the "Best Large Station" award at the International Station Awards. The ticket office is open here each day, with self-service ticket machines provided for use when the ticket office is closed and for collecting pre-paid tickets. A range of other amenities are available, including toilets, retail outlets, waiting rooms, ATM, payphone and the local Tourist Information Office. Bus stops and a taxi rank are located outside the entrance. Train running information is offered via timetable posters, digital CIS displays and automated announcements. Step-free access is available to all platforms. Swansea has four platforms, numbered 1, 2, 3 and 4. Platforms are used for the same services, but can change i
Transport for Wales Rail Services
Keolis Amey Operations, trading as Transport for Wales Rail Services, or TfW Rail, is a Welsh train operating company operated by Keolis Amey Wales Cymru Limited, which commenced operating the Wales & Borders franchise on 14 October 2018. Alongside CrossCountry, East Midlands Trains and Chiltern Railways, TfW is one of the few franchised train operating companies not to operate any electric powered trains. In October 2016 Abellio, the incumbent operator Arriva, a Keolis/Amey joint venture and MTR Corporation were shortlisted to bid for the next Wales & Borders franchise. In October 2017, Arriva withdrew from the bidding process, followed in February 2018 by Abellio, after the collapse of its partner Carillion. In May 2018, the franchise was awarded to Keolis Amey Wales Cymru, it runs for 15 years. Unlike the previous franchise, awarded by the Department for Transport, the new franchise was awarded by Transport for Wales, on behalf of the Welsh Government. Typical TfW weekday off-peak service is as follows: There are plans to improve services between 2018 and 2033 as part of the new franchise:North Wales and North West England Introduction of a new hourly Liverpool Lime Street to Chester service from May 2019, with limited services extended to Wrexham General Introduce Class 230 D-Trains on services on the Borderlands, Conwy Valley and Crewe-Chester lines during 2019 Twelve refurbished Mark 4 carriages for the Holyhead to Cardiff Central Premier Service by the end of 2019, to replace the Mark 3 carriages Increase Wrexham Central to Bidston services to 2tph by December 2021, as part of the North Wales Metro Introduction of a new hourly Liverpool to Llandudno and Shrewsbury service, a new two-hourly Liverpool to Cardiff Central service from December 2022 Introduction of a direct Manchester Airport to Bangor service from December 2022 Introduce the new fleet of Civity diesel multiple units to the North Wales Coast line and other North Wales routes during 2022 Invest in Shotton and Wrexham General stations from April 2024, in Chester station by 2028 Invest to co-fund new station buildings at Blaenau Ffestiniog Introduce new Community Rail Partnerships on the North Wales Coast Line and the Crewe to Hereford lineSouth West and Mid Wales and the Borders Open a new station at Bow Street in March 2020 An additional service every day on the Heart of Wales line from December 2022 A consistent 1 tph on the Cambrian line from Shrewsbury to Aberystwyth from December 2022 New Civity DMUs on the Cambrian line during 2022, to replace the Class 158 Express Sprinters Refurbished Class 170 Turbostar two-car DMUs on services to West Wales, Ebbw Vale and Maesteg from 2019, the Heart of Wales line from 2022, to replace Class 153 Super Sprinters Introduce new two and three-car new diesel multiple units for the Milford Haven to Manchester Piccadilly service by 2023, to replace the Class 175 Coradias Additional summer Sunday services from May 2023 between Tywyn and Pwllheli – including a new 1 tph express service between major centres by 2025 Invest in Carmarthen and Machynlleth stations in 2021, Llanelli station in 2025 A first-class service between Swansea and Manchester from December 2024 Introduce a new Community Rail Partnership for the West Wales lineSouth East Wales Provide ticket machines at all South Wales Metro stations by April 2019 Introduce Class 769 Flex bi-mode multiple units to the Valley Lines during 2019 Replace all Class 142 and 143 Pacers by the end of 2019 4tph between Cardiff Central and Bridgend from December 2019 Introduce pay-as-you-go for users of smartcards by April 2020 Increasing capacity of trains on early morning services to Cardiff Central from 2-car services to 4-car services A new 1 train per hour Ebbw Vale Town to Newport service from May 2021 4tph between Treherbert, Merthyr Tydfil and Cardiff from December 2022, operated by Citylink tram-trains 6tph between Cardiff Queen Street and Cardiff Bay from December 2022 Hourly Cheltenham Spa to Cardiff Central services from December 2022 Introduce new FLIRT diesel-electric multiple units on the Ebbw Vale and Maesteg lines during 2022 Introduce new FLIRT tri-mode multiple units between Penarth and Bridgend to Rhymney and Coryton during 2023 2tph between Cardiff and Bridgend via the Vale of Glamorgan Line from December 2023 4tph throughout on the Rhymney line from December 2023 Introduce Citylink tram-trains to the City Line during 2023 Eliminate diesel use on the Central Metro lines by 2024 Open new stations at Cardiff Parkway in February 2020, Crwys Road, Loudoun Square and Cardiff Bay by December 2023, Treforest Estate by December 2025, Gabalfa by 2028 Invest in Merthyr Tydfil from April 2020, Abergavenny from April 2023, Cardiff Central and Chepstow from April 2025 Develop a fleet maintenance depot at Taffs Well and a dedicated Infrastructure Management depot in the Valleys Build a Major Events Stabling Line and a new station in Llanwern TfW Rail inherited a fleet of Class 142, 143, 150, 153, 158 and 175 diesel multiple units and Mark 3 carriages from Arriva Trains Wales.
In April 2019 it added 5 153s acquired from Great Western Railway to the 8 it had. As of April 2019, all of TfW Rail's Class 142 & 143 Pacer railbus DMUs, which will be withdrawn and replaced by 2020, have had advertising vinyls applied, with the messages "The Start of a New Journey", "The Journey is Almost Over for Old Trains", "These Trains will Terminate Soon", stating rolling stock and service improvements; the Mark 3 carriages for the locomotive-hauled trains have had Transport for Wales logos applied to the ex-Arriva Trains Wales livery, as t
The A4241 is a distributor road serving Port Talbot, Wales. The A4241 begins at the Sunnycroft roundabout in Baglan near Baglan railway station traversing Seaway Parade in a south westerly direction, where it serves the Baglan Bay area and the Baglan Energy Park, until the junction with Afan Way; the route continues in a south easterly direction along Afan Way, serving the Sandfields housing estate to the southwest and the Baglan Industrial Park and Neath Port Talbot Hospital to the northeast. The A4241 crosses the River Afan and traverses the northern area of Port Talbot docks, it continues past the steelworks where it joins the A48 and the M4 motorway at M4 Junction 38. The Peripheral Distributor Road was developed to assist in the industrial and commercial development of the south western area of Port Talbot, to free the flow of traffic from the busy section of the M4 motorway between Junctions 38 at Margam and Junction 41 at Baglan and to provide environmental improvements, by way of reduced traffic noise and pollution, to the populated residential areas between these junctions.
The route of the A4241 provides access to land, available for development and removes local traffic from the M4, approaching full capacity around Port Talbot. It is forecast that traffic volumes will rise in the future by 40%. Since the areas beside the elevated section is well developed, it is not feasible to widen the motorway; the Peripheral Distributor Road scheme is funded by the Welsh Assembly Government Transport Grant, Objective 1 and the Local Regeneration Fund. The scheme was designed by Neath Port Talbot County Borough Council and tendered under the Engineering and Construction Contract, Option D; the successful tenderer was the Hochtief Griffiths Joint Venture. The route is being developed in stages: Swanesa A-Z Street Atlas. Geographers A-Z Map Company Ltd. ISBN 1-84348-150-2. "Port Talbot Peripheral Distributor Road". Neath Port Talbot County Borough Council. Retrieved 2008-07-23; the Port Talbot PDR on the Gregory Environmental Limited website Harbour Way Project Harbour Way Project on the Neath Port Talbot Council website