Balboa Island, Newport Beach
Balboa Island is an harborside community located in Newport Beach, accessible to the public via bridge and several public docks. The community is surrounded by a paved concrete boardwalk open to pedestrian traffic, designated as a public walking trail by the city. Balboa Island's Marine Avenue is home to local small businesses including restaurants and local crafts; the island has a fire station and a post office. The Balboa Island community consists of three modified or artificial islands in Newport Harbor: Balboa Island, the largest; the Balboa Island community is joined to the mainland by a short two-lane bridge on the northeast of Balboa Island, a operated fleet of three, three-car ferryboats which provide access across the harbor to the Balboa Peninsula which lies to the south. Balboa Island was little more than a mudflat surrounded by swampland. Today's Newport Harbor emerged only after dredging millions of tons of silt. In the late 1860s, James McFadden and his brother, purchased a large portion of the future site of Newport, including the oceanfront of Newport Beach, much of Balboa Peninsula, the sandbars that were to become Balboa Island and Newport Harbor's other islands.
They began subdividing and selling their property. They established a successful fishing wharf on the Balboa Peninsula and the townsite of Newport Beach. In the late 1860s, the bay was used as a landing to load hides, tallow and other goods for export. In September 1870, Captain Samuel S. Dunnells’ steamer Vaquero ventured into the bay to offload a cargo of lumber and shingles. Captain Dunnells soon established “Newport Landing” by constructing a small wharf and warehouse near the west end of the present Coast Highway/Newport Bay Bridge; the McFadden brothers acquired the landing in 1875 and for the next 19 years operated a thriving commercial trade and shipping business. However, the bay was not yet a true harbor and sand bars and a treacherous bay entrance caused the McFadden brothers to move the shipping business to the oceanfront by constructing a large pier on the sand spit that would become the Balboa Peninsula; the site was ideal because a submarine canyon, carved along with Newport Bay by the ancient Santa Ana River, provided calm waters close to the shore.
McFadden Wharf was completed in 1888 and was connected by rail to Santa Ana in 1891. For the next eight years, the McFadden Wharf area was a booming commercial and shipping center and a company town began to grow. However, in 1899, the Federal Government allocated funds for major improvements to a new harbor at San Pedro, which would become Southern California’s major seaport; the McFadden Wharf and railroad was sold to the Southern Pacific Railroad that same year, signaling the end of Newport Bay as a commercial shipping center. In 1902, James McFadden sold all of his Newport property, including the Newport townsite, about half the Balboa Peninsula, the swamplands that were to become Harbor and Balboa Islands to William Stepp "WS" Collins and C. A. Hanson for an undisclosed amount, suspected to be $50,000 with $5,00 down. Collins and Hanson saw Newport Bay’s resort and recreation potential, they took on Henry E. Huntington as a partner in the Newport Beach Company. Huntington had acquired the Pacific Electric railway system and used it to promote new communities outside of Los Angeles.
In 1905, the Pacific Electric “Red Cars” were extended to Newport. By 1906, the Pacific Electric line Red Cars began servicing the Balboa Peninsula and Balboa Pavilion, soon the Red Cars brought thousands of visitors from Los Angeles. Collins built a dredge and, by 1906, began dredging a channel on the north side of the bay and depositing the sand and silt on tidelands that would become Balboa Isle. Between 1902 and 1907, many of Newport Beaches’ waterfront communities were subdivided, including West Newport, East Newport, Bay Island and Balboa Isle; this established the grid system of small lots and narrow streets and alleys that still exists today. Within a few years, real estate promoters began sending salesmen to Pasadena and to Los Angeles to promote property in and around Newport Harbor. Much Balboa Island property was sold in Pasadena, one of the reasons that many longtime Island residents have family and contacts in the Pasadena area. In 1908 and 1909, with permission of the Orange County Board of Supervisors, Collins moved his small dredge to the eastern part of the Newport bay, a mud flat called "Snipe Island," and begin cutting a channel along the north side of the bay across from the Pavilion, piling the sand and silt up on the mud flat and thus Balboa Island was born.
As Balboa Isle began to take shape, Collins launched a national advertising campaign, offering 30 foot by 85 foot inland lots for $600 and waterfront lots for $750. He used a brochure picturing an elegant, but non-existing, hotel on the isle to help sell his lots, he promised ferry service, paved streets, sewers and water. However, despite the advertisements, Collins sold lots on the Island for as little as $25.00, with promises that all streets and street lights would soon be installed and a bridge and ferry service to follow. Construction was begun for the ferry landing. Streets were staked out and lots were mapped. A few narrow sidewalks were b
The Catalina Flyer is a 500-passenger catamaran ferry operated by Catalina Passenger Service. It has provided daily passenger service since 1988 from the Balboa Pavilion in Newport Beach, California to the city of Avalon located on Santa Catalina Island. Prior to 1988, the same run was served by the Island Holiday from the mid-1950s until 1978, the Catalina Holiday from 1978 until 1988, both operated by Catalina Passenger Service; the Catalina Flyer is the largest passenger-carrying catamaran on the West Coast of the United States and at the time it was launched it was the largest in North America. It carries an eight-person crew, features a sundeck, full-service lounges and large view windows; the Catalina Flyer makes one round trip daily, leaving Newport Beach for Avalon in the morning and returning from Avalon to Newport Beach in the early evening. It takes 75 minutes for a one way trip. In addition to regular passenger service, the vessel is available for private charter. In the fall and winter of 2010–2011, the Flyer's service was temporarily suspended, in order to upgrade the ship's engines to meet the environmental requirements of California's Commercial Harbor Craft Regulation.
Catalina Express, a different ferry service to Catalina from San Pedro, Long Beach, Dana Point Catalina Flyer's Website Catalina Flyer Photograph
Joseph Allan Beek was the longest-serving Secretary of the Senate in California history. The Secretary of the California State Senate is a nonpartisan officer of the Senate who advises the presiding officer and Senators on parliamentary procedures and is the chief recordkeeper of the Senate; the Secretary is elected by majority vote of the Senators for each two-year session. Joe Beek was born in Maine and established residency in California in 1907, he attended school in Pasadena at Throop Polytechnic Institute. Beek first served as a Senate attache in 1913. In 1917 he was elected Minute Clerk, he was first elected as Secretary in 1919 and served continuously, with the exception of 1921–22, until his death in office on October 20, 1968. Beek authored the book "The California Legislature" in 1942. Written in narrative form, the book was part history lesson, part memoir, part guide to the legislative process. Subsequent editions were published for the next 40 years. Beek co-founded the American Society of Legislative Clerks and Secretaries in 1943.
He served as the ASLCS president for the first 25 years. Beek's years of Capitol service mirrored that of his colleague, Arthur Ohnimus, who served as Chief Clerk of the lower house from 1915 to 1963. Beek was best known for his role in developing Balboa Island, he established the Balboa Island Ferry, built roads and bridges, was one of the island's chief promoters. Beek was Chairman of the California Small Craft Harbor Commission, was a published musician and composer, a World War II veteran, a promoter of reforestation of hills surrounding Orange County; the California Legislature, 1980 edition, by Joseph A. Beek, Office of State Printing, Sacramento. California Blue Book, State of California, 1938 and 1961 editions. California's Legislature, Appendix E, p. 269 ASLCS web site Balboa Island Museum
The Reckless Moment
The Reckless Moment is a 1949 American film noir melodrama directed by Max Ophüls, produced by Walter Wanger, released by Columbia Pictures with Burnett Guffey as cinematographer. It starred Joan Bennett and James Mason, The film is based on The Blank Wall, a novel written by Elisabeth Sanxay Holding; the Deep End is based on the same source material. While her husband is away on business, Lucia confronts Darby, a low-life Los Angeles criminal, demands he stop seeing her 17 year-old daughter, Bea, he with the caveat that Lucia pay him. She responds by telling him he has simplified the situation, that when she tells Bea "how you feel about her" the girl will be glad to break off with him; when Lucia returns home she is confronted by Bea - Darby had telephoned to tell her of her mother's visit. She refuses to believe. Lucia forbids her daughter to see Darby again but, that evening, Bea sneaks out to the family's boathouse to meet him, she assures him she does not accept her mother's version of things, but he indicates he could do with some money and that it does not mean the two could not continue to be together.
Bea is repulsed by this and, during an ensuing struggle, she hits him and he goes down to his knees. Unknown to her, he shakily accidentally falls and subsequently dies. Having discovered Bea missing, Lucia has been searching for her; when she comes upon the distraught girl, who has just come indoors after her ordeal and reveals it to her mother, Lucia goes to the boathouse. The next morning, she finds him lying dead by a jetty, she disposes of the body in a swamp. Another L. A. criminal and smooth-talking Donnelly, the partner of Nagel, a brutal loan shark, shows up in possession of letters Bea had written Darby. Nagel has been holding the writings as collateral. Lucia must now come up with $5,000 to keep Bea's relationship becoming known; as Lucia struggles to secure these funds, Donnelly is falling in love with her. He tries to allow her more time, he tells her he has declined his'cut' and that if she can get half the money, he may be able to mollify Nagel. If he could, he says, he would pay the blackmailer off himself.
After pawning much of her jewelry, Lucia has only $800. When she meets Donnelly to hand this over, he announces that she is in the clear, a man has been arrested in relation to Darby's murder. Lucia is stricken with guilt because she knows Darby was not murdered, he will not accept her story and says that while the man in custody may be innocent of this he is "guilty of a hundred other things" and it does not matter, she needs to think of her family. Donnelly learns that the suspect has been released; when Lucia gets home, her housekeeper says. He lets. Donnelly attacks his partner. Afterwards, Donnelly talks about his warm feelings for Lucia, he asks her for a drink and, while she is gone, Donnelly drives away with Nagel in the car. Lucia follows in her vehicle. While driving, Donnelly reaches into Nagel's pocket to retrieve Bea's letters; when Lucia finds him, he tells her to not assist him, it will be better if the authorities find him this way. He gives her the letters. At home, as Lucia is trying to compose herself, her two children return from an evening out.
Her son talks about "seeing a terrible accident". Bea tells Lucia how the police mentioned that, just before dying, the man pinned beneath the vehicle admitted to killing Darby. James Mason as Martin Donnelly Joan Bennett as Lucia Harper Geraldine Brooks as Bea Harper Henry O'Neill as Tom Harper Shepperd Strudwick as Ted Darby David Bair as David Harper Roy Roberts as Nagel Frances E. Williams as Sybil William Schallert as a police lieutenant Kathryn Card as a loan processor This was Mason's third U. S. film, after having appeared in director Ophüls in Caught in Vincente Minnelli's Madame Bovary. The Reckless Moment was filmed in Newport Beach and Los Angeles, California, it was first released in Detroit, Michigan, on October 29, 1949. While the movie was the last one that Max Ophüls filmed in the United States, it was the last movie adaptation of any of Elisabeth Sanxay Holding’s books while she was alive. Other films based on her stories include Vocalizing, The Bride Comes Home, The Price of Pleasure.
A characteristic of Ophüls' films is his use of the Baroque film style. Throughout the movie, major plot points occur while the characters are doing day to day things; the characters are put under duress while talking on the telephone or driving a car. This creates a contrast between the tension of the dialogue and the ease of the character’s movements; the film made a loss of $565,775. When the film was first released in 1949, the film critic for The New York Times, Bosley Crowther, praised the actors but wrote, "But it isn't all right with this picture. Although it is rather well staged, with credible location settings in Balboa and Los Angeles, it is a feeble and listless drama with a
The Balboa Pavilion in Newport Beach, Orange County, California, is a California Historical Landmark and a National Historic Place. Established on July 1, 1906, the Balboa Pavilion played a prominent role in the development of Newport Beach by attracting real estate buyers to an area designated as "swamp and overflow" land; the Balboa Pavilion is one of California's last surviving waterfront recreational pavilions from the turn of the century. The Pavilion continues to serve the public today as a marine recreational facility and is Newport Beach's most famous landmark, as well as its oldest standing building. On September 20, 1905, the War Department in Washington D. C. granted a group of promoters, called the "Newport Bay Investment Company," permission to construct the Pavilion as a "boat-house, bath-house, pavilion." The promoters built the pavilion on the Newport Harbor side of the sand spit and its sister project, the Balboa Pier, on the adjacent ocean side of the sand spit, today called the Balboa Peninsula.
These two structures were built to attract lot purchasers to this area of Newport Beach called Balboa. The pavilion was designed by Los Angeles freelance architect Fred R. Dorn, who would go on to work as an associate of Stiles O. Clements of Morgan, Walls & Clements. On July 1, 1906, the 65-foot -high Victorian style building was completed to coincide with the completion of the Pacific Electric Railway Red Car Line extension to central Balboa near the Balboa Pavilion on July 4, 1906, after only 10 days of construction. With the extension of the Red Car line, People began to flock to Balboa and some purchased lots, thus, the Newport Investment Company's plan worked; the original building had a first story bathhouse. In the bathhouse, people could change from street attire into rented "bathing suits." Soon, yearly Fourth of July bathing beauty parades brought large gatherings of people to Balboa. The 1930s ushered in the Big Band era. On weekends the Pavilion featured such prominent bands as Count Basie, Benny Goodman, the Dorsey Brothers.
Phil Harris and his band played on weekdays. The dance step called the "Balboa" originated at the Balboa Pavilion and swept across the United States; the Pavilion had several upstairs and downstairs card rooms. Until the 1930s, the Pavilion offered speed boat rides. Two speedy 35-foot boats would take off full speed from underneath the Balboa Pavilion with sirens blaring and race out of the bay and into the Pacific Ocean. Right after World War II, Newport Harbor was the center of sport fishing activity in southern California with over 100 boats and 9 landings, one of which operated out of the Pavilion. Today, only two sport fishing landings with less than ten boats survive, one of which still operates out of the Balboa Pavilion. In 1942, the Pavilion's owners leased the upstairs of the building to a gentleman who built and operated a ten-lane bowling alley. Pinsetters hand set the pins; because the Pavilion is anchored on a narrow strip of sandy waterfront, about 90% of the building was supported on wooden pilings, which extend over the bay.
In 1947, the wooden pilings deteriorated, the building began to collapse into the bay. In 1947 or 1948, the Gronsky family purchased the deteriorated Balboa Pavilion at a low price and replaced the deteriorating original wooden pilings with large, concrete pilings; the result was a newly element-resistant city landmark. In the 1940s and early 1950s the Balboa Pavilion housed a "Skil-O-Quiz" bingo parlor which gave prizes rather than cash, but bingo was deemed too wicked, was outlawed, the sheriff closed the establishment down. In 1954, Gronsky instituted a shell museum upstairs; the museum displayed over 2.5 million shells. The shell fish collection was donated to Bowers Museum in Santa Ana. In 1961, the Gronskys sold the Balboa Pavilion to Ducommun Realty Company of Los Angeles. Edmond G. "Alan" Ducommun's "mission" was to restore the building to its original 1906 look, he generously invested an estimated one million dollars into the property. In 1963, Ducommun added 1500 lights to the buildings exterior.
These lights, along with the Cupula on top of the building, additionally serve as a navigation beacon for night boat travelers. In 1969, Davey's Locker Inc. a sport fishing operation, purchased the Balboa Pavilion to provide a permanent terminal for the expansion of its Catalina Island passenger service. Its president, Phil Tozer, refurbished the building's interior to reflect the early 1900s architecture. On May 20, 1980, the Balboa Pavilion Company branched off from Davey's Locker and took over ownership of the Pavilion. In late November 2005, the Balboa Pavilion Company sold the Balboa Pavilion to the Gugasians; the Balboa Pavilion is used as a marine recreation facility, with sportfishing boats, the transportation terminal for the Catalina Flyer to Catalina Island, small boat and rentals, whale watching, sunset cruises, a restaurant and upstairs ballroom for banquets and conferences. Balboa Fun Zone. Rides, shops, merry-go-round, Ferris wheel. Balboa Island Ferry. Transports vehicles and people from Balboa Island to the Balboa Peninsula.
Balboa Pier. The Wedge. A fun place to go to watch crazy surfers on rare giant south swell days. National Register of Historic Places listings in Orange County, California History of the Balboa Pavilion Balboa Pavilion + photos Balboa Pavilion + animals
Balboa Fun Zone
The Balboa Fun Zone is a family destination located on the Balboa Peninsula in the city of Newport Beach, Orange County, California. The Balboa Fun Zone offers both an ocean and harbor experience for an estimated seven million annual visitors to Newport Beach; the Fun Zone was built in 1936 by Al Anderson featuring a small beach and a 45’ Ferris Wheel as the main attractions. In 1986, Jordan Wank re-opened it. In 1988, Doo & Sons owned the Balboa Fun Zone, but they walked away after not receiving zoning permits to develop the property into a mixed use of retail and housing; the property languished for several years and the area went into decline. In 1994, the Balboa Fun Zone was purchased by former employee Joe Tunstall; the Fun Zone consisted of a newly restored Carousel purchased in 1985, a #5 Eli Ferris Wheel, bumper cars, Drummer Boy, the Scary Dark Ride There were a few souvenir shops and tour boat companies offering boat rides and narrated cruises. Tourists and residents can still enjoy harbor cruises and old fashioned arcades on the boardwalk.
The Ferris wheel is a photographed night landmark on the Balboa Peninsula. The Balboa Fun Zone was purchased in December, 2005 by NHNM Property Holdings, LLC with plans to renovate the existing building and waterfront; the greater Balboa Fun Zone area includes the Balboa Village which consists of more retail shops, several saloons, a boutique hotel, the Balboa Pier, the beach, the boardwalks along both the beach and the harbor fronts. In 2013, the Balboa Fun Zone underwent a major renaissance with the addition of three rides owned and operated by Fun Zone Entertainment, a wholly owned subsidiary of ExplorOcean, they include Ocean Motion, Fish Pipe, Burt the Bull Shark. Ocean Motion is an 18’ tall bungee ride that allows people to jump and flip through the air in complete safety. In the 11 feet diameter Fish Pipe, riders get wet while sliding inside a giant transparent plastic sphere rotating at 45 rpm. Fresh water serves as a lubricant creating a waterslide. Burt the Bull Shark is 12' long, tries to buck the rider off his back.
The Balboa Fun Zone features a raised patio open to the public offering views of Newport Harbor. The patio is handicap accessible from East Bay Avenue. In 1998, Japanese musician hide filmed the music video for his song "Hurry Go Round" at the Fun Zone and at the Balboa Pier. In 2013, American hip hop recording artist Childish Gambino recorded the music video for his song 3005 on the Ferris wheel here; the Fun Zone has restaurants such as the iconic Cape Cod style Balboa Pavilion built in 1905, several souvenir stores, a boardwalk. The nearby Balboa Theater on Balboa Boulevard is set to be renovated by the Balboa Theater Foundation in 2014; the 130-foot long Catalina Flyer passenger ferry ship operates out of the Pavilion located in the Balboa Fun Zone. With room for 500 passengers and having a top speed of 32 knots, the Flyer arrives in the City of Avalon on Catalina Island in only 75 minutes from departure; this is the largest passenger ferry boat on the west coast. The Balboa Auto Ferry carries passengers and cars 900 feet from nearby Balboa Island to the Balboa Fun Zone.
It operates 20 hours a day during the summer months and transports an estimated 1.6 million passengers per year. The small ferry which transports three automobiles and up to about 100 people per three-minute trip; the Balboa Fun Zone is home to ExplorOcean. ExplorOcean occupies a city block in the Balboa Fun Zone. ExplorOcean is the second largest land owner in the Balboa Village behind the City of Newport Beach. ExplorOcean’s mission is to educate children about the seven principles of Ocean Literacy through hands-on activities, summer camps, field trips. In the Ocean Literacy Center, people can build and pilot advanced underwater submarines in the boardwalk aquarium, they can touch tide pool sea creatures like starfish and sea cucumbers. The Ocean Literacy Center is a place to learn about the ocean with hands-on activities using science, technology and math skills. Official website
A ferry is a merchant vessel used to carry passengers, sometimes vehicles and cargo, across a body of water. A passenger ferry with many stops, such as in Venice, Italy, is sometimes called a water bus or water taxi. Ferries form a part of the public transport systems of many waterside cities and islands, allowing direct transit between points at a capital cost much lower than bridges or tunnels. Ship connections of much larger distances may be called ferry services if they carry vehicles; the profession of the ferryman is embodied in Greek mythology in Charon, the boatman who transported souls across the River Styx to the Underworld. Speculation that a pair of oxen propelled a ship having a water wheel can be found in 4th century Roman literature "Anonymus De Rebus Bellicis". Though impractical, there is no reason why it could not work and such a ferry, modified by using horses, was used in Lake Champlain in 19th-century America. See "When Horses Walked on Water: Horse-Powered Ferries in Nineteenth-Century America".
See Experiment. The Marine Services Company of Tanzania offers passenger and cargo services in Lakes Victoria and Malawi, it operates one of the oldest ferries in the region, the MV Liemba, built in 1913 during the German colonial rule. The busiest seaway in the world, the English Channel, connects Great Britain and mainland Europe, with ships sailing to French ports, such as Calais, Dieppe, Cherbourg-Octeville, Caen, St Malo and Le Havre. Ferries from Great Britain sail to Belgium, the Netherlands, Norway and Ireland; some ferries carry tourist traffic, but most carry freight, some are for the use of freight lorries. In Britain, car-carrying ferries are sometimes referred to as RORO for the ease by which vehicles can board and leave; the busiest single ferry route is across the northern part of Øresund, between Helsingborg, Scania and Elsinore, Denmark. Before the Øresund bridge was opened in July 2000, car and "car & train" ferries departed up to seven times every hour. In 2013, this has been reduced, but a car ferry still departs from each harbor every 15 minutes during daytime.
The route is around 2.2 nautical miles and the crossing takes 22 minutes. Today, all ferries on this route are constructed so that they do not need to turn around in the harbors; this means that the ferries lack stems and sterns, since the vessels sail in both directions. Starboard and port-side are dynamic, depending on the direction the ferry sails. Despite the short crossing, the ferries are equipped with restaurants and kiosks. Passengers without cars make a "double or triple return" journey in the restaurants. Passenger and bicycle passenger tickets are inexpensive compared with longer routes. Large cruiseferries sail in the Baltic Sea between Finland, Åland, Estonia and Saint Petersburg and from Italy to Sardinia, Corsica and Greece. In many ways, these ferries are like cruise ships, but they can carry hundreds of cars on car decks. Besides providing passenger and car transport across the sea, Baltic Sea cruise-ferries are a popular tourist destination unto themselves, with multiple restaurants, bars and entertainment on board.
Many smaller ferries operate on domestic routes in Finland and Estonia. The south-west and southern parts of the Baltic Sea has several routes for heavy traffic and cars; the ferry routes of Trelleborg-Rostock, Trelleborg-Travemünde, Trelleborg-Świnoujście, Gedser-Rostock, Gdynia-Karlskrona, Ystad-Świnoujście are all typical transports ferries. On the longer of these routes, simple cabins are available; the Rødby-Puttgarden route transports day passenger trains between Copenhagen and Hamburg, on the Trelleborg-Sassnitz route, it has capacities for the daily night trains between Berlin and Malmö. In Istanbul, ferries connect the European and Asian shores of Bosphorus, as well as Princes Islands and nearby coastal towns. In 2014 İDO transported the largest ferry system in the world. Due to the numbers of large freshwater lakes and length of shoreline in Canada, various provinces and territories have ferry services. BC Ferries operates the third largest ferry service in the world which carries travellers between Vancouver Island and the British Columbia mainland on the country's west coast.
This ferry service operates to other islands including the Gulf Islands and Haida Gwaii. In 2015, BC Ferries carried 20 million passengers. Canada's east coast has been home to numerous inter- and intra-provincial ferry and coastal services, including a large network operated by the federal government under CN Marine and Marine Atlantic. Private and publicly owned ferry operations in eastern Canada include Marine Atlantic, serving the island of Newfoundland, as well as Bay, NFL, CTMA, Coastal Transport, STQ. Canadian waters in the Great Lakes once hosted numerous ferry services, but these have been reduced to those offered by Owen Sound Transportation and several smaller operations. There are several commuter passenger ferry services operated in major cities, such as Metro Transit in Halifax, Toronto Island ferries in Toronto and SeaBus in Vancouver. Washington State Ferries operates the most extensive ferry system in the continental United States and the second largest in t