5th United States Congress
The Fifth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, consisting of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met at Congress Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania from March 4,1797 to March 4,1799, the apportionment of seats in this House of Representatives was based on the First Census of the United States in 1790. Both chambers had a Federalist majority. S, followed by naval skirmishes but no war is declared April 30,1798, The U. S. Department of the Navy was established, Sess. 35,1 Stat.553 June 18,1798, Alien and Sedition Acts,54,1 Stat.566 June 25,1798, Alien and Sedition Acts, Sess. 58,1 Stat.570 July 6,1798, Alien and Sedition Acts,66,1 Stat.577 July 9,1798, Act Further to Protect the Commerce of the United States, Sess. 68,1 Stat.578 July 11,1798, The United States Marine Corps was established,72,1 Stat.594 July 14,1798, Alien and Sedition Acts, Sess. 74,1 Stat.596 July 16,1798, Marine Hospital Service Act,77,1 Stat.605 April 7,1798 - Mississippi Territory was organized, Sess.
It was formerly a portion of Georgia and South Carolina June 7,1797, July 7,1797, Existing treaties with France were rescinded, Sess. 67,1 Stat.578 Details on changes are shown below in the Changes in membership section, senators are listed in order of seniority, and Representatives are listed by district. Senators were elected by the state legislatures every two years, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress, preceding the names in the list below are Senate class numbers, which indicate the cycle of their election. The count below reflects changes from the beginning of this Congress There were 9 resignations,2 deaths,1 expulsion,1 late selection, neither party had a net gain of seats. There were 9 resignations and 3 deaths, the Federalists had a 1-seat net loss and the Democratic-Republicans had a 1-seat net gain. Lists of committees and their party leaders, otis of Massachusetts, elected April 8,1789 Doorkeeper, James Mathers of New York, elected April 7,1789 Chaplain, William White, elected December 9,1790 Clerk, Jonathan W.
The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress, the Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts
Jonathan Mason (Massachusetts politician)
Jonathan Mason was a Federalist United States Senator and Representative from Massachusetts during the early years of the United States. Mason was born in Boston, Massachusetts and he attended Boston Latin School the College of New Jersey, graduating in 1774. After studying law, he was admitted to the bar in 1779, on April 13,1779, Mason married Susannah Powell. They had seven daughters and two sons, Miriam Clarke, married David Sears. Susan Powell, married John Collins Warren on November 17,1803, mary Bromfield, married Samuel Dunn Parker on December 12,1807 in Boston, MA. Jonathan, married Elizabeth Cowpland William Powell, married Hannah Rogers, in 1780, Mason delivered the annual address marking the Boston Massacre. He was a Member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives from 1786 to 1796, starting in 1795, Mason was a partner in the Mount Vernon Proprietors, a developer of real estate in Bostons Beacon Hill neighborhood. Around 1800 he built a mansion for himself on Mt. Vernon Street, around 1804 he hired architect Charles Bulfinch to design 4 houses, on Mt.
Vernon Street, for each of his daughters, the 4 houses still stand today. Mason was a member of the South Boston Association, which developed real estate in Dorchester, from 1797 to 1798, he served with the Massachusetts Governors Council and was elected for the following two years, and was in the Massachusetts Senate from 1799 to 1800. Following the resignation of Senator Benjamin Goodhue, he was elected to the U. S. Senate and he resumed his law practice and served again in the Massachusetts Senate from 1803 to 1804 and the Massachusetts House from 1805 to 1808. His portrait was painted by Gilbert Stuart in 1805 and he served again in the US House of Representatives from March 4,1817, to May 15,1820, whereupon he resigned to pursue his law practice. He died in Boston, at age 75 and he is interred in Mount Auburn Cemetery in Cambridge, Massachusetts
Manasseh Cutler (representative)
Manasseh Cutler was an American clergyman involved in the American Revolutionary War. Cutler was a member of the United States House of Representatives, Cutler is “rightly entitled to be called ‘The Father of Ohio University. ’” Cutler was born in Killingly, Connecticut. In 1765, he graduated from Yale College and after being a teacher in Dedham, Massachusetts. From 1771 until his death, he was pastor of the Congregational church in what was the parish of Ipswich, Massachusetts until 1793, now Hamilton. For a few months in 1776, he was chaplain to the 11th Massachusetts Regiment commanded by Colonel Ebenezer Francis, in 1778, he became chaplain to General Jonathan Titcombs brigade and took part in General John Sullivans expedition to Rhode Island. Soon after his return from this expedition he trained in medicine to supplement the scanty income of a minister, in 1782, he established a private boarding school, directing it for nearly a quarter of a century. In 1786, Cutler became interested in the settlement of lands by American pioneers to the Northwest Territory.
Cutler took a part in drafting the famous Ordinance of 1787 for the government of the Northwest Territory. In order to smooth passage of the Northwest Ordinance, Cutler bribed key congressmen by making them partners in his land company. By changing the office of governor from an elected to an appointed position, Cutler was able to offer the position to the president of Congress. From 1801 to 1805, Cutler was a Federalist representative in Congress, Cutler was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1781. He is considered a founder of Ohio University and the National Historic Landmark Cutler Hall on that campus is named in his honor and he received the degree of Doctor of Laws from Yale University in 1789. Manasseh was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society in 1813, Cutler died in 1823 at Hamilton, Massachusetts. Ephraim Cutler William P. Cutler This article incorporates text from a now in the public domain, Hugh. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, Manasseh Cutler at Ohio History Central Cutler, W. P.
Life Journals and Correspondence of Rev. Manasseh Cutler 2 vols, Louis W. Manasseh Cutler, Lobbyist
Nathan Appleton was an American merchant and politician. Appleton was born in New Ipswich, New Hampshire, the son of Isaac Appleton, Appletons father was a church deacon, and Nathan was brought up in the strictest form of Calvinistic Congregationalism. He was educated in the New Ipswich Academy, the Waltham mill employed the first power loom ever used in the United States. This proving successful, he and others purchased the water-power at Pawtucket Falls, the settlement that grew around these factories developed into the city of Lowell, of which in 1821 Mr. Appleton was one of the three founders. The effect has been to more than double the wages of that description of labor from what they were before the introduction of this manufacture, Appleton was a member of the general court of Massachusetts in 1816,1821,1822,1824 and 1827. In 1831-1833 and 1842 he served in the United States House of Representatives and he was a member of the Academy of Science and Arts, and of the Massachusetts Historical Society.
He published speeches and essays on currency and the tariff, of which his Remarks on Currency and Banking is the most celebrated, as well as his memoirs on the power loom and Lowell. He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1842, Appleton married Maria Theresa Gold on April 13,1806. Two months later, he hired the artist Gilbert Stuart to paint portraits of the newlyweds, the Appletons attended Federal Street Church. Maria Theresa Appleton died of tuberculosis in 1833, Nathan Appleton remarried on January 8,1839, to Harriot Coffin Sumner, the daughter of Jesse Sumner, a Boston merchant, and Harriot Coffin of Portland, Maine. His daughter Fanny married Henry Wadsworth Longfellow in 1843, as a wedding gift, Appleton purchased the house in which Longfellow had been renting rooms, now known as the Longfellow House–Washingtons Headquarters National Historic Site. He paid $10,000 for the home, Nathan Appleton purchased the land across the street, as Longfellows mother wrote, so that their view of the River Charles may not be intercepted.
Appleton was the cousin of William Appleton, Fanny Appleton died on July 10,1861, after accidentally catching fire, her father was too sick to attend her funeral. Appleton died the day, in Boston, on July 14,1861. Nathan Appleton Residence, Beacon Street, Boston Wilson, James Grant, John, memoir of Nathan Appleton, Boston Hale, Susan and Letters of Thomas Gold Appleton, New York Nathan Appleton Dictionary of Unitarian & Universalist Biography United States Congress. Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
Find a Grave
Find a Grave is a website that allows the public to search and add to an online database of cemetery records. It is owned by Ancestry. com, the worlds largest for-profit genealogy company, the site was created in 1995 by Salt Lake City resident Jim Tipton to support his hobby of visiting the burial sites of celebrities. He added an online forum, Find a Grave was launched as a commercial entity in 1998, first as a trade name and incorporated in 2000. The site expanded to include graves of non-celebrities, in order to allow visitors to pay respect to their deceased relatives or friends. In 2013, Tipton sold Find a Grave to Ancestry. com, burial information is a wonderful source for people researching their family history. In a September 30,2013, press release, Ancestry, as of March 2017, Find a Grave contained over 159 million burial records and 75 million photos. The website contains listings of cemeteries and graves from around the world, american cemeteries are organized by state and county, and many cemetery records contain Google Maps and photographs of the cemeteries and gravesites.
Individual grave records may contain dates and places of birth and death, biographical information and plot information, Interment listings are added by individuals, genealogical societies, and other institutions such as the International Wargraves Photography Project. Contributors must register as members to submit listings, called memorials, the submitter becomes the manager of the listing but may transfer management. Only the current manager of a listing may edit it, although any member may use the features to send correction requests to the listings manager. Managers may add links to other listings of deceased spouses, members may post requests for photos of a specific grave, these requests will be automatically sent to other members who have registered their location as being near that grave. Find a Grave maintains lists of memorials of famous persons by their claim to fame, such as Medal of Honor recipients, religious figures, Find a Grave exercises editorial control over these listings.
Canadian Headstones Interment. net National Cemetery Administrations Nationwide Gravesite Locator Random Acts of Genealogical Kindness Tombstone tourist Colker, web site answers grave concerns about stars. Web site attracts millions of grave-seekers, Find VIPs who R. I. P. through online cemetery. Genealogy, Find a Grave tremendous on many different levels, terre Haute, Community Newspaper Holdings Inc. Archived from the original on May 14,2011, Find a Grave has info youre dying to know. Tracking Down Relatives, Visiting Graves Virtually, media related to Images from Find A Grave at Wikimedia Commons Official website
United States House of Representatives
The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress which, along with the Senate, composes the legislature of the United States. The composition and powers of the House are established by Article One of the United States Constitution, since its inception in 1789, all representatives are elected popularly. The total number of voting representatives is fixed by law at 435, the House is charged with the passage of federal legislation, known as bills, after concurrence by the Senate, are sent to the President for consideration. The presiding officer is the Speaker of the House, who is elected by the members thereof and is traditionally the leader of the controlling party. He or she and other leaders are chosen by the Democratic Caucus or the Republican Conferences. The House meets in the wing of the United States Capitol. Under the Articles of Confederation, the Congress of the Confederation was a body in which each state was equally represented. All states except Rhode Island agreed to send delegates, the issue of how to structure Congress was one of the most divisive among the founders during the Convention.
The House is referred to as the house, with the Senate being the upper house. Both houses approval is necessary for the passage of legislation, the Virginia Plan drew the support of delegates from large states such as Virginia and Pennsylvania, as it called for representation based on population. The smaller states, favored the New Jersey Plan, the Constitution was ratified by the requisite number of states in 1788, but its implementation was set for March 4,1789. The House began work on April 1,1789, when it achieved a quorum for the first time, during the first half of the 19th century, the House was frequently in conflict with the Senate over regionally divisive issues, including slavery. The North was much more populous than the South, and therefore dominated the House of Representatives, the North held no such advantage in the Senate, where the equal representation of states prevailed. Regional conflict was most pronounced over the issue of slavery, One example of a provision repeatedly supported by the House but blocked by the Senate was the Wilmot Proviso, which sought to ban slavery in the land gained during the Mexican–American War.
Conflict over slavery and other issues persisted until the Civil War, the war culminated in the Souths defeat and in the abolition of slavery. Because all southern senators except Andrew Johnson resigned their seats at the beginning of the war, the years of Reconstruction that followed witnessed large majorities for the Republican Party, which many Americans associated with the Unions victory in the Civil War and the ending of slavery. The Reconstruction period ended in about 1877, the ensuing era, the Democratic and the Republican Party held majorities in the House at various times. The late 19th and early 20th centuries saw an increase in the power of the Speaker of the House
Haverhill is a city in Essex County, United States. The population was 60,879 at the 2010 census, located on the Merrimack River, it began as a farming community of Puritans, largely from Newbury Plantation. The land was purchased from the Pentuckets on November 15,1642 for three pounds, ten shillings. Pentucket was renamed Haverhill and would evolve into an important industrial center, in the 18th and 19th century, Haverhill developed woolen mills, tanneries and shipbuilding. The town was for decades home to a significant shoe-making industry. By the end of 1913, one tenth of the shoes produced in the United States were made in Haverhill, the city was known for the manufacture of hats. Haverhill has played a role in every era of American history, from the initial colonial settlement, to the French and Indian Wars. The town was founded in 1640 by settlers from Newbury, and was known as Pentucket. Settlers such as John Ward, Robert Clements, Tristram Coffin, Hugh Sheratt, William White, the land was purchased from native Indian chiefs Passaquo and Saggahew and permission was granted by Passaconaway, chief of the Pennacooks.
Settlers, Thomas Hale, Henry Palmer, Thomas Davis, James Davis, first Court appointments, given to end small causes were given to Robert Clements, Henry Palmer, and Thomas Hale. At the same court, it was John Osgood and Thomas Hale that were appointed to lay the way from Haverhill to Andover. It is said that early settlers worshipped under a large oak tree. The town was renamed for the town of Haverhill, England, in deference to the birthplace of the settlements first pastor, the original Haverhill settlement was located around the corner of Water Street and Mill Street, near the Linwood Cemetery and Burying Ground. The home of the father, William White, still stands. Whites Corner was named for his family, as was the White Fund at Bostons Museum of Fine Arts, judge Nathaniel Saltonstall was chosen to preside over the Salem witch trials in the 17th century, however, he found the trials objectionable and recused himself. However, a number of women from Haverhill were accused of witchcraft, one of the initial group of settlers, Tristram Coffin, ran an inn.
However, he grew disenchanted with the stance against his strong ales. Haverhill was for years a frontier town, and was occasionally subjected to Indian raids
Essex County, Massachusetts
Essex County is a county in the northeastern part of the U. S. state of Massachusetts. As of the 2010 census, the population was 743,159 and it is part of the Greater Boston area. The largest city in Essex County is Lynn and it has two county seats and Lawrence. The county has been designated the Essex National Heritage Area by the National Park Service, the county was created by the General Court of the Massachusetts Bay Colony on May 10,1643, when it was ordered that the whole plantation within this jurisdiction be divided into four sheires. Named after the county in England, Essex comprised the towns of Salem, Wenham, Rowley, Newbury and these large founding settlements were subdivided over the centuries to produce Essex Countys modern composition of cities and towns. Essex County is famous as the area that Elbridge Gerry districted into a shape in 1812 that gave rise to the word gerrymandering. Like several other Massachusetts counties, Essex County exists today only as a geographic region.
All former county functions were assumed by state agencies in 1999, communities are now granted the right to form their own regional compacts for sharing services. See also, League of Women Voters page on Massachusetts counties, according to the U. S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 828 square miles, of which 493 square miles is land and 336 square miles is water. All county land is incorporated into towns or cities, Essex County includes the North Shore, Cape Ann, and the lower portions of the Merrimack Valley. By 2050, it is predicted that whites will become the minority, as of the 2010 United States Census, there were 743,159 people,285,956 households, and 188,005 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,508.8 inhabitants per square mile, there were 306,754 housing units at an average density of 622.8 per square mile. The racial makeup of the county was 81. 9% white,3. 8% black or African American,3. 1% Asian,0. 4% American Indian,8. 2% from other races, and 2. 6% from two or more races.
Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 16. 5% of the population, in terms of ancestry,23. 3% were Irish,17. 1% were Italian,12. 6% were English,6. 1% were German, and 3. 6% were American. The average household size was 2.54 and the family size was 3.14. The median age was 40.4 years, the median income for a household in the county was $64,153 and the median income for a family was $81,173. Males had an income of $58,258 versus $44,265 for females. The per capita income for the county was $33,828, about 7. 7% of families and 10. 1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13. 3% of those under age 18 and 9. 4% of those age 65 or over
Abbott Lawrence was a prominent American businessman and philanthropist. On the conclusion of his apprenticeship, in 1814, the Lawrences formed a partnership, specializing in imports from Britain and China, initially called A. & A. Lawrence, the firm was named A. & A. Lawrence and Co. It continued until Amoss death, and became the greatest wholesale mercantile house in the United States and it was successful even in the hard times of 1812-1815. The firm did much for the establishment of the textile industry in New England. In 1830, it came to the aid of financially distressed mills of Lowell, in that year, the Suffolk and Lawrence companies were established in Lowell, and Luther Lawrence, the eldest brother, represented the firms interests there. When Amos retired from the business in 1831 due to ill health, many cite the Lawrence brothers as the founders of New Englands influential textile industry. In the 1820s, Lawrence became a prominent public figure—a vocal supporter of railroad construction for economic benefit and he was an ardent protectionist, and represented Massachusetts at the Harrisburg convention in 1827.
Lawrence was highly influential among Massachusetts Whigs and in 1834 was elected to the 24th Congress as a Whig and he did not run for renomination to the 25th Congress, but was re-elected to the 26th Congress. In 1842, he was appointed commissioner to settle the Northeastern Boundary Dispute between Canada and the United States, Lawrence was elected a member of the American Antiquarian Society in 1846, and subsequently was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1847. In 1848, Lawrence was a candidate for vice president on the Whig ticket. With Taylors presidential victory, he offered Lawrence a choice of positions in the administration, after rejecting a cabinet appointment, Lawrence chose the post of minister to Great Britain. Lawrence was active in Bostons Unitarian Church and donated money to various causes and he supported Lawrence Academy, affordable housing in Boston, and the Boston Public Library. He provided $50,000 to establish the Lawrence Scientific School at Harvard College and he died in Boston on August 18,1855, aged 62, and was interred in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Massachusetts.
Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, retrieved on 2008-02-15 Beach, Chandler B. ed. Lawrence, Abbott. Chicago, F. E. Compton and Co, James Grant, John, eds. Thurston, H. T. Colby, F. M. eds, George Edwin, ed. Lawrence, Abbott. Luthin, Richard H. Abraham Lincoln and the Massachusetts Whigs in 1848
John W. Heselton
John Walter Heselton was a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives from January 3,1945 until January 3,1959. Heselton represented Massachusetts first congressional district for seven consecutive terms, Heselton was born in Gardiner, Maine. He joined the United States Army for World War I, but his October,1918 enlistment came shortly before the end of the war and he graduated from Amherst College and Harvard Law School, and practiced law in Greenfield, Massachusetts. Heselton was active in Deerfield town politics, and was president of the Massachusetts Selectmens Association from 1935 to 1938 and he was the district attorney of the northwestern district of Massachusetts from 1939 to 1944. In 1944 he was elected to Congress, and served until his retirement in 1959, Heselton retired in Vero Beach and died on August 19,1962. He is buried at Oak Grove Cemetery in Gardiner, biographical Directory of the United States Congress. John W. Heselton at Find a Grave
Robert T. Davis
Robert Thompson Davis was a member of the United States House of Representatives from Massachusetts. He served as Mayor of Fall River, Massachusetts from 1873 to 1874, born in County Down, Ireland on August 28,1823, died in Fall River, October 29,1906. Davis is interred in the Oak Grove Cemetery, biographical Directory of the United States Congress
Zeno Scudder was the son of Deacon Josiah and Hannah Scudder. He was a member of the United States House of Representatives from Massachusetts and he was born in Osterville, Massachusetts on August 18,1807. He wanted to follow the sea, but a paralysis of his leg made that impossible. He studied medicine at Bowdoin College but his lameness hindered his practice so he decided to take up law at the Cambridge Law School and he was admitted to the Bar in 1856 and conducted a lucrative practice in Barnstable, Massachusetts. Scudder was a member of the Massachusetts Senate 1846–1848 and served as Senate President, Scudder was elected as a Whig to the Thirty-second and Thirty-third Congresses. His special interest while in Congress was American Fisheries and he served from March 4,1851, until his resignation on March 4,1854, because of a broken leg suffered in a fall, the effects of which he never recovered. Scudder died in Barnstable, Massachusetts on June 26,1857 and was interred in Hillside Cemetery, biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
Zeno Scudder at Find a Grave Soper Edwin L. Scudder Association, John Scudder, index 01, p.166 Zeno Scudder