Bajura District

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Bajura
बाजुरा
District
Location of Bajura
Location of Bajura
Coordinates: 29°26′49″N 81°29′12″E / 29.44694°N 81.48667°E / 29.44694; 81.48667Coordinates: 29°26′49″N 81°29′12″E / 29.44694°N 81.48667°E / 29.44694; 81.48667
Country Nepal
Region Far-Western (Sudur Pashchimanchal)
Zone Seti
Headquarters Martadi
Area
 • Total 2,188 km2 (845 sq mi)
Elevation 6,400 m (21,000 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 134,912[1]
Time zone NPT (UTC+5:45)
Main language(s) Nepali
Website http://www.ddcbajura.gov.np

Bajura District (Nepali: बाजुरा जिल्लाAbout this sound Listen ), a part of Province No. 7, is one of the seventy-five districts of Nepal. The district, with Martadi as its district headquarters, covers an area of 2,188 km² and had a population of 108,781 in 2001[2] and 134,912 in 2011.[1] The district has 1 Municipality, 24 VDCs, 9 Ilakas and 1 constituency areas, the district is situated in Longitude between 81° 10′ 20″ to 81° 48′ 27″ East and Latitude 29° 16′ 21″ to 29° 56′ 56″ North. Geographically the district is divided in three distinct regions from north to south viz. Higher Himalayan Region, Higher Mountain and mid – Mountains, the Higher Himalayan region comprises Saipal Himalayan range; High Mountain region comprises Doha Lekh and Ghori Lekh. Similarly, Mid-Mountain range comprises different ranges of mountains e.g. Badimalika Temple. The District has started from 300m to 6400m in height, the annual rainfall is about 13,433 mm and temperatures vary from 0 °C to 40 °C. The livelihood of more than 80% of the district population depends on agriculture farming, mainly small scale livestock. Due to low level of agricultural production, the majority of the households face acute food shortages for a large part of the year. According to the National Census 2011, the total population of the district is 134,912 comprising 69,106 female (51%) and 65,806 male (49%) residing in 24,908 households. Bajura district has an average population density of around 62 people per square km, the average family size is 5.4. Life expectancy of the people is 58 years, the average literacy rate is about 32%. Bajura district has a multi ethnic composition with Chhetri, Kami, Thakuri, Brahman, Magar, Damai, Sarki, Newar, Sherpa, Rai kirati and Sanyashi (Giri and Puri), the common language is Nepali (96%) followed by Bhote Sherpa (0.46%) and Tamang (0.42%). Although accessibility to Bajura is very poor, this is improving rapidly, the Government strategy is mainly focused on the connection of VDC headquarters with all-weather motor able roads to SRN or District headquarters. Moreover, the DDC body of Bajura district has given higher priority on rural roads.

Map of Bajura showing new and old Local level structure

Geography and Climate[edit]

Climate Zone[3] Elevation Range  % of Area
Upper Tropical 300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
0.6%
Subtropical 1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
19.7%
Temperate 2,000 to 3,000 meters
6,400 to 9,800 ft.
36.4%
Subalpine 3,000 to 4,000 meters
9,800 to 13,100 ft.
25.2%
Alpine 4,000 to 5,000 meters
13,100 to 16,400 ft.
11.2%
Nival above 5,000 meters 6.4%
Trans-Himalayan 3,000 to 6,400 meters
9,800 to 21,000 ft.
0.5%

Towns and villages[edit]

Map of the VDC/s in Bajura District

Health care[edit]

The small health centers in many VDCs are without Auxiliary Health Workers (AHWs), Auxiliary Nurse Midwives (ANMs) and Community Health Workers (CHWs). So, people seeking emergency health assistance have to travel a long distance to the district headquarters or Kathmandu or end up dying because of lack of treatment. Many people still believe in Dhami and Jhakri and do not always seek medicine or go to the hospital for the treatment. An NGO, PHASE Nepal provides many health care facilities and training programs to six VDCs: Kolti, Wai, Kotila, Pandusain, Rugin and Baddhu. Many people residing in these VDCs have benefited from the program.[4]

Currently PHASE Nepal is working on several projects in this district including community health and education, livelihood, hygiene, sanitation and diarrhoea mitigation programmes.

Colleges and School in Martadi[edit]

  • Bajura Multiple Campus

It has been conditioning the bachelor level programs with affiliation to Tribhuwan University, Kirtipur, Kathmandu, Nepal.

  • Badimalika English Boarding School
  • Converse Academy
  • Shree Malika Higher Secondary School
  • Shree Jana Prakash Higher Secondary School
  • Shree bhanodaya higher secondary school

Photos of Bajura[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Population and Housing Census 2011(National Report)" (PDF). Central Bureau of Statistics. Government of Nepal. November 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-04-18. Retrieved November 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  2. ^ "Nepal Census 2001". Nepal's Village Development Committees. Digital Himalaya. Archived from the original on 12 October 2008. Retrieved 12 December 2008. 
  3. ^ The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), . Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 87-7903-210-9, retrieved Nov 22, 2013 
  4. ^ "Project Area: Bajura". PHASE Nepal. 

External links[edit]

See also[edit]