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Bahun or Khas Brahmin or Nepali Brahman is a caste among Khas people, whose origins are from Indo-Aryans of Northern India. According to 2011 Nepal census, Brahman/Bahun stands as second most populous group after Chhetri in Nepal. According to 1854 Muluki Ain, Bahuns were regarded as caste among sacred thread bearers and twice-born Hindus. Brahmin-Hill together with Chhetri were people of Indo-Aryan ancestry who have migrated in large scale from northern India. Traditionally, Bahuns were members of Khas community together with Chhetris. Due to political power of the Khasa Malla kingdom, Khas Bahun and Khas Rajput had high social status as indigenous plain Brahmins and Rajputs in the present-day western Nepal. Bahuns, regarded as upper class Khas group together with Chhetri, were associated with the Gorkha Kingdom. Bahun are referred with tribal designation of Khas in most of the context than lower occupational Khas castes like Kami, etc. Bahuns were divided into two clans on the basis of residency.

The Bahun residents east of Mahakali river were known as Purbiya Bahun and west of the river were known as Kumain Bahun. Kumain is a direct derivative of Kumaoni, meaning residents of Kumaon; some of the surnames of Bahun are Adhikari, Kafle, Panta, Oli, Khanal, Rijal, etc According to the 2011 Nepal census, Bahuns appear as the second most populous group after Chhetri with 12.2% of Nepal's population. Bahun are the second largest Hindu group with a population of 3,212,704. Bahuns are the largest group in 15 districts in Nepal: Jhapa, Kathmandu, Nawalparasi, Kaski, Parbat and Arghakhanchi. Among these, Bahuns in Parbat, Syangja, Chitwan and Gulmi consist more than 25% of the district population. Kathmandu has largest Bahun population with 410,126 people. Bahuns have the highest civil service representation with 39.2% of Nepal's bureaucracy while having only 12.1% of Nepal's total population. The civil service representation to population ratio is 3.2 times for Bahuns, fourth in Nepal. Kshetris represent 5.6 times in civil services to their percentage of population, the highest in Nepal.

As per the Public Service Commission of Nepal and Chhetris were two largest caste group to obtain governmental jobs in the fiscal year 2017-18 though 45% governmental seats are reserved for women, lower caste and tribes, people with disability and those from the backward regions. In the fiscal 2018-19, Bahuns and Chhetris maintained 55% of their proportion in civil service as per Public Service Commission. Bahunbaad along with Bahun-Chhetri phenomenon has been dubbed as sociopolitical dominance of Khas-Pahades in Nepal; this dominance has emerged a critical condition for Bahun and Chhetri males for depriving of opportunities due to quota and Reservation for other castes. Former Prime Minister of Nepal, Baburam Bhattarai, a Brahman,had argued that Khas Arya dominates the 80% institutions in Nepal and meritocratic system should not be introduced in Nepal. Opposingly, it is known that the Bahun-Chhetri dominance was based on formal legal system and the guilt of state capture is targeted by quota-reservation supporters.

EU mission suggested the Nepalese government to deny Khas Aryas their proportional representation election quota. Ranga Nath Poudyal Krishna Prasad Koirala and Koirala family Matrika Prasad Koirala Tanka Prasad Acharya Bishweshwar Prasad Koirala Girija Prasad Koirala Krishna Prasad Bhattarai Man Mohan Adhikari Prachanda Madhav Kumar Nepal Baburam Bhattarai Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli Caste system in Nepal Varna Caste system in India Dor Bahadur Bista. Fatalism and Development: Nepal's Struggle for Modernization. Orient Blackswan. ISBN 978-81-250-0188-1. Subba, Tanka Bahadur. Dynamics of a hill society: Nepalis in Darjeeling and Sikkim Himalayas. Mittal Publications. ISBN 9788173041143. John T Hitchcock. "An Additional Perspective on the Nepali Caste System". In James F. Fisher. Himalayan Anthropology: The Indo-Tibetan Interface. Walter de Gruyter. ISBN 978-90-279-7700-7. Richard Burghart. "The Formation of the Concept of Nation-State in Nepal". The Journal of Asian Studies. 44: 101–125. Doi:10.2307/2056748.

JSTOR 2056748. Whelpton, John. A History of Nepal. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0521804707. Sherchan, Sanjay. Democracy and Change: An Inquiry into Nepalese context. Chhye Pahhuppe. ISBN 9789993354390. Nepala Rajakiya Pragya Pratisthana. Journal of Nepalese Literature and Culture. 4. Nepal: Royal Nepal Academy

1981 Big Ten Conference football season

The 1981 Big Ten Conference football season was the 86th season of college football played by the member schools of the Big Ten Conference and was a part of the 1981 NCAA Division I-A football season. The 1981 Big Ten co-champions were Ohio State. KeyAP final = Team's rank in the final AP Poll of the 1981 season AP high = Team's highest rank in the AP Poll throughout the 1981 season PPG = Average of points scored per game PAG = Average of points allowed per game Four Big Ten teams played in bowl games at the end of the 1981 season; the Big Ten's individual statistical leaders include the following: The NCAA recognizes four selectors as "official" for the 1980 season. They are the American Football Coaches Association, the Associated Press, the Football Writers Association of America, the United Press International. Anthony Carter, wide receiver, Michigan Ed Muransky, offensive tackle, Michigan Kurt Becker, offensive guard, Michigan Tim Krumrie, middle guard, Wisconsin Reggie Roby, Iowa The following Big Ten players were selected in the first six rounds of the draft

We Like It Here

We Like It Here is an album by American jazz fusion group Snarky Puppy, released on February 25, 2014. The track "Lingus" includes a solo on the synthesizer performed by Cory Henry. All tracks are written by Michael League except. Michael League – bass guitar, Moog keybass Mike Maher – trumpet, flugelhorn Jay Jennings – trumpet, flugelhorn Chris Bullock – tenor saxophone, bass clarinet, flute Bob Reynoldstenor saxophone Yannick Hiwat – violin Tessel Hersbach – violin Mara Tieles – viola Susanne Rosmolen – cello Bill Laurance – piano, keyboards Justin Stanton – keyboards, trumpet Cory Henry – keyboards Shaun Martin – Moog talkbox, keyboards Bob Lanzetti – electric guitar Mark Lettieri – electric guitar Chris McQueen – electric guitar, baritone guitar Larnell Lewis – drums Julio Pimental – percussion Steven Brezet – percussion Nate Werth – percussion

Avtar Singh Bhadana

Avtar Singh Bhadana is an Indian politician from Indian National Congress and was a member of Seventeenth Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh representing the Meerapur assembly Constituency as a member of Bharatiya Janata Party. He has been a member of the Lok Sabha for multiple terms. Avatar Singh Bhadana belongs to a Gurjar family from Faridabad, he is an 8th class pass out from the Anangpur Village School. Aged 34, he became the Member of Parliament for Faridabad. Bhadana started his political career at a young age and became a minister in the Haryana government while he was an MLA and MP for six months in the Devi Lal government

Princess Elizabeth of Great Britain

Princess Elizabeth was a member of the British Royal Family, a grandchild of King George II and sister of King George III. Princess Elizabeth was born at St James's Square, Westminster, her father was The Prince Frederick, Prince of Wales, eldest son of King George II and Caroline of Ansbach. Her mother was The Princess of Wales, she was christened twenty-five days at Norfolk House, by The Bishop of Oxford, Thomas Secker — her godparents were The Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach, The Queen of Denmark and the Duchess of Saxe-Gotha. Little is known of her short life other than a fragment preserved in the Letters of Walpole. We have lost Lady Elizabeth, she died of an inflammation in her bowels in two days. Her figure was so unfortunate, that it would have been difficult for her to be happy, but her parts and application were extraordinary. I saw her act in "Cato" at eight years old, better than any of her sisters, she had been so unhealthy, that at that age she had not been taught to read, but had learned the part of Lucia by hearing the others study their parts.

She went to her father and mother, begged she might act. They put her off as as they could—she desired leave to repeat her part, when she did, it was with so much sense, that there was no denying her, she died on 4 September 1759 at Kew Palace and was buried at Westminster Abbey. 10 January 1741 – 4 September 1759: Her Royal Highness Princess Elizabeth List of British princesses

Vivian Reed (musical theatre actress)

Vivian Reed is an American actress and singer. She is most known for her performances in the Broadway productions of Bubbling Brown Sugar for which she won a Drama Desk Award and received her first Tony Award nomination and for The High Rollers Social and Pleasure Club for which she received her second Tony Award nomination. Reed has recorded several albums on the Epic Records and the United Artists Records labels Vivian Reed is a multi-award winner with two Tony Award nominations, Drama Desk Award, Theatre world Award, Outer Critics Circle Award, Dance Education of America Award, NAACP Award and several others. Vivian began formal voice training at the age of eight at the Pittsburgh Musical Institute continuing at New York's Juilliard School of Music followed by years of extensive dance training, she became a polished performer under the guidance of Honi Coles and Bobby Schiffman of the Apollo Theater. In 1968, Vivian had regionally popularized a Gerri Goffin and Carol King composed tune called "Yours Until Tomorrow", which achieved major success in the New York City Metropolitan area.

Vivian received critical acclaim for her work in Bubbling Brown Sugar on Europe. She captured the attention of Pierre Cardin who booked her into his theater and held her over for several weeks. Through Cardin she went to Japan for the first time and made her first European TV special, she was invited by the Prince and Princess of Monaco to perform in Monte Carlo. Vivian has appeared on many TV variety and talk shows both nationally and internationally including The Tonight Show, The Today Show and the ABC-TV daytime drama, One Life to Live, she has shared the bill with notable performers as Bill Cosby, Patti Labelle, Brian Stokes Mitchell, Audra McDonald, Elaine Stritch, Alan King, Sammy Davis Jr. Quincy Jones and Simpson and Charles Aznavour just to name a few, her film credits include Headin' for Broadway,'L'Africaine' with Catherine Deneuve and'Le Rumba,' in which she portrayed Josephine Baker. She produced and starred in a short film'What Goes Around' written by Angela Gibbs. Vivian has brought her nightclub act to major gatherings of organizations and dignitaries, including Mercedes Benz, IBM, Top Fashion Designers Gala at the Theatre Champs Elysees and the American Film Festival in Deauville.

She appeared at the Festival del Vina in Chile along with other top performers and received the coveted'Torch Award,' an honor bestowed by the mayor and citizens of Vina for only the most exceptional and stirring performances. Vivian has been featured in the world's most read and influential news and fashion magazines such as Vogue, Paris Match, Ebony, Cover of Jet and Time Magazine, her personal style and taste for designer clothes have won her a place on Mr. Blackwell's Best Dressed Women List and she was selected by People Magazine as one of the'25 Most Intriguing People of the Year.' Vivian has received critical acclaim in major productions of Sophisticated Ladies, Roar of the Greaspaint, Smell of the Crowd, Blues in the Night, Don't Bother Me, I Can't Cope, High Rollers, Show Boat in which she portrayed the role of'Queenie' and Tintypes. Her recent plays include Blues for an Alabama Sky, Crumbs from the Table of Joy, Pork Pie and Cookin' at the Cookery. Vivian was featured in the anticipated Marie Christine at Lincoln Center.

She portrayed Lena Horne in a new piece, More Than A Song with the Pittsburgh Ballet Company at the Benedum Theater in Pittsburgh. Vivian contributed her talents to the Lena Horne Awards Show hosted by Bill Cosby honoring Rosie O'Donnell and Quincy Jones at the Ford Center for the Performing Arts in New York, she appeared in Three Mo' Divas, the follow-up to Three Mo' Tenors at the San diego Rep. and Arena Stage in Washington, DC and as an actress received critical acclaim for her portrayal as Gloria Franklin in The Second Tosca written by Tom Rowan. Vivian has given back of her talent by teaching nearly three years at Berklee College of Music in Boston where she created a performance class teaching the many aspects of performing and establishing a yearly concert event called Singer's Night, she presented her nightclub act to two sold out houses and concluded two book musical workshops'One For My Baby' and'The Countess Of Storyville.' In 2014, Vivian Reed received the'Kingdom of Excellence Award' an honor bestowed by Dr. Michelle Harris CEO of Vindicated Magazine for her lifetime achievements and spirit of excellence.

Besides her theatrical career she has made a total of six albums, done voice overs and TV commercials and she is a professional photographer and scarf designer....vjr scarves. Vivian Reed at the Internet Broadway Database Vivian Reed on IMDb Official website