Khan Bahadur - a compound of khan and Bahadur - was a formal title of respect and honour, conferred on Muslim and other non-Hindu subjects of the British Indian Empire. It was a title one degree higher than the title of Khan Sahib; the title was conferred along with a medal and a citation and the recipient was entitled to prefix the title to his name. The title was conferred on behalf of the British Indian Government by the Viceroy and Governor-General of India; the title "Khan Bahadur" was conferred by the Mughal Empire on Muslim subjects in recognition of public services rendered and was adopted by the British Indian Empire for the same purpose and extended to cover other non-Hindu subjects of the Indian Empire. Hindu subjects of the British Indian Empire were conferred the title of "Rai Bahadur"; the chronological list of recipients below is not exhaustive 31 December 1895 Sardar Mir Muhammad Hassan Gichki of Sami. 1899, Khan Bahadur Ghulam Haider Khan. 4 April 1903, Khan Bahadur Cayan Uddin Ahmet.
14 June 1912, Khan Bahadur Sayed Rustom Ali. 1912, Khan Bahadur, Nadir Husain, District Superintendent of Police, Bengal. The title of Khan Bahadur was conferred on him in recognition of his services in the Police Department in June, 1912. 1914, Khan Bahadur Muhammad Hira Khan, (Civil Engineer from University of Roorkee. Title conferred in January, 1914. 1918, Khan Bahadur Abdullah Al-Abdulelah Al-Qenaei. Had the title of Khan Sahib in 1914 Kuwait. 1918, Khan Bahadur Shah Jehan Khan, Nawab Of Dir. 1918, Maulvi Abul Fazl Ahmad, Jorhat, Assam 1919, Khan Bahadur Taj Muhammad Khan, Marghuz Village, Mardan Tehsil. 1919, Khan Bahadur Alam Khan Sherwani. Sultan Abdul rahman Ali Raja, House of Arakkal. 1920, Rana Talia Muhammad Khan for meritorious services. 1920, Khan Bahadur Taj Muhammad Khan, of Badrashi, Contractor Supply and Transport Corps, Nowshera. NWFP 1921, Khan Bahadur Qutub Uddin, Rohila Empire 1922, Sardar Nawab Khan Luni Sardar of Luni Tribe, For meritorious services in Balochistan. January,1925 Khan Sahib Sayad Nazir Husain,M.
B. E. Civil Surgeon,Punjab. 1925, Muhammad Salim'Ali Adviser on Arab affairs in Aden. 2 January 1925 from Aden Colony, awarded the title'Bahadur Khan' Advisor on Arab Affairs Translation and Administration Services * HAJI ABDULLAH HAJI KASIM SAHEB BAHADUR 1925, Khan Bahadur Aga Syed Hussain Governor of Kashmir,later the First Muslim Minister to Maharaja Hari Singh in the Dogra Rule,awarded for his meritorious services. 1928, Alhaj Ghulam Muhammad Khan son of Khan Naurang Khan, an elder of Spin Gund faction of Lakki Marwat was awarded this title for streamlining cordial relationship between the British and hostile Spin Gund tribe of Lakki Marwat. The Deputy Commissioner/Collector of District Bannu/Edwardabad at that time Major A. E. D. Parton had to send his medal and Sanad through a messenger as he declined to attend the public awarding ceremony at Deputy Commissioner's Office in Bannu. 1928, Khan Bahadur Shah Hayat Ahmad, Sajjadah Nasheen Dargah Rudauli Sharif, Khanqah Shaikh Ahmad Abdul Haq, on 4 February 1928.
1929 Khan Bahadur P. Kalifulla Sahib Dewan of Pudukkottai State,co- founder of justice party 1929, Khan Bahadur Maj. Gen. Fateh Naseeb Khan, was awarded the title of Khan Bahadur on 17 January 1929 1930, Khan Bahadur, Syed Niaz Qutb, Post Master General, Indian Civil Service, Government of India under the British Crown, titled conferred as a recognition of his personal distinction in administrative services and professional contribution to the institution of post office in British administered India 1931, Khan Bahadur, Khan Sahib Chaudhri Khair-Ud-Din. Borstal Institution, Lahore Punjab. For services to the Crown and construction of Montgomerycanal in Punjab.. 1933, Khan Bahadur Justice Syed Ziaul Hasan, Chief Justice at Chief Court of Awadh, Lucknow. He belongs to a Zamindar Family of Moradabad and was the district & session judge when the title of Khan Bahadur was confer upon him as a personal distinction by Viceroy Lord Willington. 1934, Khan Bahadur Saiyid Abdul Hasan, District Settlement Officer and President of the Court of Wards in the United Provinces.
He belonged to a taluqdari family of Faizabad in the United Provinces. 1936, Khan Bahadur Muhammad Sher Khan, Marghuz Village, Mardan Tehsil. 1937, - Khan Bahadur Qazi Naseer Uddin Haider 1940, - Khan Bahadur Syed Muhammad Ameer Naqvi.- 1943, Rao Qurban Ali khan, Hen Bane Nursery, saharanpur 1944, Khan Bahadur Munshi Abdul Karim Khan, Deputy Superintendent of police, city Bareilly. 1945, Maulvi Mahammad Roufique, Nowgaon local board. 1948, Lt Colonel Khan Bahadur Muhammad Hassan Khan, 1st Muslim Army Officer, appointed by Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah as 1st Director General Survey of Pakistan belongs to village Domeli near Jhelum. He served in the British Royal Army as well as in Pakistan Army in the Magnificent 4th Bn of Engineer Regiment, One of the most courageous and generous officers who fought in World War I & II; because of him Pakistan occupied 3871 Square Km more during partition through the Red Cliff award. He passed away on 21 Dec 1948. Father of Lieutenant Colonel Qurban Hassan Khan 18 PMA Long Course, Chief Instructor ISI Advisor to the Prime Minister UAE.
His Grand son Lt Colonel Fa
Bahadur is a comic book superhero published by Indrajal Comics and created by Aabid Surti in 1976. Although it had been created by Aabid Surti a few years earlier, it was offered to Indrajal Comics. Aabid Surti was at that time freelancing for Coleman & Co.. Ltd.. After he moved on, Jagjit Uppal took over the task; the artwork was illustrated by Govind Brahmania and by his son, B Pramod. The comics were published in various languages including Hindi and Bengali. Besides regular comics, the series was featured in dailies and weeklies along with other comic heroes; the comic strip was created in December, 1976. Dacoity was at its worst in India in the 1970s and the Bahadur series focussed a lot on dacoits. Bahadur himself was the son of a dacoit Bhairav Singh, who died in combat with Police. Bahadur a teenager, was adopted by Vishal, the police officer who shot Bhairav Singh. Upon growing up, Bahadur set up the Citizen's Security Force or the Hindi translation Naagrik Suraksha Dal that aids the police in combating dacoits.
Though Bahadur dealt with many kinds of villains, he displayed a much softer corner towards dacoits trying to rehabilitate them. One of his assistants Lakhan was a reformed dacoit. After surrendering to the police, he started helping Bahadur in curbing crime. Bela is Bahadur's love interest in the comic series and skilled in martial arts, she assists Bahadur in his missions against the villains. Whenever, Bahadur would ask Bela to go out with him Bela's favorite reply was "Neki, aur puchh, puchh"; the other prominent characters featuring in the series were Sukhiya and Lakhan. While Sukhiya was a policeman, Mukhiya was the village leader. Bahadur got a dog Chammiya in some of the stories; the stories portrayed the changing face of India. While beginning with dacoits in deep ravines and the small town of Jaigarh, Bahadur moved to tackling themes such as espionage; the town itself moved from being a small sleepy town to a modern city. Aabid Surti conceived of Bahadur and started the comic strip in 1976.
"Bennett, Coleman & Co wanted me to create an Indian character that could take on the popularity of the four foreign comics that ruled the market in India then—The Phantom, Flash Gordon and Tarzan," he says. "During that time, the Chambal Valley was becoming notorious, there were exhortations to people to group together to fight crime. So I developed the character of Bahadur as someone who helps create a citizens' police force to fight the dacoits." Surti has an interesting explanation for why Bahadur sports jeans. "A kurta and saffron were symbols of Indianness. And jeans were indicated progress. Hence, the combination," he says. "In fact, I have showed Bahadur and his girlfriend, Bela, in a live-in relationship—something unheard of in those times. But it was well accepted by the audience." Though Bahadur's portrayal changed with time as the artists drawing the series changed, Bahadur's appearance remained the same until 1986, when his trade mark long-hair chopped to shorter & a neat look, which gave him a necessary urban look, his outfit was changed from an orange kurta to a tight-fitting pink long-sleeved T-shirt.
This series stopped in April 1990. Mukhiya had a habit of saying "Kasam Ganga maiya ki" for everything. Blog post: http://dara-indrajal.blogspot.com/2007/07/bahadur-brave.html Article: http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/Review/The_Ghost_Still_Walks/articleshow/3089506.cms
East India Company
The East India Company known as the Honourable East India Company or the British East India Company and informally as John Company, Company Bahadur, or The Company, was an English and British joint-stock company. It was formed to trade in the Indian Ocean region with Mughal India and the East Indies, with Qing China; the company ended up seizing control over large parts of the Indian subcontinent, colonised parts of Southeast Asia, colonised Hong Kong after a war with Qing China. Chartered as the "Governor and Company of Merchants of London trading into the East Indies", the company rose to account for half of the world's trade in basic commodities including cotton, indigo dye, spices, saltpetre and opium; the company ruled the beginnings of the British Empire in India. In his speech to the House of Commons in July 1833, Lord Macaulay explained that since the beginning, the East India company had always been involved in both trade and politics, just as its French and Dutch counterparts had been.
The company received a Royal Charter from Queen Elizabeth I on 31 December 1600, coming late to trade in the Indies. Before them the Portuguese Estado da Índia had traded there for much of the 16th century and the first of half a dozen Dutch Companies sailed to trade there from 1595; these Dutch companies amalgamated in March 1602 into the United East Indies Company, which introduced the first permanent joint stock from 1612. By contrast, wealthy merchants and aristocrats owned the EIC's shares; the government owned no shares and had only indirect control until 1657 when permanent joint stock was established. During its first century of operation, the focus of the company was trade, not the building of an empire in India. Company interests turned from trade to territory during the 18th century as the Mughal Empire declined in power and the East India Company struggled with its French counterpart, the French East India Company during the Carnatic Wars of the 1740s and 1750s; the battles of Plassey and Buxar, in which the British defeated the Bengali powers, left the company in control of Bengal and a major military and political power in India.
In the following decades it increased the extent of the territories under its control, controlling the majority of the Indian subcontinent either directly or indirectly via local puppet rulers under the threat of force by its Presidency armies, much of which were composed of native Indian sepoys. By 1803, at the height of its rule in India, the British East India company had a private army of about 260,000—twice the size of the British Army, with Indian revenues of £13,464,561, expenses of £14,017,473; the company came to rule large areas of India with its private armies, exercising military power and assuming administrative functions. Company rule in India began in 1757 and lasted until 1858, following the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the Government of India Act 1858 led to the British Crown's assuming direct control of the Indian subcontinent in the form of the new British Raj. Despite frequent government intervention, the company had recurring problems with its finances, it was dissolved in 1874 as a result of the East India Stock Dividend Redemption Act passed one year earlier, as the Government of India Act had by rendered it vestigial and obsolete.
The official government machinery of British India assumed the East India Company's governmental functions and absorbed its navy and its armies in 1858. Soon after the defeat of the Spanish Armada in 1588, the captured Spanish and Portuguese ships with their cargoes enabled English voyagers to travel the globe in search of riches. London merchants presented a petition to Queen Elizabeth I for permission to sail to the Indian Ocean; the aim was to deliver a decisive blow to the Portuguese monopoly of Far Eastern Trade. Elizabeth granted her permission and on 10 April 1591 James Lancaster in the Bonaventure with two other ships sailed from Torbay around the Cape of Good Hope to the Arabian Sea on one of the earliest English overseas Indian expeditions. Having sailed around Cape Comorin to the Malay Peninsula, they preyed on Spanish and Portuguese ships there before returning to England in 1594; the biggest capture that galvanised English trade was the seizure of the large Portuguese Carrack, the Madre de Deus by Sir Walter Raleigh and the Earl of Cumberland at the Battle of Flores on 13 August 1592.
When she was brought in to Dartmouth she was the largest vessel, seen in England and her cargo consisted of chests filled with jewels, gold, silver coins, cloth, pepper, cinnamon, benjamin, red dye and ebony. Valuable was the ship's rutter containing vital information on the China and Japan trades; these riches aroused the English to engage in this opulent commerce. In 1596, three more English ships were all lost at sea. A year however saw the arrival of Ralph Fitch, an adventurer merchant who, along with his companions, had made a remarkable fifteen-year overland journey to Mesopotamia, the Persian Gulf, the Indian Ocean and Southeast Asia. Fitch was consulted on the Indian affairs and gave more valuable information to Lancaster. On 22 September 1599, a group of merchants met and stated their intention "to venture in the pretended voyage to the East Indies, the sums that they will adventure", committing £30
The Mikoyan MiG-27 is a variable-geometry ground-attack aircraft built by the Mikoyan-Gurevich design bureau in the Soviet Union and licence-produced in India by Hindustan Aeronautics as the Bahadur. It optimised for air-to-ground attack. Unlike the MiG-23, the MiG-27 did not have widespread use outside Russia, as most countries opted for the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-23BN and Sukhoi Su-22 instead, it remains in service with the Indian and Sri Lankan Air Forces in the ground attack role. All Russian and Ukrainian MiG-27s have been retired; the MiG-27 shares the basic airframe of the MiG-23, but with a revised nose – nicknamed "Utkonos" in Russian service, first introduced on the MiG-23B. Dissatisfaction with the MiG-23BN led to the further development of the basic airframe to accommodate a stronger undercarriage, simpler intakes and a shorter exhaust nozzle, without radar in favor of a downward-sloping profile for improved pilot visibility, a laser rangefinder and marked-target seeker. Among its test pilots, it was called "Balkon" because of the increased frontal view from the cockpit.
Additional cockpit armor was installed, along with a new nav/attack system. Since the MiG-27 was intended to fly most of its missions at low altitude, the MiG-23's variable intake ramps and exhaust nozzles were discarded in favor of a simpler fixed configuration, reducing weight and maintenance requirements; the aircraft has larger, heavy-duty landing gear to facilitate operation from poorer-quality airfields. In accordance with the MiG-27s strike and low-level attack requirements, provisions were made to mount missiles and precision-guided munitions, as well as retaining a nuclear capability in line with other Soviet combat aircraft by introducing specialized navigation systems. Soviet forces used the MiG-27 during the stages of the Afghanistan conflict in 1987–89. Although several Western observers considered the MiG-27 exported, confusing it with the MiG-23BN, the aircraft type was only exported to India and Sri Lanka which utilized the MiG-27 in regional conflicts. MiG-27 aircraft entered service with the Sri Lanka Air Force in 2000.
During the Sri Lankan Civil War, they saw considerable action bombing targets and providing close air support. In August 2000, a MiG-27 crashed near Colombo International Airport. In July 2001, a second MiG-27 was destroyed and another damaged on the ground during an assault on the same air force base by the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam. A MiG-27 crashed into the sea near the airport in June 2004. Another MiG-27 fighter jet crashed on a routine training mission on 13 February 2012 near the Dummalasuriya area at around 1.35 pm. The pilot managed to eject from the jet without sustaining injuries. On 27 May 1999, during the Kargil War, one Indian MiG-27 was lost together with a MiG-21 while supporting an Indian ground offensive in the Kashmir region. Since 2001, the Indian Air Force has lost more than 12 MiG-27s to crashes. In mid-February 2010, India grounded its entire fleet of over 150 of the aircraft after a MiG-27 crashed on 16 February 2010 in Siliguri, West Bengal; the crash was attributed to defects in the R-29 engines of the aircraft, suspected to have occurred during the overhauling of the aircraft by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited.
Another MiG-27 crashed in the Barmer area on 27 January 2015. India retired the last MiG-27ML squadron on 29 December 2017. Two Squadrons based in Jodhpur continue to fly on upgraded MiG-27UPG. 12 MiG-27 remains in service with the Kazakh Air Force. MiG-23BThe first Flogger attack variant was powered by the AL-21F. Only 24 were produced, due a lack of engines, it was armed with the GSh-23L cannon. MiG-23BNDerived from the MiG-23B, but powered by the R29B-300 engine; this gave the advantage of making this variant exportable. The R29B-300 offered commonality with the MiG-23MS and MiG-23MF fighter variants sold to the rest of world, it was armed with 200 rounds. MiG-27 This was the first in the MiG-27 family to have a canopy without the central frame, suggesting that the ejection seat was designed to directly break through the transparency; the dielectric head above the pylon on the MiG-23 was used on the MiG-27 to house electro-optical and radio-frequency gear instead. It was the first variant armed with a Gryazev-Shipunov GSh-6-30M Gatling gun.
Its NATO reporting name was Flogger-D. MiG-27K NATO reporting name: Flogger-J2; the MiG-27K was most advanced Soviet variant, with a laser designator and compatibility with TV-guided electro-optical weapons. It carried the GSh-6-30 cannon. Around 200 were built. MiG-27MNATO reporting name: Flogger-J; this model was a cheaper variant than the MiG-27K, but much better than the MiG-23B, MiG-23BN, MiG-27, with the electro-optical and radio-frequency heads above the glove pylons deleted. It was first armed with the GSh-6-23M Gatling gun, but this was replaced by a new 30 mm GSh-6-30 six-barrel cannon with 260 rounds of ammunition in a fuselage gondola, it received much-improved electronic countermeasure systems, a new PrNK-23K nav/attack system providing automatic flight control, gun firing, weapons release. However, this modification was not successful because of the heavy recoil from the new cannon, bursts longer than two or three seconds led to permanent damage to the airframe. Test pilot V. N. Kondaurov described the first firing of the GSh-6-30А: "As I imposed the central mark on the