Torrelles de Llobregat
Torrelles de Llobregat is a municipality in the comarca of the Baix Llobregat in the province of Barcelona, Spain. Catalunya en Miniatura, the largest of the 14 miniature parks present in Europe, is located here, 17 km from Barcelona. Website of the Municipality of Torrelles de Llobregat Government data pages
Collbató is a municipality in the comarca of the Baix Llobregat in Catalonia, Spain. It is situated on the southern slopes of Montserrat; the area has been inhabited since at least 4000 BC, as shown by Neolithic remains found in caves above the village. Although agriculture is the major economic activity, the village is home to a workshop for the manufacture of organs. Collbato pictures Josep Maria. Guia de Catalunya, Barcelona:Caixa de Catalunya. ISBN 84-87135-01-3. ISBN 84-87135-02-1. Government data pages
Begues is a municipality in the comarca of Baix Llobregat in Catalonia, Spain. It is situated in the south-west of the comarca, its municipal territory covers most of the Garraf massif including the peaks of el Montau and La Morella. Begues is an important tourist centre, it is connected with Avinyonet del Penedès and with Gavà by a local road. Begues signed a contract with the mental asylum "Pere Mata" so that the mentally challenged could contribute to the village's economy by wrapping up the popular Spanish lollipop Chupa Chups in the local factory. Panareda Clopés, Josep Maria. Guia de Catalunya, Barcelona:Caixa de Catalunya. ISBN 84-87135-01-3. ISBN 84-87135-02-1. Government data pages
El Prat de Llobregat
El Prat de Llobregat known as El Prat, is a municipality in the comarca of Baix Llobregat in Catalonia, Spain. It is situated in the delta of the Llobregat river on the right bank, bordering the coast of the Mediterranean Sea between Barcelona and Viladecans. More than a quarter of the area of the municipality is occupied by Barcelona–El Prat Airport. Apart from the transport links to the airport, the town of El Prat is served by a railway station on the coast line from Barcelona to Valencia; the municipality has a beach and a small nature reserve at the Llac de la Ricarda i del Remolar. El Prat is famous for its blue-legged chickens. El Prat forms part of the metropolitan area of Barcelona. El Prat was founded between the years 1720 and 1740, when the town started to grow besides a path crossing; the first buildings to appear were the church, the hostel, some other houses built by the farmers of the delta, who came to the church to pray. After this, the installation of a ferry to cross the river and the construction of the Ferran Puig bridge, the arrival of the railroad and the discovery of underground water improved the communication of El Prat and doubled its population.
In 1917, the installation on the town of La Papelera Espanola, a factory producing paper and derivatives, started the industrial years of El Prat. Next, in 1923, three private aerodromes started operations in El Prat, due to the flat terrain of the municipality; that was the beginning of the connection between El Prat and the world of aviation, that would end up creating Barcelona International Airport after the unification of the three aerodromes in 1948. In 1926, another company, this time of the textile sector, called "La Seda de Barcelona", built a factory in the town; that caused the final spurt of growth of El Prat. With the immigration of people from the south of Spain, the town doubled in size by 1930, again by 1950, increased its size threefold in 1970 with the creation of the neighborhoods of Sant Cosme, Sant Jordi and La Granja, built to be the home of these immigrants. With the next expansion, the population doubled in size once again, although has now reached a period of stability.
At El Prat De Llobregat stands the Gearbox del Prat plant owned by the Spanish car maker SEAT, one of the five production sites in the world manufacturing transmission parts and gearboxes for the Volkswagen Group. Vueling Airlines has its head office in the Parque de Negocios Mas Blau II in El Prat de Llobregat. Before its dissolution, Clickair had its head office in El Prat de Llobregat. Public centers in El Prat de Llobregat PreschoolSol Solet Dumbo El Cabusset La Vailets El Xumet del Prat Llar d'infants Hello KittyKindergarten and primary education Joan Maragall Escola Mare de Déu del Carme Jacint Verdaguer Charles Darwin Josep Tarradellas Sant Cosme i Sant Damià Bernat Metge Escola del Parc Galileo Galilei Sant Jaume Jaume Balmes Pompeu Fabra Ramón LlullPrivate schools Col·legi Seda Acadèmia Nuestra Señora del Mar García-Lorca Escola Mare de Déu del CarmeSecondary education and baccalaureate Estany de la Ricarda Baldiri Guilera Salvador Dalí Doctor Trueta Illa dels Banyols Institut Ribera BaixaSpecial education center Can RigolAdult schools Sant Cosme Terra Baixa Metropolitan area of Barcelona Zona Franca Panareda Clopés, Josep Maria.
Guia de Catalunya, Barcelona:Caixa de Catalunya. ISBN 84-87135-01-3. ISBN 84-87135-02-1. Artistic and historical buildings in Prat de Llobregat El Prat City Council Government data pages
Sant Boi de Llobregat
Sant Boi de Llobregat is a town of 82,142 inhabitants in the Barcelona province in Catalonia, located aside the Llobregat river. The town is divided into six districts: Ciutat Cooperativa-Molí Nou, Marianao-Can Paulet, Barri Centre, Vinyets-Molí Vell, Camps Blancs-Canons-Orioles and Casablanca, it borders to the north with the towns of Santa Coloma de Cervelló, Sant Joan Despí and the village of Sant Climent de Llobregat, to the east with the town of Cornellà de Llobregat, to the west with Viladecans and to the south with El Prat de Llobregat, having a narrow land extension to the south that enters into the Mediterranean Sea. Though the main business activity is centered in the trading and service sector, Sant Boi has a remarkable industrial activity for metallurgy; the mayor is Lluïsa Moret Sabidó. The city council's seats are as follows: Socialists' Party of Catalonia 10 Initiative for Catalonia Greens 4 Citizens – Party of the Citizenry 3 Republican Left of Catalonia 3 Gent de Sant Boi 2 People's Party 2 Convergence and Union 1 The finding of archeological remains corresponding to Iberian colonies and the Romans - a noteworthy Roman bath is located near the river - suggests that the origins of Sant Boi can be found in pre-Roman times.
Like most of the surrounding lands, from the 8th to the 11th century the town was controlled by the Moors, until their expulsion from Iberia during the Reconquista. The Moors called it "Alcala", which means castle, due to the existence of a hillock from where the river and the valley were dominated, its present name derives from the name of Saint Baudilus, known as Baldiri in Catalonia. During the Middle Ages the village was progressively populated, growing from the surroundings of the castle to adjacent zones. A baroque-style church was built during the 16th century; the growth kept on during the following centuries, giving rise to numerous "Masies" near the river and the most fertile lands. At the end of the 19th century Sant Boi was a village of nearly 5000 inhabitants, with an economy based in agriculture. At the beginnings of the 20th century the first industries flourished in Sant Boi, ranging from brick manufacture to metalwork. With the end of the Spanish Civil War in 1939 there is a massive inflow of immigration coming from diverse points of the Spanish geography.
These flows of population consisted in people from villages and small towns searching a job and career opportunities in the town of Barcelona, stimulated by the increasing demand of workmanship in the regrowth of the Catalan industry during the postwar period. The population rises from 10.000 people in 1940 to 65.000 in 1975. This period is characterized by the construction of complete quarters dedicated to housing for the immigration. Nowadays Sant Boi is a town with more than 80,000 inhabitants, with well-established industrial and services sectors, a healthy cultural and recreational offer. Sant Baldiri's church Termas Romanas Sant Ramon hermitage There is a rugby union club, UE Santboiana, a football club, FC Santboià. Sergio Aguza - footballer Carlos Casquero - former footballer Pau Gasol - NBA player Marc Gasol - NBA player Both Gasol brothers were born in Barcelona, at the hospital where their parents worked; the family moved from another Barcelona suburb, Cornellà, to Sant Boi when Pau was 6 years old and Marc a year old.
Oriol Ripol - professional rugby player Manel Esteller - scientist Panareda Clopés, Josep Maria. Guia de Catalunya, Barcelona: Caixa de Catalunya. ISBN 84-87135-01-3. ISBN 84-87135-02-1. Artistic and historical buildings in Sant Boi de Llobregat Sant Boi's City Council's Site in Catalan Sant Boi's City Council's official statistic site in Catalan Government data pages
Molins de Rei
Molins de Rei is a municipality located 18 km from Barcelona's city centre, in the comarca of Baix Llobregat in Catalonia, Spain. It is situated on the left bank of the Llobregat river, on the A-7 autopista from Valencia to La Jonquera and the main N-II road, its location has made Molins de Rei a strategic and dynamic municipality, with significant examples of commercial and industrial entrepreneurship. Its name, Molins de Rei, has its origins in the royal windmills that existed in this area, documented as early as 1188; these mills were built by order of the King Alfonso II, their construction established the municipality. By 1208, a parish and church as well as a cemetery had been built in the town. In 1309, the town was part of the county of Pallars; when she died, the town changed owners to Hugo de Arborea and on, it was transferred to the convent of Santa Clara in Sardinia. Again in 1366, the lands were purchased by Berenguer de Relat. In 1430, it was again transferred to Galceran de Requesens i de Santacoloma who built a palace in the village, visited by personalities of the time such as the Catholic Monarchs or Christopher Columbus.
In 1763 a bridge was built to cross the Llobregat river, by order of the King Charles III of Spain. This bridge turned the village into a strategic location during the Peninsular War, the town was subjected to grave attacks and fires in several occasions. During these attacks, several significant buildings were destroyed, such as the Palace of Requesens; the Palace of Recasens, ruined by a looting during the 19th century, dates from the 15th century. Outside the town are the ruins of the Castellciuró castle, built in 1066—perhaps over a previous Visigoth fortification— and destroyed in 985 by troops of al-Mansur Ibn Abi Aamir. Remains include a tower and parts of the walls; the Romanesque chapel of Sant Pere de Romaní, known from 1011, has a rectangular shape, with a barrel vaulted ceiling, a bell tower. The Molins de Rei train station is served by RENFE railway lines R1 and R4 which run to and from central Barcelona, taking 25 minutes to and from Plaça Catalunya. Local buses connect the town to central Barcelona and since it is in the Barcelona Metropolitan Area, a tourist will be able to find the distinctive yellow taxis in the square where the Avinguda de Barcelona and the Avinguda de València meet.
In addition, the town is served by the C-1413 road to Sabadell. Luis de Requesens y Zúñiga, 16th-century Spanish diplomat and politician Agustí Roc Amador, ski mountaineer and long-distance runner Margarita Xirgu, international actress. Miquel Carbonell Selva and landscape painter Lorca, Spain Chinandega, Nicaragua Panareda Clopés, Josep Maria. Guia de Catalunya, Barcelona:Caixa de Catalunya. ISBN 84-87135-01-3. ISBN 84-87135-02-1. Government data pages
Esplugues de Llobregat
Esplugues de Llobregat is a municipality of the Barcelona metropolitan area. It belongs to the comarca of Baix Llobregat, Barcelona province, Spain. During the recent decades Esplugues has evolved from a predominantly industrial city to a modern city with all services, preserving however its cultural and historical identity, it is known for its characteristic old quarter, the only one in the Baix Llobregat area with such evocative and romantic areas as el Carrer de Montserrat and the palace of Can Cortada, home to the Baron Maldà, author of Calaix de Sastre, the most representative work of Catalan literature of the late 18th century. Esplugues holds a remarkable natural area with parks and green spaces such as the Park of Solidarity, the Park of Torrents and the Can Vidalet Park. From the mountain of Sant Pere Màrtir it is possible to enjoy a picturesque viewpoint of the entire town; the German School of Barcelona and the American School of Barcelona are located in town and attract wealthy expatriate families who decide to get their kids educated there.
Due to its proximity to the Camp Nou stadium, many famous footballers reside in Esplugues, such as Gerard Piqué and his wife Shakira, Andrés Iniesta, Dani Alves, as well as the motorcycle racer Sete Gibernau, the former World Number 1 tennis player Arantxa Sánchez, other personalities in the Spanish showbiz. Esplugues de Llobregat has an excellent road network, being connected to the highways B-20 and B-23, the N-340 road, its location right across from the Avinguda Diagonal, the most important avenue in Barcelona; the city resides 11 km away from the Airport of Barcelona, it is 13 km away from the port of Barcelona, 10 km away to the Catalan capital downtown. It is linked to Barcelona through the following bus lines: 57, 63, 67, 68, 157, metropolitan buses, T1, T2 and T3 Trambaix lines; the only metro station in the area is Can Vidalet, on the L5 line. Two other stops are under construction and will be opened in 2018; the first nominal legal land section, a little portion of land with a few homes and a few inhabitants, in what is today Esplugues was made in 1096.
The first documents which talk about a town called Esplugues de Llobregat date from the 14th century. International schools in the municipality include: German School of Barcelona American School of Barcelona Ahrensburg, Germany Macael, Spain Carme Chacón: Minister of Defence Óscar Jaenada: Actor Mercedes Milá: Journalist Lorenzo Milá: Journalist Pilar Giménez García: Musician Gerard Piqué: Footballer Panareda Clopés, Josep Maria. Guia de Catalunya, Barcelona:Caixa de Catalunya. ISBN 84-87135-01-3. ISBN 84-87135-02-1. Official site Government data pages