Busan known as Pusan and now Busan Metropolitan City, is South Korea's second most-populous city after Seoul, with a population of over 3.5 million inhabitants. It is the economic and educational center of southeastern Korea, with its port—Korea's busiest and the 9th-busiest in the world—only about 120 miles from the Japanese islands of Kyushu and Honshu; the surrounding "Southeast Economic Zone" is now South Korea's largest industrial area. Busan is divided into 15 major administrative districts and a single county, together housing a population of 3.6 million. The full metropolitan area, including the adjacent cities of Gimhae and Yangsan, has a population of 4.6 million. The most densely built-up areas of the city are situated in a number of narrow valleys between the Nakdong and the Suyeong Rivers, with mountains separating most of the districts; the Nakdong is Korea's longest river and Busan's Haeundae Beach is the country's largest. Busan is a center for international conventions, hosting APEC in 2005.
It is a center for sports tournaments in Korea, having hosted the 2002 Asian Games and FIFA World Cup. It is home to the Shinsegae Centum City. Busan was added to the UNESCO Creative Cities Network as a "City of Film" in December 2014; the name "Busan" is the Revised Romanization of the city's Korean name since the late 15th century. It replaced the earlier McCune-Reischauer romanization Pusan in 2000; the name 釜山 is Sino-Korean for "Cauldron Mountain", believed to be a former name of Mt Hwangryeong west of the city center. The area's ancient state Mt Geochil is thought to refer to the same mountain, which towers over the town's harbor on the Suyeong. Paleolithic remains found in the Jung-dong district and Jwa-dong district in Haeundae shows a history of Busan beginning in the prehistoric age. In addition, neolithic relics were discovered in shell mounds in Dongsam-dong, a shell mound dating between the BCE era to the 3rd Century A. D. was found in the Dongnae district. Mt Geochil is recorded as a chiefdom of the Jinhan Confederacy in the 2nd–4th centuries.
It was organized as a district. The grave goods excavated from mounded burials at Bokcheon-dong indicate that a complex chiefdom ruled by powerful individuals was present in the Busan area in the 4th century, just as Korea's Three Kingdoms were forming; the mounded burials of Bokcheon-dong were built along the top of a ridge that overlooks a wide area that makes up parts of modern-day Dongnae-gu and Yeonje-gu. Archaeologists excavated more than 250 iron ingots from Burial No. 38, a wooden chamber tomb at Bokcheon-dong. From the beginning of the 15th century, the Korean government designated Busan as a trading port with the Japanese and allowed their settlement. Other Japanese settlements in Ulsan and Jinhae diminished but the Busan settlement continued until Japan invaded Korea in 1592. After the war, diplomatic relations with the new shogunate in Japan were established in 1607, Busan was permitted to be reconstructed; the Japanese settlement, though relocated into Choryang continued to exist until Korea was exposed to modern diplomacy in 1876.
In 1876, Busan became the first international port in Korea under the terms of the Treaty of Ganghwa. During the Japanese rule, Busan developed into a hub trading port with Japan. Busan was the only city in Korea to adopt the steam tramway before electrification was introduced in 1924. During the Korean War, Busan was one of only two cities in South Korea not captured by the North Korean army within the first three months of the war, the other being Daegu; as a result, the cities became refugee camp sites for Koreans during the war. As Busan was one of the few areas in Korea that remained under the control of South Korea throughout the Korean War, for some time it served as a temporary capital of the Republic of Korea. UN troops established a defensive perimeter around the city known as the Pusan Perimeter in the summer and autumn of 1950. Since the city has been a self-governing metropolis and has built a strong urban character. In 1963, Busan separated from Gyeongsangnam-do to become a Directly Governed City.
In 1983, the provincial capital of Gyeongsangnam-do was moved from Busan to Changwon. In 1995, Busan became a Metropolitan City. Busan is located on the Southeastern tip of the Korean Peninsula, it is located on the coast. It is the nearest of South Korea's six largest cities to Japan; the distance as the crow flies from Busan to Tsushima Island, Nagasaki Prefecture, Japan, is about 49.5 km, to Fukuoka, about 180 km, by contrast, to Seoul about 314 km. Busan borders low mountains on the north and west, the seas on the south and east; the Nakdong River Delta is located on the west side of the city, Geumjeongsan, the highest mountain in the city, on the north. The Nakdong River, South Korea's longest river, flows through the west and empties into the Korea Strait; the southeastern region, called Yeongnam in Korea, encompasses both Gyeongsang Provinces and 3 metropolitan cities of Busan and Ulsan. Ulsan lies northeast of Busan. Combined population exceeds 13 million. Located on the southeasternmost tip of the Korean Peninsula, Busan has a cooler version of a humid subtropical climate.
High or low temperatures are rare. The highe
Elf is a 2003 American Christmas comedy film directed by Jon Favreau and written by David Berenbaum. Starring Will Ferrell, James Caan, Zooey Deschanel, Mary Steenburgen, Daniel Tay, Ed Asner and Bob Newhart, the film centers on Buddy, a human, adopted and raised by Santa's elves, to which he learns about this and heads to New York City to meet his biological father while spreading Christmas cheer in a world of cynics in the process. Elf was released in the United States on November 7, 2003 by New Line Cinema to critical and commercial success, having grossed $220 million worldwide on a $33 million budget, it inspired the 2010 Broadway musical Elf: The Musical and NBC's 2014 stop-motion animated television special Elf: Buddy's Musical Christmas. It has been listed as one of the greatest Christmas films of all time. On one Christmas Eve, a baby boy at an orphanage crawls into Santa Claus's sack and is unwittingly transported back to the North Pole; when discovered at the workshop, the elves name him Buddy after the brand label on his diaper, Papa Elf adopts and raises him.
Buddy grows up at the North Pole believing he is an elf and accepted by the elf community, but due to his human size is unable to keep up with the other elves and demoted to the demeaning job of toy testing. When Buddy overhears that he is a human, Papa Elf explains that Buddy was born to Walter Hobbs and Susan Wells, given up for adoption. Susan subsequently died and Walter, who now works for a children's book publisher at the Empire State Building in New York City, is unaware of Buddy's existence. To Buddy's horror, Santa reveals that Walter is on the naughty list due to his callous and unscrupulous demeanor, but suggests Buddy could help redeem him. Buddy promptly travels to New York and finds his father at work, but Walter dismisses him as a dysfunctional christmas-gram messenger and has him removed from the premises. Inspired by a sarcastic remark from a security guard, Buddy heads to a Gimbels department store where the manager mistakes him for an employee. At the store's Santa Land, he meets Jovie, an unenthusiastic employee to whom he is smitten.
After hearing that Santa will be at the store the following day, Buddy jubilantly decorates Santa Land overnight. When Buddy realizes that the Gimbels Santa is not the real Santa, he unmasks him and causes a wild tumult in the store that lands Buddy in jail. Walter reluctantly bails him out and takes him to a doctor for a DNA test, which confirms that Buddy is in fact his long-lost son; the doctor convinces Walter to take Buddy home to meet his stepmother Emily and twelve-year-old half-brother Michael. Walter and Michael are put off by Buddy's odd behavior, but Emily insists that they care for him until he "recovers". Michael warms up to Buddy after he defends him from a gang of bullies in a snowball fight and Michael encourages Buddy to ask Jovie on a date. During the date, the two fall in love. Walter's boss, Fulton Greenway, citing the failure of the company's most recent book, expects a new book by Christmas Eve, so Walter and his team try to hire best-selling children's author Miles Finch.
Buddy interrupts a meeting between Walter's team and Finch to boast of his newfound love and mistakes Finch, who has dwarfism, for an elf. Buddy unintentionally pesters Finch into losing his temper and walking out on Walter, who takes his frustration out on Buddy and harshly disowns him. Heartbroken, Buddy leaves a note for Emily and Michael and wanders about the streets, lamenting that he does not fit in anywhere. On Christmas Eve, after finding Finch's notebook full of ideas and his team scramble to create a book to pitch. Greenway is prepared to hear the pitch when Michael, who found Buddy's note and informs Walter that Buddy is gone. Realizing he was wrong and disallowed from rescheduling, Walter resigns and leaves with Michael to find Buddy. Santa's sleigh crashes in Central Park. Buddy finds Santa, who explains that the sleigh has lost its engine and cannot fly without it due to a shortage of Christmas spirit. Buddy is reunited with Walter and Michael. Walter accepts him as his son. Michael takes Santa's list and reads it in front of television news cameras gathered outside the park, proving that Santa Claus is real.
The Central Park Rangers, who have a grudge against Santa for placing them on the naughty list, chase the sleigh as Buddy tries to reattach the engine. Jovie leads the crowd in singing "Santa Claus Is Coming to Town," helping raise enough Christmas spirit to power the sleigh. By next Christmas, Walter has started his own publishing company with a best-selling book about Buddy's adventures. Buddy and Jovie, now married, bring their newborn daughter Suzie to visit Papa Elf. Will Ferrell as Buddy, aka "Buddy the Elf", an eccentric human, raised by Santa's elves James Caan as Walter Hobbs, a children's book publisher and Buddy's biological father. Zooey Deschanel as Jovie, an unenthusiastic worker at Gimbels and Buddy's love interest. Mary Steenburgen as Emily Hobbs, Walter's wife, Michael's biological mother and Buddy's stepmother. Daniel Tay as Michael Hobbs and Emily's son and Buddy's younger half brother. Ed Asner as Santa Claus, who finds Buddy in his sack and gives him to Papa Elf to raise Bob Newhart as Papa Elf, a head caretaker elf that raised Buddy Faizon Love as Wanda, the manager of Gimbels and Jovie's boss Peter Dinklage as Miles Finch, a best-selling children's author who has dwarfism Amy Sedaris as Deb, Walter Hobbs' secretary Michael Lerner as Mr. Greenway, Walter Hobbs' controlling boss Andy Richter as Morris, an associate of Walter Hobbs Kyle Gass as Eugene Dupree, an associate of Walter Hobbs Artie Lange as the Gimbels Santa Jon Favreau as Dr. Leonardo, the Hobbs fa
Winona Ryder is an American actress and film producer. She is the recipient of a Golden Globe Award and has been nominated for two Academy Awards, a BAFTA Award, four Screen Actors Guild Awards. Following her film debut in Lucas, Ryder came to attention with her supporting performance in Tim Burton's Beetlejuice, she rose to prominence with starring roles in such films as Heathers, Edward Scissorhands, Bram Stoker's Dracula. Her career was further enhanced when she garnered critical acclaim and two consecutive Academy Award nominations for her portrayal of socialite May Welland in Martin Scorsese's The Age of Innocence, as Jo March in the film adaptation of Little Women, her other films during this period were Reality Bites, How to Make an American Quilt, Alien Resurrection, Girl, which she executive-produced. In 2002, Ryder appeared in the box office hit Mr. Deeds, following which her career saw a downturn and she took a sabbatical from films. In 2009, she returned to the screen after a brief hiatus following her shoplifting arrest, appearing in high-profile films such as Star Trek.
In 2010, she was nominated for two Screen Actors Guild Awards: as the lead actress in When Love Is Not Enough: The Lois Wilson Story and as part of the cast of Black Swan. She reunited with Burton for Frankenweenie, she stars as Joyce Byers in the Netflix series Stranger Things, for which she has received Golden Globe and Screen Actors Guild nominations. Ryder's personal life has attracted significant media attention, her relationship with Johnny Depp in the early 1990s and a 2001 arrest for shoplifting were both constant subjects of tabloid journalism. She has been open about her personal struggles with depression. In 2000, Ryder received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, honoring her legacy in the film industry. Winona Laura Horowitz was born in Winona, Minnesota, on October 29, 1971, the daughter of Cynthia Palmer and Michael D. Horowitz, her mother is an author, video producer, editor, her father is an author, editor and antiquarian bookseller. He worked as an archivist for psychedelic guru Dr. Timothy Leary.
Her father is Jewish, Ryder has described herself as Jewish. Most of her family on his side were killed in the Holocaust, her father's family was named "Tomchin" but took the surname "Horowitz" when they immigrated to the United States. Named after the nearby city of Winona, she was given her middle name, because of her parents' friendship with Laura Huxley, writer Aldous Huxley's wife, her stage name derives from a soul and rock singer of whom her father was a fan. Ryder's father is an atheist and her mother is a Buddhist. Ryder has one full sibling, a younger brother and two half-siblings from her mother's prior marriage: an older half-brother, Jubal Palmer, an older half-sister, Sunyata Palmer. Ryder's family friends were her godfather, Timothy Leary, the Beat Movement poets Allen Ginsberg and Lawrence Ferlinghetti, the science fiction novelist Philip K. Dick. In 1978, when Ryder was seven years old and her family relocated to Rainbow, a commune near Elk, Mendocino County, where they lived with seven other families on a 300-acre plot of land.
As the remote property had no electricity or television sets, Ryder began to devote her time to reading and became an avid fan of J. D. Salinger's The Catcher in the Rye, she developed an interest in acting after her mother showed her a few movies on a screen in the family barn. At age 10, Ryder and her family moved to California. During her first week at Kenilworth Junior High, she was bullied by children who mistook her for an effeminate boy. "I was wearing an old Salvation Army shop boy's suit. As I went to the bathroom I heard people saying,'Hey, faggot', they slammed my head into a locker. I fell to the ground and they started to kick the shit out of me. I had to have stitches; the school kicked me out, not the bullies..." As a result, Ryder ended up being home-schooled that year. "Years I went to a coffee shop and I ran into one of the girls who'd kicked me, she said,'Winona, can I have your autograph?' And I said,'Do you remember me? Remember in seventh grade you beat up that kid?' And she said,'Kind of'.
And I said,'That was me. Go fuck yourself.'" Ryder's experiences being bullied continued into high school, when she achieved her early success in Beetlejuice. Ryder commented that "I remember thinking,'Ooh, it's, the number-one movie; this is going to make things great at school. They called me a witch." In 1983, when Ryder was 12, she enrolled at the American Conservatory Theater in nearby San Francisco, where she took her first acting lessons. During the same year, she had a near-drowning; this psychological trauma caused problems with the underwater scenes in Alien Resurrection, some of which had to be reshot numerous times. In 1989, Ryder graduated from Petaluma High School with a 4.0 GPA. In 1985, Ryder sent a videotaped audition, where she recited a monologue from the novel Franny and Zooey by J. D. Salinger, to appear in the film Desert Bloom. Although the role went to Annabeth Gish, writer/director David Seltzer noticed her talent and cast her in his film Lucas, about a boy called Lucas and his life at high school.
Shot in the summer
Charisma Carpenter is an American actress. She is best known for her role as Cordelia Chase in the popular TV series Buffy the Vampire Slayer and its spin-off series Angel, she has starred as Kyra on Charmed, Kendall Casablancas on Veronica Mars, Rebecca Sewell on The Lying Game and Lacy in The Expendables film series. Carpenter was born in Las Vegas, the daughter of Christine, a bird sanctuary worker, Don Carpenter, a salesman, she has two older brothers and Troy, two nieces and Mackenzie. She is of Spanish and German descent. Carpenter attended Bishop Gorman High School in Las Vegas; when she was 15, her family moved to Rosarito, Mexico and to San Diego where she attended Bonita Vista High School and Chula Vista School of the Creative and Performing Arts. After graduation, Carpenter traveled throughout Europe. Once she returned to San Diego again, she worked as a video store clerk, an aerobics instructor, in property management. In 1991, she worked as a San Diego Charger cheerleader. In 1992, she moved to Los Angeles.
While swimming in San Diego in 1991, she and two friends were attacked by Henry Hubbard Jr. a former San Diego police officer and serial rapist who attempted to subdue her two male friends at gunpoint. During the struggle, her two friends and Hubbard were all shot, her friends survived. Hubbard was arrested and sentenced to 56 years in prison for a series of rapes and robberies. Carpenter brought Hubbard's police-issue flashlight from the beach, which he had left at the scene, the flashlight became a key piece of evidence against him. Carpenter was discovered by a commercial agent while waiting tables in Los Angeles to save money for her college education; this led to her role on more than twenty commercials. She made her first television role in 1994 by appearing in an episode of Baywatch. Shortly after that, she landed a starring role on Aaron Spelling's short-lived soap opera Malibu Shores. In 1996, Carpenter auditioned for the title role in the TV series Buffy the Vampire Slayer but instead was cast as Cordelia Chase, a snobby and popular high school student.
After three seasons on Buffy the Vampire Slayer, Carpenter was offered an larger role as the same character on the spin-off series Angel along with David Boreanaz. She played Cordelia Chase for four seasons on Angel, as well as Jasmine for most of the fourth season. Although her character leaves the series during Angel's fourth season, Carpenter returned for the 100th episode in the fifth and final season because she felt the character's fans deserved closure. In 2004, Carpenter had a three episode guest appearance on the TV series Charmed as a psychic demon called Kyra and played a recurring role on NBC's Miss Match, appearing in four episodes, she had a recurring role as Kendall Casablancas in the TV series Veronica Mars for the 2005–2006 season, appearing in 11 episodes. Carpenter guest-starred in the first-season finale of the ABC Family comedy-drama series Greek and reprised her role in two episodes of Season 2. According to TV Guide in September 2007, she was set to join the cast of The Apprentice: Celebrity Edition, but instead chose to do a guest appearance on the show Back to You as well as a 2 episode role on the short-lived series Big Shots.
Carpenter had a guest appearance in an April 2009 episode of CSI: Crime Scene Investigation. On March 20, 2008, Paley Fest hosted a Buffy the Vampire Slayer reunion. Carpenter attended the event alongside Buffy creator Joss Whedon, producers Marti Noxon and David Greenwalt, other Buffy alumni including Sarah Michelle Gellar, Nicholas Brendon, James Marsters, Emma Caulfield, Amber Benson, Seth Green and Michelle Trachtenberg. Carpenter has starred in an assortment of made-for-TV and direct-to-video movies including the sex comedy What Boys Like, the horror film Voodoo Moon, the romantic comedies See Jane Date and Relative Chaos on ABC Family, she appeared in the mysteries Flirting with Danger and Cheaters' Club on Lifetime and the Syfy movie House of Bones broadcast in 2010, around the same time as her guest spot in Legend of the Seeker. In 2009, Carpenter starred in production company Red Sparrow's first film, released in early 2011. In August 2010, she had a supporting role in Sylvester Stallone's The Expendables.
After the success of The Expendables, Carpenter was cast in Human Factor and in the indie thriller Crash Site. She appeared in an episode of the seventh season of Supernatural alongside Buffy co-star James Marsters. In 2012, Carpenter landed a recurring role as Rebecca Sewell in the first season of ABC Family's drama The Lying Game, she was upgraded to a series regular for the second season. Carpenter reprised her role as Lacy in The Expendables 2. On August 28, 2013, Surviving Evil debuted with Carpenter as host, she starred in the 2015 erotic film Bound, opposite Morgan Obenreder, which received a lukewarm reception. She led the television film Mommy's Secret. Carpenter was named # 44 on their 2005 list. Despite this, Carpenter has stated. In the J
The Korean alphabet, known as Hangul, has been used to write the Korean language since its creation in the 15th century by King Sejong the Great. It may be written as Hangeul following the standard Romanization, it is the official writing system of Korea, both North. It is a co-official writing system in the Yanbian Korean Autonomous Prefecture and Changbai Korean Autonomous County in Jilin Province, China, it is sometimes used to write the Cia-Cia language spoken near the town of Indonesia. The Hangul alphabet consisted of 28 letters with 17 consonant letters and 11 vowel letters when it was created; as four became obsolete, the modern Hangul consists of total 24 letters with 14 consonant letters and 10 vowel letters. In North Korea the total is counted 40, it consists of 19 consonant letters and 21 vowel letters as it additionally includes 5 tense consonants and 20. The Korean letters are written in syllabic blocks with each alphabetic letter placed vertically and horizontally into a square dimension.
For example, the Korean word for "honeybee" is written 꿀벌, not ㄲㅜㄹㅂㅓㄹ. As it combines the features of alphabetic and syllabic writing systems, it has been described as an "alphabetic syllabary" by some linguists; as in traditional Chinese writing, Korean texts were traditionally written top to bottom, right to left, are still written this way for stylistic purposes. Today, it is written from left to right with spaces between words and western-style punctuation; some linguists consider it among the most phonologically faithful writing systems in use today. One interesting feature of Hangul is that the shapes of its consonants mimic the shapes of the speaker's mouth when pronouncing each consonant; the Korean alphabet was called Hunminjeong'eum, after the document that introduced the script to the Korean people in 1446. The Korean alphabet is called hangeul, a name coined by Korean linguist Ju Si-gyeong in 1912; the name combines the ancient Korean word han, meaning "great", geul, meaning "script".
The word han is used to refer to Korea in general, so the name means "Korean script". It has been romanized in multiple ways: Hangeul or han-geul in the Revised Romanization of Korean, which the South Korean government uses in English publications and encourages for all purposes. Han'gŭl in the McCune–Reischauer system, is capitalized and rendered without the diacritics when used as an English word, Hangul, as it appears in many English dictionaries. Hānkul in the Yale romanization, a system recommended for technical linguistic studies. In North Korea it is called Chosŏn'gŭl after Chosŏn, the North Korean name for Korea after the old name of Korea; the McCune–Reischauer system is used there. Until the mid-20th century, the Korean elite preferred to write using Chinese characters called Hanja, they referred to Hanja as jinseo or "true letters". Some accounts say the elite referred to the Korean alphabet derisively as'amkeul meaning "women's script", and'ahaetgeul meaning "children's script", though there is no written evidence of this.
Supporters of the Korean alphabet referred to it as jeong'eum meaning "correct pronunciation", gukmun meaning "national script", eonmun meaning "vernacular script". Before the creation of the new Korean alphabet, Koreans wrote using Classical Chinese alongside native phonetic writing systems that predate the modern Korean alphabet by hundreds of years, including Idu script, Hyangchal and Gakpil. However, due to fundamental differences between the Korean and Chinese languages, the large number of characters, many lower class Koreans were illiterate. To promote literacy among the common people, the fourth king of the Joseon dynasty, Sejong the Great created and promulgated a new alphabet; the Korean alphabet was designed so that people with little education could learn to write. A popular saying about the alphabet is, "A wise man can acquaint himself with them before the morning is over; the project was completed in late December 1443 or January 1444, described in 1446 in a document titled Hunminjeong'eum, after which the alphabet itself was named.
The publication date of the Hunminjeongeum, October 9, became Hangul Day in South Korea. Its North Korean equivalent, Chosŏn'gŭl Day, is on January 15. Another document published in 1446 and titled Hunminjeong'eum Haerye was discovered in 1940; this document explains that the design of the consonant letters is based on articulatory phonetics and the design of the vowel letters are based on the principles of yin and yang and vowel harmony. The Korean alphabet faced opposition in the 1440s by the literary elite, including politician Choe Manri and other Korean Confucian scholars, they believed. They saw the circulation of the Korean alphabet as a threat to their status. However, the Korean alphabet entered popular culture as King Sejong had intended, used by women and writers of popular fiction. King Yeonsangun banned the study and publication of the Korean alphabet in 1504, after a document criticizing the king entered the public. King Jungjong abolished the Ministry of Eonmun, a governmental institution related to Hangul research, in 1506.
The late 16th century, saw a revival of the Korean alphabet as gasa and sijo poetry flourished. In the 17th century, the Korean alphabet novels became a major genre. However, the use of the Korea
Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation
Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation is one of the leading South Korean television and radio network companies. Munhwa is the Korean word for "culture", its flagship terrestrial television station MBC TV is Channel 11 for Digital. Established on December 2, 1961, MBC is a Korean terrestrial broadcaster which has a nationwide network of 17 regional stations. Although it operates on advertising, MBC is a public broadcaster, as its largest shareholder is a public organization, The Foundation of Broadcast Culture. Today, it is a multimedia group with one terrestrial TV channel, three radio channels, five cable channels, five satellite channels and four DMB channels. MBC is headquartered in Digital Media City, Mapo-gu, Seoul and has the largest broadcast production facilities in Korea including digital production center Dream Center in Ilsan and outdoor sets in Yongin Daejanggeum Park. Launching the first radio broadcast signal from Seoul, MBC started as the first non-governmental commercial broadcaster in Korea.
On April 12, 1963, it obtained a license from the government for operating regional stations in major cities in Korea, established a broadcast network which connects 6 cities including Seoul and Busan. MBC launched TV broadcasting on August 8, 1969, started to broadcast its main news program MBC Newsdesk on October 5, 1970, it reached affiliation deal with 7 commercial stations between 1968 and 1969, started nationwide TV broadcasting through its 13 affiliated or regional stations. In 1974, FM radio was launched; the first color TV broadcasting was started on December 22, 1980. MBC was separated from The Kyunghyang Shinmun according to the 1981 Basic Press Act. In 1982, it moved into the Yoido headquarters and founded professional baseball team MBC Cheong-ryong. With the live coverage of the 1986 Seoul Asian Games and the 1988 Seoul Olympic Games, MBC made a great advancement in scale and technology. After growing into a large corporation, covering major international events, MBC established specialized companies for each value chain and spined them off as subsidiaries to become a more efficient corporation amid fiercer competition in the multimedia era.
※ MBC Production and MBC Media Tech were merged into MBC C&I in August, 2011. As the convergence of broadcasting and communications becomes full-fledged, MBC made its subsidiary iMBC an independent corporation and pursued various internet-related business. Furthermore, it started new DMB broadcasting. In 2007, MBC established digital production center Ilsan Dream Center, equipped with high-tech production facilities. In September 2014, it completed the construction of a new headquarters building and moved from Yoido to Sangam-dong, opening a new era of Sangam MBC. In 2001, MBC launched cable television broadcasting; as part of this expansion it created MBC America, a subsidiary based in Los Angeles, United States, to distribute its programming throughout the Americas. On August 1, 2008 MBC America launched MBC-D, a television network carried on the digital subchannels of KSCI-TV, KTSF-TV, WMBC-TV; the service was planned to be launched in Atlanta and Washington, D. C. by the end of the year. In northeast metro Atlanta, it aired on WKTB-CD channel 47.3, but as of 2011 is on WSKC-CD channel 22.1.
MBC is an active member of international organizations such as ABU, IATAS and INPUT, is affiliated with 21 broadcasters in 13 different countries. It is engaged in various global business through overseas corporations in Los Angeles and Shanghai, bureaus in North America, Latin America and the Middle East as well as Asia, in close cooperation with major global media groups. MBC is devoted to expanding the business area, it maintains a close relationship with foreign buyers by participating in major content markets every year such as MIP-TV, MIPCOM, NATPE, BCWW and ATF. In addition, it operates an English web site which introduces various MBC content to the overseas buyers and viewers so that they can access its content. MBC drama What on Earth Is Love? is the first Korean Wave drama which sparked the K-drama boom across China, when it was aired on CCTV in 1997. Since numerous MBC dramas, entertainment shows, documentaries have been exported to different countries; the drama "Dae Jang Geum" was shown in as many as 91 countries around the world.
More MBC is widening its content business area by exporting show formats such as I Am a Singer, We Got Married and Dad! Where Are We Going? to other countries. See in Korean Wikipedia: Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation Television1 terrestrial TV 3 Radio stations:5 cable 5 satellite 3 terrestrial DMB 2 satellite DMB List of programs broadcast by Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation Korean Broadcasting System Educational Broadcasting System List of South Korean broadcasting networks List of Korea-related topics Contemporary culture of South Korea http://www.misodacom.com/bbs/board.php?bo_table=3_3&wr_id=11 Official Homepage Live Stream (Chunch
Goyang is a city in Gyeonggi Province in the north of South Korea. It is part of the Seoul Capital Area, making Goyang one of Seoul's satellite cities, it is one of the largest cities in the Seoul Capital Area, with a population of just over 1 million. Ilsan, a planned city, is located in the Ilsanseo-gu districts of Goyang, it includes Deogyang-gu, closer to Seoul. Several institutions of higher learning are located in Goyang; these include Agricultural Cooperative College, Korea Aerospace University, Transnational Law and Business University. Historic remains Bukhansanseong Fortress Heungguksa Temple Seosamneung and Seooreung Royal Tombs, UNESCO World Heritage Sites Haengju seowon Ilsan Bamgasi Choga Exhibitions Goyang Aram Nuri Arts Center Goyang Oulim Nuri Arts Center KINTEX Aerospace Museum Baedari Korean Traditional Wine Museum Theme Zoo Park "Zoo Zoo" Cultural Center and Museum of Latin America Nongshim Theme Park Hyundai Motor Studio GoyangEntertainment and shopping MBC Dream Center SBS Broadcasting Center Western Dorm Lafesta Lotte Department Store Hyundai Department Store New-Core Outlet Hwajeong Station Starfield GoyangLeisure Bukhan Mountain Jeongbal Mountain Go Bong Mountain Lake Park Goyang Sports Complex Haengjusanseong Fortress Sun Rise FestivalOn New Year's Day each year, a splendid festival is thrown at Haengju Sanseong to welcome the New Year's Day sunrise.
Time: 5:00-9:00 AM on New Year's Day each year Place: The top of the mountain where Haengju Sanseong sits. The Great Battle of Haengju FestivalThe event is held to commemorate an important victory in Korean history at Haengju Sanseong. Elementary school kids and their parents from the neighborhood can watch memorial services for patriotic martyrs of the nation and learn about the history of Haengju Sanseong. Time: 10 AM on 14 March each year Place: Chungjang Shrine at Haengju Sanseoeng Goyang International Flower FestivalFloricultural industry sprang up in the early 1970s fostering flower culture in Korea. Goyang became one of the most famous cities for its floricultural industry and its flower show grew into a horticultural event representing Korea and a venue for trading among participants at home and from abroad. -Time: early April each year -Place: Areas surrounding Ilsan Lake Park Goyang Lake Art FestivalThe event is free-style arts festival held at various locations around the Lake Park.
Imagination and wits of artists getting out of the constraints imposed by stages fill the streets with vigor and romantic mood. Various performing arts including jazz, dance and installation arts decking out the venue with colorful decorations to add glamour, passionate performance by famous theatrical companies from around the world and fancy fireworks all let the cheerful spectators enjoy the excitement thrown by the festival. Time: October each year Place: locations around the Lake Park The Asia League Ice Hockey team High1, based in Chuncheon, plays its home matches in Goyang, at the Goyang Ice Rink; the K3 League football team Goyang Citizen FC and the Korean Basketball League team Goyang Orion Orions are based in the city. Goyang is served by a bike sharing system called Fifteen which stands at around 3,000. Subway Line 3: Jichuk~Daehwa Gyeongui-Jungang Line: Hwajeon~TanhyeonCommuter Rail Gyeongui Line: Hwajeon~Tanhyeon High Speed Railways Gyeongbu, Jeolla and Donghae: Haengsin Station Bus stops on Goyang Bus Rapid Transit Daehwa Station Ilsanseo-gu office, Paik Hospital Ilsandong-gu office Daegok Station Haengsin dong Deogeun dongTypes of buses Yellow bus: connects nearby Green and Blue bus: connects citiesand districts.
Red Bus: express one, goes a wide area. M bus: more express one, goes a wide area, but not included in G bus and Seoul busBus Terminals Hwajeong terminal: located in Deogyang-gu Goyang terminal: located in Ilsandong-gu Do Kyung-soo – singer and member of Exo Empress Gi – empress of the Yuan dynasty Eunhyuk – singer and member of Super Junior Heo Young-ji – singer Lim Jae-beom – singer and leader of Got7 Jang Mi-ran – weightlifter Junsu – singer Kang Min-hyuk – musician Kim Dasom – singer Kim Hyun-joo – actress Kwon Yu-ri – singer and member of Girls' Generation Lee Junho – singer Lee Jung-shin – musician Lee Sungmin – singer Qri – singer Song Ji-hyo – actress Yoon Doo-joon – singer Yuju – singer and member of GFriend Park Ye-eun – singer and former Wonder Girls member Kim Nam-joon – rapper and leader of BTS Yoo Ki-hyun - singer and member of Monsta X Foreign: Maui, United States Heerhugowaard, Netherlands Qiqihar, People's Republic of China San Bernardino, United States Atibaia, São Paulo, BrazilDomestic: Uljin County, North Gyeongsang Ilsanseo-gu Ilsandong-gu Deogyang-gu List of cities in South Korea Geography of South Korea Seoul National Capital Area Goyang Geumjeong Cave Massacre Goyang travel guide from Wikivoyage The Official Website of Goyang City The Official Website of Goyang City Council