Bal'a is a Palestinian town in the Tulkarm Governorate, located nine kilometers northeast of Tulkarm in the northern West Bank and three kilometers away from the highway connecting Tulkarm with Nablus. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, the town had a population of 6,604 in 2007. In 1922, the town had a population of 1,259 nearly doubled to 2,220 in 1945. After Israel's occupation of the town in 1967 after the Six-Day War, Bal'a inhabitants numbered 3,800 after dozens of families from nearby towns such as, Deir al-Ghusun settled there after being expelled. A tomb was broken into near this village about the time of the SWP visit, it consisted of a single chamber with a loculus on each of three walls. The door was an inscribed slab, with rough ornamentation. Mr. Tyrwhitt Drake found a date, corresponding to 332 C. E. Bal'a, like all of Palestine was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517. In the 1596 tax registers, it was part of the nahiya of Jabal Sami, part of the larger Sanjak of Nablus.
It had a population of all Muslims. The inhabitants paid a fixed tax rate of 33,3% on agricultural products, including wheat, summer crops, olive trees and beehives, in addition to occasional revenues. Ceramics from the Ottoman era have been found here. In 1882, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described Bal'a as “A good-sized village on high ground, with magnificent groves of olives to the west, supplied by cisterns, it is an ancient site, having rock-cut tombs.” In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, its population was 1,259, all Muslims, increasing in the 1931 census to 1,539 residents, still all Muslim, in a total of 344 houses. In the 1945 statistics the population of Bal'a was 2,220, all Muslims, the land area was 21,151 dunams, according to an official land and population survey. 70 dunams were for citrus and bananas, 7,766 dunams were plantations and irrigable land, 2,753 used for cereals, while 42 dunams were built-up land.
In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Bal'a came under Jordanian rule. In 1961, the population of Bal'a was 2,888. After the Six-Day War in 1967, Bal'a has been under Israeli occupation; the town's growth stunted after the Six-Day War, going from 3,400 in 1967 to just 3,800 in 1987. In the first Palestinian census by the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics in 1997, Bal'a had a population of 5,444 inhabitants. More than 20% of the residents were Palestinian refugees; the gender make-up was 50.9 % female. In 2007, Bal'a's residents numbered 6,604. Bal'a's primary source of income is agriculture; the town's land area consists of about 23,000 dunams most of, arable land. The town annually produces an average 10,000 tons of olive oil with olives being the main cash crop of Bal'a and surrounding towns and villages. Other common orchards include figs and almonds. Wheat and barley are grown during the winter while tomatoes and green peppers are grown during the summer.
Livestock is a major factor in Bal'a's agriculture sector as many families own thousands of hens as well as sheep and cattle. A few hundred in the town work for the Palestinian National Authority in careers as teachers and business managers. A large number of people are in service with various PNA security branches, including the Preventive Security Service; the town's built-up area is about 3,600 dunams. Bal ` a has six schools: four primary. Boys and girls attend different schools. There are three kindergartens. Hakam Balawi - Top aide of Yasser Arafat, former PLO ambassador to Algeria and Tunisia and the Interior Minister of the Palestinian National Authority in 2003. Welcome To Bal'a Bal’a, Welcome to Palestine Survey of Western Palestine, Map 11: IAA, Wikimedia commons
Bala is a town and district of Ankara Province in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey, 67 km south-east of the city of Ankara. According to 2000 census, population of the district is 19,426 of which 8,506 live in the urban center of Bala; the district covers an area of 2,563 km2, the average elevation is 1,310 m. Bala stands on a high plain, summers are hot, winters are cold and snowy; the town of Bala is small but busy with shops and light manufacturing workshops, the surrounding countryside is used for farming grains and sunflower seeds. Ankara's wealthier citizens have begun building luxury housing in some villages of Bala; however the town experiences many earthquakes. The forest of Beynam and the Kesikköprü reservoir are two of Ankara's most popular picnic spots. Afşar Bala Şehriban Falling Rain Genomics, Inc. "Geographical information on Bala, Turkey". Retrieved 2008-03-28. Kenthaber.com. "General information on Bala district of Ankara". Archived from the original on 2007-12-25. Retrieved 2008-03-28.
District governor's official website District municipality's official website
The bala shark, Balantiocheilos melanopterus known as the tricolor shark, tricolor sharkminnow, silver shark, or shark minnow, is a fish species of the family Cyprinidae, is one of the two species in the genus Balantiocheilos. This species is not a true shark, but is so called because of its torpedo-shaped body and large fins, it is endangered. The bala shark occurs in the Malay Peninsula and Borneo. Previous records further north in the Mekong and Chao Phraya River is due to confusion with the described and extinct B. ambusticauda. These fish have a silver body with black margins on their dorsal, caudal and pelvic fins, they have big eyes to catch their prey. The bala shark will grow to a maximum length of 35 cm. Bala sharks are found in midwater depths in large and medium-sized lakes, they feed on phytoplankton, but on small crustaceans and insects and their larvae. Bala sharks are misunderstood aquarium fish; these fish are peaceful and good companions to many other types of tropical fish. Bala sharks are available in most pet stores, but will grow to a size too large for the home aquarium.
They are a hardy fish that will tolerate temperature changes, pH changes, other factors to which other fish may be sensitive. The water pH should be 6.0–8.0. The preferable water hardness for this species is soft to medium. Water temperature should be kept between 22–28 °C; the bala shark prefers to be kept in groups of two or more specimens. It requires a covered aquarium as it is a skilled jumper, but may injure itself on the lid of the tank. Young bala sharks are sometimes kept in small aquaria. However, given their adult size, schooling behavior, swimming speed, the fish grow to need much more room. Hobbyists continue to debate over acceptable minimum tank sizes, but recommend at least a 2-meter tank. FishBase lists a minimum of 150 cm. Many believe the fish is too large and too active to be kept in residential aquaria at all. Indoor ponds are considered feasible housing options and may be better suited to the average aquarist. B. melanopterus is listed as an endangered species by the IUCN Red List.
It has become extinct in many river basins of its native range. In Danau Sentarum, fishermen reported in 1993 and 1995 that the populations have decreased after 1975, for no clear reason. Fishermen mentioned overfishing for the aquarium-fish trade or forest fires in 1975 and the resulting pollution as possible causes; the species is extirpated in the Batang Hari basin and it seems that all individuals of B. melanopterus exported from Indonesia and Thailand by the aquarium-fish trade are captive bred
Băla is a commune in Mureș County, Romania. It is composed of Băla and Ercea. List of Hungarian exonyms
Bala is a Compact Rural Community in the township municipality of Muskoka Lakes, District Municipality of Muskoka in Central Ontario, Canada. It is well-known for the Bala Falls, the source of the Moon River where that river drains Lake Muskoka, it is considered one of the hubs of cottage country located north of Toronto. Thus, its year-round population of several hundred is increased by thousands of seasonal residents and weekend day-trippers during summer months, it is known as the Cranberry Capital of Ontario, as the province's largest cranberry farms, Johnston's Cranberry Marsh and Wahta Iroquis Growers, are located nearby. It was once the smallest incorporated town in Canada, until amalgamation as part of Muskoka Lakes Township. Bala was settled by Thomas Burgess in 1868. Thomas Burgess opened a store to serve the area's scattered settlers. Thomas Burgess named it after the town of Bala in Wales with which it is twinned. Located on the Canadian Shield, it proved unsuitable for farming and its fortunes declined as logging became less economically viable.
Railway connections helped to re-establish the village as a popular location for summer resorts. In 1914, the town incorporated with Burgess' son as the first mayor making it the smallest incorporated town in Canada. Located at the west end of Lake Muskoka, at the foot of Bala Bay, the prominent geographical feature of the town are the many bare outcroppings of the Canadian Shield. Carved out of the Shield is Bala Falls, the only outlet for Lake Muskoka; this allows water to empty from the Muskoka River watershed into the Moon River and Georgian Bay. This led to many navigation problems both for the settlers. In 1873 a control dam was built at the Bala Falls, which still exists in an upgraded form and is known as the North Falls. However, the dam worked too well and led to flooding, which forced the construction soon after of a large flood control dam and channel, known today as the South Falls. A further channel north of the North Falls was created in the 1880s to power a sawmill and reused as the water intake channel for a hydroelectric station built in 1917.
This station, operated by the Bala Electric Light and Power Company to supply electricity as far as MacTier and Port Carling was retired in 1957, but returned to active use as a small remotely operated station in the 1990s. It remains in use today. A second station operated between the North and South Falls from 1924 to 1957 but was demolished because it was uneconomical. A new generating station is being built at a project that caused much local controversy. Bala was well connected, at first only connected, to other Muskoka communities via the steamship lines that plied the Muskoka Lakes; the Cherokee and Segwun were seen at the dock below the CPR station, the Ahmic was based on the other side of Bala Bay in Torrance. Steamships have been unable to visit Bala since 1964, when the swing bridge at Bala Park Island was sealed shut. A portion of the former steamer dock remains, maintained for many decades by the MNR and today by the Township of Muskoka Lakes. In 1907 the Canadian Pacific Railway opened a prominent "summer" station at the harbour, complete with freight elevator.
There was a seasonal Grand Trunk Railway station across the bay on Bala Park Island. In 1927 six CPR train routes each way served Bala, four on a daily basis. With the influx of many American cottagers, Bala became a Customs Port of Entry; the Bala Weekend trains continued to serve the tourists until 1963, after which the station was demolished. The settlement-era Musquosh Road from Gravenhurst arrived in the 1880s and fed further development after the heyday of the railways as the route was upgraded from a rough trail into first the Rama Road the provincial Highway 69. A postwar bypass was created for this highway to avoid the original Musquosh Road bridge and single-lane rail underpass at the South Falls. In 1971, the town was amalgamated with other townships and municipalities to form the Township of Muskoka Lakes. Bala was the location of the first detachment of Ontario Provincial Police in 1921. A small modern station remains just north of the main part of town; the Canada Post Post Office has been relocated to share space with the police station.
Until changes in transportation and development led to most seasonal visitors staying in private cottages, Bala offered summer lodging at a large number of tourist resorts over the decades. For example, Windsor Park is on the site of the former Windsor Hotel. Located on River Street were Bala Cozy Cabins and Roselawn Lodge; the Bala Bay Inn remained as an active hotel till 2016. Built in 1910 it is Muskoka's oldest brick hotel; the original tin ceiling and mahogany staircase still grace the front lobby. Since 1942, under various management and names, the community and the surrounding area was offered live musical entertainment. In the 1940s and'50s, Big Bands like Mart Kenney, Cab Calloway, Tommy Dorsey, Jimmy Dorsey, Glenn Miller, Duke Ellington, Count Basie, Woody Herman
Bala Cynwyd, Pennsylvania
Bala Cynwyd is a community in Lower Merion Township, located on the Main Line in southeastern Pennsylvania, bordering the western edge of Philadelphia at US Route 1. It was two separate towns and Cynwyd, but is treated as a single community; this came about when a single US Post Office served both towns using ZIP code 19004. The community was long known as hyphenated Bala-Cynwyd. Bala and Cynwyd are served by separate stations on SEPTA's Cynwyd Line of Regional Rail. Bala Cynwyd lies in the Welsh Tract of Pennsylvania and was settled in the 1680s by Welsh Quakers, who named it after the town of Bala and the village of Cynwyd in Wales. A mixed residential community made up predominantly of single-family detached homes, it extends west of the Philadelphia city limits represented by City Avenue from Old Lancaster Road at 54th Street west to Meeting House Lane and along Manayunk and Conshohocken State Roads north to Mary Watersford Road east along Belmont Avenue back to City; this large residential district contains some of Lower Merion's oldest and finest stone mansions, built from 1880 through the 1920s and located in the sycamore-lined district between Montgomery Avenue and Levering Mill Road, as well as split level tract houses built east of Manayunk Road just after World War II.
The oldest commercial district and the original center of Bala Cynwyd straddles the bridge over the old Pennsylvania Railroad tracks belonging to the Columbia Railroad and now part of the SEPTA Cynwyd Line, along Montgomery Avenue at Bala Avenue. This district, long on the National Register of Historic Places, was settled shortly after William Penn's landing in Pennsylvania in 1682 and contains the village's oldest commercial buildings, some dating to the earliest years of the 19th century. Bala Avenue itself is an extension of this original town center and comprises a specialized commercial district of its own more than a century old; the remainder of Bala Cynwyd's original commercial district extends south along Montgomery Avenue as part of the Bala Cynwyd-Merion Commercial District and is coextensive with the commercial center of Merion, with its popular delicatessens and restaurants. Bala Cynwyd has long been home to most of the broadcasting outlets in the Philadelphia region. In 1952, CBS television station WCAU-TV built its headquarters at the corner of City Avenue and Monument Road.
Now an NBC owned-and-operated station, the station is still located there. A decade ABC affiliate WFIL-TV moved to a new studio directly across the street from WCAU on City Avenue, just inside the Philadelphia city limits; the station, now ABC O&O WPVI-TV, is still based there today. Bala Cynwyd is home to Beasley Broadcast Group's WBEN-FM, WMGK, WMMR and WPEN. iHeartMedia's WDAS-FM, WDAS-AM, WUSL, WRFF, WISX, WIOQ radio stations are located on Presidential Boulevard. CBS's WGMP left Bala Cynwyd to move to Philadelphia when NBC and CBS swapped stations in 1995, as did WTEL and WIP-FM; as of 2016, after some moves in and out of Philadelphia, CBS stations WXTU, WOGL, WTDY are located in Bala. Bala Cynwyd is the corporate home of Entercom Communications Corporation, poised to be the second largest owner of radio stations in the United States, following its announcement of a merger with CBS Radio February 2, 2017; the Bala Cynwyd Shopping Center, completed in 1957, lies a half mile to the south of the village center, bordering Philadelphia on City Avenue.
Its major outlets are Acme Markets, Olive Garden, US Mailroom and LA Fitness. The village is home to houses of worship of many religions; the oldest of these is Saint John's Episcopal Church on Levering Mill Road, founded in 1863. Saint Matthias Catholic Church is found one block south of Montgomery on Bryn Mawr Avenue. Bala Cynwyd has drawn a number of Modern Orthodox and Conservative Jews who live within walking distance of Lower Merion Synagogue and Congregation Adath Israel on Old Lancaster Road where Bala Cynwyd meets Merion. Churches of other denominations are located in nearby Narberth, Wynnewood and Wynnefield/Overbrook; the Neighborhood Club of Bala Cynwyd, established in 1906, works to preserve the residential character of the neighborhood and promote civic welfare and community spirit. It sponsors an annual Independence Day celebration on July 4 which begins in front of the Union Fire Association on Montgomery Avenue and ends at the Bala Cynwyd Playground; the parade features neighborhood children riding decorated bicycles, marchers in costumes, floats, fire trucks and public officials.
The Lower Merion Historical Society relocated its headquarters from Ashbridge House in Rosemont to the ancient Cynwyd Academy building, adjacent to Bala Cynwyd Middle School on Bryn Mawr Avenue in Cynwyd. Among the claimants for First Boy Scout Troop in the United States is Troop 1 in Bala Cynwyd. From 1946 to 1960, the National Football League had its headquarters located in Bala Cynwyd; the Lower Merion Academy-Cynwyd Elementary School-Bala Cynwyd Junior High School Complex and West Laurel Hill Cemetery are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Bala Cynwyd is served by the Lower Merion School District with its headquarters in Ardmore. Public school children of area residents attend the Cynwyd Elementary School on Levering Mill Road, Bala Cynwyd Middle School on North Bryn Mawr Avenue, Lower Merion High School in Ardmore. Another school in Bala Cynwyd is Ko
Sida cordifolia is a perennial subshrub of the mallow family Malvaceae native to India. It has naturalized throughout the world, is considered an invasive weed in Africa, the southern United States, Hawaiian Islands, New Guinea, French Polynesia; the specific name, refers to the heart-shaped leaf. Sida cordifolia is an erect perennial that reaches 50 to 200 cm tall, with the entire plant covered with soft white felt-like hair, responsible for one of its common names, "flannel weed"; the stems are yellow-green, hairy and slender. The yellow-green leaves are oblong-ovate, covered with hairs, 3.5 to 7.5 cm long by 2.5 to 6 cm wide. The flowers are dark yellow, sometimes with a darker orange center, with a hairy 5-lobed calyx and 5-lobed corolla; as a weed, it invades cultivated and overgrazed fields, competing with more desired species and contaminating hay. Sida cordifolia is used in Ayurvedic medicine. Known as "malva blanca", it is a plant used in Brazilian folk medicine for the treatment of inflammation of the oral mucosa, asthmatic bronchitis and nasal congestion, stomatitis, of asthma and nasal congestion and in many parts of Africa for various ailments for respiratory problems.
It has been investigated as an anti-inflammatory, for preventing cell proliferation, for encouraging liver re-growth. Because of its ephedrine content, it possesses psychostimulant properties, affecting the central nervous system and the heart; the following alkaloids were reported from S. cordifolia growing in India: β-phenethylamine, pseudoephedrine, S--Nb-methyltryptophan methyl ester, vasicinone, vasicinol and betaine. No tannin or glycosides have been identified from the plant; the roots and stems contain the alkaloid ephedrine observed in the different varieties of the gymnosperm genus Ephedra. Recent analyses have revealed that ephedrine and pseudoephedrine constitute the major alkaloids from the aerial parts of the plant, which show traces of sitosterol and palmitic and hexacosanoic acids. Two flavanones—5,7-dihydroxy-3-isoprenyl flavone and 5-hydroxy-3-isoprenyl flavone—and two phytosterols—β-sitosterol and stigmasterol—have been isolated from the plant; the analgesic alkaloid has been found.
Sterculic acid, malvalic acid, coronaric acid have been isolated from the seed oil, along with other fatty acids. Sida cordifolia in West African plants – A Photo Guide. Caldecott, Todd. Ayurveda: The Divine Science of Life. Elsevier/Mosby. ISBN 978-0-7234-3410-8. Contains a detailed monograph on Sida cordifolia as well as a discussion of health benefits and usage in clinical practice. Available online at https://web.archive.org/web/20101017142652/http://www.toddcaldecott.com/index.php/herbs/learning-herbs/394-bala