Provinces of Burkina Faso
The regions of Burkina Faso are divided into 45 administrative provinces. These 45 provinces are sub-divided into 351 departments or communes. Here is a list of the provinces, with their capitals in parentheses: Balé Banwa Kossi Mouhoun Nayala Sourou Comoé Léraba Kadiogo Boulgou Koulpélogo Kouritenga Bam Namentenga Sanmatenga Boulkiemdé Sanguié Sissili Ziro Bazèga Nahouri Zoundwéogo Gnagna Gourma Komondjari Kompienga Tapoa Houet Kénédougou Tuy Loroum Passoré Yatenga Zondoma Ganzourgou Kourwéogo Oubritenga Oudalan Séno Soum Yagha Bougouriba Ioba Noumbiel Poni Geography of Burkina Faso Regions of Burkina Faso Communes of Burkina Faso ISO 3166-2:BF Provinces of Burkina Faso at Statoids.com
Burkina Faso is a landlocked country in West Africa. It covers an area of around 274,200 square kilometres and is surrounded by six countries: Mali to the north; the July 2018 population estimate by the United Nations was 19,751,651. Burkina Faso is a francophone country, with French as the official language of government and business. 40% of the population speaks the Mossi language. Called the Republic of Upper Volta, the country was renamed "Burkina Faso" on 4 August 1984 by then-President Thomas Sankara, its citizens are known as Burkinabé. Its capital is Ouagadougou; the Republic of Upper Volta was established on 11 December 1958 as a self-governing colony within the French Community, on 5 August 1960 it gained full independence, with Maurice Yaméogo as President. After protests by students and labour unions, Yaméogo was deposed in the 1966 coup d'état, led by Sangoulé Lamizana, who became President, his rule coincided with the Sahel drought and famine, facing problems from the country's traditionally powerful trade unions he was deposed in the 1980 coup d'état, led by Saye Zerbo.
Encountering resistance from trade unions again, Zerbo's government was overthrown in the 1982 coup d'état, led by Jean-Baptiste Ouédraogo. The leader of the leftist faction of Ouédraogo's government, Thomas Sankara, became Prime Minister but was imprisoned. Efforts to free him led to the popularly-supported 1983 coup d'état. Sankara renamed the country Burkina Faso and launched an ambitious socioeconomic programme which included a nationwide literacy campaign, land redistribution to peasants and road construction and the outlawing of female genital mutilation, forced marriages and polygamy. Sankara was overthrown and killed in the 1987 coup d'état led by Blaise Compaoré – deteriorating relations with former coloniser France and its ally the Ivory Coast were the reason given for the coup. In 1987, Blaise Compaoré became President and, after an alleged 1989 coup attempt, was elected in 1991 and 1998, elections which were boycotted by the opposition and received a low turnout, as well as in 2005.
He remained head of state until he was ousted from power by the popular youth upheaval of 31 October 2014, after which he was exiled to the Ivory Coast. Michel Kafando subsequently became the transitional President of the country. On 16 September 2015, a military coup d'état against the Kafando government was carried out by the Regiment of Presidential Security, the former presidential guard of Compaoré. On 24 September 2015, after pressure from the African Union, ECOWAS and the armed forces, the military junta agreed to step down, Michel Kafando was reinstated as Acting President. In the general election held on 29 November 2015, Roch Marc Christian Kaboré won in the first round with 53.5% of the vote and was sworn in as President on 29 December 2015. The 2018 CIA World Factbook provides this summary of the issues facing Burkina Faso. "The country experienced terrorist attacks in its capital in 2016, 2017 and 2018, continues to mobilize resources to counter terrorist threats". In 2018, several governments were warning their citizens not to travel into the northern part of the country and into several provinces in the East Region.
The CIA report states that "Burkina Faso's high population growth, recurring drought and perennial food insecurity, limited natural resources result in poor economic prospects for the majority of its citizens". The report is optimistic in some aspects concerning activities being done with assistance by the International Monetary Fund. "A new three-year IMF program, approved in 2018, will allow the government to reduce the budget deficit and preserve critical spending on social services and priority public investments". Called the Republic of Upper Volta, the country was renamed "Burkina Faso" on 4 August 1984 by then-President Thomas Sankara; the words "Burkina" and "Faso" both stem from different languages spoken in the country: "Burkina" comes from Mossi and means "upright", showing how the people are proud of their integrity, while "Faso" comes from the Dyula language and means "fatherland". The "bè" suffix added onto "Burkina" to form the demonym "Burkinabè" comes from the Fula language and means "men or women".
The CIA summarizes the etymology as "name translates as "Land of the Honest Men". The French colony of Upper Volta was named for its location on the upper courses of the Volta River; the northwestern part of present-day Burkina Faso was populated by hunter-gatherers from 14000 BC to 5000 BC. Their tools, including scrapers and arrowheads, were discovered in 1973 through archaeological excavations. Agricultural settlements were established between 3600 and 2600 BC; the Bura culture was an Iron-Age civilization centred in the southwest portion of modern-day Niger and in the southeast part of contemporary Burkina Faso. Iron industry, in smelting and forging for tools and weapons, had developed in Sub-Saharan Africa by 1200 BC. From the 3rd to the 13th centuries AD, the Iron Age Bura culture existed in the territory of present-day southeastern Burkina Faso and southwestern Niger. Various ethnic groups of present-day Burkina Faso, such as the Mossi and Dyula, arrived in successive waves between the 8th and 15th centuries.
From the 11th century, the Mossi people established several separate kingdoms. In the 1890s, during the European Scramble for Africa, the territory of Burkina Faso was invaded by France, colonial control was established following a wa
Oury is a department or commune of Balé Province in southern Burkina Faso. Its capital lies at the town of Oury. According to the 1996 census the department has a total population of 24,914. Towns and villages and populations in the department are as follows: Oury Bandiara Da Dablara Habé Koena Koupelo Lasso Momina Mou Oullo Sani Sanfo Séréna Seyou Siou Soubouy Taplara Zinakongo
African bush elephant
The African bush elephant known as the African savanna elephant, is the larger of the two species of African elephants, the largest living terrestrial animal. These elephants were regarded as the same species, but the African forest elephant has been reclassified as L. cyclotis. The bush elephant is much larger in height and weight than the forest elephant, while the forest elephant has rounder ears and a trunk that tends to be more hairy; the adult bush elephant has no predators other than humans. While the most numerous of the three extant elephant species, its population continues to decline due to poaching for ivory and destruction of habitat. Elephants are social animals, traveling in herds of females and adolescents, while adult males live alone; the desert elephant or desert-adapted elephant is not a distinct species of elephant, but there are African bush elephants that live in the Namib and Sahara deserts. The African bush elephant and the African forest elephant were once considered to be a single species, but recent genetic studies have revealed that they are separate species and split 2 to 7 million years ago.
A detailed genetic study in 2010 confirmed that the African bush elephant and the African forest elephant are distinct species. By sequencing DNA of 375 nuclear genes, scientists determined that the two species diverged around the same time as the Asian elephant and the woolly mammoth, are as distinct from one another as those two species are from each other; as of December 2010, conservation organisations, such as the United Nations Environment Programme's World Conservation Monitoring Centre and the International Union for Conservation of Nature, had not distinguished between the two species of African elephants for purposes of assessing their conservation status. As of March 2010, the IUCN Red List classified African elephants as a whole as vulnerable species and the Central African elephant population as endangered. Another possible species or subspecies existed; the North African elephant known as the Carthaginian elephant or Atlas elephant, was the animal famously used as a war elephant by Carthage in its many wars with Rome.
The African bush elephant has several distinct features which sets them apart from other similar species. They are larger than the African forest elephant, which has rounder ears and straighter tusks; the bush elephant is known to have a concave back with stocky legs and a thickset body, compared to the Asian elephant who has a convex back. The African bush elephant's trunk has more than 40,000 muscles and tendons that allows them to lift heavy objects, they tend to have dull brownish-grey skin, wrinkly with black bristly hairs, large ears, a long and flattened tail. The skull of the African elephant is large, making up twenty-five percent of its total body weight; the estimated population size is near 300,000, they live up to 70 years in age when in the wild. However, in captivity, they tend to only live up to 65 years. African elephants utilize their long trunks and four large molars to break down and consume a large bulk of plants, shrubs and branches. In particular, they use their trunks to strip leaves, break branches, dismantle tree bark, unearth roots, drink water, bathe.
Without their trunks, these elephants would find their everyday routine of bathing and eating more difficult. Their molars, aiding in the consumption and digestion process, measures nearly 10 cm wide and 30 cm long withering away until the age of 15. Towards the age of 30, their baby teeth known as their milk teeth, are replaced by a new set which are larger and stronger; as these elephants age, their teeth undergo two more stages of growth, ages 40 and 65-70, until the animal dies from an inability to appropriately feed. The African bush elephant is the largest and heaviest land animal on Earth, being up to 3.96 metres tall at the shoulder and 10.4 tonnes in weight. On average, males are about 3.2 metres tall at the shoulder and 6 tonnes in weight, while females are much smaller at about 2.6 metres tall at the shoulder and 3 tonnes in weight. Elephants attain their maximum stature when they complete the fusion of long-bone epiphyses, occurring in males around the age of 40 and females around the age of 25.
Their large size means that they must consume around 50 gallons of water every day in order to stay hydrated. Birthing of the African bush elephant hits its highest point just before the rainy season of each year. Females carry their young in the womb for about 22 months, known as the gestation period, they give birth every five years; when born, calves can immediately walk to maximize their chances of survival. Newborns tend to weigh around 90 -- 120 kg. Females tend to reach sexual maturity at age 10, but they are most fertile from ages 25 to 45; the mating system of the African bush elephant includes females and males both pairing with several others at a time known as polygamy. The African bush elephant can first reproduce at the age of 9.5 years. Generation length of the African bush elephant is 25 years. Mating happens; when she is ready, she starts emitting infrasounds to attract the males, sometimes from kilometers away. The adult males start arriving at the herd during the
Boromo is a town in the Boromo Department of Balé Province in Burkina Faso. Boromo is capital of the Boromo Department and Balé Province and has a population of 11,694. Boromo is located directly between the two major cities of Burkina Faso and Bobo-Dioulasso, it is a city including gold and fish. The major activity in this zone is agriculture. Boromo is a melting pot where you will find many ethnic groups, including Mooses, Dafing and Winiens. 2008 Burkina Faso bus crash Railway stations in Burkina Faso Satellite map at Maplandia.com BBC article about the 2008 road crash
Ouagadougou Vagaga, is the capital of Burkina Faso and the administrative, communications and economic centre of the nation. It is the country's largest city, with a population of 2,200,000 in 2015; the city's name is shortened to Ouaga. The inhabitants are called ouagalais; the spelling of the name Ouagadougou is derived from the French orthography common in former French African colonies. Ouagadougou's primary industries are textiles, it is served by an international airport and is linked by rail to Abidjan in the Ivory Coast and, for freight only, to Kaya. There are several highways linking the city to Niamey, south to Ghana, southwest to Ivory Coast. Ouagadougou has one of West Africa's largest markets, which burned down in 2003 and has since reopened with better facilities and improved fire-prevention measures. Other attractions include the National Museum of Burkina Faso, the Moro-Naba Palace, the National Museum of Music, several craft markets; the name Ouagadougou dates back to the 15th century.
They were in constant conflict until 1441 when Wubri, a Yonyonse hero and an important figure in Burkina Faso's history, led his tribe to victory. He renamed the area from "Kumbee-Tenga", as the Ninsi had called it, to "Wage sabre soba koumbem tenga", meaning "head war chief's village". Ouagadougou is a Francophone spelling of the name; the city became the capital of the Mossi Empire in 1441 and became the permanent residence of the Mossi emperors in 1681. The Moro-Naba Ceremony is still performed every Friday by his court. In 1919 the French made Ouagadougou the capital of the Upper Volta territory. In 1954 the railroad line from Ivory Coast reached the city. Ouagadougou's population doubled from 1954 to 1960 and has been doubling about every ten years since. On 15 January 2016, gunmen armed with heavy weapons attacked the Cappuccino restaurant and the Splendid Hotel in the heart of Ouagadougou. 28 people were killed, at least 56 wounded. Three of the perpetrators were killed. Ouagadougou, situated on the central plateau, grew around the imperial palace of the Mogho Naaba.
An administrative centre of colonial rule, it became an important urban centre in the post-colonial era. First the capital of the Mossi Kingdoms and of Upper Volta and Burkina Faso, Ouagadougou became a veritable communal centre in 1995. Ouagadougou's climate is hot semi-arid under Köppen-Geiger classification, borders with tropical wet and dry; the city is part of the Sudano-Sahelian area, with annual rainfall of about 800 mm. The rainy season stretches from May to October, its height from June to September, with an average temperature of 28 °C; the cold season runs from December to January, with a minimum average temperature of 16 °C. The maximum temperature during the hot season, which runs from March to May, can reach 43 °C; the harmattan and the monsoon are the two main factors. Though Ouagadougou is farther from the equator, its hottest months' temperatures are hotter than those of Bobo-Dioulasso, the country's second most populous city. Ouagadougou's first municipal elections were held in 1956.
The city is governed by a mayor, elected to a five-year term, two senior councillors, 90 councillors. The city is divided into five arrondissements, consisting of 30 sectors, which are subdivided into districts. Districts of Ouagadougou include Gounghin, Koulouba, Niogsin, Peuloghin and Tiendpalogo. Seventeen villages comprise the Ouagadougou metropolitan area, about 219.3 km2. The population of this area is estimated at 48 % of whom are men and 52 % women; the rural population is about 5% and the urban population about 95% of the total, the density is 6,727 inhabitants per square kilometre, according to the 2006 census. Ouagadougou's communes have invested in huge city-management projects; this is because Ouagadougou constitutes a'cultural centre' by merit of holding the SIAO and the FESPACO. Moreover, the villages' growing affluence allows for such investment, the population's rapid growth necessitates it. Though literacy in Ouagadougou is not high, there are three universities in the city; the largest is the state University of Ouagadougou, founded in 1974.
In 2010 it had around 40,000 students. The city's official language is French and the principal local languages are More and Fulfulde; the bilingual program in schools was established in 1994. International schools include: Lycée Saint-Exupéry de Ouagadougou International School of Ouagadougou Ouagadougou's inhabitants play a wide array of sports, including association football and volleyball. There are activities organized by the local authorities. There are a number of cultural and art venues, such as the Maison du Peuple and Salle des Banquets, in addition to performances of many genres of music, including traditional folk music, modern music, rap. Several international festivals and activities are organized within the municipality, such as FESPACO, Africa's largest festival of this type, SIAO (International Art an
Departments of Burkina Faso
The provinces of Burkina Faso are divided into 351 departments, whose urbanized areas are grouped into the same commune with the same name as the department. The 351 communes created in those departments have three kinds of status: 49 urban communes, are grouping their main city/town and all other administrative villages in their department. 302 rural communes are grouping all administrative villages in their department. Departments have the same name as their capital city or town, with a few exceptions. For the local elections in 2012, communes were created in each department that still did not have one; the departments are listed below, by province: Bagassi Department Bana Department Boromo Department Fara Department Oury Department Pâ Department Pompoï Department Poura Department Siby Department Yaho Department Balavé Department Kouka Department Sami Department Sanaba Department Solenzo Department Tansila Department Barani Department Bomborokui Department Djibasso Department Dokuy Department Doumbala Department Kombori Department Madouba Department Nouna Department Bourasso Department Sono Department Bondokuy Department Dédougou Department Douroula Department Kona Department Ouarkoye Department Safané Department Tchériba Department Gassam Department Gossina Department Kougny Department Toma Department Yaba Department Yé Department Di Department Gomboro Department Kassoum Department Kiembara Department Lanfièra Department Lankoué Department Toéni Department Tougan Department Banfora Department Bérégadougou Department Mangodara Department Moussodougou Department Niangoloko Department Ouo Department Sidéradougou Department Soubakaniédougou Department Tiéfora Department Dakoro Department Douna Department Kankalaba Department Loumana Department Niankorodougou Department Ouéléni Department Sindou Department Wolonkoto Department Komki-Ipala Department Komsliga Department Koubri Department Ouagadougou Department Pabré Department Saaba Department Tanghin-Dassouri Department Bagré Department Bané Department Béguédo Department Bittou Department Boussouma Department Garango Department Komtoèga Department Niaogho Department Tenkodogo Department Zabré Department Zoaga Department Zonsé Department Bissiga Department Comin-Yanga Department Dourtenga Department Lalgaye Department Ouargaye Department Sangha Department Soudougui Department Yargatenga Department Yondé Department Andemtenga Department Baskouré Department Dialgaye Department Gounghin Department Kando Department Koupéla Department Pouytenga Department Tensobtenga Department Yargo Department Bourzanga Department Guibaré Department Kongoussi Department Nasséré Department Rollo Department Rouko Department Sabcé Department Tikaré Department Zimtenga Department Boulsa Department Bouroum Department Dargo Department Tougouri Department Yalgo Department Zéguédéguin Department Nagbingou Department Barsalogho Department Boussouma Department Dablo Department Kaya Department Korsimoro Department Mané Department Namissiguima Department Pensa Department Pibaore Department Pissila Department Ziga Department Bingo Department Imasgo Department Kindi Department Kokologho Department Koudougou Department Nanoro Department Pella Department Poa Department Ramongo Department Sabou Department Siglé Department Sourgou Department Thyou Department Nandiala Department Soaw Department Dassa Department Didyr Department Godyr Department Kordié Department Kyon Department Pouni Department Réo Department Ténado Department Zawara Department Zamo Department Biéha Department Boura Department Léo Department Nébiélianayou Department Niabouri Department Silly Department Tô Department Bakata Department Bougnounou Department Cassou Department Dalo Department Gao Department Sapouy Department Doulougou Department Ipelcé Department Kayao Department Kombissiri Department Saponé Department Toécé Department Gaongo Department Guiaro Department Pô Department Tiébélé Department Zecco Department Ziou Department Béré Department Bindé Department Gogo Department Gomboussougou Department Guiba Department Manga Department Nobére Department Bilanga Department Bogandé Department Coalla Department Liptougou Department Manni Department Piéla Department Thion Department Diabo Department Diapangou Department Fada N'gourma Department Matiacoali Department Tibga Department Yamba Department Bartiébougou Department Foutouri Department Gayéri Department Ko